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     The results show that the intercalation behavior of layered (α-ZGDMPP) is different from that of α-ZP with the formation of host-guest compound. The interlayer distance of α-ZGDMPP is enlarged 1.02 nm, n-butylamine molecules intercalated form bilayers and the carbon chains (incline) at rough 55° to α-ZGDMPP layers, the intercalated n-butylamine is lost in the temperature range of (150~)250 ℃.
     结果表明,αZGDMPP具有不同于αZP的形成主客化合物的插层性能,正丁胺的插入使αZGDMPP的层间距增大1.02nm,插入的正丁胺呈双分子层排列,碳链与层板夹角约为55°,在150~250℃从层板中脱出。
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     The ferric ralt GIG has been successfully made, however, less study work on coverting ferric salt intercalated in graphite intercalation compound into γ-Fe2O3 magnetic powder. A study on converting ferric salt between GIG layers into γ-Fe2O3 composite magnetic powder has been Completed by Synthesizing production technique of GIC and γ-Fe2O3magnetic powder.
     铁盐GIC已能成功的制造,然而由GIC中插入的铁盐再转变为γ—Fe_2O_3磁粉的研究工作尚属少见,本文作者糅合GIC及γ—Fe_2O_3磁粉生产工艺,完成了GIC层间铁盐转化为γ—Fe_2O_3复合磁粉的研究。
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     The results show that the absorbed water and desorbed DMSO can be completely removed at 60 ℃ for 24 h without affecting the intercalated DMSO.
     结果表明复合物在60℃干燥24h后可将吸附分子除去,而不影响插入的DMSO;
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     The results showed that the emulsion method rectorite/NR composite was a typical "separated" nanocomposite,in which no polymer molecule was intercalated into the rectorite layers,and in contrast,the melt method rectorite/NR composite was a typical intercalated nanocomposite;
     结果表明,乳液法累托石/NR纳米复合材料为层间无高分子插入的隔离型纳米复合材料,熔体法累托石/NR纳米复合材料为典型的插层型纳米复合材料;
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     the sequence of base pairs of double helix of DNA which are intercalated by DNR are (CpG) 2, (TpG)(CpA) and (CpT)(ApG).
     与双链寡聚核苷酸作用时 ,DNR最先插入的位点是 (Cp G) 2 碱基对之间 ,其次是 (Tp G)(Cp A)和 (Gp C) (Ap C)碱基对之间 .
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     Results After 4 weeks,transplanted MSCs were demonstrated myogenic differentiation with the expression of α-sarcomeric actin and connexin 43 located in intercalated disk.
     结果移植4周后,MSCs向心肌细胞分化,表达出α-肌小节肌动蛋白(-αsarcomeric actin)和存在于盘中的连接蛋白43(connexin 43),自体MSCs能够增加局部心肌组织中血管数量。
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     Results The expression of CD44v6 was positive in neoplastic epithelial cells differentiated from intercalated duct reserve cells but it was negative in epithelial cells differentiated from excretory duct.
     【结果】CD44v6在管储备细胞分化的肿瘤性上皮细胞表达 ,而在排泄管储备细胞分化的肿瘤性上皮细胞阴性表达。
