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neck collar     
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  颈围
     2 In the OSAS group, serum adiponectin level was significantly and negatively correlated with body mass index, waist circumference and neck collar, AHI and insulin resistance index (r = -0.266 to -0.361, P < 0.05-0.01), but positively correlated with nadir pulse oxyhemoglobin saturation (r=0.306, P < 0.05).
     ②阻塞性睡眠呼吸暂停综合征组患者中血清脂联素水平与体质量指数、腰围、颈围、呼吸暂停低通气指数以及胰岛素抵抗指数呈显著负相关(r=-0.266~-0.361,P<0.05~0.01),而与最低脉氧饱和度呈显著正相关(r=0.306,P<0.05)。
短句来源
     METHODS:Twenty- six patients(17 males,9 females) aged from 4 to 14 years old were performed bipolar release,followed by one month of neck collar applying an d 3 months of physiotherapy.
     方法:26例(男17例,女9例)4~14岁的患儿接受了双极松解术,术后应用颈围领1个月,同时接受康复功能锻炼3个月。
短句来源
     After decompression all the patients received Cervifix occipitocervical internal fixation autologous iliac bone graft and wore neck collar for 3 month after operation.
     减压后全部病例均行Cervifix枕颈内固定,取髂骨植骨,术后佩带颈围3个月。
短句来源
     Method:Polysomnography(PSG) was performed in 53 patients with OSAHS and in 41 simple obesity and in 62 patients with normal body mass. The level of serum leptin was detected by radioimmunoassay. The stature, weight, neck collar, hip circumference, waistline were measured.
     方法:将经PSG检测的患者分为OSAHS组(53例)和单纯肥胖组(41例),另选正常体重者(正常体重组)62例,用放射免疫法测定3组的血清瘦素水平,同时测量每例受检者的身高、体重、颈围、腰围和臀围。
短句来源
     Prevalence increased following the upgrade of neck collar,amygdale and root of tongue size.
     患病率随颈围、扁桃体大小和舌根高厚增加呈上升趋势。
短句来源
  “neck collar”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Then off neck collar and toward neck collar are classified as per three-dimensional shape of lapel in side neck area, i.e. integrated lapel and divided lapel in its structure.
     首先通过分析领的特征,明确翻领具有的代表性。 进而根据翻领在颈侧区的立体形态将翻领分为离颈型与合颈型两大类,对应到结构上即为整片式翻领与分片式翻领。
短句来源
     4 Multiple logistic regression analysis, which took OSAS as the dependent variable, and body mass index, waist circumference, neck collar and HOMA as the independent variables, indicated that the serum adiponectin level was independently associated with OSAS OR (95% CI): 0.544 (0.300-0.986), P = 0.045 . CONCLUSION: 1 Serum adiponectin level in OSAS patients is decreased, which is correlated with the increased AHI and decreased nadir pulse oxyhemoglobin saturation.
     结果提示血清脂联素水平与阻塞性睡眠呼吸暂停综合征独立相关[OR(95%CI):0.544(0.300~0.986),P=0.045]。 结论:①阻塞性睡眠呼吸暂停综合征患者血清脂联素水平降低,其降低与呼吸暂停低通气指数增高和最低血氧饱和度降低相关。
短句来源
  相似匹配句对
     Study on the adaptability of the collar models and neck movement
     领子造型与颈部运动适应性研究
短句来源
     Design method of the collar structure based on the feature of neck
     从人体工学的角度分析领部在结构设计中的处理方法
短句来源
     Construction of Collar
     衣领构成
短句来源
     Collar-coding
     解读“衣领”
短句来源
     Neck Care
     打造美颈保持青春态
短句来源
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  neck collar
On the fifth postsurgical day, the patient could walk normally with a neck collar, and the paraplegia was completely alleviated, with no complications.
      
retrocinctum (12 males, 14 females) there is discontinuous variation of the red neck collar consisting of three distinct variants which may be due to age differences.
      
Oculomotor rehabilitation can resolve the impairment of vestibular function but if therapy is delayed or the patient has been wearing an orthopaedic neck collar, more therapeutic sessions are required.
      
This can be achieved by external application of an ice-water-perfused neck collar.
      
After the operation, a neck collar was applied and an exercise program was started.
      
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Aim To explore the effect of postoperative rehabilitation on upper cervical spinal diseases .Methods Internal fixation were conducted among 20 inpatients with upper cervical spinal diseases, including 11 old fractures of condyle, 5 acute fractures of condyle and 4 atlantoaxial dislocations accompanied with basilar impression, were treated with internal fixation.17 cases among 20 inpatients were treated with posterior approach and the others with anterior approach. Comprehensive rehabilitation was applied to...

