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bargaining position
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  “bargaining position”译为未确定词的双语例句
     There are only a few countries such as Japan, Germany and France havetheir laws to regulate abusing of predominant bargaining position.
     目前,对交易中优势地位滥用进行法律规制的国家只有日本、德国、法国等少数国家。
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     China hasnot its antitrust law yet, and except section orders and local regulations there isno unity law to regulate abusing of predominant bargaining position.
     目前中国的反垄断法还没有正式出台,除部门规章和个别地方法规外,也没有统一的法律来规制优势地位滥用问题。
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     Thisessay is to introduce Japanese antimonopoly law and survey the meaning ofregulation about abusing of predominant bargaining position, and discuss howto regulate abusing of predominant bargaining position better and judge thestandard of its unfair conduct.
     本文拟通过介绍日本的反垄断法,进一步探讨优势地位滥用存在的意义、优势地位滥用应该通过何种法律来规制,以及解答优势地位滥用行为的违法标准等问题。
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     This essay at chapter one, introduces the issue of big retailers requestsuppliers providing unreasonable money, and analyzes Japanese regulationabout abusing of predominant bargaining position mainly and compareJapanese competition law with that of U.S. and E.
     本文第一章主要介绍零售商向供应商要求“进场费”的问题、以日本为主分析优势地位滥用规制以及与美国和欧盟竞争法比较;
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     With the learning-by-doing effects in the high-skill sector, the unskilled, if he does not specialize himself currently, can gain higher bargaining position in sharing the future benefits of labor division, and even reverse his comparative advantage.
     由于在高技能部门里存在“干中学”效应,低技能者如果背离比较优势而从事高技能部门的生产,就可以在未来分享劳动分工收益的过程中获得更高的谈判地位,甚至可能逆转自己的比较优势。
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  相似匹配句对
     The Position
     立场
短句来源
     Position and Advantage
     定位与优势
短句来源
     Bargaining in China
     在中国砍价
短句来源
     On the Plea Bargaining
     论辩诉交易
短句来源
     Shareholders of target company are very likely to be harmed during stock trading due to the disadvantage position in gathering information and bargaining.
     目标公司股东在对交易信息、交易价格方面出于劣势,缺乏与敌意收购者讨价还价的能力,因此在交易过程中很可能被收购者掠夺和侵害。
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  bargaining position
While risk and its relationship to underpricing have been examined in previous studies, liquidity risk is unique because of its special implications for a firm's bargaining position with the underwriter.
      
The theoretical implication of a union's monopoly bargaining position is that union wage levels will increase relative to nonunion wages.
      
In effect, the National Labor Relations Act of 1935 granted a monopoly bargaining position to unions.
      
CALRA effectively placed the United Farm Workers Union in a stronger bargaining position vis-a-vis farmers than the NLRA had done for industrial unions vis-a-vis nonfarm business firms.
      
However, this change in a player's status vis-à-vis a team has generated salary disparities among players based, not on race, but bargaining position.
      
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This paper argues that the bank's bargaining position vis à vis the entrepreneur depends on her capital structure if renegotiations causes risky bargaining costs In consequence, both the bank's maximum enforceable loan repayments as well as the maximum pledgeable payments to the bank's financiers depend on the chosen equity share

金融契约是不完全的 ,如果重新谈判导致相应的谈判成本 ,银行相对于企业家的谈判地位取决于银行的资本结构 ,结果是银行最大可实施的贷款偿还额和对于银行出资者的最大的可保证贷款偿还量都取决于股权比率。如果银行拥有部分垄断力量 ,银行将选择能使其租金最大化的股权比率。

The strategic labor division model in this paper explains why people sometimes choose not to specialize despite social losses. With the learning-by-doing effects in the high-skill sector, the unskilled, if he does not specialize himself currently, can gain higher bargaining position in sharing the future benefits of labor division, and even reverse his comparative advantage. However, this individually rational decision might result in social losses in production. One striking, but reasonable, implication...

The strategic labor division model in this paper explains why people sometimes choose not to specialize despite social losses. With the learning-by-doing effects in the high-skill sector, the unskilled, if he does not specialize himself currently, can gain higher bargaining position in sharing the future benefits of labor division, and even reverse his comparative advantage. However, this individually rational decision might result in social losses in production. One striking, but reasonable, implication of the model is that the reduction in transaction costs does not necessarily lead to specialization in strategic labor division, if the loss due to the ending of the current partnership is low enough. Our model includes the existing theories as a special case. This model sheds light on why inefficiency is widely observed in international trade, within-country interregional specialization, and intrahousehold labor division.

本文中的策略性劳动分工模型解释了为什么人们有时不选择分工,并造成社会产出损失。由于在高技能部门里存在“干中学”效应,低技能者如果背离比较优势而从事高技能部门的生产,就可以在未来分享劳动分工收益的过程中获得更高的谈判地位,甚至可能逆转自己的比较优势。然而,这种个人理性的选择却可能导致社会的产出损失。这个模型的一个意外而合理的含义是,在策略性的劳动分工决策中,如果未来一期由交易关系瓦解而造成的损失足够小,那么,交易成本的减少也可能导致当期分工的恶化。但我们的模型也包含了交易成本下降可能促进分工这一既有理论中的特殊情况。这个模型有助于理解在国际贸易、国内区域间分工和家庭内分工中广泛被观察到的低效率现象及相应的政策。

 
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