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field mouse
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  姬鼠
     The control rate of 0.01% chloropacinone to striped field mouse, Apodenmus agrarius Pallas, used at 7 days after the 1.5% glyftor treatment was 100%, which was more effective than that of this two rodenticide use seperately, the control rate of 1.5% glyftor was 91.87%, but the mouse density rose 0.13% at 15th day after treatment, and the control rate of 0.01% chlorophacinone was 89.03%.
     投放1.5%甘氟毒饵后7天,再用0.01%氯鼠酮毒饵防治农田黑线姬鼠,灭效达100%,高于两者单独使用的效果(单用甘氟的灭效为91.87%),但15天后鼠密度回升0.13个百分点(单用氯鼠酮的灭效为89.3%)。
短句来源
     Influence of Cat Odors on the Behavior of Striped Field Mouse
     猫的气味对黑线姬鼠行为的影响
短句来源
     Some scholars regarded it as a subspecies or a synonym of dragon field mouse (A.draco),while other scholars considered it a valid species.
     有的认为它是中华姬鼠 (A draco)的一个亚种 ,而有的认为是一个独立的种。
短句来源
     The results showed that the rodent community in Oak forest was comprised with three families and four genera,including the Large Field Mouse( Apodemus peninsulae ),White-Bellied Rat( Niviventer confucianus ),Grey Red-Backed Vole( Clethrionomys rufocanus) and Siberian Chipmunk( Eotamias sibiricus), with a species composition rate of 85.5%,8.6%,3.0% and 2.6% respectively.
     啮齿动物群落包括三科四属 ,由朝鲜姬鼠(Apodemuspeninsulae)、社鼠 (Niviventerconfucianus)、棕背 (Clethrionomysrufocanus)和花鼠 (Eotamiassibiricus)组成 ,分别占群落的 85 5 %、8 6%、3 0 %和 2 6%;
短句来源
     This molecular result can be explained by geographic structure of locations of the three populations. 2. SNP analysis of mtDNA control region complete sequences of the Chinese hamster(Cricetulus barabensi), the striped field mouse (Apodemus agrarius) and the Chinese White-bellied Rat (Rattus nivivente) obtained from Shandong Province suggests that genetic differentiation within species between different locations is very low with sequences varied below 0.01%.
     2.通过对山东地区黑线仓鼠种群、黑线姬鼠种群及社鼠种群线粒体控制区SNP的比较分析,结果表明该地区黑线仓鼠、黑线姬鼠及社鼠各个种群的遗传结构相对单一,进化速度较慢,各鼠种的核苷酸变异频率均低于0.01%。
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  野鼠
     In the case of th e control of wild rabbits and field mouse,the author tries to explain the trasg enic virus effect to control of harmful species through female sterilization for keeping balance of ecosystem.
     本文以野兔和野鼠的控制实例,说明用遗传工程改造病毒的基因,通过使动物的雌性不孕,发挥控制有害生物、维护生态平衡中的作用。
短句来源
     (3)4 cases were detected Rickettstia tsutsugamushi specific DNA from 9 blood specimens of suspected rickettssiosis patients and 3 group were detected specific DNA from 17 group field mouse spleen specimens by NPCR.
     ③应用PCR技术从9例疑似立克次体感染患者血液中检出4例恙虫病立克次体特异性DNA。 用NPCR法从17组野鼠脾脏标本中检出3组恙虫病立克次体特异性DNA。
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  “field mouse”译为未确定词的双语例句
     The control rate of the mixture composed of 0.005% chloropacimone and 0.05% diphacinone-Na to striped field mouse, Apodemus agrarius was 96.6%,more effective than that of two rodenticides used seperately, and 86.1% with 0.01% chloropacinone and 73.7% with 0.1% diphacinone-na. Moreover, the control expenditure using mixture was 17.5% lower than using diphacinone-na alone.
     0.005%氯鼠酮与0.05%敌鼠钠盐混配毒饵对农田黑线姬鼠的校正火效为96.6%,高于两药的单独使用,单用0.01%氯鼠酮的灭效为86.1%,单用0.1%敌鼠钠盐的灭效为73.7%,混配毒饵成本费比单用敌鼠钠盐低17.5%。
短句来源
     It is little leftover and unpollution in the field. VK1 is the effective antidote. The effect of Krs1# to Zokor,field mouse,house mouse is 92.53%,86.68%,98.93%.
     在大面积灭鼠中,克鼠星1号对鼢鼠、田鼠、家鼠等的防治效果分别为92.53%,86.68%,98.93%。
短句来源
     In China, since the first SFGR strain (HL-84) was isolated from oriental field mouse in Heilongjiang in 1962, several SFGR strains were isolated from ticks, rodents and patients with spotted fever in different areas.
     我国自1962年从黑龙江东方田鼠分离到第一株斑点热群立克次体(虎林84)以来,已经从不同地区的媒介蜱和啮齿动物以及斑点热患者中分离到多株斑点热群立克次体,但多在北方地区,故一直以来人们认为南方没有斑点热。
短句来源
     The distribution of the striped field mouse were out of the argument of the literatures that it is distributed in East China.
     这在以往文献中均已有记载,但以往文献有关黄胸鼠和臭鼩鼱分布的其他说法,则被证实为不确切的。
短句来源
     ON THE POPULATION DYNAMICS OF STRIPED FIELD MOUSE IN RURAL AREA OF NORTHERN HUAIHE RIVER ANHUI
     安徽淮北农区黑线姬鼠种群动态的分析
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  field mouse
One seropostive case of a small field mouse(Clethrionomys rufocanus bedfordiae) was detected around the Kami-iso area.
      
