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non stand
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     Construction technique of non-floor stand for coping
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     The Storm of T Stand
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     Ligeti's Stand
     我的立场
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     and "non-linearity".
     既要注重"线性",又要注重"非线性"。
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Introduction of such sub-minimum wage for younger age groups has often been associated with more widespread non-stand ard forms of youth employment.
      
Dynamics of sugar pine and associated species following non-stand replacing fires in white-fir dominated mixed conifer forests.
      


Objective To explore clinical causa tion and therapeutic effect of non -s tandard anti -tuberculosis chemotherapy in aged patients with p ulmonary tuberculosis.Methods 244elderly(above 60years old)cases with pulmonary tuberculosis in our hospital,from 1998~2000,were retrospectively stu died,Their clinical data of whether using standard anti -TB chemotherapy and its correlative factors were assessed by chi -s quare test.The short -term therapeu tic effective rates between non -standard group an d...

Objective To explore clinical causa tion and therapeutic effect of non -s tandard anti -tuberculosis chemotherapy in aged patients with p ulmonary tuberculosis.Methods 244elderly(above 60years old)cases with pulmonary tuberculosis in our hospital,from 1998~2000,were retrospectively stu died,Their clinical data of whether using standard anti -TB chemotherapy and its correlative factors were assessed by chi -s quare test.The short -term therapeu tic effective rates between non -standard group an d standard group were also checked.Results The rate of taking non -standard anti-TB chemotherapy in 244elderly cases was 73%.Contraindications or intolerable conditions for anti -TB drug i s the most important causation for taking non -standard chemotherapy.The rate of d rug resistance leading to non -stand ard chemotherapy in the initial treatme nt group was 26%,while in retreatmen t group it was 45%;there was signific ant difference between them,P<0.05.The side -effect rates in stan dard treatment group and non -standard group were 32%and 25%respectively.There was no signific ant difference P>0.05.The most frequently seen side-effects in elderly cases were gastrointestinal discomfort and hepatitis.To evaluate the difference of therapeutic effect between stand ard chemotherapy and non -standard chemotherapy,the neg ative -conversion rates of sputum sm ear after one month treatment in 135e lderly pul-monary tuberculosis cases were asse ssed by chi -square test.The data showed that there was no significant dif ference between the two groups.Conclusions The rate of taking non -standard anti-TB chemotherapy in aged patients wi th Pulmonary TB was high.Three major causations were contraindications or intolerable conditions for anti -TB drug,side -e ffects of anti -TB chemotherapy and drug resistance;w hereas adjusting chemotherapy to in dividual conditions in time can also acquire satisfied therapeutic effects without high side -effect rate.

目的探索老年肺结核非标准化疗的形成原因及疗效。方法本文对我院1998年至2000年244例老年肺结核(≥60岁)的抗结核化疗方案的标准情况和相关因素进行分析和相应的卡方检验,并对标准组和非标准组的短期疗效进行比较。结果244例老年肺结核的化疗方案不标准率为73%。有影响用药的禁忌和体质是非标准化疗方案形成的最主要因素。耐药原因者在初治组占26%,复治组占45%,两者差异有显著性,P<0.05。标准组和非标准组药物不良反应发生率分别为32%和25%,P>0.05,差异并无显著性,以肝损和胃肠道反应为主。对其中135例病例的1个月的痰菌阴转率进行比较,标准组(占37%)和非标准组(占36%)差异无显著性,P>0.05。结论老年肺结核病人抗结核化疗方案的非标准化程度高,形成的原因主要是有影响用药的禁忌或体质,对抗结核药物产生不良反应及耐药,选用非标准抗结核化疗方案的药物不良反应发生率不会增高,因地制宜地及时选用适合于患者的个体化抗结核方案同样可以获得较好的效果。

The 4th Qiantangjiang River Bridge in Hangzhou is a concrete-filled steel tubular composite tied arch bridge with double main arches.the main bridge is composed of 11 pans that include 3 types of structures in form of through arch,half-through arch and deck arch.The superconstruction adops two spans non-standing cable hoists to lifting and elevating,the steeltubular is fixed by adoping slanting and drawing cable.The technique content is very high and great difficulties have been overcome in the construction....

The 4th Qiantangjiang River Bridge in Hangzhou is a concrete-filled steel tubular composite tied arch bridge with double main arches.the main bridge is composed of 11 pans that include 3 types of structures in form of through arch,half-through arch and deck arch.The superconstruction adops two spans non-standing cable hoists to lifting and elevating,the steeltubular is fixed by adoping slanting and drawing cable.The technique content is very high and great difficulties have been overcome in the construction.

钱塘江四桥为双层桥面双主拱钢管混凝土组合系杆拱桥,主桥共11跨,包括下承、中承、上承式3种结构形式。上部结构的吊装采用两跨无支架缆索吊吊装施工,拱肋安装采用斜拉扣挂体系,技术含量高,施工难度大。

It is a choke point in the reform of criminal trial that the witnesses seldom take stand. The essay makes a hermeneutic and empirical research on this issue.The essay argues that the high rate of stand taking is not practical and the real problem is not the low stand - taking rate generally but the non - stand - taking in the disputable cases, the reason for which is the negative attitude of the prosecutors.The root for this attitude is the remain of written trial mode due to the...

It is a choke point in the reform of criminal trial that the witnesses seldom take stand. The essay makes a hermeneutic and empirical research on this issue.The essay argues that the high rate of stand taking is not practical and the real problem is not the low stand - taking rate generally but the non - stand - taking in the disputable cases, the reason for which is the negative attitude of the prosecutors.The root for this attitude is the remain of written trial mode due to the practical and realistic tradition of truth - seeking, the unification principle of the police , procuratorate and the court and the concern of the procedure efficiency. The possible solution to this problem is to adopt the limited principle of vocal proofing and simplify the procedure of indisputable cases.

证人不出庭已成为控辩式刑事庭审方式改革的瓶颈之一。本文遵循解释学的理论路径,采用实证分析的方式对此问题展开研究。从证人出庭的实践标准角度,证人出庭率不高具有现实合理性。证人出庭的现实问题不是证人出庭率较低,而是争议案件没有证人出庭。从司法主体的角度,造成证人出庭率极低的重要因素并非源于证人,而是检察官的消极态度。隐藏于检察官消极态度背后的深层结构是书面审判模式的承继关系,而决定这一结构的基本因素包括固守实事求是的事实认定原则、司法一体化的内在需要和诉讼经济之考量。以证人出庭率极低的问题为治理目标,可以渐进式地推进两项局部性改革措施:确立附条件的口证原则,进一步简化无争议案件的处理程序。

 
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