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     The distribution and ultrastructure of intercalated cells (I Cells)in the distal nephron of rat were observed by light and elctron microscopy.
     本文通过光镜、电镜技术对大鼠远端肾单位中细胞(intercalated cell,简称I细胞)分布及超微结构进行了研究。
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     RESULTS:In the human parotid gland,CEA,α_1-ACT,LF and TF were found in acinus and intercalated duct,CEA,LF and TF in striated duct,LF and CEA in excretory duct,TF in myoepithelial cell.
     统计分析采用SPSS10.0统计软件包进行数据处理。 结果:正常腮腺中腺泡细胞和管细胞对CEA、α_1-ACT、LF和TF呈阳性反应;
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     The immunohistochemical staining showed the connexin 43 (Cx43) was strongly expressed (average gray value, AGV=230±5), distributed at junction area and intercalated disks of cardiocytes in normal rats,and much less expressed (AGV 193±4) (P<0.01) and distribution-disorganized in STZ-induced diabetic rats.
     免疫组化染色显示,正常大鼠的心肌间隙连接蛋白43(Cx43)大量表达(平均灰度值230±5),分布在相邻细胞的连接处和盘部位。 STZ诱导的糖尿病大鼠的Cx43表达明显减少(平均灰度值193±4)(P<0·01),且分布紊乱。
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     STUDY ON ELECTROCHEMICALLY INTERCALATED La_2CuO_(4+δ)(0<δ<0.12)Ⅲ. Doping Efficiency and Superconductivity
     电化学增氧La_2CuO_(4+δ)(0<δ<0.12)的研究Ⅲ.氧掺杂效率与超导电性
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     STUDY ON ELECTROCHEMICALLY INTERCALATED La_2CuO_(4+δ)(0<δ<0.12)Ⅱ.SHEMICAL PHASE SEPARATION
     电化学增氧La_2CuO_(4+δ)(0<δ<0.12)的研究Ⅱ.化学相分离
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     The results showed that montmorillonite presented the exfloliated structure in the composite of PA6/PP-g-MAH/PP/MMT(0/5/100/4), and the intercalated structure in the composite of PA6/PP-g-MAH/PP/MMT(70/5/30/4).
     结果表明:蒙脱土在PA6/PP-g-MAH/PP/MMT(0/5/100/4)复合材料中呈现剥离结构,在PA6/PP-g-MAH/PP/MMT(70/5/30/4)中呈现插层结构。
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     PdCl42--Intercalated LDHs have been synthesized by the ion exchange method using Mg0.76Al0.24(OH)2(NO3)0.24·0.32H2O LDHs as a precursor.
     以Mg0.76Al0.24(OH)2(NO3)0.24·0.32H2OLDHs为前体,由离子交换法实现了层间为含Pd阴离子LDHs的插层组装。
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     6. The intercalated chert beds are characterized by having average SiO2=88%, MnO/TiO2<0.1,Al2O3/(Al2O3+Fe2O3)=0.84, Sr/Ba<1, (La/Ce)N ranging from 1.03 to 1.38, dCe of 0.53 to
     6.硅质岩的地球化学特征表明,该区硅质岩 SiO2含量较高,平均 88%,MnO/TiO2的平均值<0.1,Al2O3/(Al2O3+Fe2O3)的平均值为 0.84,Sr/Ba 比值小于 1,(La/Ce)n 值介于
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  intercalated
Micro-structure of graphite-intercalated tin oxide and its influence on SnO2-based gas sensors
      
