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primary case
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  “primary case”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Under like this big background, this text researches the road of starting an undertaking of the medium-small scaled enterprises in the area of sophisticated IT service, with A company as primary case and B C companies as aided case.
     本文就是在这一大背景之下,以A公司为主要案例,以B、C公司为辅助案例,探讨中小型企业在高端IT服务领域的创业之路。
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     Results: 19 nasopharyngeal B lymphoma patients were investigated for EBV, ISH for EBER showed signal over virtually all the tumor cell nuclei in the 3/8 primary nasopharyngeal tumors, 1/8 primary case was EBER negative due to RNA degradation but was LMP1 positive.
     结果:EBV 编码的小m RNA探针(EBER) 原位杂交显示,8 例原发性鼻咽部B细胞性恶性淋巴瘤中3 例绝大多数肿瘤细胞呈阳性表达,1 例潜在性膜蛋白1(latent membrane protein 1,LMP1)阳性。
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     Among the cases, primary case were dominant accounting for 74.58%;
     病期以早期(一、二期)梅毒为主,占74.58%;
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     A CLINICO-PATHOLOGICAL ANALYSIS OF 12 CASES OF EXTRAMEDULLARY PLASMACYTOMA(A DIRECT IMMUNOFLUORESCENCE AND ULTRASTRUCTURE STUDIES OF ONE PRIMARY CASE THE UTERINE CERVIX)
     12例髓外浆细胞瘤的临床病理分析
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     Four cases of normal pressure hydrocephalus with various etiologies were reported. One was a primary case and 3 cases were secondary to subarachnoid hemorrhage, infection of central nervous system and postcerebral vascular disease. 3 cases presented typical features of NPH.
     4例NPH中,1例为原发性,3例为继发性,3例具有 NPH 典型的三联征,1例仅智能障碍及癫痫发作;
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     One case of primary myelofibrosis
     原发性骨髓硬化症1例
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     A case of primary pulmonary cryptococcosis
     原发性肺隐球菌病1例
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  primary case
In the primary case identified, timely reporting is shown to be "owner valuable." However, the manager is better off under delayed reporting.
      
Autism is a primary case study here, interpreted as a developmental failure of a module devoted to social intelligence or Theory of Mind.
      
In one secondary case and one primary case of aldosteronism (Bartter's syndrome and Conn's syndrome), the author describes morphologic changes in the kidney and adrenal by light microscopy and in the kidney by electron microscopy.
      
In the primary case a plea is made for alveolar repositioning as an integral part of the primary repair.
      
The reproductive value is the expected number of new cases produced by a single infectious case while the primary case is still infectious.
      
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Four cases of normal pressure hydrocephalus with various etiologies were reported. One was a primary case and 3 cases were secondary to subarachnoid hemorrhage, infection of central nervous system and postcerebral vascular disease. 3 cases presented typical features of NPH. One case only presented mental disturbance and epileptic attacks. Two cases were treated with a surgical shunt procedure, one of them showing improvement. The etiology, clinical features and treatment of the disease and diagnostic...

Four cases of normal pressure hydrocephalus with various etiologies were reported. One was a primary case and 3 cases were secondary to subarachnoid hemorrhage, infection of central nervous system and postcerebral vascular disease. 3 cases presented typical features of NPH. One case only presented mental disturbance and epileptic attacks. Two cases were treated with a surgical shunt procedure, one of them showing improvement. The etiology, clinical features and treatment of the disease and diagnostic significance of pneumo-encephalography, isotope cisternography and CT scan were briefly discussed.

4例NPH中,1例为原发性,3例为继发性,3例具有 NPH 典型的三联征,1例仅智能障碍及癫痫发作;2例作腹腔一蛛网腹下腔分流术,症状改善及无效各1例。文中讨论了此综合征的病因,临床表现,气脑造影、同位素脑池图及头颅CT扫描的意义。

his paper analysed the epidemiological characters of 23 episodes with63cases of human plague occured between 1959 and 1988 in Gansu province and elucidated the general laws of plague epidemic. The results in-dicated that in this province the space distribution of human plague showed scatteredness,isolation,limitation and relation to the nature foci of plague and the time distribution showed discontinuity, suddenness, uneven- ness and seasonal concentration during the period of hunting marmota. The sources...

his paper analysed the epidemiological characters of 23 episodes with63cases of human plague occured between 1959 and 1988 in Gansu province and elucidated the general laws of plague epidemic. The results in-dicated that in this province the space distribution of human plague showed scatteredness,isolation,limitation and relation to the nature foci of plague and the time distribution showed discontinuity, suddenness, uneven- ness and seasonal concentration during the period of hunting marmota. The sources of infection chiefly were infected Marmota himalayana and the patients with pneumonic plague. Human and other animal bodies died from plague might act as the sources of infection. The major route of plague transmission was direct contact, the second was droplet transmission. Up to now there was no genuine evidence to confirm other transmission route. The people were universally susceptible to plague and the fatality rate was 60. 31%. The cases mainly were peasants. The primary case always had the experience of contact with animals and the frequency of bubonic plague and septicemia occurrence was very high in them, Based on mastering these epidemiological characters, some practical control measures have been proposed and put into practice. After 1963, human plague of the province evidently decreased and there was no case since 1989.