Apodemus peninsulae is a field mouse that inhabits the broad-leafed forests of temperate Eurasia.
      
A similar polymorphism is described here in the field mouse, Apodemus sylvaticus.
      
This studycompares home range sizes of 3 species of small mammals, the cotton mouse(Peromyscus gossypinus), old-field mouse (P.polionotus) and cotton rat (Sigmodon hispidus)between patches with and without corridors.
      
For the striped field mouse a positive correlation was found only between the population density in each woodlot and the distance to the forest complex.
      
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The pasture tick, Dermacentor nuttalli Ol., is a common species of Ixodid foundin Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region. It occurs also in the steppes of the north-west,north-east and northern parts of China. In nature, the adults generally feed on largeanimals such as, cattle, horses, camels, sheep and goats, and occasionally attack alsohares, dogs and man; while the larvae and nymphs feed almost exclusively on smallmammals such as, field mice, hamsters, weasels, hares, cats and dogs. In the field, the...

The pasture tick, Dermacentor nuttalli Ol., is a common species of Ixodid foundin Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region. It occurs also in the steppes of the north-west,north-east and northern parts of China. In nature, the adults generally feed on largeanimals such as, cattle, horses, camels, sheep and goats, and occasionally attack alsohares, dogs and man; while the larvae and nymphs feed almost exclusively on smallmammals such as, field mice, hamsters, weasels, hares, cats and dogs. In the field, the adults are active mainly from March to June, and the most seriousinfestation occurs from the end of March to the end of April. They are active also inthe autumn, since a small number of them are usually found on their hosts after August.The larval activity extends from the beginning of June to the beginning of August, butit occurs most often on the hosts from the end of June to the beginning of July. Thenymphs are active from the end of June to the middle of August, but they are mostabundant on their hosts in the middle and latter part of July. The above-mentioned factsindicate that the life cycle of this tick is completed in one year. Copulation takes place on the hosts, and the males tend to wander aboutand may copulate with several females. The length of the engorgement periodof the females feeding on cattle is 8--10 days, usually 9 days. Egg laying begins,depending upon temperature, 3--25 days after the fecundated and fully fed females havedropped to the ground. The oviposition period extends for 31--44 days. During theperiod, 6,995 to 10,549 or on average 8,384 eggs may be laid by a single female. Afteroviposition has been completed, the females die in 4—13 days (usually 7 or 8 days).The incubation period of eggs lasts for 15--36 days, depending upon temperature, andthe emerged larvae are ready to feed 3 or 4 days after. Their feeding lasts for 2--3days on rabbits and moulting takes place 8--12 days, but mostly 9 or 10 days afterleaving the hosts. The emerged nymphs start to feed after 2 or 3 days, and their feed-ing lasts for 7--8 days on rabbits. They transform into adults after they havedropped to the ground for 14—20 days (usually 17 or 18 days). Thus, the time whenthe females have started to feed until the adults of the next generation emerge, lasts for62 to 121 or on average 108.5 days. With regard to the habitat, this tick prefers to live on the arid area where the xero-philous plants grow. Under natural conditions, this tick overwinters as unfed adults ofeither sex. Most of them hide in the nooks and crannies of the steppe vegetation, butonly a small number of them are found on their hosts. The longevity of the unfedadults lasts about one year since they may live until the end of next July. Thelarvae and nymphs live about 3--4 months as they could not tolerate the hardness ofwinter. Basing upon its life history and habits, control measures against this tick are sug-gested.

