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麻醉前     
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  pre-anesthesia
     The changes of MAP, HR, SpO2, PRA and AII of pre-anesthesia (T0), 15min after anesthesia (T1), immediately after skin incision (T2), 10min after used bone mineral cement (T3) and at the end of surgery (T4) were recorded respectively.
     分别记录麻醉前(T0)、麻醉后15min(T1)、开刀时(T2)、使用骨水泥10min(T3)、术毕(T4)时平均动脉压(MAP)、心率(HR)、血氧饱和度(SpO2)、肾素(PRA)及血管紧张素$(A$)的变化。
短句来源
     Results Compared with pre-anesthesia, blood viscosities(ηb and ηp), ηr, ηp, EAI and ERI were significantly declined (P<0.05 or P<0.01) during anesthesia.
     结果与麻醉前比较,麻醉期间Hηb、Lηb、ηr、ηp、HCT、EAI、ERI均明显降低(P<0.05或P<0.01);
短句来源
     Map, HR, SPO 2 of each group were measured and recorded at pre-anesthesia and post-anesthesia, at 10min, 30min, 60min, 90 min, 120min, and at the end of the operation.
     观察并记录 3组麻醉前、后 ,术中 10、30、6 0、90、12 0min及术毕的MAP、HR、SPO2 情况。
短句来源
     Blood samples were taken at pre-anesthesia (T0), post-anesthesia (T1), immediately after opening abdomen (T2), 30min post the operation (T3), at the end of operation (T4), 24h (T5) and 48h (T6) after the operation the respectively. The average level of plasma cortisol, interlerkin-2 and blood sugar were measured by radioimmunoassay and colorimetric assay, respectively.
     分别于麻醉前(T0)、麻醉后(T1)、切开腹壁时(T2)、手术30min(T3)、手术完毕时(T4)、手术后24h(T5)、手术后48h(T6)7个时间静脉采血,采用放射免疫法测定血浆皮质醇、白细胞介素-2浓度,采用比色法测定血糖浓度。
短句来源
     SBPs at 15 min,20 min,and 30 min after anesthesia in group A and 5 min,10 min,15 min,20 min,30 min after anesthesia in group B showed no significant difference compared with that of their own pre-anesthesia.
     DBP :B组麻醉后 5min、10min、15min、2 0min、30min与麻醉前比较 ,无显著性差异 (P >0 .0 5 ) ;
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  pre-anesthetic
     Clinical observation of effect of pre-anesthetic hypervolemic hemodilution
     预扩容在麻醉前应用的临床效果观察
短句来源
     Comparative Study of Pre-anesthetic Hydroxyethyl Starch and Lactated Ringer's Solution Hypervolemic Hemodilution
     麻醉前应用羟乙基淀粉与复方乳酸钠进行预扩容的对比研究
短句来源
     Hctincreased gradually post-CPB and reached to 78.6%of the pre-anesthetic value by the end of operation。 At he earlyperiod of termination of CPB。
     CPB结束后CI明显增高,Hct呈逐渐回增,术毕时达到麻醉前值的78.6%。
短句来源
     Results The function of platelet aggregation was depressed 10 minutes after injection than the pre-anesthetic situation;
     结果 与麻醉前相比 ,血小板聚集功能在给药 10min后 ,受到显著抑制 ;
短句来源
  preanesthesia
     SpO2 and PaO2 of group Ⅱ were lower in extubation than in preanesthesia.
     麻醉结束后Ⅱ组SpO2和PaO2稍低于麻醉前水平。
短句来源
     Blood samples were taken at pre anesthesia (T 0), the end of operation (T 1) and postoperative 24 h (T 2), 72 h (T 3) to determine catecholamine concentration, coagulation and fibrinolysis variables.
     分别在麻醉前 (T0 )、术毕 (T1 )和术后第 2 4小时 (T2 )、第 72小时 (T3 )采集血样测定儿茶酚胺浓度、凝血和纤溶参数。
短句来源
     The concentration of plasma glucose(GLU),cortisol(Col),insulin(INS),epinephrine(E) and norepinephrine(NE),and RR,MV,SpO 2,HR,SBP and RPP were measured at pre anesthesia,the end of operation,and 6hr,12hr and 24hr after operation.
     分别于麻醉前、术毕、术后 6h、12h和 2 4h测定血浆皮质醇 (Col)、血糖 (GLU )、胰岛素 (INS)、肾上腺素 (E)和去甲肾上腺素 (NE)浓度 ; 用视觉模拟评分法 (VAS)评定镇痛效果 ,并监测RR、MV、SpO2 、HR、SBP、RPP等参数。
短句来源
     Result : (1) Preanesthesia serum cortisol values in the group CICHT were significantly lower(P<0. 01) than those in the group NICP.
     结果:(1)麻醉前CICHT组血清皮质醇水平显著低于NICP组(P<0.01)。
短句来源
     At the supine position after surgery,CI,SVRI,T,Hct,DO 2,VO 2 and PaCO 2 were returned or maintained at the preanesthesia values. However,pHa,pHv and BEb decreased and PvCO 2 increased significantly ( P< 0 05).
     术毕平卧后虽然CI、SVRI、T、Hct、DO2 、VO2 及PaCO2 等恢复或维持至麻醉前水平 ,但pHa和BE B呈有意义的下降、PvCO2 呈有意义的增高 (P <0 0 5 )。
短句来源
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  after anesthesia
     Results 2,4 and 6min after anesthesia,respiratory frequency of all patients decreased significantly compared with baseline(P<0.05).
     结果麻醉后2,4,6min所有病人呼吸频率均较麻醉前显著降低(P<0.05),8min后呼吸频率逐渐恢复至麻醉前水平。
短句来源
     record respiratory frequency and SpO_2 of patients before anesthesia,after anesthesia 2,4,6,8,10min.
     记录病人麻醉前,麻醉后2,4,6,8,10min时的呼吸次数及SpO2。
短句来源
     The changes of MAP, HR, SpO2, PRA and AII of pre-anesthesia (T0), 15min after anesthesia (T1), immediately after skin incision (T2), 10min after used bone mineral cement (T3) and at the end of surgery (T4) were recorded respectively.
     分别记录麻醉前(T0)、麻醉后15min(T1)、开刀时(T2)、使用骨水泥10min(T3)、术毕(T4)时平均动脉压(MAP)、心率(HR)、血氧饱和度(SpO2)、肾素(PRA)及血管紧张素$(A$)的变化。
短句来源
     With inhaling O2 SpO2 after anesthesia 30 and 60 min was higher in CSEA group than that before anesthesia(p<0.01) .
     CSEA组麻醉后10 min在未吸氧的情况下SpO2明显高于麻醉前(P<0.05),麻醉后30、60 min吸氧(2~ 4)L/min SpO2明显高于麻醉前(P<0.01)。
短句来源
     Results CD3+,CD4+,CD4+/CD8+ and NK cells decreased at 2h after anesthesia in the two groups compared with those before anesthesia .
     结果与麻醉前相比,两组患者麻醉后2hCD3+、CD4+、CD4+/CD8+、NK细胞的数量均有所下降(P<0·05);
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  pre-anesthesia
Blood samples were drawn pre-anesthesia, pre-CPB, at 30 min of CPB, at the end of CPB, at 1 h after CPB, at the end of operation, at 12 and 24 h postoperatively.
      
