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engineering geologist
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  工程地质学家
     It is an important content which engineering geologist in the studying field of city geological environment stability should answer, andexperts inside and outside pay increasingly attention to it.
     该项研究已日益受到国内外专家学者的关注,是工程地质学家在研究城市地质环境稳定性问题时应当回答的重要内容。
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     In 1974, professon L. Müller, the well-known engineering geologist, took Engineering Geology in Today as a title in which he set forth the function of engineering geology in engineering construction, the relationship between engineering geology and soil mechanics, rock mechanics, and so on.
     1974年著名的工程地质学家L. Müiller教授曾以《工程地质学的今天》为题论述过工程地质学在工程建设中的作用、工程地质学与土力学和岩石力学间的关系等问题。
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  engineering geologist
A knowledge of the history of the city is therefore considered essential information for the engineering geologist/geotechnical engineer when designing the investigation for projects to be undertaken in the area of the old city.
      
This affords to the engineering geologist various new possibilities of identifying rock mass and rock.
      
There are various kinds of engineering geological map, the difference between them is due to the different view point of engineering geologist's recognition, selection and expression of the natural geological factors.
      
The maps can yield valuable background information to the engineering geologist engaged with major linear or point construction projects.
      
Geotechnical earthquake engineers and engineering geologist have been trying to find both practical and most appropriate solution techniques for ground response analysis under earthquake loadings.
      
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In 1974, professon L. Müller, the well-known engineering geologist, took Engineering Geology in Today as a title in which he set forth the function of engineering geology in engineering construction, the relationship between engineering geology and soil mechanics, rock mechanics, and so on. Now the author also takes Engineering Geology in Today as the title and demonstrates the following problems:(1) The research field of engineering geology should be extended. It should...

In 1974, professon L. Müller, the well-known engineering geologist, took Engineering Geology in Today as a title in which he set forth the function of engineering geology in engineering construction, the relationship between engineering geology and soil mechanics, rock mechanics, and so on. Now the author also takes Engineering Geology in Today as the title and demonstrates the following problems:(1) The research field of engineering geology should be extended. It should not only serve concrete engineering construction, but also must be extended to involve the prediction and prevention-cure of geological disaster resulting from natural geological action and action of man's excavation and accumulation. This subject has become a great practical task-taking precautions against disaster and can be mentioned in the s me breath with the mineral resources and energy resources exploration.(2) The study of engineering geology must do the prediction of the second-geo-environment on the basis of the research of first-geo-environment. Engineering geology cannot be separated from environmeatal geology.(3) Today the task of engineering geology must not only deal with couditious of enginee ing geology, but also should involve the whole field from design, construction to reformation of geological body, which are related to engineering activities of geological body. The author considers that engineering geology of today should develop towards geological engineering, which strictly Spesking can be called environmental-geological engineering.(4) The controlling theory of geological structure is put forward in the acticle, which is the basic theory of the study of engineering geology or environmental-geological engineering.(5) The principle, programme and technique of reformation of rock mass are discussed in the article.In addition, difficult tasks the chinese engineering geologists are faced with in 2000 are also discussed briefly.

1974年著名的工程地质学家L.Müiller教授曾以《工程地质学的今天》为题论述过工程地质学在工程建设中的作用、工程地质学与土力学和岩石力学间的关系等问题。著者现在又以《工程地质的今天》为题阐述了:(1)工程地质学研究领域应该扩大,它不仅应该为具体的工程建设服务,而且要扩大到包括自然地质作用和人类开挖、堆积作用在内引起的地质灾害预报和防治,它已成为与资源、能源探查相并提的地质学两大实践课题之一——防灾;(2)今天的工程地质学研究必须从第一环境研究出发进行第二环境预测,工程地质与环境地质已经是不可分的;(3)工程地质学今天的任务不仅要研究工程地质条件,而且应包括与地质体工程活动有关的设计、施工及地质体改造等整个领域,即地质工程领域。著者认为今天的工程地质应该向地质工程方向发展,确切些说可称为环境地质工程;(4)本文明确地提出了《地质构造控制论》是工程地质学或环境地质工程研究的基础理论;(5)文中还论述了岩体改造的原理、方案和技术。最后还概括地论述了2000年时中国工程地质学家面临的艰巨任务。

As an accompanied phenomenon, the surface rupture due to earthquake enables the seismologist, geologist and engineering geologist to pay more and more attention. However, the confusion of the terms describing the phenomenon results in much trouble for the interchange among the researchers. The discussion is presented in this paper. In the same time, the effect of the surface rupture due to earthquake on the construction works is also studied.

地震地表破裂的描述用语较混乱,有加以统一的必要.这是本文探讨的重点,同时,文中还讨论了地震引起的地表破裂错动效应与振动效应.

Appraisable problem of soft soil deformation characteristics and seismic settlement under action of seismic load cause a good deal of attention at home and abroad nowadays. In this paper, a simplified calcultion method on appraisable problem of seismic settlement is puted forward, based on study of dynamic strength and deformation character of mucky soil in Shihushan and Yuandanggang areas. Simplified calculation method on dynamic shear stress similarly plated forward by H. B. Seed, deformation character and...

Appraisable problem of soft soil deformation characteristics and seismic settlement under action of seismic load cause a good deal of attention at home and abroad nowadays. In this paper, a simplified calcultion method on appraisable problem of seismic settlement is puted forward, based on study of dynamic strength and deformation character of mucky soil in Shihushan and Yuandanggang areas. Simplified calculation method on dynamic shear stress similarly plated forward by H. B. Seed, deformation character and test paramaters of seismic action are used in this paper. The result is pointed out that it is approached to the result calculated by "Soft model method" which is puted OUt by Xie Junfei, Shi Zhaoji etc. In the case of lacking of seismic recordable data or disallowing for economical condition of engineering project or study region,engineering geologist may use this economical and simplified method to estimate seismic calamity.

地震荷载作用下软土的变形特性及震陷量的估算问题,是目前国内外十分关注的课题。本文在对厦门石湖山和筼筜港地区淤泥土进行动强度和变形特性研究的基础上,对淤泥土的震陷量估计问题作了简化计算的探讨。我们在前人工作的基础上,对缺乏地震记录资料和经济条件不允许的地区和工程项目,利用类似H.B.Seed简化计算动剪应力的方法,结合地震荷载作用下变形特性规律和试验参数,提出了预估软土震陷量的简化计算方法。研究结果表明,这种简化计算法与谢君斐、石兆吉等专家提出的“软化模型法”的计算结果很接近,这对工程地质工作者如何能经济而又简便地预估地震可能引起的危害,将起到一定地积极作用。

 
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