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penal clause
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  “penal clause”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Some Theoretic Issues about the Penal Clause
     违约金的理论问题——以合同法第114条为中心的解释论
短句来源
     When we determine the form of liabilities for breach of contract, besides current laws and understandings, we also have to abide by the principles of voluntariness, preference of contract parties' agreement and supplement of lawful regulations, and add penal clause of breach of contract damages , rescission of a contract with the breach of contract into the form of liabilities for breach of contract to enrich the system of liabilities for breach of contract.
     在确定违约责任形式时,除了现有的规则和认识外,还应坚持合同自愿原则和当事人约定优先、法定为辅规则以及将违约定金罚则、违约情况下的合同解除纳入违约责任形式的范畴,以充实违约责任制度。
短句来源
  相似匹配句对
     Some Theoretic Issues about the Penal Clause
     违约金的理论问题——以合同法第114条为中心的解释论
短句来源
     On the Ellipsis in As Clause
     浅议“as从句”中的省略现象
短句来源
     The Himalaya Clause
     喜马拉雅条款研究
短句来源
     Penal Protection to Environment
     环境的刑法保护
短句来源
     On Behavior Sequence of Penal Procedure
     刑事诉讼行为秩序论
短句来源
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The paper re-thinks the so-called 'punitive penal clause' in Chinese legal theory, and points out that this kind of penal clause can be agreed upon for any kind of breach, not limited to the delay of performance. Although article 114 of PRC Contract Law 1999 is mainly on the compensative penal clauses, as a natural conclusion of freedom of contract, the parties of a contract are free to make an agreement on a punitive penal clause. In order to claim a penal clause, there is no need...

The paper re-thinks the so-called 'punitive penal clause' in Chinese legal theory, and points out that this kind of penal clause can be agreed upon for any kind of breach, not limited to the delay of performance. Although article 114 of PRC Contract Law 1999 is mainly on the compensative penal clauses, as a natural conclusion of freedom of contract, the parties of a contract are free to make an agreement on a punitive penal clause. In order to claim a penal clause, there is no need to prove the existence and amount of losses suffered by the plaintiff; as to the 'fault' of the breaching party to be proved or not, it depends on the different types of breaches of contract. As to the decided amount to be paid by the defendant for his breach, the court or arbitral organization should only have limited power, among which to the punitive penal clause, the only to be controlled is the unfair terms.

惩罚性违约金可以适用于所有的违约类型 ,并不局限于迟延履行场合。依合同自由原则 ,当事人可以明确约定惩罚性违约金。就违约金责任的成立 ,应当区分类型具体分析是否要求违约人具有过错 ,且不应当以损害的存在及其大小的证明为要件。对于赔偿性违约金数额的调整 ,法院或仲裁机构行使裁量权时应有所节制。而对于惩罚性违约金 ,所要规制的只是其不公平的约定。

How to define the form of liabilities for breach of contract, which is simply regulated or studied in our nation' s current contract law or doctrinal researches, is very unportant in legislation and judicial practice. When we determine the form of liabilities for breach of contract, besides current laws and understandings, we also have to abide by the principles of voluntariness, preference of contract parties' agreement and supplement of lawful regulations, and add penal clause of breach of contract damages...

How to define the form of liabilities for breach of contract, which is simply regulated or studied in our nation' s current contract law or doctrinal researches, is very unportant in legislation and judicial practice. When we determine the form of liabilities for breach of contract, besides current laws and understandings, we also have to abide by the principles of voluntariness, preference of contract parties' agreement and supplement of lawful regulations, and add penal clause of breach of contract damages , rescission of a contract with the breach of contract into the form of liabilities for breach of contract to enrich the system of liabilities for breach of contract.

对如何确定违约责任的形式,在我国现行合同法律制度和学理研究中规定和研究的较为简略。但这一问题却在立法和司法实践中是极为重要的。在确定违约责任形式时,除了现有的规则和认识外,还应坚持合同自愿原则和当事人约定优先、法定为辅规则以及将违约定金罚则、违约情况下的合同解除纳入违约责任形式的范畴,以充实违约责任制度。

Although current copyright law of our country has made remarkable progress, some technical problems still exist: disunity about the concept of "creation"; disparity in the standards of "originality"; incompleteness and unclarity of the provisions about "annotation right", "exclusive right of publication", "right of broadcasting video recordings"; inappropriateness of accessory penal clauses; irrational order or unnecessary existence of few articles, etc. For theses problems, this article puts forward corresponding...

Although current copyright law of our country has made remarkable progress, some technical problems still exist: disunity about the concept of "creation"; disparity in the standards of "originality"; incompleteness and unclarity of the provisions about "annotation right", "exclusive right of publication", "right of broadcasting video recordings"; inappropriateness of accessory penal clauses; irrational order or unnecessary existence of few articles, etc. For theses problems, this article puts forward corresponding improvement opinions.

我国现行著作权法虽然取得了显著进步 ,但依然存在一些技术性问题 :“创作”概念的不同一 ;“独创性”标准不一致 ;“注释权”、“专有出版权”、“录像制品播放权”的规定不够完整和明确 ;附属刑事条款不合时宜 ;少数条款次序不合理以及没有存在必要等。针对这些问题本文也提出了相应的改进意见。

 
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