Aim To explore the effect of postoperative rehabilitation on upper cervical spinal diseases .Methods Internal fixation were conducted among 20 inpatients with upper cervical spinal diseases, including 11 old fractures of condyle, 5 acute fractures of condyle and 4 atlantoaxial dislocations accompanied with basilar impression, were treated with internal fixation.17 cases among 20 inpatients were treated with posterior approach and the others with anterior approach. Comprehensive rehabilitation was applied to 20 inpatients after operation. The rehabilitation laid stress on firm external fixation of the neck, and gradual rehabilitation of the limbs and trunk. The JOA scores of the patients preoperatively were10.5-17.0, averaged 13.2. Results 19 cases had no complication, except one case with old fractures of condyle, who was re operated on account of the relapse of atlantoaxial dislocation caused by loosening the neck collar and using high pillow himself 2d post operation. The JOA scores of 20 cases were 10.5-17 postoperatively, averaged 16.3 during a mean follow up of 6-24 months, averaged 13.7 month. And the radiology showed all the bone grafting area had got osseous fusion.Conclusion Standardized postoperative rehabilitation is the key to get a good effect on the upper cervical spinal diseases treated with internal fixation.

目的探讨术后康复处理对上位颈椎疾患手术效果的作用,以了解内固定术治疗上位颈椎疾患术后的康复处理方法。方法应用内固定术治疗上位颈椎疾患20例,其中陈旧性齿突骨折11例,新鲜齿突骨折5例,寰枢椎脱位伴颅底凹陷4例。手术方法经后路17例:Apofix寰枢复位内固定植骨融合术12例,寰椎后弓切除、枕骨大孔减压、枕颈CD或CCD内固定及枕颈植骨融合术5例。经前路3例,行齿突螺钉内固定术。术后依照作者所制定原则进行综合的康复处理,康复过程中强调头颈部中立位的牢靠外固定,以及循序渐进的肢体功能康复训练。术前JOA颈髓症评分5~17,平均13.2。结果1例陈旧性齿突骨折伴寰枢椎脱位患者因术后2d不配合,擅自放松颈围、垫高枕,致再发寰椎旋转移位,出现脊髓压迫症状而再次手术,其余均未出现并发症。全部病例随访6~24个月,平均13.7个月。JOA颈髓症评分10.5~17.0,平均16.3。影像学显示植骨区均已骨性融合。结论规范程序化的术后康复处理是内固定术治疗上位颈椎疾患取得良好疗效的重要保证。

Objective:To study the clinical characteristics and relationship between sleep phase and occurance of sleep apnea events in female patients with various degree of obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome(OSAHS).Methods:Fifty-six women suffered from snoring were divided into4groups according to pdysomnogram(PSG)results,such as a group of sin-gle snoring(apnea and hypopnea index,AHI<5/h),and groups of mild,moderate and severe OSAHS.The history of snor-ing,main symptoms,pre-or post-menopause,accompanied diseases,Epworth...

Objective:To study the clinical characteristics and relationship between sleep phase and occurance of sleep apnea events in female patients with various degree of obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome(OSAHS).Methods:Fifty-six women suffered from snoring were divided into4groups according to pdysomnogram(PSG)results,such as a group of sin-gle snoring(apnea and hypopnea index,AHI<5/h),and groups of mild,moderate and severe OSAHS.The history of snor-ing,main symptoms,pre-or post-menopause,accompanied diseases,Epworth sleepiness scale(ESS),neck collar,body mass index(BMI)and parameters of the PSG were studied.Frequency and duration of apnea and hypopnea,micro-arousal index during phases of rapid eye movement(REM)and nonrapid eye movement(NREM)were compared among the groups.Results:①There was no significant difference among the4groups in history of snoring,main symptoms,status of menopause,ESS,BMI and accompanied diseases(P>0.05).②The total sleep time(TST),proportion of different stage(S 1 ,S 2 ,S 3 )and REM had no significant difference among these groups(P>0.05).③In both mild and moderate groups,the fre-quency of apnea events and micro-arousal index in REM were significantly higher than that in NREM(P<0.05).In group of severe patients,the duration of apnea events in REM was significantly longer than that in NREM(P<0.01).Conclu-sions:①The degree of OSAHS in female patients may not or in completely be determined by current clinical diagnostic and assessment indexes.②It is demonstrated that the sleep apnea events are mostly happened in REM in female patients,this phase may have unique significance and may be helpful in treatment of OSAHS.

