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firearm
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  firearm
The present case study utilizes data from 49 purposeful firearm discharges within one law enforcement agency over an 11 year period.
      
These results suggest a complex role of drugs in firearm-related deaths.
      
The highest firearm death rates were among African American and Latino male decedents, with a larger proportion of Latinos testing cocaine or opiate positive, while a larger proportion of African Americans tested cannabis positive.
      
Although the disparities between minority and white firearm death rates narrowed during this time, minorities remained about three times more likely to be victims of fatal firearm violence than whites in 1998.
      
Cannabis-positive toxicology for firearm deaths increased in the early part of the 1990s and then decreased starting in the mid-1990s.
      
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This paper reported the results of the clinical bacteriological tests of 68 cases with craniocerebral perforating firearms wounds infected suspiciously by bacteria after early debridement. Bacteria were cultured in 61 cases which included 17 kinds of the bacteria. The golden staphlococcus was the most, but no gas gargrenous, gamma anaerobe and tetanus bacteria were found. It was discussed that the relationship between the bacteria detected in the wounds and firearms, early,debridement, the resitance...

This paper reported the results of the clinical bacteriological tests of 68 cases with craniocerebral perforating firearms wounds infected suspiciously by bacteria after early debridement. Bacteria were cultured in 61 cases which included 17 kinds of the bacteria. The golden staphlococcus was the most, but no gas gargrenous, gamma anaerobe and tetanus bacteria were found. It was discussed that the relationship between the bacteria detected in the wounds and firearms, early,debridement, the resitance of the human body and application of the antibiotics.

本文对火器性颅脑穿透伤早期清创术后68例可疑感染的伤部,作了临床细菌学检查及分析。培养出细菌61例,共检出菌种17种。金黄色葡萄球菌最多,未检出气性坏疽菌属、无芽胞厌氧菌及破伤风杆菌。本文讨论了伤口检出的细菌与致伤火器,早期清创,机体抵抗力,抗生素应用的关系。强调了早期清创术后防治感染的重要性。

The article reported firstly the infectious characteristics of the firearms wounds in the high altitude (HA, above sea level 3680 m). It was confirmed by the experiments with 32 dogs that the critical quantity of the bacteria to infect the wounds was higher in HA than that in the plain and infectious time was prolonged obviously. Under the microscope, it was found that the scope of contused tissues was large and the injured, especially in concussive areas, were very severe in HA than that in the plain,...

The article reported firstly the infectious characteristics of the firearms wounds in the high altitude (HA, above sea level 3680 m). It was confirmed by the experiments with 32 dogs that the critical quantity of the bacteria to infect the wounds was higher in HA than that in the plain and infectious time was prolonged obviously. Under the microscope, it was found that the scope of contused tissues was large and the injured, especially in concussive areas, were very severe in HA than that in the plain, which related to the special geographical environment of HA. Authors considered that the experimental results would offered a reliable theoretical basis for the treatment of the firearms wounds in HA at ordinary time and wartime and were very valuable.

本文首次报告了高原地区(海拔3658米)火器伤感染特点。通过32条犬动物试验研究证实,高原火器伤感染的细菌临界标准数量高要于平原地区才引起伤口感染,感染时限明显延长,光镜下发现组织挫伤区范围大,损伤重,震荡区损伤亦较平原重。这些现象与高原地区特定的地理环境有关。笔者认为,本研究结果对高原平时创伤及战时火器伤的治疗提供了可靠的理论依据。

Penetrating craniocerebral firearm injuries remains one of the most lethal of all head

火器性颅脑损伤属于头部创伤中的常见类型,在战争及和平时期均较多见.作者回顾性分析西京医院1973年至1994年期间收治6487例的中、重型头部外伤伤员(格拉斯哥昏迷计分3~12分)中,56例为火器性颅脑穿透伤.男49例(87.5%),女7例(12.5%),年龄平均23.8(3月~51)岁.火器伤类型包括:切线伤3例;盲管伤39例;贯通伤14例.损伤的特点是,伤情急、创伤重、病情变化快.经急救和手术处理,6例死亡(10.7%).于3个月时随访研究表明,36例(46.4%)恢复良好;轻残、重残及植物生存率分别为28.6%,14.3%和2%.长期随访研究结果,35例恢复满意,其中28例恢复工作能力.文中讨论了对本类损伤的救治原则和手术处理要点.

 
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