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rumen
相关语句
  瘤胃
     Manipulation of Rumen Digestion and Metabolism & Oxidation of Essential Amino Acids by Gastrointestinal Tract in Ruminant
     反刍动物瘤胃消化代谢的调控以及必需氨基酸在胃肠道的氧化
短句来源
     The Genomic Library Construction and Molecular Microbial Diversity of Yak (Bos Grunniens) Rumen Contents Analyzed by 16S rDNA
     牦牛瘤胃微生物基因组文库构建与16S rDNA生物多样性研究
短句来源
     Development and Application of a Real Time PCR Approach for Quantification of Rumen Microorganisms
     瘤胃微生物Real Time PCR定量方法的建立及其应用
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     Studies on the Rumen Digestion Character and Feeding Effect of High Producing Dairy Cow with Alfalfa Hay Based Diet
     苜蓿干草日粮的高产奶牛瘤胃消化规律及饲养效果的研究
短句来源
     Seasonal Changes of Rumen Microorganism of the Tibetan Sheep Revealed with Real-Time PCR and PCR-DGGE
     用Real Time PCR和DGGE技术研究放牧藏系绵羊瘤胃微生物季节动态
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  “rumen”译为未确定词的双语例句
     the digestibility ofcellulose in rumen were 62.62±2.88,60.86±3.61,65.41±3.57,65.82±5.07 and 67.21±4.67% respectively;
     纤维素的消失率分别为62.62±2.88%,60.86±3.61%,65.41±3.57%,65.82±5.07%和67.21±4.67%;
短句来源
     the digestibility of hemi-cellulose in rumen were 75.20±6.15,73.43±3.54,74.81±4.37,75.86±7.99 and75.45±1.81% respectively ;
     半纤维素的消失率分别为75.20±6.15%,73.43±3.54%,74.81±4.37%,75.86±7.99%和75.45±1.81%;
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     the rumen NH3-N concentrations were 33. 32 mg/dL, 38. 87 mg/dL,. and 34. 53 mg/dL, respectively.
     NH3-N浓度的平均值分别为33.32 mg/dl, 38.87 mg/dl,34.53 mg/dl;
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     Milk yield could be increased 10.7% for supplemented 16g/cow/d rumen by-pass Met (P<0.05).
     16g/cow/d组产奶量提高10.7%(P<0.05)。
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     Activity of proteolytic enzyme in rumen for group B were increased by108.2%(P>0.05),for group C by200.39%(P>0.05),and for group D by173.8%(P>0.05) ,compared with the control.
     与对照组相比,B组、C组和D组蛋白水解酶活性分别比对照提高108.2%,200.39%和173.8%,其中C组差异达显著水平(P<0.05)。
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  相似匹配句对
     THE ROLE OF PROTOZOA IN THE RUMEN
     原虫在瘤胃内的作用
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     Rumen pH was steady.
     稳定瘤胃pH值。
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  rumen
Unlike the rumen of the ruminants, this community of the equine large intestine is not subjected to digestion.
      
Tarakanov, bacteriophagy phenomenon in the rumen, Moscow: Nauchnyi Mir, 2006
      
Effects and modes of action of live yeasts in the rumen
      
They are considered as allochtonous microorganisms in the rumen environment, however, distributed daily to dairy cows or beef cattle they can survive in the digestive tract and interact with autochtonous microbial populations.
      
Modes of action of yeast probiotics depend on their viability and stability in the rumen ecosystem.
      
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Studies were made on cereal poisoning of overfeeding dairy goat by means of clinical observation and reproduction of the disease.It was showed that the artificial disease is entirely the same as the natural cases. Clinically,the disease is charecterised by mental depression,severe dehydration,ruminal stasis and liquid contents,weakness and tachycardia. In the lab,dairy goat that has been overfed with a ground corn has a lower ruminal liquid PH(4.4-6.1),a higher degree of total acid value(44-9a u.), an increasing...

Studies were made on cereal poisoning of overfeeding dairy goat by means of clinical observation and reproduction of the disease.It was showed that the artificial disease is entirely the same as the natural cases. Clinically,the disease is charecterised by mental depression,severe dehydration,ruminal stasis and liquid contents,weakness and tachycardia. In the lab,dairy goat that has been overfed with a ground corn has a lower ruminal liquid PH(4.4-6.1),a higher degree of total acid value(44-9a u.), an increasing of osmotic pressure(1179. 6mm Hg)and lactic acid(2.99 mg/g). Blood test indicated haemoconcentration,a lower CO_2 cp(5.17-28.21%)and a higher lactic acid level. In order to permit a normal fermentation to be reestablished in the treat- ment,the lavage of rumen with lime-water is a better satisfactory therepy.The cure rate is 96.25% in this treatment.This treatment is by use of a rubber tube with the inside diameter of 0.8-1.0cm,which is inserted into the rumen,and then poured with 1000-2000ml of lime-water(making mixture of 0.5 kg of lime added to 2.5kg of water,then precipitation removed)until the paralumbar fossa are undistincted,and then,the rumen is allowed to be emptied by the gravity flow.The systemic acidosis is treated with intravanous solution of 200 ml of sodium bicarbonate(5%)and 1000ml of the isotomic(5%)glucose solu- tion for a 45 kg goat. In the prevention,The concentrated ration of abundant carbohydrated cereal for a 45 kg goat is ususlly not to be fed over 1 kg a day,but it is suitable to be fed twice a day.

