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acetabulum
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  acetabulum
Auch in solchen F?llen, in denen die Osteosynthese des Acetabulum nicht zum Dauererfolg führt, schafft die anatomische Rekonstruktion wesentlich günstigere Voraussetzungen für Arthrodesen oder endoprothetische Ersatzoperationen.
      
Die erzielten Sp?tresultate lassen die überlegenheit der operativen Therapie bei stark verschobenen Acetabulum-Frakturen gegenüber konservativen Verfahren erkennen.
      
Functional Outcome after Operative Treatment of Displaced Fractures of the Acetabulum: A 12-month to 5-year Follow-up Investigat
      
Although fractures of the acetabulum can occur in anterior hip dislocations, they are infrequently.
      
We observed 100 specimens of human dry femur and 80 specimens of acetabulum and reviewed femoral radiographs of 20 normal adults.
      
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AbstractUltrasonographic anatomy of the neonatal hip andthe early sonographic diagnosis of congenital dislocation of the hip (CDH)were presented in this paper.Of the 1088neonates examined with B-mode ultrasound,CDH wasseen in one .The authors measured the angles a and β,acetabular index and the percentage of the femoral headcovered by the acetabulum.The normal values wererespectively 65.10°±5.10°,40.27°±6.14°,24.75°±4.29,64.66±5.63%(means±SD). The results ob-tained indicate that B-mode ultrasound...

AbstractUltrasonographic anatomy of the neonatal hip andthe early sonographic diagnosis of congenital dislocation of the hip (CDH)were presented in this paper.Of the 1088neonates examined with B-mode ultrasound,CDH wasseen in one .The authors measured the angles a and β,acetabular index and the percentage of the femoral headcovered by the acetabulum.The normal values wererespectively 65.10°±5.10°,40.27°±6.14°,24.75°±4.29,64.66±5.63%(means±SD). The results ob-tained indicate that B-mode ultrasound examination isuseful for the early diagnosis of CDH and hip dysplasia.This is a non-invasive procedure of lower cost.

本文介绍新生儿髋关节的超声解剖和先天性髋关节脱位的B超早期诊断方法。1083名新生儿两侧艘关节B超检查,发现先天性髋关节半脱位1例。在髋关节冠状面声像图上分别测量新生儿髋关节的a角、a角、髋臼指数和股骨头骨性髋臼覆盖率,其正常值分别为:65.10±5.10°、40.27°±16.14°、24.75°±4.29°、64.66±5.63%(平均值±标准差)。研究结果表明:B超能早期发现先天性髋关节脱位及发育不良,操作简单、经济、无痛、无放射性损害。

A new method is presented in this paper to determine the spacial position of the femur head with the CT images of the femur,The approach is based upon the hypothesis that the contacting part of the femur head with the acetabulum is nearly spherical

本文基于股骨头与髋臼配合作用面为半球面的前提,提出一种根据股骨头横截面CT片轮廓确定股骨头几何中心的轴向位置,进而确定股骨头空间几何中心坐标及股骨头直径的方法。

Severe vascular injury following total hip replacement (THR) is very rare.It has an a incidence of 0 25% and poses a serious threat to the involved limb and the patient′s life.Vascular structures affected include the external iliac atery and vein,femoral atery and vein.In 721 cases of THR 3 had vascular injuries.The first case sustained the injury of the exteral iliac vessel which was cut by the sharp edge of bone cement while removing the displaced prosthesis.The second had laceration of the iliac vein while...

Severe vascular injury following total hip replacement (THR) is very rare.It has an a incidence of 0 25% and poses a serious threat to the involved limb and the patient′s life.Vascular structures affected include the external iliac atery and vein,femoral atery and vein.In 721 cases of THR 3 had vascular injuries.The first case sustained the injury of the exteral iliac vessel which was cut by the sharp edge of bone cement while removing the displaced prosthesis.The second had laceration of the iliac vein while a pneumatic drill was used in the anterion superior acetabulum,and the third had the cut injury of the femoral artery during resection of the capsular scar tissue.The understanding of the mechanisms and location of vascular injury during THR will help surgeons in early diagnosis and treatment of the injury.

为了探讨全髋关节置换术中发生严重血管损伤的机制及其诊治策略,作者对1978年~1993年施行全髋置换术的721例患者进行了调查,其中发生严重血管损伤者3例,发生率为0.42%。其中1例为摘除中心型脱位的髋臼假体时,骨水泥团块的锐缘割破髂外静脉;1例为髋臼前半区内安放螺丝钉时气钻打洞刺伤髂外静脉;另1例为切除关节囊瘢痕组织时切破股动脉。作者对并发严重血管损伤的机制及临床处理进行了分析和讨论。作者认为,了解血管损伤机制、准确判断损伤部位,对于早期诊断和有效治疗十分重要。

 
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