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ramus
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    Experimental Study of Blood Supply of the Posterior Region of the Mandibular Ramus
    用核素测定下颌升后缘血供的实验研究
短句来源
    Experimental study of effects of the vertical ramus osteotomy on the condyle
    下颌升垂直截骨术对髁状突影响的实验研究
短句来源
    A Quantitative Study on the Compensatory Blood Supply After Oblique Osteotomy of the Mandibular Ramus
    下颌升斜行骨切开术后血供代偿的定量研究
短句来源
    ②Bionator appliances can promote the mandibular ramus and body growth and improve the soft tissue profile.
    ②使用Bionator矫治器可使下颌体及下颌升长度明显增长,使下颌生长方向有利于软硬组织侧貌面型的改善;
短句来源
    PURPOSE:To evaluate the effect of two kinds of rigid internal fixation on the structure of the inferior alveolar nerve(IAN)following sagittal split of ramus osteotomy(SSRO)in a rhesus model.
    目的:对比观察下颌矢状劈开术(sagittal split ramus osteotomy,SSRO)2种内固定方式术后不同时期下牙槽神经(inferior alveolar nerve,IAN)结构的改变,为临床SSRO手术选择内固定方式提供实验依据。
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  “ramus”译为未确定词的双语例句
    ResultFollowing 1-10 years,6 cases are good effect with the operation of inverted behind mandibular ramus. The patient's degree of open mouth has beenimproved 2-3.5cm. The succeed rate is 100%.
    结果随访1~10年,6例用下颌升枝后份倒置重建术治疗颞下颌关节强直患者效果良好,开口度改善2~3.5cm,均视为成功,成功率100%。
    3.multisegment Le Fort Ⅰ osteotomy; 4.Le Fort Ⅰ osteotomy and bilateral sagittal split ramus osteotomy(BSSRO);
    3 上颌多片段Le Fort Ⅰ型截骨术4上颌Le Fort Ⅰ型截骨术+双侧下颌升矢状劈开术(BSSRO)5单纯BSSRO;
    The computed analysis of the postoperative panoramic radiographs showed mean values of reduction in area of the residual cavities of 27. 2%, 63. 8% and 90.8% after 1. 3 and 6 months, respectively. The thickness of regenerative bone of the mandibular or ramus added 4. 5> 16. 3 and 27. 2mm after 1. 3 and 6 months, respectively.
    术后1、3、6月囊肿摘除(或刮除)后所遗留的骨腔面积分别缩小27.2%、63.8%和90.8%,下颌骨下缘和(或)升支部边缘新生骨厚度平均分别增加4.5、16.3和27.2mm;
短句来源
    The distance from the mandibular lingual to the anterior border of the ramus of mandible and the inferior border of the body of mandible are 14.8+1.6mm (13.0~17.7mm) and32.9±2.7mm (29.0~37.4mm) .
    7、下牙槽神经从下颌小舌后下方的下颌孔进入下颌管,下颌小舌距离下颌支前缘14.8±1.6mm(13.0~17.7mm),距离下颌体下缘32.9±2.7mm(29.0~37.4mm);
短句来源
    ·Also,C and PM_1 had significant cor- relative coefficients respectively with the mandible,but not so in PM_1 and C respectively with the height of the ramus,and PM_1 with the minimum bread- th of the ramus. I_1 and I_2 had no significant correlative coefficients respect- ively with all the items measured on the mandible,except I_2 with the bigon- al breadth.
    结果表明C、PM_1、PM_2、M_1和M_2与下颌骨测量项均相关显著(除C、PM_1与下颌枝高,PM_1与下颌枝最小宽……外),而I_1和I_2与下颌骨测量项目无相关(除I_2与下颌角间宽外)。
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  ramus
Notfallm??ige Stent-Implantation in dem Bereich einer ausgedehnten Muskelbrücke des Ramus interventricularis anterior nach posti
      
Bei einem 64j?hrigen Patienten mit progredienter Angina-pectoris-Symptomatik zeigte die koronare Angiographie eine Muskelbrücke im Ramus interventricularis anterior.
      
Akuter Myokardinfarkt bei Muskelbrücke des Ramus interventricularis anterior: Komplizierter Verlauf mit Gef??perforation nach St
      
Eine dringlich durchgeführte koronarangiographische Untersuchung zeigte einen proximalen Verschlu? des Ramus interventricularis anterior (RIVA).
      
Das Infarktgef?? war in 43% der Ramus interventricularis anterior, in 37% die Arteria coronaria dextra, in 16% die Arteria circumflexa, in 2,3% ein Bypassgef?? und in 1,4% der Hauptstamm der linken Koronararterie.
      
