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acetabular
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  髋臼
     The Study of Some Questions for Acetabular Fracture
     髋臼T形骨折相关问题研究
短句来源
     Memory Biomechanical Study of Acetabular Three Dimensional Memory Internal Fixation System in Treating Acetabular Fracture--3D Model Construction, Mechanical Simulation and Finite Element Analysis
     髋臼三维记忆内固定系统治疗髋臼骨折记忆生物力学研究——骨盆、髋臼三维模型仿真、力学模拟与有限元分析
短句来源
     The Related Study on Healing Mechanism of Acetabular Fracture Fixed by Acetabular Tridimentional Memoryalloy-FixationSystem
     髋臼三维记忆内固定系统治疗髋臼骨折的相关机理研究
短句来源
     An Experimental Study of MRI Diagnosis and Pathology on the Acute Impact Injury of Acetabular Cartilage
     髋臼软骨急性冲击伤的MRI诊断及病理实验研究
短句来源
     X-Ray Analysis of 94 Cases of Acetabular Dysplasia in the Aclult
     成人髋臼结构不良(附94例X线分析)
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  髋臼的
     Reconstruction of actabulum is mainly relevant to design, selection and fixation of acetabular prosthesis and repair of deficient acetabulum.
     缺损髋臼的重建主要涉及翻修髋臼假体的设计与选择、翻修假体的固定和骨缺损修复等几个重要问题。
短句来源
     For hips, the rate of gross labral tears was about 81.7%, most of them (80%) located in the anterior superior quadrant. The average size of the tears expansion was about 2.5 cm (0.5~4.5 cm). The acetabular labrum could increase of acetabular volume about 33%.
     髋臼唇撕裂的发生率为81.7%(49/60例),多发生在髋臼的前上象限(80%),撕裂的大小为(2.5±0.2)cm(0.5 ̄4.5cm),髋臼唇可使髋臼腔的容积增加33%。
短句来源
     Materials and methods (1) To measure the acetabular wear with special computer soft ware program for 84 cases of femoral head replacement arthroplasties 1-6 years after the operation and to analyze the radiological acetabular wear with the clinical results.
     材料与方法 (1)利用计算机数字化方法计测84例人工股骨头假体置换术后1~6年髋臼的磨损,对其磨损的临床和放射学检查结果进行分析 (2)测定老年髋部骨折患者的骨密度,比较男、女骨折患者骨密度的差异,分析其原因。
短句来源
     Estimation on acetabular development by c/b rate and acetabular index after treatment of DDH
     用c/b比率及AI评价DDH治疗后髋臼的发育
短句来源
     CEAs from 0°to 180°could be sh own by the graphs,and the stability of femoral head in acetabular fossa and deve lopment of acetabulum were reflected directly.
     0°~180°中心边缘角可直接反映股骨头在髋臼窝的稳定情况和髋臼的发育情况。
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  “acetabular”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Assessed by Merle d,Aubigne acetabular scoring system,18 cases were rated as excellent,2 case as good,1 case as fair.
     按Merled,Aubigne髋关节评分系统评分标准评定:优18例,良2例,可1例,差0例。
短句来源
     The plain radiographs revealed the hip joints to suffer from the acetabular dysplasia and osteoarthritis. The level of FⅧ:C was 2%, FⅨ:C 200%, vWF:Ag 120%, vWF:Rcof 100%, vWF:CBA 128%, and the FⅧ binding assay to vWF was normal.
     F活性为2%,F活性为200%,vWF:Ag为120%,vWF:RCof100%,vWF:CBA128%,F结合分析正常;
短句来源
     When the CE angle was minished to -10°, the compensative ability scope of this acetabular dysplasia is between CE angle -10° and 20°.
     模拟不同程度单足直立位CE角缺损,患者代偿范围为单足直立位CE角在-10°~20°之间。
短句来源
     When loosening was used as the end point for failure, the survival rate of the acetabular and femoral components was 1.0 (95% confidence interval, 0.98 to 1.00) in both groups.
     Kaplan-Meier分析假体生存率为1.0(95%可信区间,0.98~1.00)。
短句来源
     Results:Among25patients12were right acetabular trauma,10were left acetabular trauma,3were bilateral acetabular trauma.
     结果 :25例病人中 ,右侧创伤12例 ,左侧创伤10例 ,双侧创伤3例。
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  acetabular
Is the Posterior Wall Avulsion the Simplest Acetabular Fracture
      
