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outer ligament
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     The main knee joint injuries were inner and outer ligament injury(33%) and whirlbone injury(31%),followed by meniscus injury(18%),and the proportion of injuries at tibia nod(8%),knee cap tendon(6%) and synovial bursa(4%) were smaller.
     膝关节损伤的种类主要是内外韧带损伤、髌骨损伤,分别占33%和31%; 其次是半月板损伤,占18%;
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  相似匹配句对
     CHARACTERISTICS OF THE ANATOMY OF ANKLE JOINT & ITS OUTER-SIDE OF LIGAMENT
     踝关节的解剖生理特点及其外侧韧带的损伤
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     from.outer universe
     来自外星球——五十铃雅仕(AXION)
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     The Outer Beach
     远滩
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     The outer diameter of vessel in the lateral ligament was no more than 1.5 mm.
     直肠侧韧带中血管的最大外径≤ 1 5mm。
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     The morphology of ligament of marshall.
     Marshall韧带的形态学研究
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  outer ligament
The significance of the outer ligament lesion of the ankle joint derives from its frequency.
      


AIM:To investigate the condition of knee joint injuries among young basketball amateurish players,and analyze the reasons for the injuries.METHODS:From March to December 2003,coaches and players in 12 schools for the traditional items of basketball and the municipal schools of physical education in Henan province were investigated with inventory.RESULTS:Totally 430 inventories were sent out,400 to players and 378 were collected; 30 to coaches and 28 were collected.Among the surveyed subjects,98 cases had knee...

AIM:To investigate the condition of knee joint injuries among young basketball amateurish players,and analyze the reasons for the injuries.METHODS:From March to December 2003,coaches and players in 12 schools for the traditional items of basketball and the municipal schools of physical education in Henan province were investigated with inventory.RESULTS:Totally 430 inventories were sent out,400 to players and 378 were collected; 30 to coaches and 28 were collected.Among the surveyed subjects,98 cases had knee joint injuries,54 cases were in rehabilitative treatment,and 44 cases stopped training and matches.The main knee joint injuries were inner and outer ligament injury(33%) and whirlbone injury(31%),followed by meniscus injury(18%),and the proportion of injuries at tibia nod(8%),knee cap tendon(6%) and synovial bursa(4%) were smaller.The main reasons for the injuries were sudden jump and falling to the earth,overtiredness,butting,sharp torsion,overloaded bend and extension,outside force,etc.The factors led to knee joint injuries included intrinsic factors and extrinsic factors,the intrinsic factors were the personal physical capability and the awareness of self-protection of the athletes,special structure of knee joint itself and the degree of attention from the coach; the extrinsic factors were the improper training methods,unpredictable butting in matches,bad condition of the field and the imbalance of the body during exercise,etc.CONCLUSION:Knee joint injuries can affect the improvements of the growth and outcomes of young basketball players.The insufficient physical capability and the awareness of self-protection of the players,improper training methods,and the bad condition of the field are the main reasons for the injuries.

目的:调查青少年业余篮球运动员膝关节损伤的情况,分析其损伤原因。方法:调查于2003-03/12进行,对河北省中学十二支篮球传统项目学校及市内体校教练员和参加训练的运动员采用发放调查表的方法进行调查。结果:共发放调查表430份,其中运动员400份,回收378份,教练员30份,回收28份。在被调查的人员中膝关节损伤98人,54人在康复治疗中,44人中断训练、比赛。膝关节损伤的种类主要是内外韧带损伤、髌骨损伤,分别占33%和31%;其次是半月板损伤,占18%;胫骨结节、髌腱、滑囊损伤的比例较小,分别占8%,6%,4%。损伤的原因主要有:突然起跳、落地,过度劳累、顶撞,急剧扭转,超负荷曲伸和外力等。造成膝关节损伤的因素包括内因和外因两大方面,内因主要有运动员本身的素质、自我保护意识和膝关节本身的特殊结构及教练员的重视程度;外因主要有训练方法不合理、比赛中的意外冲撞场、地条件差及运动时运动员身体失去平衡等。结论:膝关节损伤影响青少年篮球运动员成才和运动成绩提高。运动员的身体素质及自我保护意识不足及训练方法不合理、比赛中场地条件差是造成损伤的主要原因。

 
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