When systolic blood pressure decreased to 90-100 mmHg or to less than 70% of the pre-anesthesia value, ephedrine was injected.
      
When systolic blood pressure decreased to 90-100 mm Hg or to less than 70% of the pre-anesthesia value, ephedrine was injected intravenously.
      
  pre-anesthetic
The pre-anesthetic serum cholesterol level was around three times greater in calves compared to its level in sheep.
      
The drug scopolamine is important, among other uses, as a pre-anesthetic in surgery and childbirth, in ophthalmology and in prevention of motion sickness.
      
Pre-anesthetic evaluation can play a crucial role in the determination of airway management in a child with oropharyngeal tumor
      
Computerized Pre-Anesthetic Evaluation Results in Additional Abstracted Comorbidity Diagnoses
      
This study implemented a computerized version of a structured pre-anesthetic evaluation questionnaire that we had previously developed and which provided a starting point for developing a suitable vocabulary and workflow.
      
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  preanesthesia
The addition of sera collected 1 hr after anesthetic induction significantly reduced the numbers of two-cell mouse embryos that developed to blastocyst in the ISO/N2O group as compared to that of preanesthesia sera.
      
All samples were drawn in the operating room or in the preanesthesia unit.
      
Preanesthesia evaluation was unremarkable except for a Class 3 Mallampati airway.
      
  after anesthesia
Dogs with chronic anterior infarction and control dogs (no infarction) were studied before and after anesthesia using chronically implanted ventricular epicardial electrodes.
      
VT and VF were not inducible in any of the nine control animals either before or after anesthesia.
      
Fourteen volunteers participated (21-30?years) in two randomized sessions; before, during a nerve block of the lingual nerve or topical capsaicin application (30?μl 5%) on the tongue, and after anesthesia or pain had subsided.
      
Urinary NAG excretion after anesthesia-free extracorporeal lithotripsy of renal stones: a marker of early tubular damage
      
These changes may be associated with slight tubular damage that would occur after anesthesia-free lithotripsy in patients subjected both to a high number of shocks and to secondary treatments.
      
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  其他


In view of the close relation-ship between large fibers and transmission of impulses from acupuneture point and the inhibitory action exerted by large fibers on small fibers, the present study was undertaken to investigate the effect of strong stimulation of the meridian point which is infiltrated with dilute local anesthetic on acupuncture analgesia and needling feeling.The results are as follows(1) The rate of "excellent" and "good" effect of acupuncture analgesia for the lower abdomenal operation, such as...

