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juvenile character
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     Teacher's Influence on the Character Formation of the Youth and the Juvenile
     教师对青少年学生人格形成的影响
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     The study of difference of personality character for juvenile male offenders.
     男性青少年犯的人格特征差异研究
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     And its character is publicity.
     它以市场失效准则来界定政府作用的范围,其特征是公共性。
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     Character and Solvability
     特征与可解性(英文)
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     On Juvenile Delinquency
     未成年人犯罪问题实证研究
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  juvenile character
Orthogeotropism can be considered as a juvenile character.
      
The horizontal ramus is very slender, but this may be merely a juvenile character to the extent that it differs from most leptictids.
      
The Cachoeirinha suite presents isotopic and chemical signatures that define their juvenile character.
      


Most of the apple plants derived from anther culture are haploid types and the rest have different ploidy when the chromsome count were made either on the in vitro grown plantlets or the topworked scions. The results of the observation on botanical characters showed that there are significant differences between ather-cultured plants and original "Delicious" apple plants in the juvenile stage, anther-cultured plants have more branches and thorns lobose, smaller and thinner leaves with less pubescence....

Most of the apple plants derived from anther culture are haploid types and the rest have different ploidy when the chromsome count were made either on the in vitro grown plantlets or the topworked scions. The results of the observation on botanical characters showed that there are significant differences between ather-cultured plants and original "Delicious" apple plants in the juvenile stage, anther-cultured plants have more branches and thorns lobose, smaller and thinner leaves with less pubescence. There are also significant differences among the anther-derived plants in botanical characters. After topworked in the field, the anther-derived plants gradually change their juvenile characters to the cultivated characters as the tree age increased. A strain of the anther-derived plants from cultivar "Delicious" began to fruit and showed significant spur-type characteristics. All these indicated that new types of apple can be obtained by anther culture.

通过对苹果不同品种花培植株的试管苗及其高接树的染色体数目观察,看到大部分为单倍体,还有其他倍性的植株.幼龄期元帅花培植株的植物学性状与原品种元帅之间有显著差异,表现分枝多、有针刺、叶片小而薄、茸毛少、有缺刻等野生性状.在花培植株之间,也表现有明显的差别.田间高接后,花培植株随树龄增长逐渐向栽培性状转化,元帅花培植株元80—3已开始结果,表现出明显的短枝型特征.

Sea urchins Hemicentrotus pulcherrimus, Glyptocidaris crenularis, Strongylocentrotus nudus and S. intermedius are the most important roe source that export to Japan, S. nudus, S. intermedius and H. pulcherrimus have been cultured and released in north area of China Yellow Sea.This paper deals with the probability of their interspecific hybridization. And their hybrid larvae and juvenile characters were also reported. The results show that water temperature control can make the four sea urchin spawning...

Sea urchins Hemicentrotus pulcherrimus, Glyptocidaris crenularis, Strongylocentrotus nudus and S. intermedius are the most important roe source that export to Japan, S. nudus, S. intermedius and H. pulcherrimus have been cultured and released in north area of China Yellow Sea.This paper deals with the probability of their interspecific hybridization. And their hybrid larvae and juvenile characters were also reported. The results show that water temperature control can make the four sea urchin spawning simultaneously. The percentage of fertilization in crossing groups was 0-69.6% and it was affected by consanguinity relationship of their native stocks and the spawning proper water temperatures of their native stocks. The larvae of H. pulcherrimus×G.crenularis, G.crenularis× H. pulcherrimus, H. pulcherrimus×S. intermedius, S. intermedius×H. pulcherrimus and H. pulcherrimus×S. nudus can grow to four leg larvae, but the abnormal rate was higher, and the development time of float larvae was 3-10 days longer than that of their native stock offsprings. After 14 months reared indoor, three hybrid juvenile sea urchins were carried out and their test diameter was 2.59-2.88 cm.

报道了中国北部沿海马粪海胆、海刺猬、光棘球海胆三种主要海胆与引自日本的中间球海胆四种海胆之间的不同组合的杂交试验及其子代浮游幼体及幼海胆的早期生长发育。结果表明 ,采用生殖调控可使不同海胆达到同步繁殖 ,在 8~ 2 4℃下各种海胆杂交组合的受精率与亲本亲缘关系有关 ,同时受到双亲繁殖适宜温度的影响 ,受精率介于 0~ 6 9.6 %之间 ,均低于自交组。以马粪海胆和海刺猬为亲本的正反交、以马粪海胆和中间球海胆为亲本的正反交以及马粪海胆 (♀ )×光棘球海胆 (♂ )各组杂交胚胎均可发育至四腕幼虫 ,但畸形率较高 ,浮游时间比自交组延长 3~ 1 0d ,在其中的 3个杂交组得到了幼海胆 ,经过 1 4个月的室内培育 ,杂交组成活率低于自交组 ,壳直径达 2 .5 9~ 2 .88cm

Contents of nucleic acid,galacturonic acid and soluble sugar in le av es of three-year-old self-rooted Kyoho seedlings which had just entered into reproductive state were determined in the course of their phase development.The results showed:1)content of ribonucleic acid(RNA)dramatically soared from t he juvenile zone upward to a highest value at the transition zone and then did n ot declined until the apex was approached,and so did the total nucleic acid amo unt;2)a peak of RNA/DNA ratio occurred at the lowest...