奶山羊过食谷物中毒的研究,是通过临床病例和发病试验进行的。自然病例和人工发病病例完全一致。本病以精神沉郁,严重脱水,瘤胃食物淤滞和内容物多为液体,虚弱以及心动过速为特征。经实验室检查:瘤胃液 pH 降低(4.4—6.1),总酸度升高(44—93单位),渗透压(1179.6毫米水银柱)和乳酸(2.99毫克/克)也增高。血液检验:血液浓缩,二氧化碳结合力降低和乳酸水平增高。在治疗方面,为了使瘤胃正常发酵能重新建立,用石灰水洗胃排空瘤胃是较好的一种有效疗法。治愈率为96.25%。方法是用内径8—10毫米的橡皮管,插入瘤胃内,灌入1000—2000毫升石灰水(生石灰0.5公斤加水2.5公斤混合,去掉沉渣),直到臁凹模糊不清时,将头放低,让其自由流出以排空瘤胃。全身性酸中毒的治疗,对45公斤体重的奶山羊可用5%碳酸氢钠溶液200毫升,加入到等渗葡萄糖溶液1000毫升中,静脉注射.在预防方面,富含碳水化合物的谷物精料给45公斤体重的山羊日喂量不能超过1公斤,并一日分二次喂给为宜。

The reticuloliths of dairy cattle were, for the first time,discovered and collected by the three authors, Chen Zhenlu, Wang Yuanlin and Wang Xiaolong,from ten cases of pericarditis in the dairy farms in the vicinity of Nanjing. Identified by various methods such as X-ray powder method, infrared analysis and D.T.A., microscopic studies,they are found to be composed almost entirely of one rare mineral, brushite CaHPO_4·2H_2O, while some of them may contain a small amount of another rare mineral,monetite CaHPO_4,...

The reticuloliths of dairy cattle were, for the first time,discovered and collected by the three authors, Chen Zhenlu, Wang Yuanlin and Wang Xiaolong,from ten cases of pericarditis in the dairy farms in the vicinity of Nanjing. Identified by various methods such as X-ray powder method, infrared analysis and D.T.A., microscopic studies,they are found to be composed almost entirely of one rare mineral, brushite CaHPO_4·2H_2O, while some of them may contain a small amount of another rare mineral,monetite CaHPO_4, usually not more than 5%.From the results of solubility tests and the investigations of the feeding con ditions in the dairy farms, we come to the conclusion that the origin and formation of these concretions are most probably due to overfeeding of Iimestone powder used as a kind of supplements with a view to protecting the cattle from osteomalacia.The perforation of the reticulum by a foreigh body, is a condition favorable for concretion formation,because in that case the rumen and reticulum movements will decrease or even be completely absent. And traumatic pericarditis is often a complication of traumatic reticulitis, which may cause the change of pH value of reticulum contents from 7.0— the value of a healthy aaimal—approximately to 8.0, a condition favorable for the precipitation of CaHPO_4·2H_2O.

关于乳牛网胃结石问题,在国内外文献中尚未见有报道。本文所用样品系作者陈振旅、王元林、王小龙三人近二十年内收集的。样品来自南京地区的某些乳牛场,病牛因患创伤性心包炎而死亡经解剖后取得,共8例,计50多颗。样品的室内测试鉴定工作,由季寿元、方金满、唐玉梅三人完成;成因问题的探讨,则以陈、王二人的意见为主合作写成。经初步研究,确定结石的主要成分为CaHPO_4·2H_2O,相当于矿物中的透磷钙石(brushite),在个别样品中尚有少量的三斜磷钙石(monetite)CaHPO_4存在。

In our experiment four 42 to 68kg Duroc×Taihu crossbred barrows were fitted with fistulas in the stomach and the caecum. For each barrow a spun nylon bag filled with a sample of ground rice straw was put in the cavity of the stomach or the caecum for 24 hr. and the changes in the contents of ADF, cellulose and lignin were measured with the improved Van Soest analytic method.The average rates of the disappearance (%) of ADF and cellulose in th gastric sample during the period of basal ration were—1.59 and 0.45,while...

In our experiment four 42 to 68kg Duroc×Taihu crossbred barrows were fitted with fistulas in the stomach and the caecum. For each barrow a spun nylon bag filled with a sample of ground rice straw was put in the cavity of the stomach or the caecum for 24 hr. and the changes in the contents of ADF, cellulose and lignin were measured with the improved Van Soest analytic method.The average rates of the disappearance (%) of ADF and cellulose in th gastric sample during the period of basal ration were—1.59 and 0.45,while those in the caecal sample were 6.94 and 10.60 respectively. During the period of experimental diet in which artificially cultured rumen fluid was given as a supplement, the corresponding fiqures were -1.21 and 1.21 in the stomach and 11.12 and 15.10 in the caecum. That is to say, the digestibility of ADF and cellulose in the caecum during the experimental period was increased by 60.23 and 42.45. per cent respectively, compared with the control period. The efficiency was notable.In this experiment, the lignin in neither the stomach nor the ceacum of the pigs was digested.

四头安装永久性胃瘘管和盲肠瘘管的杜洛克×太湖杂交阉猪(体重42—68公斤)用于本试验。将盛有稻草粉样品的尼龙绢袋分别放置于胃和盲肠内,历时24小时。取出后用改进的Van Soest法分析样品的酸性洗涤纤维(ADF)和木质素的变化。在饲喂基础日粮期,胃内样品的ADF和纤维素消失率分别为-1.59%和0.45%,而在盲肠内则分别为6.94%和10.60%。在饲喂试验日粮(即添喂人工瘤胃液)期间,则胃内相应为-1.21和1.21%,盲肠内为11.12%和15.10%,即试验期盲肠内ADF和纤维素的消化率比对照期分别增加60.23%,和42.45%,效果明显。 本试验中猪胃和盲肠内木质素基本上未被消化。

 
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