Long-Term Outcome of Secondary Joint Replacement after Acetabular Fracture
      
The Kocher-Langenbeck Approach for the Treatment of Acetabular Fractures
      
Acute Total Hip Replacement for Displaced Acetabular Fractures in Older Patients
      
The Role of Surgical Hip Dislocation in the Treatment of Acetabular and Femoral Head Fractures
      
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During a survey of helminth parasites of freshwater fishes, from the Min River in Fooehow, a number of specimens of trematodes belonging to the genus Eumasenia Sri-vastava, 1951 were secured from the stomach and intestine of Clarias fuscus (Lace-pede). They belong to a species new to science and the diagnosis is briefly given as follows:Maseniidae; Body small, 1.04-1.68 mm. long by 0.32-0.63 mm. in maximum diameter, at the level of testes. Cuticle armed with spines more prominent anteriorly and absent in posterior...

During a survey of helminth parasites of freshwater fishes, from the Min River in Fooehow, a number of specimens of trematodes belonging to the genus Eumasenia Sri-vastava, 1951 were secured from the stomach and intestine of Clarias fuscus (Lace-pede). They belong to a species new to science and the diagnosis is briefly given as follows:Maseniidae; Body small, 1.04-1.68 mm. long by 0.32-0.63 mm. in maximum diameter, at the level of testes. Cuticle armed with spines more prominent anteriorly and absent in posterior third of tody. Oral sucker funnel-shaped, 0.141-0.173 × 0.135-0.189 mm., with two, middorsally interrupted, alternating crowns of spines. 25-32 circumoral spines in each row. Circumoral spines of the first row, measuring 0.017-0,025 mm. long by 0.004-0.008 mm. wide; those of the second row, measuring 0.017-0.025 mm. long by 0.003-0.008 mm. wide. Ventral sucker, 0.141-0.169 × 0.137-0,176 mm., situated middle third of body. Prepharynx, 0.022-0.064 mm. long; pharynx 0.034-0.064 × 0.043-0.073 mm.; oesophagus, 0.086-0.111 mm. long. Intestinal caeca short, extending to level of the middle region of anterior testis. Testes oval, one obliquely behind the other, intercecal, in the third quarter of body. Anterior testis measures 0.078-0.134 mm. long by 0.124-0.129 mm. wide; posterior testis 0.060-0.141 mm. by 0.120-0.236 mm. Cirrus pouch very long measuring 0.677-0.96 mm. long by 0.071-0.099 mm. in basal diameter, enclosing bipartite seminal vesicle, prostate complex and ejaculatory-duct. Pars prostatica without the lateral diverticulum.Common genital pore dorsal to oral sucker just at the dorsal gap in crown of circumoral spines. Ovary 0.076-0.179 × 0.083-0.150 mm., lies slightly submedian, obliqualy to right, between acetabulum and anterior testis. Receptaculum seminis large, 0.064-0.159 × 0.042-0.107 mm., between testes and ovary. Laurer's canal present, Vitellaria follicular, extending in lateral fields from acetabular level to an- terior testicular zone. Uterus with descending and ascending limbs almost occupying whole posttesticular area. Excretory vesicle saccular reaching to posterior margin of posterior testis. Eggs numerous, operculate, 0.022-0.031* 0.015-0.019 mm.Eumasenis fukienensis is separated from its closely related species E. moraddba-densis Srivastava, 1951 and E. bangweulensis Beverly-Burton, 1962 by the size of body, size and number of circumoral spines, the length of prepharynx and oesophagus, and by the absence of a kteral prostatic diverticulum and in having a sac-shaped excretory vesicle.The life cycle of Eumasenia fukienensis was established experimentally in the laboratory and all stages described. Eggs are fully embryonated when laid, swallowed by the molluscan hosts, Hippeutis canton Benson, Gyraulus convexiusculus Hutton, or Segmentina hemisphaerula (Benson). The miracidia penetrate into intestinal wall and transform into small embryos with germinal cells. Mother and daughter sporocysts developed outside the intestine and in the digestive gland of the snails. The latter gives rise to cercariae which emerged from snails 24 days after the eggs had been eaten. Cercariae encysted in the mature daughter sporocysts or penetrated and encysted in the tissue of the same intermediate host or other snails such as Sphaerium lacustre (Muller), which live together with Hippeutis cantori Benson. Me-tacercariae when fed to Clarias fuscus (Lacepede), developed into premature adult in the small intestine in 10 days.Based on the studies of the life cycle of E. fuUenensis, it is demonstrated that Family Maseniidae Yamaguti, 1954 is closely related to Family Plagiorchiidae Luhe, 1091. The phylogenetic relationship of the two families is discussed.