Graphite-intercalated SnO2 was obtained at temperatures lower than 100°C.
      
FT-IR spectra show that NHCO molecule exists in the intercalated kaolinite.
      
It is demonstrated that the intercalated selenium atoms are arranged in channels of the ZSM-11 zeolite in the form of scraps of infinite chains similar to those observed in massive selenium.
      
Cobalt-Selective Electrode Based on Titanium Ditelluride Intercalated with Cobalt
      
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Ⅰ. The Yinshan district as an example of "activizing region" in the Chinese platform One of the most typical localities that show clearly the phenomenon of"activization of platform" (активи. зация платформы) is the Yinshan region, aneast western mountain range on the border between the North-China plain andthe Mongolian plateau. It has long been recognized as a platform because ofthe presence of a folded foundation Pre-Sinian in age. However, owing to thefacts that Mesozoic crustal movements and magmatic activities...

Ⅰ. The Yinshan district as an example of "activizing region" in the Chinese platform One of the most typical localities that show clearly the phenomenon of"activization of platform" (активи. зация платформы) is the Yinshan region, aneast western mountain range on the border between the North-China plain andthe Mongolian plateau. It has long been recognized as a platform because ofthe presence of a folded foundation Pre-Sinian in age. However, owing to thefacts that Mesozoic crustal movements and magmatic activities are importantwithin this area, some geologists including G Schoenmann, hold that it is ageosynclinal region. It is Ю. М Шейманн who first noticed the phenomenon of activizationappearing in the Chinese platform. В. М. Синицын in his "Строенив и развитиекитайской платформы" indicates that some of the mountain ranges includingYinshan, which have been formerly referred to the folding belts developingfrom geosynclines, are in fact the internal structures of the Chinese platform. In this paper the writer after the opinion of В. М. Синицын, assigns theYinshan area as one of the "activizing regions" in the Chinese platform, andgives more detailed descriptions and discussions mainly on the point of thehistory of its stratigraphic development. Really it is a fact that the Yinshan region has an old folded foundationwhich is composed of metamorphic complex including chiefly gneisses, schists,and old granitic intrusions apparently Pre-Sinian in age. Since the formationof this folded foundation during the Luliang movement (=Goto-Karelian mo-vement), the old land of the Yinshan region has "activized" or "resurrected"several times. As early as in the Sinian period, a depression prolonging in E-Wdirection happened on its southern border, where Sinian limestone 900 metresin thickness and in some places up to 9,620 metres was so deposited. During a long time of the Palaeozoic era, the Yinshan old land was in the poriod ofdenudation except some Cambrian marine limestones only 144 metres in thick-ness deposited in the western part. At the end of the Palaeozoic era, local acti-vization with the formation of continental basin-deposits of Permian age, up to1,380 metres in thickness, as found in the Tachingshan area again happened.In the middle Mesozoic era, the Yinshan region came to a period of strongactivity. Structural depressions duo to "Процесс аркогенеза" occurred universallywithin the whole area and magmatie activities in large magnitude associatedthis crustal movement, so that a great sequence of freshwater basin-depositswith intercalations of volcanic beds, up to 8,000 metres in total thickness wereformed. During the formation of these strata, especially at the end of Mesozoic,interruptions of depositon happened frequently, folds and thrusts were abund-antly formed, and intrusive bodies of "young granite" were produced hereand there. In the Tertiary period, the Yinshan region was violently faulted, andvolcanic activities still happened, producing the basalt lava flow spreading ina wide area. The activity of the Yinshan old land has not ceased even to-dayas shown by the facte that its whole area is in the process of uplift and by thepresence of an earthquake zone known in the historical time. Ⅱ. To what Geotectonic Unit does the Southeastern Coastal Region of China Belong? On the Southeastern coast of China there is a district where geotectoniccharacteristics have never been recognized clearly. It is A. W. Grabau who firstreferred it to an old land named "Cathaysia". J. S. Lee holds the same opinion.In his geotectonic map of China, B. M. Синицын also assigns this region to aplatform and marks it as a part of his "Южно-китайский платформенный массив".However, there is still another opinion opposed to this. A. C. Хоминтовский, forinstance, renders recently this district to a geosynclinal region and proposes thename "Minche Pacific folding zone" for it. H. T. Yang and T. Y. Yu agreewith him. In the year 1954, the writer in his compilation-work connected with thegeology of Fukien and Kwangtung, found that the geotectonic characteristics ofthe southeastern coastal region of China are not only unagreeable with thosefound in a common platform on the one hand, but also contrasting, with thoseof a geosynclinal region on the other. In fact, it cannot be referred