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fundamentalism
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  fundamentalism
Panaceas proness is a moderate form of fundamentalism.
      
Fundamentalism is a defensive response that avoids disorientation but replaces it with something worse.
      
Fundamentalism is a response to an environment that is undergoing an accelerating rate of change and rapidly increasing complexity.
      
The paper looks at three examples: Communism, Nationalism and Islamic Fundamentalism.
      
The role of religious fundamentalism and its relationship to shame and guilt was evaluated in 107 students who attend a church-sponsored university.
      
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The destruction of the Babri mosque is a natural outcome of There are historical and religious roots behind it;(2) Politicians' campaign drive has in-flamed historical disputes and communal conflict;(3) The root cause of rising communalsentiments and escalation of violence is the widening gap between the rich and the poor andthe sharpening of class contradictions;(4) It has been provoked by a sense of ethnic humilia-tion;(5) It is a way of responding to rising Islamic fundamentalism in India's neighbours.The...

The destruction of the Babri mosque is a natural outcome of There are historical and religious roots behind it;(2) Politicians' campaign drive has in-flamed historical disputes and communal conflict;(3) The root cause of rising communalsentiments and escalation of violence is the widening gap between the rich and the poor andthe sharpening of class contradictions;(4) It has been provoked by a sense of ethnic humilia-tion;(5) It is a way of responding to rising Islamic fundamentalism in India's neighbours.The repercussions and consequences resulting from the destruction of the mosque andcommunal riots are:Prime Minister P.V.Narasimba Rao's power base is weakened;obsta-cles to the implementation of the government's economic reform have increased;communaldivision in Indian society is deepening;Indian's relations with its neighbouring Muslim coun-tries are adversely affected.Communal rioting has calmed down,but fundamental problems revealed in the mosqueincident are far from being resolved.

巴布尔清真寺被毁是印度教教派主义情绪在印度兴起的必然结果。导致这一事态发展的因素是多方面的:(一)宗教和历史的渊源;(二)政客为拉选票给历史恩怨和教派矛盾不断火上加油;(三)教派情绪增长和社会阶级矛盾激化;(四)民族屈辱感的刺激;(五)对周边伊斯兰原教旨主义兴起的反响。毁寺事件和教派骚乱造成的影响和后果:拉奥总理执政地位受损;执行经济改革计划的障碍增加;印度社会的教派分野进一步发展;印度同穆斯林邻国的关系受到冲击。这场教派骚乱危机已暂告平息,但环绕寺庙纠纷暴露出来的根本问题远未解决。

Since countries in Central Asia and Outer Caucasus gained independence in early 1990s, security situation in this region has experienced three stages characterized successively by disorder, relative stability and regional uncertainty. The principal security challenges faced by Central Asia and Outer Caucasus now are disputes over the Caspian Sea oil, unsettled conflicts of general concern, Islamic Fundamentalism and extreme terrorism, successive years of civil war in neighboring Afghanistan, turbulence...

Since countries in Central Asia and Outer Caucasus gained independence in early 1990s, security situation in this region has experienced three stages characterized successively by disorder, relative stability and regional uncertainty. The principal security challenges faced by Central Asia and Outer Caucasus now are disputes over the Caspian Sea oil, unsettled conflicts of general concern, Islamic Fundamentalism and extreme terrorism, successive years of civil war in neighboring Afghanistan, turbulence and intranquility in Northern Caucasus of Russia, complicated ethnic problems, deep rooted localism and grave social and economic problems. In a long period of this year, as stability mingling with turbulence and cooperation coexisting with competition, regional security situation tends to become more and more complicated.

独立以来,中亚、外高地区的安全形势经历了“无序”、相对稳定、多边不定三个阶段的发展变化。里海石油之争、尚未彻底平息的热点冲突、伊斯兰原教旨主义和极端恐怖主义、周边阿富汗的连年内战和俄北高地区的动荡不宁、错综复杂的民族矛盾与根深蒂固的地方主义、严重的社会经济问题等是当前中亚、外高地区面临的主要安全挑战。在今年相当长的一个时期内, 中亚、外高地区将是稳定与动荡交织, 合作与竞争并存。地区安全形势趋于复杂化。

The article is divided into four parts:(1)The basic orientation of the Central Asian States’ politics, economics and diplomacy. The article says that in nearly ten years these states have respectively established a state system with the president as a nucleus and a power structure of “strong president and weak parliament”.All these states are following a road of gradual economic reform and are making slight economic growth. They have adopted a pragmatic omni-directional diplomatic strategy to keep balance among...

The article is divided into four parts:(1)The basic orientation of the Central Asian States’ politics, economics and diplomacy. The article says that in nearly ten years these states have respectively established a state system with the president as a nucleus and a power structure of “strong president and weak parliament”.All these states are following a road of gradual economic reform and are making slight economic growth. They have adopted a pragmatic omni-directional diplomatic strategy to keep balance among various international forces, thus obtaining universal international admission.(2)The trend of the struggle for Central Asia by the U.S., Russia and other regional forces. The article maintains that in the next ten years there will emerge a power structure marked by the struggle between the U.S. and Russia as the major players and the confrontation with US-Turkey on one side and Russia-Iran on the other.(3)The factors of instability and uncertainty. They are: the struggle over the oil resources on the Caspian Sea, the reemergence of the “hot spots”,the speeding of Islamic fundamentalism, the influence of “Taliban” and the ethnic conflicts and regionalism.(4)The relations between China and Central Asian states. The relations will see an all round development in the next decade, although some problems will still remain for further joint effort to solve.

目前 ,中亚地区已进入一个相对稳定的发展阶段 ,保持政局基本稳定仍将是中亚各国发展的主流。中亚地区日见凸现的战略地位 ,使得大国和地区大国在该地区的角逐将更趋激烈。同时 ,对里海石油资源的争夺、伊斯兰原教旨主义的蔓延等诸多不确定因素将对中亚地区的稳定和安全构成严重威胁

 
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