In view of the close relation-ship between large fibers and transmission of impulses from acupuneture point and the inhibitory action exerted by large fibers on small fibers, the present study was undertaken to investigate the effect of strong stimulation of the meridian point which is infiltrated with dilute local anesthetic on acupuncture analgesia and needling feeling.The results are as follows(1) The rate of "excellent" and "good" effect of acupuncture analgesia for the lower abdomenal operation, such as tubai ligation, gasterohysterectomy and so on, in the test group with dilute novocain block in point "Sanyinjiao" (Sp. 6) was raised by 30.9% as compared with that of the control group (P

鉴于粗纤维与针剌信号传递有密切关系,粗纤维活动对细纤维活动具有抑制作用,本工作研究了穴位阻滞对针麻效应和针感的影响。(1) 稀浓度奴夫卡因阻滞“三阴交”的实验组的针麻优良率较对照组提高了30.9%(P <0.01)。(2) 稀浓度奴夫卡因穴位阻滞或硬膜外麻醉后,可耐受的刺激强度比注射或麻醉前增大0.5~1.0倍;皮肤刺痛消失,但仍有针感且性质较为温和。据此,倾向于认为针效和针感的产生和改善主要与粗纤维有关,而与细纤维关系不大。

The clinical data of 70 patients, 59 male and 11 female, 10-50 years old, who underwent renal transplantation in Shanghai in the years 1969-1979 were analyzed. According to our experience, for a successful anesthesia, the followings deserve special attention. 1. Patient should have his operation under optimal conditon. Blood dialysis was often used to restore normal blood biochemistry. 2. Initially we used acupuncture anesthesia, but on account of its incomplete analgesia and poor relaxation, we adopted continuous...

The clinical data of 70 patients, 59 male and 11 female, 10-50 years old, who underwent renal transplantation in Shanghai in the years 1969-1979 were analyzed. According to our experience, for a successful anesthesia, the followings deserve special attention. 1. Patient should have his operation under optimal conditon. Blood dialysis was often used to restore normal blood biochemistry. 2. Initially we used acupuncture anesthesia, but on account of its incomplete analgesia and poor relaxation, we adopted continuous epidural anesthesia. The advantages of the latter are good relaxation, less disturbance in postoperative metabolism and renal function, as well as maintenance of consciousness safeguarding against aspiration of gastric contents. A two catheter method of continuous epidural anesthesia was found to be better, since it required less supplemental medication. 3. In poor risk cases, electrocardiogram, central venous pressure; mean arterial pressure and urine flow rate should be continuously monitored to obtain information regarding function of cardiovascular and renal systems. 4. Blood transfusion should be given sparingly to minimize antibody formation. Washed red cells may be used if necessary. 5. Other measures such as diuretics, corticosteroids and immunosuppresive agents should be used intraoperatively.

上海地区于1969~1979年间施行同种异体肾移植70例,本文就其中有关麻醉的一些问题进行了讨论。认为麻醉前应采用血液透析,以减轻尿毒症并纠正水、电解质及酸碱平衡;连续硬膜外麻醉时肌松良好,对肾功能影响少,病人清醒,不致发生胃内容物误吸;双导管连续硬膜外麻醉较单导管为佳;重危病人应连续监测心血管和肾脏功能;应尽量避免输血,必要时可输洗涤红细胞;术中还应给以利尿药、皮质激素及免疫抑制剂等。

Fifty patients undergoing thorax or brain operation received anesthesia with 50% N_2O-50%O_2-halothane or enflurane respectively. Measuringtheir serum AKP, GPT, GOT, LDH and γ-GT preanesthesia, and on the fourth day and tenth day postoperation, we found that the GPT and GOT values of the two groups increased(P<0.05-0.01),which was related to the elevation of body tempereture after operation, and all the serum enzyme values of the halothane group increased (P<0.05-0.01), which might be in relation to the transient...

Fifty patients undergoing thorax or brain operation received anesthesia with 50% N_2O-50%O_2-halothane or enflurane respectively. Measuringtheir serum AKP, GPT, GOT, LDH and γ-GT preanesthesia, and on the fourth day and tenth day postoperation, we found that the GPT and GOT values of the two groups increased(P<0.05-0.01),which was related to the elevation of body tempereture after operation, and all the serum enzyme values of the halothane group increased (P<0.05-0.01), which might be in relation to the transient change of permeability of hepatocyte membrane caused by metabolites intermediate of halothane. Our result suggests that light halothane or enflurane anesthesia has no obvious effect on liver function in the patients without original liver disease.

50例条件基本相同的胸、脑部手术病人,分别施行50%N_20—50%O_2—氟烷或安氟醚吸入麻醉。于麻醉前,手术后第4天及第10天测定血清AKP、GPT、GOT、LDH、γ—GT值。术后第4天,两组GPT、GOT值升高(P<0.05~0.01),与术后发热有关;氟烷组5项血清酶值均升高(P<0.05~0.01),可能与氟烷中间代谢产物引起肝细胞膜通透性的一过性改变有关。对没有原发肝疾患的病人,本组资料提示,氟烷或安氟醚浅麻醉对肝功能没有明显影响。

 
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