suitably toany geotectonic unit except to the intermediate type as shown by the history ofits geological development. Apparently it is an "activizing" or "resurrected" platform. During the Pre-Sinian crustal movement (the Luliang movement), a foldedfoundation composed of old gneisses, schists, and phyllites was completely for-med. Obviously this is a part of the broad old land of Southern China. In the earlier stage of the Palaeozoic era, the whole area of this region wasexposed in the air and under denudation. Hence, no deposit of any kind wasformed. After the Caledonian movement, depressions happened in the western partof this region, where the Devonian-Lower carboniferous continental deposit, theNanching series consisting mainly of quartzite, conglomerate and shale has beenformed, but the other parts were still under denudation. These facts show thatthis region was still a land at that time. Uralian and Lower Permian limestones, known respectively as the Chuan-shan limestone and the Chihsia limestone, separated from each other by adisconformity, spread widely in this region. This indicates that the marine trans-gressions really happened in the southeastern coastal region of China. However,the thicknesses of these limestones (only 30 metres and 150 metres respectively)and their uniformity in the horizontal direction show that the sea at thosetimes was shallow, and the magnitude of subsidence of the earth crust withinthis region was small. The unnoticed lateral changing of lithological charactersof these limestones proves the same fact. Undoubtedly these limestones arenothing but the marine deposits of platform-type. From Upper Permian toTriassic, this region was under a condition of alternation of transgression andregression of the sea. Owing to the fact that the amplitude of oscillation of theearth crust of this region at that time was small, the deposits formed duringthe marine transgression were thin and interrupted again and again by disconfor-mities (or even unconformities). Sometimes continental deposits are intercalated. Since the later period of Triassic, the southeastern coastal region has neverbeen covered by the sea again. And, a new condition began to happen in LowerJurassic. Here, the old land became to "resurrected", so that a series of depres-sing belts were formed as a result of "Процесс аркогенеза". In association withthe subsidence of these depressions, continental beds with a total thicknessup to 3,000 metres were deposited. In the beds interruptions frequently occurred.Folds were abundants, although they or at least some of them were intermediatetype. At the same time, magmatic activities were significant. Itappearedfirstly in the form of volcanic eruptions as recorded by a great sequence of beds consisting of tuff and rhyolite intercalating in the continental bedsmentioned above. And then, at the end of the Mesozoic, numerous graniticbodies were produced. Coming to the Cenozoic era, this region still sufferedfrom rather strong crustal movements accompanied by basalt lava eruptions. Theactivity of the old land has not yet been ceased even to-day as marked by thepresence of a famous earthquake zone between Kwangtung and Fukien, and theabundance of hot springs which widely spread within this region. All theseshow the typical characters of an "activizing" or "resurrected" platform. Final-ly, the complexity of the types of mineral deposits found in Fukien and Kwang-tung also proves the geotectonic nature of this region. Summarizing the whole matter, we may say that the southeastern coastalregion of China was originally an old land. Although it has been agian andagain submerged by the sea, the resulting marine deposits are entirely differentfrom those of geosynclinal region. In the middle of Mesozoic, this region beganto be active violently again, producing a series of depressions or "secondarygeosynclines", in which thick continental beds were deposited, and, at the sametime, folds of intermediate type, serious volcanic eruptions and magmatic intru-sions were produced. Hence, to refer the southeastern coastal region of China toan "activizing" platform is quite strongly proved. The northwestern boundary of this "activizing" platform is generally onthe line starting from central Chekiang through central Kiangsi to the Sou-thwestern part of Kwangtung, because the history and characteristics of geolo-gical development of the Southeastern Kiangsi and Central-southern Kwangtungare quite similar to those of Fukien and Eastern Kwangtung. As to the nomination of this geotectonic unit, the writer proposes to callit "Cathaysian activizing region". This name is derived from the "Cathaysia"of A. W. Grabau but adds, according to necessity, the meaning of activizing or"resurrected" characters of this region. The so-called "Minche Pacific foldingzone" of A. C. Хоминтовский is obviously unacceptable because it entirely doesnot coincide with fact. Compared with the "aetivizing" platforms found in other parts of theworld, the Cathaysian coastal "activizing" platform has its own characteristics,especially shown by the presence of numerous, widely spread, small depressionsor "secondary geosynclines", and the acidic magmatic activities appearing on alarge scale. All these indicate that this is a special type differing from all theknown "activizing" plat