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The present artical summrized 200 cases of correcting dento-maxillofacial deformities performed from 1973 to 1985. Various procedures for correcting different deformities and combined operations for special cases have been performed. Modern surgical orthognathic procedures as LeFort Ⅰ osteotomy (downfracture technique), sagitttal split ramus osteotomy, intraoral vertical ramus osteotomy etc. have been used in recent years, with better results. Some basic problems of orthognathic surgery are also...

The present artical summrized 200 cases of correcting dento-maxillofacial deformities performed from 1973 to 1985. Various procedures for correcting different deformities and combined operations for special cases have been performed. Modern surgical orthognathic procedures as LeFort Ⅰ osteotomy (downfracture technique), sagitttal split ramus osteotomy, intraoral vertical ramus osteotomy etc. have been used in recent years, with better results. Some basic problems of orthognathic surgery are also discussed.

本文总结了自1973~1985年我们所作的200例外科正畸手术。针对十三类不同畸形患者我们采用了不同的矫治手术,同时根据每一患者的畸形灵活应用各种手术搭配。近年来我们又先后开展了现传外科正畸的一些最新技术,使手术范围进一步扩大,矫治效果明显提高。本文还就外科正畸的一些基本问题进行了讨论。

Numerous surgical procedures have been reported for the correction of mandi-bular skeletal retroprognathia.The intraoral approach to bilateral sagittal spli-tting osteotomy of the mandibular ramus is a reasonable and effective procedurefor correction of the mandibuiar retroprognathia deformity.This useful procedurehas been used successfully in 15 patients(30 sagittal osteotomies),aged 18~32,Both esthetic and functional results are satisfactory in this group.No postoperat-ive wound infection and bone healing...

Numerous surgical procedures have been reported for the correction of mandi-bular skeletal retroprognathia.The intraoral approach to bilateral sagittal spli-tting osteotomy of the mandibular ramus is a reasonable and effective procedurefor correction of the mandibuiar retroprognathia deformity.This useful procedurehas been used successfully in 15 patients(30 sagittal osteotomies),aged 18~32,Both esthetic and functional results are satisfactory in this group.No postoperat-ive wound infection and bone healing problem as well as dysfunction of the temp-oromandibular joint were encountered.No relapse was recorded.Paresthesia waspresent after surgery in 2 patients.The nerve function recovered spontaneouslywithin three months.

本文报告一种改进的经口内下颌支-体部矢状骨劈开术,用于矫治小下颌畸形共15例,30侧手术。术后的(牙合)、颌关系以及功能与形态效果均令人满意。之中结合有关应用解剖、生理,特别是下颌骨支、角部和下颌神经管的形态与断面解剖,对本手术的设计特点,手术步骤和要领,手术适应征以及并发症的防治等问题进行了讨论。本组经验表明,如病例选择恰当、施术正确,则本手术当不失为一种功能与形态兼顾,效果稳定的矫正小下颌畸形的首选手术。

This article presents the experiences of surgical treatment of 44 cases of prognathism.The operations used in our hospital from the end of the 1950s to the begining of the 1980s are analysed.These operations are as follows:16 cases of condylectomy,10 cases of partial ostectomy of the mandible(in-cluding genioplasty and sectional ostectomy),6 cases of oblique sliding ost-eotomy of the mandibular ramus(extraoral approach)and 14 cases of sagittal split ramus osteotomy(SSRO).The results,complications,indications...

This article presents the experiences of surgical treatment of 44 cases of prognathism.The operations used in our hospital from the end of the 1950s to the begining of the 1980s are analysed.These operations are as follows:16 cases of condylectomy,10 cases of partial ostectomy of the mandible(in-cluding genioplasty and sectional ostectomy),6 cases of oblique sliding ost-eotomy of the mandibular ramus(extraoral approach)and 14 cases of sagittal split ramus osteotomy(SSRO).The results,complications,indications and contraindications of these operations are discussed.The experiences on SSRO are discussed in particular.In addition,two complications of SSRO(pcricor-onitis of the mandibular third molar and secondary depression of retromandi-bular region)are presented and their causes,prevention and management are discussed.These complications were not reported in the literatures.

本文报告下颌前突44例的外科正畸治疗的经验。分析了我院50年代末到80年代初所用过的各种手术方法。髁状突切除术16例;下颌体部截骨术(其中包括颏成形术和下颌体节段切除术)10例;下颌支斜切断术(口外法)6例;下颌支矢状劈开术14例。作者介绍了这些手术的效果、并发症、适应症和禁忌症。着重介绍了下颌支矢状劈开术的经验及其并发症的防治。此外,还介绍了下颌支矢状劈开术的两个新的并发症:下颌第三磨牙冠周炎和颌后区继发凹陷畸形。并分析了它们产生的原因和预防方法。

 
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