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rose of sharon
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  木槿
     Measurement of esterase activities of the cotton aphid, Aphis gossypii , on different overwintering host plants showed that the α naphthylacetate (α NA) esterase activity of aphids on cotton seedling of Gaomi, Shandong Province was the highest,2 4 times of that in cotton aphid on Chinese prickly ash. The α NA esterase activity of aphids on pomegranate and rose of sharon was intermediate,1 3~1 5 times of that on Chinese prickly ash.
     通过测定不同越冬寄主植物棉蚜Aphisgossypii种群α 乙酸萘酯 (α NA)酯酶的活力 ,结果表明 :山东高密棉田棉蚜种群酯酶活力是北京花椒棉蚜酯酶活力的 2 4倍 ,石榴、木槿上棉蚜酯酶活力是花椒棉蚜酯酶活力的 1 3~ 1 5倍。
短句来源
     Composition analysis of Safflower,Honeysuckle,Rose,Chrysanthemum,Sweet scented osmanthus,Rose of Sharon,Apple flower,Lily were conducted.
     研究了菊花、百合花、玫瑰花、金银花、桂花、红花、苹果花、木槿花、啤酒花的成分。
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     It shows that protein content of several dry flowers is more than 100 mg/g,protein content of Hops is 217 mg/g. Several dry flowers have 18 kinds of amino acid and essential amino acid,but Honeysuckle has not. Trp,Glu of Rose of Sharon is 36.34 mg/g.
     结果表明 ,各种干花原料的蛋白质含量较高 ,均在 1 0 0 mg/ g以上 ,啤酒花的蛋白质含量达 2 1 7mg/ g,除金银花不含色氨酸外 ,其余几种花均含 1 8种氨基酸 ,包括人体所必须的 8种氨基酸 ,木槿花中谷氨酸含量最高 ,达 36 .34m g/ g。
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  相似匹配句对
     The Rose
     玫瑰树
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     The Rose
     玫瑰
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     Rose of Thorns
     带刺的玫瑰
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     A Rose of Music
     音乐玫瑰
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     New denitrification process:SHARON process
     新型的脱氮工艺——SHARON工艺
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  rose of sharon
In 1970 he was given the Rose of Sharon Award, South Korea's highest civilian award, in recognition of this work.
      


The results of experiment using the techniques of chromosome analysis for studying natural population components of cotton aphid, Aphis Gossypii Glover, are reported in this paper. The somatic chromosome preparation of cotton aphid were prepared in the different periods. Karyotype analysis was based on chromosome length and G-banding patterns. The relusts show that the natural population of the aphid is a complex population consisted of the normal karyotype (NK), the 1,2 translocated and 1,3 translocated karyotype...

The results of experiment using the techniques of chromosome analysis for studying natural population components of cotton aphid, Aphis Gossypii Glover, are reported in this paper. The somatic chromosome preparation of cotton aphid were prepared in the different periods. Karyotype analysis was based on chromosome length and G-banding patterns. The relusts show that the natural population of the aphid is a complex population consisted of the normal karyotype (NK), the 1,2 translocated and 1,3 translocated karyotype (T1-2 and T1-3) aphids. The proportion of each karyotype changes with time. The NK aphids are the dominant population on the Chinese prickly ash and cotton at seedling stage. The T1-2 aphids are the dominant on cotton at the bud and boll stage. The karyotype of aphids on different host plant, such as Chinese prickly ash, pomegranate, rose of Sharon, cotton, and in the different regions such as Zhengzhou, Nanyang, Xinxiang, Shangqiou, Lingbao in Henan Province, were compared. No differences were discovered. In the article, the author discusses the problems of emergence and maintaining of translocated karyotype aphids and believes that these aphids can't be eliminated at the sexual stage because of the rapid reproduction and parthenogenesis characteristic of the cotton aphids.