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Four series of cement clinker of different compositions in system C-A-F-S and C-A-S are prepared with various additions of BaO, say 0.5~10 by mole percentage (in the way of replacing equal moles of CaO in clinker), and subject to heating under tem-perature ranging from 1270 to 1440℃.It is observed that in the presence of 0.5% BaO, the combination of lime is acce-lerated, the effect being more pronounced at lower temperature and at smaller lime-saturation factor as expressed by "KH" value. However, when the addition...

Four series of cement clinker of different compositions in system C-A-F-S and C-A-S are prepared with various additions of BaO, say 0.5~10 by mole percentage (in the way of replacing equal moles of CaO in clinker), and subject to heating under tem-perature ranging from 1270 to 1440℃.It is observed that in the presence of 0.5% BaO, the combination of lime is acce-lerated, the effect being more pronounced at lower temperature and at smaller lime-saturation factor as expressed by "KH" value. However, when the addition of BaO exceeds 1%, the reaction is conversely retarded.The reason why the rate of clinker formation is differently effected can be explained by the way of Barium enters into solid solution of the clinker minerals. Thus when BaO presents in small amounts, it is intercalated in belite structure making it less stable and more reactive, when the amount of BaO exceeds to a certain extent, part of a substitution of calcium ion by barium ion occurs with result in the alteration of belite structure ensuring unfavorable reaction to the further formation of alite. Large amount of BaO also has destructive effect on formation of C_3A.

本文系统地研究了,在不同温度下不同BaO加入量对不同KH值的C-A-F-S系统熟料的形成过程的作用以及对矿物晶体构造的变化的影响。确定以等分子取代GaO形式加入的微量BaO(0.5~1.0%)均有助于熟料的形成,但若BaO过多则贝利特中的钙离子部分被钡离子所替代形成置换固溶体时,不利于阿利特的形成。BaO过多同样对C_3A的形成不利。

In order to study the deep crustal structure of the Central part of North China Plain, a profile of deep seismic sounding has been made. This profile starts from Yuanshih Hsien (元氏县), Hopei Province, at its west end and Tsinan, Shantung Province at its east end. The total length is about 270 km.On the profile are 9 shooting points, constituting a continuous system of observations by correlative meeting and pursuing recording. Based on the kinematic and dynamic characteristics of the waves, we can recognize many...

In order to study the deep crustal structure of the Central part of North China Plain, a profile of deep seismic sounding has been made. This profile starts from Yuanshih Hsien (元氏县), Hopei Province, at its west end and Tsinan, Shantung Province at its east end. The total length is about 270 km.On the profile are 9 shooting points, constituting a continuous system of observations by correlative meeting and pursuing recording. Based on the kinematic and dynamic characteristics of the waves, we can recognize many primary reflected and head waves, together with multiple reflected waves. In this region, the crust can be divided into seven layers of alterate higher and lower velocities. The overage thickness of the crust is 35-36 km. The overlying material has an average velocity of 6.0 km/sec, while the layer velocity of the top of upper mantle is 8.1 km/sec.In this region, the crust is composed of an inhomogeneous medium of many layers. It consists of intercalated layers of high velocity gradients.Finally, it is given here the velocity distribution in the crust and in the upper mantle together with a model of the crust.

为了研究华北平原中部地区的深部地壳结构,进行了地壳测深的剖面工作。该剖面西起河北省元氏县,东至山东省济南市郊,全长达270余公里。 全线分布九个爆炸点,构成了相遇和追逐的连续观测系统。根据波的运动学和动力学特点记到了很多一次反射波和一次首波,同时亦存在着多次波。该区地壳分为七个层次,且由高低速相间的介质组成。地壳的平均厚度为35—36公里,上覆介质的平均速度为6.0公里/秒,上地幔顶部介质的层速度为8.1公里/秒。 该区地壳为不均匀的多层结构,并存在着高速梯度夹层。 文中最后给出了地壳和上地幔顶部的综合速度分布和地壳模型。

 
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