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肾上腺皮
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  adrenal crotex
     Results In the cells of X\|zone which located in the interface between adrenal crotex and medulla, there were expressions of type Ⅰ and Ⅲ 17β HSD.
     结果 在肾上腺皮、髓质交界的X带细胞中有Ⅰ、Ⅲ两型 17βHSD的表达。
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  adrenal cortical
     Objective To study the diagnosis and treatment of adrenal cortical and medullary hyperplasia.
     目的探讨肾上腺皮、髓质增生症的诊断和治疗。
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  “肾上腺皮”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Misdiagnosis of corticomedullary mixed pathological changes in adrenals: report of 4 cases
     肾上腺皮髓质混合性病变误诊4例报告
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     Conclusion:The EMP can lead injure and apoptosis to cortex, medulla and capillary endothelium cells of adrenal gland.
     毛细血管内皮细胞线粒体的明显空化。 结论 :EMP可引起大鼠肾上腺皮髓质细胞及毛细血管内皮细胞的损伤 ,并可诱导其凋亡的发生。
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     A Comparative Study of CT and MRI in Adrenal Adenoma
     肾上腺皮腺瘤CT与MRI显像对比分析
短句来源
     Objective To investigate the effect of corticotropin-releasing hormon(CRH), cortisol(CORT) and dehydroepiandrosteronesulfate(DHEAs) from foetus on term parturition by determing cord blood CRH, CORT and DHEAS levels.
     目的测定足月分娩胎儿脐血清中促肾上腺皮激素释放激素(CRH)、皮质醇(CORT)、硫酸脱氢表雄酮(DHEAs)水平,以探讨胎儿来源的CRH、CORT、DHEAs在足月分娩中的作用。
短句来源
     Methods The clinical data of 3 cases of adrenal cortex and medulla hyperplasia were analysed.
     方法 回顾性分析 3例肾上腺皮髓质增生患者的临床资料。
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  相似匹配句对
     Percutaneous acetic acid injection in the chemoablation of adrenal neoplasm
     肾上腺肿瘤经乙酸化学灭活
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     Adrenal cortex and medulla hyperplasia (report of 3 cases)
     肾上腺髓质增生三例报告
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     Adrenal insufficiency
     肾上腺功能不全
短句来源
     THE ANGIOARCHITECTURE OF SKIN FLAP
     瓣的血管构筑
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     Nonclassic adrenal hyperplasia
     非典型肾上腺增生
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  adrenal cortical
Many diagnostic algorithms have been proposed for the evaluation of pheochromocytoma, Cushing's adenoma, aldosteronoma, and hormonally active adrenal cortical carcinoma.
      
Diagnosis and management of adrenal cortical carcinoma
      
Adrenal cortical carcinoma is a relatively uncommon malignancy that represents a significant clinical challenge for the development of optimal treatment strategies.
      
This review focuses on a discussion of advances in modalities for the diagnosis and treatment of adrenal cortical carcinoma amenable to curative therapy.
      
Adrenal cortical and medullar hyperplasia-A retrospective analysis of 6 cases
      
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The purpose of the present experiments is to investigate whether Ginseng (人参) the roots of Panax ginseng, C. A. Mey., possesses adrenocorticoid, glycocorticoid or mineralocorticoid actions. The answer is negative according to the following experiments: (1) The Venning's liver glycogen test on fasting adrenectomized mice. (2) The Dorfman's test of resistance to cold stress on adrenectomized rats. (3) The survival time test with adrenectomized rats. It has been found, however, that Ginseng exerted aa inhibiting...

The purpose of the present experiments is to investigate whether Ginseng (人参) the roots of Panax ginseng, C. A. Mey., possesses adrenocorticoid, glycocorticoid or mineralocorticoid actions. The answer is negative according to the following experiments: (1) The Venning's liver glycogen test on fasting adrenectomized mice. (2) The Dorfman's test of resistance to cold stress on adrenectomized rats. (3) The survival time test with adrenectomized rats. It has been found, however, that Ginseng exerted aa inhibiting effect on the rat's paw anaphylactoid oedema induced by dextran. This inhibiting effect was somewhat reduced by bilateral adrenectomy, herein the pituitary-adrenal system may play a partial rcle.

本实驗未能証实人参有醣代謝或矿物貭代謝皮貭类固醇样作用。但人参对大白鼠足右旋醣酐性水肿却有显著抑制作用,去腎上腺后这一作用仅有部分減弱,因此人参抑制右旋醣酐性水肿的作用除部分的通过腎上腺皮貭实現它的消炎作用外,尚有其他机制,并对这些可能的机制进行了討論。

Corydalis B has been reported to have strong analgesic and sedative actions resembling morphine and a number of tranquilizers. It is well.known that both morphine and the tranquilizers, such as reserpine and chlorpromazine, stimulate the release of ACTH, as well as depress the secretion of ACTH by the pituitary in response to a number of stressful stimuli under certain conditions. Since Corydalis B has been shown to have pharmacological properties similar to those of the aforementioned compounds, an attempt...

