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master of sports
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     MASTER CLEMENTI
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     变装大师
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It is an important task in present-day sports training to determine the main physical fitness indices which affect athlet-ic performances and to evaluate both the physical condition of an athlete and his or her level of performance by means ofcomprehensive methods. Based on the elementary data obtained by test designs, anti using the statistical methods of gradualregression analysis and chief composition analysis, the authoress of this paper has worked out the main physical fitness in-dices influencing...

It is an important task in present-day sports training to determine the main physical fitness indices which affect athlet-ic performances and to evaluate both the physical condition of an athlete and his or her level of performance by means ofcomprehensive methods. Based on the elementary data obtained by test designs, anti using the statistical methods of gradualregression analysis and chief composition analysis, the authoress of this paper has worked out the main physical fitness in-dices influencing the performances of Chinese women javelinists of the "Master of Sport" and "Grade I" classes, as well asthe regression equation for predicting performances, and methods and standards for the comprehensive evaluation of physicalfitness. All these can serve as reference material for the training of women javelinists in China.

明确影响运动成绩的主要身体素质指标,并采用较为全面的方法对其和运动成绩进行评定是当今运动训练的一项重要任务。本文按照测验编制的原则方法获得原始数据后.经过统计学中主成分和逐步回归的运算分析得出了影响我国女子健将、一级水平标枪运动员成绩的主要身体素质指标;预测运动成绩的回归方程和身体素质综合评定的方法与标准。这些可为我国女子标枪训练提供参考。

A preliminary study of nerve types and field dependence-independenceof Chinese male high jumpers has been made by using Nerve Type Test andRod-Frame Test respectively. 81 present male high jumpers were used assubjects, 25 of them belonging to 2nd grade athletes with records from1.83m.to 1.99m, 33 belonging to 1st grade athletes with records from 2.00to 2.11m. and 23 to masters of sports with records of 2.12m. and above. The results of mathematical statistics show that 1. There is a signif-icant difference...

A preliminary study of nerve types and field dependence-independenceof Chinese male high jumpers has been made by using Nerve Type Test andRod-Frame Test respectively. 81 present male high jumpers were used assubjects, 25 of them belonging to 2nd grade athletes with records from1.83m.to 1.99m, 33 belonging to 1st grade athletes with records from 2.00to 2.11m. and 23 to masters of sports with records of 2.12m. and above. The results of mathematical statistics show that 1. There is a signif-icant difference in the distribution of nerve types among the male mastersof sports in high jump, 47.83% belong to the quiet type and 43.47% tothe excited type, whereas there is no difference in the distribution of ne-rve types among the other two grades; 2. There is significant differenceamong the atheletes of the three grades in field independence, the fieldindependence of the masters of sports is the strongest. Basedon the above results and according to the theory of sports psy-chology and the characteristics of high jump, this paper has preliminarilyrevealed in theory the internal relations between the two above psycholog-ical diathesis and high jump, expounded the superiority in high jump ofathletes with quiet nerve type or excited nerve type and stronger field in-dependence. The above findings have referential value to psychologicalselection and training of male high jumpers.

本文运用了安菲莫夫矫正法和棒框测验两项心理测验方法,对中国81名现役男子跳高运动员(二级25人,一级33人,健将23人)进行了神经类型和场依存性一独立性等征两项心理素质的测定。数据处理结果发现:1.健将级运动员的神经类型分布差异达显著水平,其中安静型占47.83%,兴奋型占43.47%,而在其他两个等级的跳高运动员中,神经类型的分布差异都未达显著水平;2.健将级运动员的场独立性最强,与一、二级跳高运动员相比,其差异这显著水平。本文从理论上初步揭示了这两项心理素质与高水平跳高运动的内在联系,阐明了安静型与兴奋神经类型和较强的场独立性在跳高比赛中的优势。以上两个发现对男子跳高运动员的心理选材和训练都有参考价值。

The lactate thresholds (LAT,4mM/L lactate)in 17 male middle-long distance and 29 marathon runners were determined using a "two-point test"in both laboratory and field conditions. In laboratory conditions, the LAT in five elite middle distance runners and seven young middle-long distance runners were 4. 74±0. 24m/s and 4. 13±0. 11 m/s (P0.01)respectively. In field conditions, the LAT in five middle-long distance runners, seven marathoners of the 2nd class, 11 marathoners of the 1st class and 11 with the "Master...

The lactate thresholds (LAT,4mM/L lactate)in 17 male middle-long distance and 29 marathon runners were determined using a "two-point test"in both laboratory and field conditions. In laboratory conditions, the LAT in five elite middle distance runners and seven young middle-long distance runners were 4. 74±0. 24m/s and 4. 13±0. 11 m/s (P0.01)respectively. In field conditions, the LAT in five middle-long distance runners, seven marathoners of the 2nd class, 11 marathoners of the 1st class and 11 with the "Master of Sport" title were found to be 4. 66±0. 50 m/s,4. 77±0. 14 m/s, 4. 84+0. 13 m/s and 4. 93+0. 09 m/s respectively. Significant differences were observed among the various groups except between the middle-long distance and the 2nd-class marathon groups and between the 2nd-class and 1st class marathon groups. The reliability of the "two-point" test was examined in this study,with gratifying results.

受试者是17名男子中长跑和29名马拉松运动员。用“两点测试法”在实验室电动跑道和运动场上确定了他们的乳酸阈(LAT,4mmol/L)。在实验室,5名优秀中跑和7名青少年中长跑运动员LAT分别为4.74±0.24米/秒和4.13±0.11米/秒(p<0.01)。在运动场,5名1~2级中长跑和7名2级、11名1级以及11名健将级马拉松运动员LAT分别为4.66±0.50米/秒、4.77±0.14米/秒、4.84±0.13米/秒和4.93±0.09米/秒。除中长跑与2级马拉松组、2级与1级马拉松组外其余各组间均有显著性差异。对“两点测试法”的可靠性进行了检验并获得满意结果。

 
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