纳氏矩头蜱是典型的草原种类,其分布遍及内蒙古、西北、东北、华北等牧区。它属于三宿主类。成虫主要寄生在各种大牲畜,幼虫和若虫寄生在草原上的野鼠类和其它小动物。在自然界一年发生一代。成虫的活动季节主要在春季,但寄生数量以3月下旬至4月下旬最多;在秋季也有极少的成虫侵袭牲畜,但在宿主上过冬而不吸血。绝大多数的个体则以饥饿成虫在草原上过冬。幼虫的寄生季节是在6月上旬至8月上旬,而6月下旬及7月上旬,其寄生数量最多。若虫从6月下旬至8月中旬寄生于宿主,但出现盛期在7月中、下旬。 本种蜱发育周期的长短因气温不同而异。雌蜱当以牛饲养,吸血8-10日;饱食落地后3-25日开始产卵,产卵期31-44日,每一蜱产卵6995-10549粒;卵期15-36日;幼虫孵出后3-4日开始摄食,当以兔饲养,吸血2-3日,落地后8-12日变为若虫;若虫在出现后2-3日开始摄食,当以兔饲养,吸血7-8日,经过14-20日变为成虫。自雌蜱开始吸血至下一代成虫出现,总共需要62-121日,平均需要108.5日。 本种蜱的分布密度因自然条件不同而异。一般在干旱的半荒漠草原地带数量较多,而在潮湿低洼的草原地带数量则相当少。成虫的寿命长约一年,越冬后的饥...

纳氏矩头蜱是典型的草原种类,其分布遍及内蒙古、西北、东北、华北等牧区。它属于三宿主类。成虫主要寄生在各种大牲畜,幼虫和若虫寄生在草原上的野鼠类和其它小动物。在自然界一年发生一代。成虫的活动季节主要在春季,但寄生数量以3月下旬至4月下旬最多;在秋季也有极少的成虫侵袭牲畜,但在宿主上过冬而不吸血。绝大多数的个体则以饥饿成虫在草原上过冬。幼虫的寄生季节是在6月上旬至8月上旬,而6月下旬及7月上旬,其寄生数量最多。若虫从6月下旬至8月中旬寄生于宿主,但出现盛期在7月中、下旬。 本种蜱发育周期的长短因气温不同而异。雌蜱当以牛饲养,吸血8-10日;饱食落地后3-25日开始产卵,产卵期31-44日,每一蜱产卵6995-10549粒;卵期15-36日;幼虫孵出后3-4日开始摄食,当以兔饲养,吸血2-3日,落地后8-12日变为若虫;若虫在出现后2-3日开始摄食,当以兔饲养,吸血7-8日,经过14-20日变为成虫。自雌蜱开始吸血至下一代成虫出现,总共需要62-121日,平均需要108.5日。 本种蜱的分布密度因自然条件不同而异。一般在干旱的半荒漠草原地带数量较多,而在潮湿低洼的草原地带数量则相当少。成虫的寿命长约一年,越冬后的饥饿成虫可以生活到7月底;但饥饿幼虫和若虫约生活3-4个月,入冬后它们就死亡。 根据生物学的研究,对本种?

Age distribution is one of the important characteristics of a natural population. An analysis of the various age classes in the populations enables us to better understand factors bearing upon the dynamics of the populations.The striped field mouse, Apodemus agrarians mantctturkus Thomas, is one of the dominant species of rodents in northeastern China. It is found inhabiting agricultural lands at the plain of Sankiang, but in the mountainous regions of the Ta-Khingan Ranges, they inhabit human habitations...