Corydalis B has been reported to have strong analgesic and sedative actions resembling morphine and a number of tranquilizers. It is well.known that both morphine and the tranquilizers, such as reserpine and chlorpromazine, stimulate the release of ACTH, as well as depress the secretion of ACTH by the pituitary in response to a number of stressful stimuli under certain conditions. Since Corydalis B has been shown to have pharmacological properties similar to those of the aforementioned compounds, an attempt was made to study whether corydalis B would also affect the pituitary-adrenal axis. Experiments were carried out on male rats. A fall in adrenal ascorbic acid was used as the criterion for the release of ACTH. Subcutaneous injection of Corydalis B in a dose of 50 or 70mg/kg, the effective analgesic and sedative dosage, caused marked adrenal ascorbic acid and cholesterol depletion in intact rats. However, the ascorbic acid depleting effect of the compound disappeared in hypophysectomized rats. Pretreatment of rats with pentobarbital (40 mg/kg) or prednisolone (15 mg/kg) completely prevented the adrenal ascorbic acid depletion. Repeated injections of Corydalis B for 6 days, induced the development of tolerance to the pituitary-stimulating effect of the compound. From these results, it would appear that Corydalis B has a stimulatory action on the pituitary-adrenal system.

鎮痛药嗎啡以及安定药氯丙嗪均有刺激垂体促腎上腺皮貭激素释放的作用.延胡索乙素具有类似嗎啡的鎮痛作用和类似氯丙嗪的安定作用,它是否也能引起垂体促腎上腺皮貭激素的释放是本文研究的問題. 实驗用体重80—150克的雄性大白鼠,以腎上腺維生素C含量的下降做为垂体促腎上腺皮貭激素释放的指标. 給大鼠皮下注射延胡索乙素50或70毫克/公斤(有效鎮痛和安定剂量)后,腎上腺維生素C含量明显下降,說明延胡索乙素有兴奋垂体腎上腺系統的作用。給去垂体大鼠注射延胡索乙素并不能引起腎上腺維生素C含量下降,說明延胡索乙素兴奋垂体-腎上腺系統的作用在于引起垂体促腎上腺皮貭激素的分泌,而不是直接兴奋腎上腺皮貭。給大鼠注射戊巴此妥鈉40毫克/公斤,或注射去氫皮貭醇(prednisolone)15毫克/公斤后,延胡索乙索引起垂体促腎上腺皮貭激素释放的作用消失,說明延胡索乙素这一作用的部位有可能是在下视丘.

Adult male laboratory animals, including 38 mice, 17 rabbits and 8 rats, were dividedinto the experimental and control groups. The control animals were fed with a basic diet,and the experimental animals were fed with the same diet with 1% of condensed leci-thin in addition. They were maintained on the same diet for various periods (mice for10 weeks, rabbits for more than one year, and rats for 25 weeks) and were sacrificed forvarious cytological studies. The following techniques were adopted for the study of...

Adult male laboratory animals, including 38 mice, 17 rabbits and 8 rats, were dividedinto the experimental and control groups. The control animals were fed with a basic diet,and the experimental animals were fed with the same diet with 1% of condensed leci-thin in addition. They were maintained on the same diet for various periods (mice for10 weeks, rabbits for more than one year, and rats for 25 weeks) and were sacrificed forvarious cytological studies. The following techniques were adopted for the study of adrenal cortex: 1) Regaud'sfixing and Altmann-Cowdry's staining methods for mitochondria; 2) Ma's modificationof Kopsch-Kolatchev's method for Golgi apparatus; 3) Carnoy's fixing and Kurnick'sstaining methods for nucleic acids; 4) Carnoy's fixing and hematoxylin-eosin or Mallory'sstaining methods for general morphology; and 5) frozen sections for measuring the nu-clear size. The animals fed with lecithin showed an increase in number and size of mitochon-dria in the adrenal cortical cells. The Golgi apparatus of these cells, as compared withthose of the controls, possessed a more complex network of thicker strands and showeda wider distribution both in the individual cells and through the entire cortex. Thelipoid vacuoles, the nuclear size, and the number of the nucleoli were also increasedslightly in these cells in the experimental animals. In spite of some individual varia-tions, the above changes indicated that the fundamental structures of the adrenal corticalcells were strengthened by feeding the animals with lecithin. The appearance of Golgi apparatus and lipoid substance in the cortical cells andtheir relation to the mitochondria were discussed. The reticular zone of the adrenalcortex is considered as a stratum of very active cells.

一、本实验共用小白鼠38只,家兔17只,大鼠8只,全部为成年雄性,其中实验组每日喂以浓缩黄豆磷脂,定期杀死取两侧肾上腺,制作线粒体、高尔基体、核酸及冰冻切片标本,观察肾上腺皮貭的细胞形态学变化。二、喂磷脂后发现肾上腺皮貭细胞 1.线粒体的数目和大小有轻微增多增大现象,小白鼠的束状带和网状带以及家兔的交错带较为显著些。 2.高尔基体网架较为粗大,网团范围较广,结构较复杂,对锇酸还原力较强,在皮貭的可见范围较大。 3.类脂貭稍见增多。 4.细胞核较有增大,核仁数目也加多。三、喂磷脂后尽管由于个体或细胞类型的不同,以致它们所表现的结果也不完全相似,但总起来看,对细胞结构都具有一定的加强作用。四、文中对高尔基体和类脂貭在皮貭的出现,以及它们与线粒体的关系进行了讨论。并认为网状带是一层活性很强的细胞。

 
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