目的:探讨女性不同程度阻塞性睡眠呼吸暂停低通气综合征(OSAHS)患者的临床特征以及呼吸事件与睡眠时相的关系。方法:主诉睡眠打鼾的女性患者56例,根据夜间多导睡眠图(PSG)监测结果分为4组,即单纯性鼾症组(AHI<5次/h)、轻度、中度和重度OSAHS组。对症状、绝经与否、合并症、Epworth嗜睡量表(ESS)评分、颈围、体重指数(BMI)以及PSG监测指标进行比较;自行设计程序,计算并比较睡眠时相中呼吸事件发生的频率和持续时间以及微觉醒指数。结果:①4组间平均年龄、打鼾病史、BMI、颈围、症状、ESS评分、绝经者所占百分率及合并症出现比率差异无显著性(P>0.05)。②各组总睡眠时间、S1、S2、S3以及快速眼动相(REM期)占总睡眠时间的百分比差异无显著性(P>0.05)。③轻、中度组睡眠不同时相的呼吸事件发生的频率、微觉醒指数及REM明显高于非快速眼动相(NREM期)(P<0.05)。呼吸事件持续时间,重度组REM期明显长于NREM期(P<0.01)。结论:①目前临床诊断和评估的指标不能或不能完全提示女性OSAHS患者的轻重程度;②女性患者呼吸事件主要发生在REM期,该期可能具有重要意义,这一推断有...

目的:探讨女性不同程度阻塞性睡眠呼吸暂停低通气综合征(OSAHS)患者的临床特征以及呼吸事件与睡眠时相的关系。方法:主诉睡眠打鼾的女性患者56例,根据夜间多导睡眠图(PSG)监测结果分为4组,即单纯性鼾症组(AHI<5次/h)、轻度、中度和重度OSAHS组。对症状、绝经与否、合并症、Epworth嗜睡量表(ESS)评分、颈围、体重指数(BMI)以及PSG监测指标进行比较;自行设计程序,计算并比较睡眠时相中呼吸事件发生的频率和持续时间以及微觉醒指数。结果:①4组间平均年龄、打鼾病史、BMI、颈围、症状、ESS评分、绝经者所占百分率及合并症出现比率差异无显著性(P>0.05)。②各组总睡眠时间、S1、S2、S3以及快速眼动相(REM期)占总睡眠时间的百分比差异无显著性(P>0.05)。③轻、中度组睡眠不同时相的呼吸事件发生的频率、微觉醒指数及REM明显高于非快速眼动相(NREM期)(P<0.05)。呼吸事件持续时间,重度组REM期明显长于NREM期(P<0.01)。结论:①目前临床诊断和评估的指标不能或不能完全提示女性OSAHS患者的轻重程度;②女性患者呼吸事件主要发生在REM期,该期可能具有重要意义,这一推断有助于对相应的治疗进行进一步探讨。

AIM:To explore the effect of bipolar release on congenital muscular torticoll is in patients over 4 years old. METHODS:Twenty- six patients(17 males,9 females) aged from 4 to 14 years old were performed bipolar release,followed by one month of neck collar applying an d 3 months of physiotherapy.Preoperative and postoperative functional indices we re evaluated with congenital torticollis scoring system, including neck movement ,head tilt,facial asymmetry. RESULTS:The average follow- up period was...

AIM:To explore the effect of bipolar release on congenital muscular torticoll is in patients over 4 years old. METHODS:Twenty- six patients(17 males,9 females) aged from 4 to 14 years old were performed bipolar release,followed by one month of neck collar applying an d 3 months of physiotherapy.Preoperative and postoperative functional indices we re evaluated with congenital torticollis scoring system, including neck movement ,head tilt,facial asymmetry. RESULTS:The average follow- up period was 30 months,22(85% )patients had no head tilt,23(88% ) regained full range of motion of the neck,20 (77% ) had mi ld facial asymmetry,4 patients had moderate and 2 patients retained severe facia l asymmetry. CONCLUSION:Congenital muscular torticollis patients,aged over 4 years old can benefit a lot from bipolar release, especially in head tilt and range of neck m ovement.

目的:探讨双极松解术矫治4岁以上先天性肌性斜颈患儿的疗效。方法:26例(男17例,女9例)4~14岁的患儿接受了双极松解术,术后应用颈围领1个月,同时接受康复功能锻炼3个月。术前术后参照先天性肌性斜颈评分系统评定各项功能指标,包括颈部活动、头部倾斜和面部不对称。结果:22例(85%)完全纠正了头部倾斜,23例(88%)获得了正常的颈部活动。20例(77%)仅遗留轻度面部发育不对称,仍有4例和2例分别存在中度和重度的面部不对称。结论:4岁以上儿童先天性肌性斜颈可通过双极松解术得到满意的结果,尤其在改善颈部活动和头部倾斜方面效果显著。

 
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