Contents of nucleic acid,galacturonic acid and soluble sugar in le av es of three-year-old self-rooted Kyoho seedlings which had just entered into reproductive state were determined in the course of their phase development.The results showed:1)content of ribonucleic acid(RNA)dramatically soared from t he juvenile zone upward to a highest value at the transition zone and then did n ot declined until the apex was approached,and so did the total nucleic acid amo unt;2)a peak of RNA/DNA ratio occurred at the lowest node where the tendril ap peared,followed by a constant decline;3)content of galacturonic acid in leave s reached its maximum in the transition zone and then declined to and maintained at a relatively low level;4)there was a progressive increase of leaf non-red ucing sugar along the stem up from the juvenile zone to the adult zone which fol lowed by a decrease and a final increase as the apex was approached;5)amounts of reducing sugar and total A relative long period of juvenility was there in woody plants.Many researche s about the stage development of woody plants were performed[1~4].Passecker[5] suggested that there were juvenile,transition and adult zones from the base up to the top in apple seedling trees according to the fact that even the apple tr ee had been blossomed a juvenile character was still there in the base of the tr ee.Three major theories were proposed to explain the chemical control of the tr ansition to flowering[6].The “florigen/antiflorigen”concept suggested that th e floral promoter and inhibitor were each a simple,specific,and universal horm one that remain to be isolated and identified.The “nutrient diversion”hypothe sis postulated that floral induction,whatever the nature of the involved enviro nmental factors,was a means of modifying the source/sink relationships within t he plant in such a way that the shoot apex receives a better supply of assimilat es than under non-inductive conditions.While,the theory of “multi-factorial control”postulated that several chemicals-assimilates and unknown phytohormon es-participated in floral induction.Control of the transition to flowering in Sinapis alba was multi-factorial[6].Developmental transitions from juvenile to reproductive adult phase involved changes in the pattern of cellular differenti ation and organ formation and are strictly regulated by genes in the shoot apica l meristem[7,8].The molecular and genetic bases of the shoot apical meristem f ates have been widely investigated and several genes related to the switch to re productive phases have been characterized[9~12].The phase development of seedling trees was a sophisticated course including p hysiological and biochemical changes in different developmental phases and space s.Kessler and Monsellse[13] reported that the RNA content and the RNase activit y in apple and orange leaves were both higher in adult trees than in juvenile tr ees.Another study revealed,however,that little difference of DNA content was observed between the juvenile and adult tissues,and that the RNA/DNA ratio incr eased constantly with the development of seedling in several Pyrus species[14].Oligosaccharins have been proved to promote growth,development and reproducti on and the active component has been confirmed to be galacturonic acid[15].Some vegetative buds were turned into floral buds within tobacco explants in vitro b y adding to the cultural medium a very few oligosaccharide mixture that extracte d from oriental plane tree's cell wall with alkaline lysis or enzymolysis,and i ndicated that oligosaccharide may be a kind of message to reduce flowering[16,17 ].Carbohydrate was believed to be the fundament of floral bud formation.In fru it trees a high level of carbohydrate in the shoots was considered to be necessa ry for flowering[18].In this study,changes of contents of nucleic acid,galacturonic acid and solu ble sugar in leaves of juvenile,transition and adult zones of 'Kyoho'seedling s which had just entered into reproductive state were determined.The reason of choosing grape seedling as research materials was that such seedling had a relat ive short period of juvenility,about 3~4 years,and had a conspicuously visual ized morphological mark of phase transition.It is known in grape fruit that ten dril is the heteromorphy of flower cluster.Normally,the lowest node on the mai n vine where the tendril appeared was not in accordance with the lowest node whe re the flower head appeared.In this study,therefore,the regions from base up to the node at which the lowest tendril appeared,from the end of former region to the node at which the flower head occurred and upward from the end of the sec ond region were referred to juvenile soluble sugar in leaves reached their peaks at transition zone where the tendr il appeared for the first time and then declined to and maintained at a relative low level.

试验以刚开花的3年生巨峰葡萄实生苗为材料,分析其童区、转变区及成年区叶片中核酸、半乳糖醛酸和可溶性糖含量的变化.结果表明:每克鲜重叶片中RNA含量由童区至转变区急剧上升达最大值,在转变区保持在较高水平上,开花以上节位其含量降低,总核酸含量的变化也是如此;RNA/DNA比值在刚进入转变区达峰值,然后逐渐降低;半乳糖醛酸含量在童区和成年区均较低,在转变区出现最大值;非还原糖含量随阶段发育的提高而增加,在成年区大量开花部位降低,近植株顶端无花序部位复又增加;还原糖含量在进入转变区时达最大值,然后迅速降低,在转变区及成年区处于较低水平.

 
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