Age distribution is one of the important characteristics of a natural population. An analysis of the various age classes in the populations enables us to better understand factors bearing upon the dynamics of the populations.The striped field mouse, Apodemus agrarians mantctturkus Thomas, is one of the dominant species of rodents in northeastern China. It is found inhabiting agricultural lands at the plain of Sankiang, but in the mountainous regions of the Ta-Khingan Ranges, they inhabit human habitations and become thus known as "house mice" of that region.In order to make investigations on the age distribution of this rodent, the present author collected in the summer and autumn of 1957, 765 specimens from Yituli-Ho and Hu-Ma of Ta-Khingan Mountains, and also from Fu-Yuan and Fu-Jian in the Sankiang plains. In accordance with the degree of eruption and wearing of the upper molar teeth, five different age groups were recognized. This age grouping was found to be supported from statistical analyses of such characters as body weight, body length, length of testes and the reproductive index. The standards of these age groups are as follows: Group 1. Juvenile: M3 in the process of erupting and as yet not reaching the level of the surface of the other two molars.Group 2. Subaduitus: M3 fully erupted; in M1, the three rows of tubercles becoming transformed into three transverse ridges by wearing; some longitudinal wearing bands beginning to appear. Sexually mature individuals occur in both sexes.Group 3. 1st stage of adult, or the young adult: 2nd & 3rd transverse rows of M1 becoming connected by the longitudinal wearing bands between the two ends, thus forming a complete ring.Group 4. 2nd stage of adult, or the old adult: the 2nd and 3rd transverse row of M2 becoming also connected by the longitudinal wearing bands to form a complete ring as well.Group 5. Senex: No tubercles could be found in the molars.The age distribution of the striped field mouse is found to be different with respect to sexes, and also between the populations inhabiting plains and those inhabiting mountainous regions. In the summer and autumn, with an increase in the breeding activity of the striped field mice, the subadults occupy a high percentage in both populations inhabiting plains and those inhabiting mountainous regions.

1.1957年5—10月,作者曾对大兴安岭及东北三江平原夏、秋季黑线姬鼠的种群年龄进行了研究。所用标本包括大兴安岭伊图里河与呼玛及三江平原抚远与富锦等地,共795只。 依臼齿咀嚼面釉质磨损程度,将标本划分为幼体、亚成体、成体Ⅰ、成体Ⅱ及老体等5个年龄组,划分标准如下: (1)幼体:M~3还没有长成,咀嚼面与M~1及M~2尚未达到同一平面。 (2)亚成体:M~3长成,与M~1及M~2咀嚼面达一平面。M~1及M~2齿突虽已磨损,联成横嵴,且有纵的联接出现,但第2与第3横嵴的两端尚未联接成为一个封闭的环。雄体有2/3个体的睾丸降落,副睾有精子出现;雌体有1/3的个体怀孕。 (3)成体Ⅰ(年轻的成体):M~1的第2及第3横嵴的两端,已由纵的联接相接联成一个封闭的环。雄体4/5个体睾丸降落,副睾有精子;雌体1/2的个体有孕。 (4)成体Ⅱ(年老的成体):M~2的第2及第3横嵴的两端由纵的联接联成一个封闭的环。雄体100%睾丸降落,副睾有精子;雌体60%有孕。繁殖力已达到最旺盛的阶段。 (5)老体:咀嚼面已大部分磨平。 2.黑线姬鼠年龄组成具有明显地性别及地区差异。通过卡方试验,虽然在夏秋季黑线姬鼠逐月年龄组成的差异不显...

