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gallbladder bile
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  胆囊胆汁
     Finally, aurodexycholic acid and glycochlic acid in gallbladder bile of experimental group were respectively 0. 597 ±0. 39mg/ml and 2. 421±1. 59mg/ml,while in control group they were 0.757±0. 43mg/ml and 3. 265 ±2. 47mg/ml separately (P< 0. 01).
     ③实验组豚鼠胆囊胆汁中牛磺鹅脱氧胆酸(TCDCA)与甘氨鹅脱氧胆酸(GCDCA)分别为0.597±0.39mg/ml与2.421±1.59mg/ml,而对照组分别为0.757±0.43mg/ml与3.265±2.47mg/ml,两组间也有显著性差异(P<0.01)。
短句来源
     Results APN activity in gallbladder bile of patients with cholesterol gallstones was higher than that of non gallstone patients (1 237±0 371 vs 0 895±0 247, P<0 05) and it decreased significantly by UDCA therapy (0 711±0 245 vs 1 237±0 371,P<0 05).
     结果 发现APN活性在胆固醇结石病人胆囊胆汁中含量较无结石者高 (1 2 37± 0 371vs0 895± 0 2 47) ,P <0 0 5 ,服用UDCA后胆汁中APN活性较不服用UDCA者降低 (0 711± 0 2 45vs 1 2 37± 0 371) ,P <0 0 5。
短句来源
     In the early stage of pigmental gallstone formation,the contents of malondialdehyde (MDA),mucoprotein (MP),β glucuronidase (β G) and total bilirubin (TB) in gallbladder bile were determined.
     在结石形成的早期,测定其胆囊胆汁中的丙二醛(MDA)、粘蛋白(MP)、β-葡萄糖醛酸酶(β-G)和总胆红素(TB)的含量。
短句来源
     Objective To investigate the effect of phospholipid on the enhanced coagulation activities and gallstone formation in gallbladder bile of calculous patients.
     目的 通过研究胆囊胆固醇结石 (简称胆石 )患者的胆石和胆囊胆汁中的 P-选择素 (P- Selectin)及胆石切片磷脂染色来阐明磷脂在成石胆汁凝血激活过程及胆石形成中的作用。
短句来源
     In cholesterol gallstone group, slgA, IgG, IgM and IgE in gallbladder tissue and in gallbladder bile have significantly positive correlativity.
     多发结石组胆囊胆汁中IgG与单发结石组有显著性差异(P<0.05),而其sIgA、IgM、IgE及胆囊组织中sIgA、IgG、IgM、IgE与单发结石组虽无显著性差异,但均有升高。
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  “gallbladder bile”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Phase analysis of biliary excretion: radioactivity appearance time of liver, gallbladder, bile duct, Oddis sphincter and duodenum was (2.3±0.7)? min,(11.7±3.4)?
     正常胆系泌胆时相分析 :肝、胆囊、胆总管、胆管口括约肌及十二指肠胆汁出现时间分别为 (2 .3± 0 .7)min、(1 1 .7± 3.4)min、(1 3.5±3 .3)min、(2 2 .7±6 .3)min和 (2 3.5±8.2 )min;
短句来源
     Gallstone incidence, antithrombin antigen (AT-Ⅲ:Ag), antithrombin activity (AT-Ⅲ:Ac), thrombin (F-Ⅱa:Ac), plasminogen activator inhibitor activity (PAI:Ac), plasmin activity (Plm:Ac), D-dimer:Ag and C-reactive protein (CRP) in gallbladder bile were observed as read-out parameters.
     观察胆石形成情况、检测胆汁中D-二聚体(D-dimer)、C反应蛋白(CRP)、抗凝血酶Ⅲ抗原(AT-Ⅲ:Ag)含量、抗凝血酶Ⅲ活性(AT-Ⅲ:Ac)、凝血酶活性(F-Ⅱa:Ac)、纤溶酶活性(Plm:Ac)、纤溶酶原激活物抑制物活性(PAI:Ac)。
短句来源
     CEA content in gallbladder bile,portal and peripheral serum were determined in 12 colorectal cancer patients with known liver metastases,and the concentrations of CEA were 302. 2ng/ml,24. Ing/ml and 16. 3ng/ml respectively.
     我们对12例肝转移大肠癌患者的外周血、门静脉血、胆汁中癌胚抗原(CEA)的含量进行测定:12例肝转移者,外周血、门静脉血、胆汁中CEA含量分别为16.3ng/ml、24.1ug/ml和302.2ng/ml.
短句来源
     Nodules adjacent to gallbladder, bile duct, gastrointestinal tract and major vessels had a significantly higher local recurrence rate as compared with those not adjacent to them (38 1% vs 3 2%, P<0 01).
     接近重要结构的肿瘤局部复发率 38 1% (8/ 2 1) ,非接近者 3 2 % (3/93) ,P <0 0 1。
短句来源
     The gallstone formation and F1+2 were sudied with the gallbladder bile exposed to PLA 2 in a hamster model.
     复制仓鼠胆囊胆固醇结石模型 ,通过注入磷脂酶 A2 (PAL2 )来观察胆石的形成率及凝血酶原片段 1 +2 (F1 +2 )抗原水平。
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  相似匹配句对
     Radioimmunoassay of carcinoembryonic antigen in gallbladder bile
     胆囊胆汁CEA放射免疫分析
短句来源
     Free fatty acids in gallbladder bile
     胆固醇结石病胆汁游离脂肪酸的水平及其临床意义
短句来源
     Microlithiasis of the Gallbladder
     胆囊细小结石
短句来源
     MICROADENOMA OF THE GALLBLADDER
     胆囊微腺瘤
短句来源
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  gallbladder bile
A study of the fractal structure of the precipitate and the mechanism of its formation from the gallbladder bile of a patient
      
