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planning cycles
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  相似匹配句对
     7.Relations between such cycles and planning;
     (七)中国经济周期与计划;
短句来源
     PLANNING INFORMATION
     规划信息
短句来源
     On the Legalization of Planning
     论规划的法治化
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     Credit Cycles
     信贷周期
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     45 cycles;
     45个循环;
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  planning cycles
It discusses the need for planning, puts forward a definition of planning, looks at the elements and contents of a planning process, notes the levels and units involved in planning and describes the planning cycles.
      
The application of a rolling horizon planning framework in forecast-dependent inventory control leads to nervousness in the planning system caused by different order release decisions in successive planning cycles.
      
Using a rolling horizon planning framework in inventory control leads to nervousness in the planning system caused by instability of order release decisions in successive planning cycles.
      
The faster turnaround of automated planning also allows shorter than once a day planning cycles.
      
The Long Term Strategic Plan for 2004-2010 looks across three biennial planning cycles.
      
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As an industry to provide basic materials for cultural and informational services and various economic departments,the paper industry has a very important position in the modern society.The international modern paper industry possesses the characteristics of large scale,high intensity of capital and technology,forestry-papermaking integration and low pollution.In the long run,China,which is undergoing the modern economic development,is to have an accelerated demand for paper and the paper market of China enjoys...

As an industry to provide basic materials for cultural and informational services and various economic departments,the paper industry has a very important position in the modern society.The international modern paper industry possesses the characteristics of large scale,high intensity of capital and technology,forestry-papermaking integration and low pollution.In the long run,China,which is undergoing the modern economic development,is to have an accelerated demand for paper and the paper market of China enjoys a bright future. Since the reform and opening-up,China′s paper industry has had a great progress and ranked the 3rd place in 1994 in the world.The road of the China′s paper industry of the past half century was one that had straw fiber as main material and that was mainly composed of small factories.The outcomes of this were two:the paper production capacity was increased quickly on one hand,and the extreme scattering,disorder,substandard and pollution were resulted on the other.Around the year 1996,China′s paper industry that was in a situation of the gross supply falling short of demand felt three blows:small paper factories were shut down,foreign paper poured in and international multinational companies began to invest strategically in China.China′s paper industry was confronted with an abrupt crisis: nearly 2/3 of production capacity had or was planned to be abolished and the remaining paper factories were also in a difficult operation.In the face of national environmental standard and international competition,a fundamental change of the development strategy must be made onto China′s paper industry,otherwise,the existence of it is going to be threatened and China′s national economy is going to suffer a great loss. The first step to revitalize China′s paper industry is to have a clear recognition of it being the basic industry of the national economy.The guideline of China′s development strategy is to remold China′s paper industry with the perspective international modernized standards.The two pilot points for the remolding are to change promptly to the direction of the forestry-papermaking integration with wood as the main material and to set up a number of super forestry-papermaking integrated companies.Under the trend that the world paper industry is relying more and more on artificial growing quickly trees,China has not only the ability to plant enough trees for paper industry,but also the possibility of acquiring and maintaining the low cost advantage of wood fiber.Thus,China′s paper industry is to become one of the industries that can quickly gain strategic priorities in the world.Accordingly,within a strategic planning cycle,the strategic goals of China′s paper industry are:to realize quick modernization and fast increase in a supernormal way,to become the super and strong country of paper production and super country of paper export in the world and to play an important supporting role for the nation to apply the Sustainable Development Strategy,the International Resources Transferring Strategy,the Reform and Opening-up Strategy,the Industry Regrouping Strategy and the Strategy of Maintaining High Economic Increase.

调查研究阐述了我国经济发展对纸的需求可能所呈现的加速发展的态势;在国内环保标准和国际竞争的双重挑战面前,中国纸业如不能立即进行发展战略的根本转变,可能面临消亡,而给国民经济带来难以承受的损失;论述了中国纸业发展战略的指导思想,应是从零开始,一步到位,用具有前瞻性的国际现代化标准重塑造纸业:立即向以木为主、林纸一体化方向开始根本转变,立即着手组建若干林纸一体化的巨型公司,使中国纸业最有希望成为在世界上较快取得战略优势地位的产业之一。并提出了中国纸业发展的战略目标。

A modeling technique, multi cycle mixed integer linear programming, for optimizing long term planning in process industry was introduced. In accordance with the market supply and demand of raw materials and products together with the investment budget of the planning cycle, a long term planning model was established aiming at the net present value. The model could calculate the returns on the investment. An example was given.

介绍多周期混合整数规划模型技术在过程工业长远规划方案优化中的应用。根据原料、产品市场预测及规划周期内的投资预算 ,建立了以规划周期内净现值为目标的模型 ,能准确测算投资回报。以某化工厂的化工生产装置为实例进行了计算

In research of path planning of fruit picking robot the probabilistic roadmap method is adopted to achieve on-line planning with heuristic search arithmetic.At the sampling and searching stage,the density of samples in neighborhood was used as weight to control expansion of roadmap and avoiding over sampling in free space.After finding out best path,we used hierarchical decomposition methods to detect collision,which based on oriented bounding boxes.When picking the fruit,a robot usually needs to...

In research of path planning of fruit picking robot the probabilistic roadmap method is adopted to achieve on-line planning with heuristic search arithmetic.At the sampling and searching stage,the density of samples in neighborhood was used as weight to control expansion of roadmap and avoiding over sampling in free space.After finding out best path,we used hierarchical decomposition methods to detect collision,which based on oriented bounding boxes.When picking the fruit,a robot usually needs to round over shelf and pass through narrow region.We simulated these two typical situations with virtual reality technique.The results show that a path planning cycle is less than 0.15 s and meets the request of real-time.

在综合分析路径规划研究的基础上,采用基于概率地图的路径规划方法,运用启发式搜索算法对水果收获机器人机械臂运动路径进行实时规划。在搜索过程中,以位姿点密度作为权重使路径向自由空间扩散,避免过度采样。为提高路径规划速度,采用延迟碰撞检测策略,可有效降低计算量。采用有向包围盒进行碰撞检测。最后利用虚拟现实技术,对水果收获时要绕过的支架和狭窄区域进行三维计算机模拟。结果显示,路径规划时间均小于0.15s,达到实时要求。

 
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