1.本文详细描述了福州地区胡子鲶肠管中极常见的一种真马生尼亚吸虫的形态构造,由于福建标本在虫体的大小,围口棘圈中棘的数目、大小,腹吸盘位置,前咽及食道的长度,肠管盲端到达的位置,卵巢、睾丸所在的位置,以及其相关的大小,前列腺管基部的构造,以及排泄囊的形状等,和文献上已记述的虫种差别很大。因此我们为其定名为福建真马生尼亚吸虫Eumasenia fukienensis sp.nov.。 2.本文详细描述了本种吸虫虫卵、毛蚴以及在三种扁螺类:凸旋螺Gyraulus conve-xiusculus Hutton;肯氏圆扁螺Hippeutis cantori Benson和半球隔扁螺Segmentina hemis-phaerula (Benson)体内发育的二代胞蚴、尾蚴以及囊蚴等各幼虫期的形态。 3.本文对本种吸虫在系统发生上和斜睾科吸虫的亲缘关系进行讨论。

A survey on the trematoda-fauna of the wild birds from Bai-yang-dien lake, Hopeh province, China was made during the summer (June to July) in 1963, and in spring (March to April) and autumn (September to November), 1964. Totally 467 birds (including part of those examined in the summer, 1963) belonging to 13 orders and 51 species have been examined, and 81 species of the trematodes belonging to 41 genera and 15 families have been obtained from the alimentary canal, trachea, air sacs, gall bladder, liver, kidney,...

A survey on the trematoda-fauna of the wild birds from Bai-yang-dien lake, Hopeh province, China was made during the summer (June to July) in 1963, and in spring (March to April) and autumn (September to November), 1964. Totally 467 birds (including part of those examined in the summer, 1963) belonging to 13 orders and 51 species have been examined, and 81 species of the trematodes belonging to 41 genera and 15 families have been obtained from the alimentary canal, trachea, air sacs, gall bladder, liver, kidney, etc. of the hosts. Among them, 3 new species and 4 unidentified species, namely: Echinoparyphium microrchis sp. nov., Paryphostomum baiyangdienensis sp. nov., Psilotrema pleurodiscum sp. nov. Notes on 38 new distributional records from China and 87 new host records are also given. Trematodes found from Bai-yang-dien lake together with their hosts, location of the parasities, degree of infection are listed in Tab, 1 and 2.The descriptions of the 3 new trematodes are as follows: Echinoparyphium microrchis sp. nov.Body lingual-shaped, attenuated anteriorly and rounded posteriorly, 4.051 × 1.062 -1.152 mm. Cuticle thickened, armed measuring with loosely arranged body spines from anterior end to acetabular zone, posteriorly, 0.020 × 0.004 - 0.008 mm. Head collar reniform, 0.630 - 0.684 mm in width, armed with 35 head spines: 4 corner spines on each side, the 3 outer spines larger than the inner one, measuring 0.070 - 0.072 × 0.022-0.024 mm and 0.048-0.052×0.018-0.020 mm respectively; dorsolateral spines 27 in number, arranged in 2 rows, the lateral spines measuring 0.072 × 0.020 mm, while the dorsal spines 0.048 × 0.020 - 0.024 mm.Oral sucker subterminal, 0.198 - 0.216 × 0.234 mm. Acetabulum 0.684 - 0.720 × 0.630 - 0.720 mm, located on the posterior half of the anterior third of the body. Prepharynx 0.036 mm long. Pharynx developed, 0.162 - 0.182 × 0.126 - 0.144 mm. Esophagus slender, 0.414 - 0.430 × 0.024 - 0.042 mm and bifurcating into 2 caeea at the anterior border of the acetabulum. Caeca extending posteriorly and ending at 0.054 mm from the posterior end of the worm.Testes irregularly shaped, lying contiguously tandem in the posterior third of the body; anterior testis 0.162-0.270×0.234-0.252 mm, posterior testis 0.216-0.306 × 0.198 - 0.234 mm. Cirrus sac small, 0.306 - 0.360 × 0.144 - 0.162 mm.Ovary flat-spherical, 0.216 - 0.228 × 0.342 - 0.378 mm. Shell gland lying between the anterior testis and ovary. Vitellaria intercecal, extending from the level of the posterior half of the acetabulum and reaching the extreme posterior end of the body. Uterus short, containing not numerous eggs, about 47 - 64 in number. Ova 0.100 -0.104 × 0.044 - 0.048 mm.DISCUSSION This new species differs remarkably from, the only other species of the genus, E. cinctum (End., 1802) Dietz, 1909, E. ichthyophilum Mendheim, 1940, E. japonicum Ando et Ozaki, 1923 by having the testes irregularly indented, smaller than the ovary and by the number of the head spines.Host: Indian moorhen, Gallinula chloropus indica Blyth.Location: Small intestine.Distribution: Bai-yang-dien lake, Hopeh province.Holotype and paratype specimens: Deposited in the Institute of Zoology, Aca-demia Siniea, Peking, China.Paryphostomum baigangdienensis sp. nov.Body elongated, median in size, 4.805 - 6.220 × 0.975 - 0.990 mm. Cuticle thick and covered densely by scaly spines in front of the acetabulum, 0.025 ×0.011 mm. Head collar reniform 0.429 - 0.462 mm in width, armed with 35 head spines: 4 corner spines, 0.069-.0.099 ×0.022-0.026 mm and 27 dorso-lateral spines arranged in 2 rows, 0.055 - 0.080 × 0.018 - 0.022 mm.Oral sucker subterminal 0.165 × 0.182 - 0.198 mm. Acetabulum located at the anterior quarter of the body, 0.534 - 0.782 × 0.611 - 0.742 mm. Prepharynx 0.041 -0.066 mm long. Pharynx 0.182 - 0.211 × 0.116 - 0.132 mm. Oesophagus 0.363 - 0.396 × 0.050 mm.Testes tandem, situated at the posterior half of the body, consisting of 4 lobes, anterior testis 0.330 - 0.396×0.304 - 0.330 mm, posterior testis 0.363 - 0.478 × 0.297 -0.346 mm. Cirrus