Peroperative measurements performed at the time of cholecystectomy resulted in mean levels of 64.0±18.0 μg/ml in gallbladder bile and 87.2±16.1 μg/ml in common duct bile one hour after the intravenous injection of 1 g of cefamandole.
      
Indomethacin decreases viscosity of gallbladder bile in patients with cholesterol gallstone disease
      
Gallbladder bile and plasma were collected from Group 3 patients at the time of cholecystectomy.
      
The mean (±SEM) gallbladder bile-to-plasma concentration ratio was 33±4.2.
      
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The gallbladder bile and the corresponding blood specimens were collected from 26 cholelithiasis (10 pigment stone, 16 cholesterol stone) and 11 non-gallstone patients for the study of trace elements. The ppm levels of K, Ca, Cr, Mn, Fe, Co, Ni, Cu, Zn, Pb, Se and Sr in the bile and those of K, Ca, Fe, Co, Cu and Zn in the blood were determined by isotope X-ray energy multichannel analytic spectrometer. The lithogenic index of bile was calculated by using the Thomas A-S curve equation. The...

The gallbladder bile and the corresponding blood specimens were collected from 26 cholelithiasis (10 pigment stone, 16 cholesterol stone) and 11 non-gallstone patients for the study of trace elements. The ppm levels of K, Ca, Cr, Mn, Fe, Co, Ni, Cu, Zn, Pb, Se and Sr in the bile and those of K, Ca, Fe, Co, Cu and Zn in the blood were determined by isotope X-ray energy multichannel analytic spectrometer. The lithogenic index of bile was calculated by using the Thomas A-S curve equation. The results showed that the concentrations of the trace elements in the bile and blood of the stone group were higher than those in the control group, especially the calcium. Multi-correlation analysis of the trace metal elements between the bile and the blood revealed that there was high correlation of calcium content in the stone group (r=0.942). It is worthwhile to further investigate the role of such elements in the lithogenic process.

本文应用同位素源激发X射线多道能谱分析法测定胆石组(26例)和非结石组(11例)病人血液和胆囊胆汁中多种微量元素含量,并对两种样本中相应的6种元素作多元相关分析,结果提示:致石和非致石胆汁中所测12种微量元素含量无显著差异,但胆石组的血液和胆汁中多种元素含量均高于对照组,其中钙含量有高度的相关性(r=0.942),其临床意义有待进一步探讨。

Biliary sludge has been observed as a precursor to gallstone development. The gallbladder bile(GB)mucus glycoprotein (MGP) and the RNA content of the membrane-bound polyribosome(MBPR) at gallbladder epithelium were significantly higher in patients of the sludge group than those of the cholesterol and pigment gallstones and control group. These facts demonstrated that the increased synthesis and secretion of glycoprotcins exist?d in the pre-stone stage of gallstones. The RNA content of MBPR in epithelial...

