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horizontal equity
相关语句
  横向公平
     Taxation vertical equity is the prolongation of horizontal equity, it is there is vertical equity that exists horizontal equity .
     税收纵向公平是横向公平的进一步延伸,税收只有做到纵向公平才能真正保证横向公平的实现,税收公平最终体现为纵向公平。
短句来源
     An Analysis of the Horizontal Equity and the Present Personal Income Tax Defect
     横向公平与现行个人所得税所得的缺陷分析
短句来源
     For horizontal equity purpose, different areas shouldn' t be given different deduction standards.
     从横向公平的角度,不宜实行不同地区不同税前扣除标准。
短句来源
     horizontal equity has a priority ,and give consideration to vertical equity;
     横向公平优先,兼顾纵向公平;
短句来源
     The present regulations of the assessable tax scope of China's income tax system doesn't comply with the horizontal equity requirement to a great deal.
     中国现行个人所得税制度对所得课征范围的规定在很多方面还不符合横向公平的要求。
短句来源
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  水平公平
     Two axioms were concerned in inequity of health care finance: horizontal equity of health care finance and vertical equity of health care finance.
     卫生服务筹资公平性主要有两层含义:筹资的水平公平和筹资的垂直公平:水平公平主要指同等收入的人群,应该支付同等份额的卫生筹资;
短句来源
  “horizontal equity”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Case Study on Horizontal Equity in Health Services Utilization is a component of Equity Research in Health Areas
     卫生服务利用公平性案例研究
短句来源
     Social Safety Net Coverage in Urban and Rural China:The Issue of Horizontal Equity
     中国城乡社会安全网的覆盖面与横向公平性问题
短句来源
     Thesepolicies were propitious to get both vertical and horizontal equity in inpatient services.
     ⑶控制医疗费用、发展社区卫生服务系统,为弱势群体提供可支付得起的医疗服务和医疗救助。
短句来源
     The implementation of transfer payment system of the government has multipurposes such as realizing vertical and horizontal equity, internalizing externality, and other economic and political purposes.
     政府实行财政转移支付制度有多重目标:实现纵向平衡和横向平衡、矫正外溢性及其他经济政治目标。
短句来源
     The government has multi purposes in the design and implementation of transfer payment systems such as realizing the vertical and horizontal equity, internalizing an externality and other economic and political purposes, which inter-relate and inter-act.
     政府设计实施转移支付制度有着多重目标 :实现纵、横平衡和矫正外溢及其他经济政治目标 ,这些目标之间相互联系、相互制约。
短句来源
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  horizontal equity
The proposed gains can be made with enhanced revenue stability, little administrative cost, and little impact on horizontal equity or efficiency.
      
Horizontal equity presupposes that no group of taxpayers wants to transfer wealth ex ante to equally wealthy disaster-exposed parties.
      
A neat solution to those problems might be obtained through relatively non-contentious notions of horizontal equity.
      
Horizontal equity, uncertainty, and economic well-being
      
The second principle underlying a fair tax system is horizontal equity.
      
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To realize the personal income tax's horizontal equity,the first thing to do is to choose the taxation scope scientifically.Theoretically the assessable income tax scope that accords with the horizontal equity requirement should approach the "H-S" as possible as it can.The present regulations of the assessable tax scope of China's income tax system doesn't comply with the horizontal equity requirement to a great deal.The direction of further perfecting the personal income tax is to enlarge...

To realize the personal income tax's horizontal equity,the first thing to do is to choose the taxation scope scientifically.Theoretically the assessable income tax scope that accords with the horizontal equity requirement should approach the "H-S" as possible as it can.The present regulations of the assessable tax scope of China's income tax system doesn't comply with the horizontal equity requirement to a great deal.The direction of further perfecting the personal income tax is to enlarge the assessable tax base,carry out the synthetic income tax system and the integral design of the income and assessable income.

个人所得税横向公平的实现首先应科学选择所得的课征范围 ,从理论上说 ,符合横向公平要求的所得课征范围应尽量接近黑格———西蒙斯准则。中国现行个人所得税制度对所得课征范围的规定在很多方面还不符合横向公平的要求。进一步完善个人所得税制度的方向是扩大税基、实行综合所得税制度、所得和应纳所得额一体化设计。

The implementation of transfer payment system of the government has multipurposes such as realizing vertical and horizontal equity, internalizing externality, and other economic and political purposes. The ultimate purpose of the standard transfer payments is to realize the equilibrium of regional fiscal capacity and public service ability. The present system has made great achievement in realizing the vertical equity, and transfer payment way in transition is beneficial for the equity of...

The implementation of transfer payment system of the government has multipurposes such as realizing vertical and horizontal equity, internalizing externality, and other economic and political purposes. The ultimate purpose of the standard transfer payments is to realize the equilibrium of regional fiscal capacity and public service ability. The present system has made great achievement in realizing the vertical equity, and transfer payment way in transition is beneficial for the equity of regional fiscal ability, but in general lacks efficiency in rectifying the horizontal equity from design to implementation. It fails to stop the widening gap between regional fiscal abilities. Therefore, readjustment and renovation of the transfer payment system is necessary to realize its regional equity effect.

 政府实行财政转移支付制度有多重目标:实现纵向平衡和横向平衡、矫正外溢性及其他经济政治目标。规范的转移支付制度的终极目标追求的是区域间财政能力或公共服务水平均等化。我国现行政府间转移支付制度虽然在实现纵向平衡方面有明显成就,过渡期转移支付办法在一定程度上也有利于区域间财政能力的均衡,但总体而言,从设计到实施,在矫正区域间的横向均衡方面缺乏成效,没能有效地控制区域间财政能力差距的进一步扩大。要进一步发挥其区域均衡效应,必须进行转移支付制度的调整和创新。

Taxation vertical equity is the prolongation of horizontal equity, it is there is vertical equity that exists horizontal equity . Vertical equity requires figuring out the problem of distribution gist and the princedom of taxation burden , it requires vertical equity recruits horizontal equity in all aspects, and choosing Social welfare function. What vertical equity principle applies optimal personal income taxation system is confronted with choosing tax base and the...

Taxation vertical equity is the prolongation of horizontal equity, it is there is vertical equity that exists horizontal equity . Vertical equity requires figuring out the problem of distribution gist and the princedom of taxation burden , it requires vertical equity recruits horizontal equity in all aspects, and choosing Social welfare function. What vertical equity principle applies optimal personal income taxation system is confronted with choosing tax base and the progressive degree of Progressive Taxation. Tax base must be modulated with the base of general income which Schanz, Haig,and Simons put out,and solve actual welfare standard under different personal Utility function, leisure ,non- welfare principle(equal mind of Nozick and Sen)etc. Progressive degree of progressive tax rate depends on the type of Social welfare function and labour supply elasticity.

税收纵向公平是横向公平的进一步延伸,税收只有做到纵向公平才能真正保证横向公平的实现,税收公平最终体现为纵向公平。纵向公平要求解决税收负担的分配依据、税收负担的分配权数问题。以及面临社会福利函数的选择问题。将纵向公平原则用于个人所得税制度的优化,主要解决税基的选择和累进税率的累进程度问题。税基应在香兹、黑格、西蒙斯提出的综合所得的基础上加以调整,解决个人拥有不同的效用函数情况下的真实福利水平的确定、闲暇问题、非福利方面的考虑(诺兹克和森的公平理念)等。累进税率的累进程度取决于社会福利函数的类型和劳动供给弹性的大小。

 
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