1.1957年5—10月,作者曾对大兴安岭及东北三江平原夏、秋季黑线姬鼠的种群年龄进行了研究。所用标本包括大兴安岭伊图里河与呼玛及三江平原抚远与富锦等地,共795只。 依臼齿咀嚼面釉质磨损程度,将标本划分为幼体、亚成体、成体Ⅰ、成体Ⅱ及老体等5个年龄组,划分标准如下: (1)幼体:M~3还没有长成,咀嚼面与M~1及M~2尚未达到同一平面。 (2)亚成体:M~3长成,与M~1及M~2咀嚼面达一平面。M~1及M~2齿突虽已磨损,联成横嵴,且有纵的联接出现,但第2与第3横嵴的两端尚未联接成为一个封闭的环。雄体有2/3个体的睾丸降落,副睾有精子出现;雌体有1/3的个体怀孕。 (3)成体Ⅰ(年轻的成体):M~1的第2及第3横嵴的两端,已由纵的联接相接联成一个封闭的环。雄体4/5个体睾丸降落,副睾有精子;雌体1/2的个体有孕。 (4)成体Ⅱ(年老的成体):M~2的第2及第3横嵴的两端由纵的联接联成一个封闭的环。雄体100%睾丸降落,副睾有精子;雌体60%有孕。繁殖力已达到最旺盛的阶段。 (5)老体:咀嚼面已大部分磨平。 2.黑线姬鼠年龄组成具有明显地性别及地区差异。通过卡方试验,虽然在夏秋季黑线姬鼠逐月年龄组成的差异不显著,且皆以亚成体组占优势,但是若结合繁殖情况加以分析,9月下旬黑线姬鼠即停止繁殖,估计冬末春初由于没有幼体继续补充入种群,而

Counter immunoelectrophoresis was used for the first time in the determination of feeding patterns of gamasid mites. The results showed that this technic was sufficiently sensitive to be used to detect even a single mite with a minute amount of blood in the gut, and was highly specific with virtually no false positives to be found in those without blood in the gut. Thus, the method would be a feasible one for the identification of tiny hematophagous mites. Factors which might affect the results were discussed....

Counter immunoelectrophoresis was used for the first time in the determination of feeding patterns of gamasid mites. The results showed that this technic was sufficiently sensitive to be used to detect even a single mite with a minute amount of blood in the gut, and was highly specific with virtually no false positives to be found in those without blood in the gut. Thus, the method would be a feasible one for the identification of tiny hematophagous mites. Factors which might affect the results were discussed. An antiserum titre of 1: 20,000 or more was found to be desirable. The mites to be tested should be freshly obtained. In ease that the test could not be performed immediately, the specimens should be killed in hot water and then stored in moistened test tubes to prevent them from drying up.Observations were made on the biting activity of the mite Haemolaelaps glasgowi, in which 159 mites were allowed to bite the mouse through the skin of the tail. After 5 hours 93 mites, under the dissecting microscope, were seen with blood in the gut, the penetrating rate being 58.5%. Whereas the counter immunoelectrophoresis was found to be positive in 118 out of the 159 mites, the penetrating rate being 74.2%. These figures showed that the detection rate was significantly higher when the latter technic was used than the former. Of the 66 negatives diagnosed by microscopy, 33 gave positive reactions on counter immunoelectrophoresis. This finding suggested that at least a portion of this species did take tissue fluid instead of blood.Most of both Haemolaelaps glasgowi and Eulaelaps stabularis collected from the burrows of field mouse Apodemus agrarius showed positive reactions with rabbit anti-species specific serum by counter immunoelectrophoresis.Out of a large number of scattered mites collected from the infested areas during autumn and winter, 22 displayed positive reactions with rabbit anti-human serum. This indicates that free and scattered mites can be found in populated areas and a few of them have taken meals of human blood or tissue fluid.For practical use, the combination of microscopy and counter immunoelectrophoresis will increase the detection rate. The latter technic also enables us to identify the nature of ingested blood, and thus it may be of value for epidemiological investigations.

本文首次报道用对流免疫电泳法测定革螨的食性,试验结果表明:本法比较敏感,能测出单个血食革螨,特异性高,一般无假阳性,并能确定血源,故亦适于小型节肢动物嗜血习性的测定。讨论了影响结果的有关因素。对格氏血厉螨进行了吸血能力的实验观察,镜检刺吸率为58.5%,用对流免疫电泳法刺吸率为74.2%,提高了阳性检出率。采自黑线姬鼠窝中的格氏血厉螨、厩真厉螨,用兔抗黑线姬鼠血清作对流免疫电泳测定为阳性。在人们活动场所,可以找到游离革螨,用此法测出少数螨曾吸过人血或组织液。

 
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