Biliary sludge has been observed as a precursor to gallstone development. The gallbladder bile(GB)mucus glycoprotein (MGP) and the RNA content of the membrane-bound polyribosome(MBPR) at gallbladder epithelium were significantly higher in patients of the sludge group than those of the cholesterol and pigment gallstones and control group. These facts demonstrated that the increased synthesis and secretion of glycoprotcins exist?d in the pre-stone stage of gallstones. The RNA content of MBPR in epithelial cells should correlate with the MGP concentrations in GB in theory, however, this was true only in three groups except the sludge group, which suggest there was other reason for that highest mucus content besides the increase in MGP synthesis and secretion. It would be reasonable to assume that it was due to the stasis of gallbladder. The RNA content of free polyribosome in the sludge was also significantly greater than in controls, so in that stage of gallstones the increase in cell proliferation had been taken place in the gallbladder epithelium. Persons with sludge and cholesterol gallstone had significantly higher protein concentrations in GB than patients without gallstones or with pigment stones. The gallbladder-hepatic bile ratio of proteins was significantly less than that of cholesterol gallstones group, and there was a highly significant correlation between the glycoproteins and proteins in GB. Therefore, the only reasonable explanation for the higher protein content in these two kinds of patients was probably that the high concentrations of MGP prevented the clearance of biliary proteins in the gallbladder. The increases of MGP and proteins concentrations in GB in the embryonic stage of gallstones were the evidence that they may be recognized as nucleation factors in vivo, and the understanding of the mechanisms of increased MGP and proteins might have a potential value in prevention of gallstone formation.

胆囊淤泥是胆囊结石的前身。测定胆囊粘膜上皮游离(FPR)和结合多聚核蛋白体(MBPR)的RNA含量及胆液粘液糖蛋白(MGP)的结果表明:胆囊淤泥患者胆囊粘膜合成和分泌MGP明显亢进,MBPR与相应GB中MGP的相关性比较提示此时尚有胆液淤积存在,且FPR的RNA含量也显著增高,提示细胞增殖加快。荧光胺法测定胆液蛋白质的含量发现,胆囊淤泥和胆固醇性结石患者胆囊液GB蛋白质含量显著高于色素性结石患者及“正常”对照,但蛋白质的GB浓度与HB浓度的比值显著低于胆固醇GB/HB比值,且GB中MGP与蛋白质含量呈显著正相关。说明蛋白质含量的增加与GB中过高的MGP阻止胆囊中蛋白质的清除过程有关。成石前GB中MGP和蛋白质含量的同时增高及其机制的确立,对认识及预防体内结石均有意义。

In the gallbladders of germ-free guinea-pigs, biliary sludge appeared in all 4 two-week-old animals and concrete gallstones appeared at the age of four weeks in all of 9 animals. Qualitative analysis of the gallstones revealed positive bili-rubin reactions. Infrared spectrum indicated that the gallstones contained calcium bilirubinate, phosphate and protein. These characteristics are similar to those of gallstones induced in guinea-pigs by partial ligation of the common bile duct without infection. There was...

In the gallbladders of germ-free guinea-pigs, biliary sludge appeared in all 4 two-week-old animals and concrete gallstones appeared at the age of four weeks in all of 9 animals. Qualitative analysis of the gallstones revealed positive bili-rubin reactions. Infrared spectrum indicated that the gallstones contained calcium bilirubinate, phosphate and protein. These characteristics are similar to those of gallstones induced in guinea-pigs by partial ligation of the common bile duct without infection. There was no stone in the control group. At the age of four weeks, the indirect reactive bilirubin (IB, represent UCB) concentration in gallbladder bile from germ-free guinea-pigs (0.84±0.16mg/dl, n=8) was higher than that of control animals (0.28±0.12mg/dl, n=9,P<0.05); as was the ratio of ionized calcium to total calcium (0.28 ± 0.04, n=8, vs 0.16±0.03, n=7, P<0.05). Thus, the characteristics of gallbladder bile in germ-free guinea-pigs (which are susceptible to pigment stones) are consistent with those of bile from human beings with pigment gallstones. Since the presence of intestinal flora is essential for the normal metabolism of bile salts and the regulation of their en-terohepatic circulation, the germ-free state of the "guinea-pigs must have been responsible for the gallstone formation in these animals.Our experiments have shown that germ-free guinea-pigs provide a useful animal model for investigating the role of intestinal flora and bile salts metabolism in pigment gallstone formation. The : gallstone incidence in this animal model is high, and the experimental period is short.

无菌豚鼠胆囊结石诱发率很高。胆囊结石和胆囊胆汁成份分析表明,无菌豚鼠胆囊内产生的结石为色素型结石,其胆汁特征与人色素型结石类同,提示无菌豚鼠可作为研究胆色素类结石的实验动物模型。

 
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