1.本文报告1963年夏季(6—7月)与1964年春季(3—4月)及秋季(9—11月)在河北省安新县白洋淀共解剖鸟类467只(包括部分夏季解剖的数字在内),隶属13目(夜鹰目未获吸虫),51种,其中42种鸟类在不同程度上感染了吸虫类。 2.共获得吸虫81种,分隶于15科41属,其中包括3新种Echinoparyphium microrchissp.nov.;Paryphostomum baiyangdienensis sp.nov.与Psilotrema pleurodiscum sp.nov.,38个我国新纪录与87个宿主新纪录。 3.附有两表,录有寄生虫的宿主名称,寄生部位,检查季节,感染情况,分布地区及各种鸟类的吸虫名录。

30 cases of "tripartite" or porcelain total hip prosthesis were followed-up and the causes of dislocation of the prosthesis were analysed. The incidence of postoperative dislocation in this group was 23.3%. The factors that caused dislocation were: trauma, over-flexion of the hip, retraction of the artificial acetabular cup with subsidence of the stem, the over abduction and anteversion of the cup, unfitness of the cup to the acetabula, flaccid femoral muscles, splitting of the greater trochanters, infections,...

30 cases of "tripartite" or porcelain total hip prosthesis were followed-up and the causes of dislocation of the prosthesis were analysed. The incidence of postoperative dislocation in this group was 23.3%. The factors that caused dislocation were: trauma, over-flexion of the hip, retraction of the artificial acetabular cup with subsidence of the stem, the over abduction and anteversion of the cup, unfitness of the cup to the acetabula, flaccid femoral muscles, splitting of the greater trochanters, infections, etc. The incorrect positioning of the cup comprises the main factor in causing dislocation. The average abduction angle of the dislocated hips was 57.28° (45°—75°), the average anteversion angle was 16.86°(0—33°) and the average abduction angle of undislocated hips was 49.47° (23°—73°), the average anteversion angls was 12.5° (5°—30°). 2 of the 7 dislocated hips were reduced by skeletal traction, 2 were reoperated, 3 failed by traction, 1 was treated palliatively and 2 prostheses were removed. The related problems encountered were also discussed.

本文对施行“三合一”和全陶瓷人工全髋关节置换手术获得随访的30例患者进行小结,分析其术后并发人工髋关节后脱位的原因。本组7例并发后脱位,发生率为23.3%。脱位的原因有外伤、髋关节进度曲屈人工髋帽内陷和假体柄下沉、人工髋帽过度外展和和前倾、人工髋帽与髋臼不相称,股部肌张力松弛、大粗隆劈裂、感染等。髋帽位置的正确与否,是引起人工髋关节脱位的重要原因之一。

 
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