本文研究了甘肃省1959~1988年发生的23起63例人间鼠疫的流行病学特征。研究结果表明本省人间鼠疫在地理分布上具有分散性、孤立性、局限性和与鼠疫疫源地的关联性;在时间分布上具有间断性、突发性、不均衡性和集中于狩猎旱獭期的季节性;传染源主要是染疫的喜马拉雅旱獭(Marmotahimalayana)和肺型鼠疫病人,死于鼠疫的患者尸体和其他染疫动物尸体可能起到过传染源的作用;传播途径以直接接触传染源为主,首发病例均有接触动物史,经飞沫传播次之;人群对鼠疫普遍易感,腺鼠疫和败血症的发生频率高,总病死率为60.31%,病例数以农民居多。基于研究掌握的流行特征,提出实施了切实可行的防治措施,人间鼠疫的发生从1963年后明显下降,1989年至今再未发生人间鼠疫。

Objective: To study the relationship between nasopharyngeal B cell lymphoma and Epstein Barr virus(EBV) infection. Methods: Detection of EBV RNA and latent membrane protein 1(LMP 1) was conducted by immunohistochemistry and in situ hybridization(ISH), using ISH for EBER combined with immunohistochemistry for LMP 1 and CD markers, in order to determine whether the EBV positive cells were tumor cells. Results: 19 nasopharyngeal B lymphoma patients were investigated for EBV, ISH for EBER showed signal...

Objective: To study the relationship between nasopharyngeal B cell lymphoma and Epstein Barr virus(EBV) infection. Methods: Detection of EBV RNA and latent membrane protein 1(LMP 1) was conducted by immunohistochemistry and in situ hybridization(ISH), using ISH for EBER combined with immunohistochemistry for LMP 1 and CD markers, in order to determine whether the EBV positive cells were tumor cells. Results: 19 nasopharyngeal B lymphoma patients were investigated for EBV, ISH for EBER showed signal over virtually all the tumor cell nuclei in the 3/8 primary nasopharyngeal tumors, 1/8 primary case was EBER negative due to RNA degradation but was LMP1 positive. However, all the 11 secondary nasopharyngeal tumors were EBER negative whilst ISH for β actin mRNA was positive for all these cases. Using ISH for EBER combined with immunohistochemistry for LMP1 and CD markers, the predominant lineage of EBV+ cells was identified as CD20+CD45RO in one EBER+ case and one LMP1 case. Our results revealed that EBV was present in the tumor cells of 4/8 primary nasal B cell lymphomas but not in those of secondary nasopharyngeal tumors. Conclusion:Our findings suggest that EBV is associated with the pathogenesis of primary, but not secondary nasopharyngeal B cell lymphoma.

目的:对19 例鼻咽部B细胞性恶性淋巴瘤与EB 病毒(EpsteinBarr virus,EBV) 感染的相关性进行研究。方法:利用免疫组织化学及原位杂交方法对EBV 进行检测,并用免疫组化及原位杂交双染法标记肿瘤细胞,以鉴定EBV阳性的细胞为B淋巴瘤细胞。结果:EBV 编码的小m RNA探针(EBER) 原位杂交显示,8 例原发性鼻咽部B细胞性恶性淋巴瘤中3 例绝大多数肿瘤细胞呈阳性表达,1 例潜在性膜蛋白1(latent membrane protein 1,LMP1)阳性。而11 例继发性鼻咽部B细胞性恶性淋巴瘤EBER全部为阴性。全部病例进行了LMP1 检测,除1 例原发者,全部阴性。利用EBERISH(EBER原位杂交) 和免疫组化CD 标记物进行双标记染色证实,EBER 和LMP1阳性细胞为CD20 阳性,CD45RO 阴性。鼻咽部原发性B细胞性恶性淋巴瘤EBV 表达4/8 ,而继发者为0/11。结论:EBV 与鼻咽部原发性B细胞恶性淋巴瘤有较高的相关性,而与继发性者无关。

 
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