本文报道了用染色体分析技术研究棉蚜自然种群组成的试验结果。在棉蚜发生的不同阶段制备体细胞染色体标本,根据染色体相对长度和G-带带型进行分析,结果表明,河南棉蚜种群是由正常核型(NK)和两种易位核型(T_(1-2),T_(1-3))棉蚜组成的复合种群。各种核型棉蚜在种群中所占的比例随时间而变化,其中正常核型是越冬寄主花椒上和棉田苗期的优势种群,T_(1-2)核型是棉花蕾铃期的优势种群,T_(1-3)核型蚜虫少较见。文中还比较了花椒、石榴、木槿3种主要越冬寄主上的棉蚜核型,以及河南省郑州、南阳、新乡、灵宝、商丘5地的棉蚜核型,均未发现差别,都是由正常和易位核型棉蚜组成的复合种群。文后讨论了易位核型棉蚜在自然种群中的保持问题,认为棉蚜繁殖速度快,每年大部分时间营孤雌生殖,不会被有性阶段所淘汰。

194 Seedlings and bolls showing symptoms of red rot of cotton werecollected during 1978-1990.200 strains from these specimens were isolated.Based on morphological and cultural characters,these strains were identifi-ed to be Fusarium moniliforme var.intermedium Neish & Leggett(61% inhighest per cent),F.semitectum(28%),F.oxysporum(4%),F.solani(3.5%),F.equiseti(3%),F.camptoceras(0.5%). Inoculation tests demonstrated that F.moniliforme var.intermedium wasthe predominant pathogen causing seedling and boll red rot...

194 Seedlings and bolls showing symptoms of red rot of cotton werecollected during 1978-1990.200 strains from these specimens were isolated.Based on morphological and cultural characters,these strains were identifi-ed to be Fusarium moniliforme var.intermedium Neish & Leggett(61% inhighest per cent),F.semitectum(28%),F.oxysporum(4%),F.solani(3.5%),F.equiseti(3%),F.camptoceras(0.5%). Inoculation tests demonstrated that F.moniliforme var.intermedium wasthe predominant pathogen causing seedling and boll red rot of cotton.Hostrange tests of F.moniliforme var.intermedium showed variation in degreeof pathogenicity on rose of sharon,jute,broad bean,mung bean,pea,eggplant,tomato,hot pepper,water melon,towel gourd,rape,radish,corn,barley andrice,and also their effect on the elongation of the rice seedlings.

自1978至1990年采集标本194份;分离得菌株200个,鉴定为下列6种镰刀菌:Fusariummoriliforme var.intermedium Neish & Leggett (61%),F.semitectum Berk。&Ray.(28%),F.oxysporum Schl.(4%),F.solani(mart).Sacc.(3.5%),F.equi-seti Sate.(3%),F.camptoceras Wollenw.& Reink.(0.5%).

The test results showed that the body colour is stable and unchangeable with in generation,namely,their life time is body colour just borr,whether they are natural or laboratory population and whether colony or individual feeding,and whether hosts,cultural condition or developmental nutrient to be the same or not.But the body colour change gradually from green to yellow with the temperature rising and from yellow to green with the temperature reducing in different generations.The Statistical test proved that...

The test results showed that the body colour is stable and unchangeable with in generation,namely,their life time is body colour just borr,whether they are natural or laboratory population and whether colony or individual feeding,and whether hosts,cultural condition or developmental nutrient to be the same or not.But the body colour change gradually from green to yellow with the temperature rising and from yellow to green with the temperature reducing in different generations.The Statistical test proved that the body colour variation is not related to the nutrient,the kind of host,the quality of the light and the cultural condition,and it is only related to the temperature. The summer aphids come from seeding aphids.The body colour of sex apbids and egg colour that just born are green.The dark yellow aphids were observed on the rose of Sharon and on Chinese prickly ash,and their colour is not changed with temperature from haching of zygote to migratory flight.It is indicated that it has revealed the genetic polymorphism in their col ours. The aphid that their body colour is changeable belong to the reaction norm of genotype to environment in ecological genetics. The conclusion and the viewpoint above were proved by the results of the embryology observation and the karyotype analysis of chromosome.

作者对各种不同生境中蚜虫体色进行了观察,并通过胚胎解剖、染色体镜检研究了棉蚜体色规律性变化的原因。试验结果表明,棉蚜体色在世代内稳定不变;在世代间则随温度升高体色由绿渐变至黄。温度降低,体色又由黄渐渐转绿。统计检验证实:棉蚜体色变化与营养、寄主种类、光照光质、栽培条件等无关;仅与温度密切相联;性蚜体色与初产卵卵色均为绿色。木槿、花椒上的深黄色棉蚜,其体色不随温度改变,表明其已构成棉蚜体色变化的遗传多态现象。体色随温度变化的蚜虫在生态遗传学上属于基因型对环境条件的反应规范。

 
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