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voluntary license
相关语句
  相似匹配句对
     On Voluntary Disclosure
     试论自愿性信息披露
短句来源
     On Voluntary Surrender
     论自首
短句来源
     About the Administrative License
     行政许可的再思考
短句来源
     The Creative Commons License
     知识共享许可协议
短句来源
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  voluntary license
The prospect ive licensee would be required to show that he has attempted but failed to obtain a voluntary license from the patentee.
      
In November 2005, GSK granted a new voluntary license to the Universal Corporation of Kenya.
      


For such reasons as public health, environment protection, technology transfer, investment, employment, etc., some developing countries advocate widely applying compulsory license system in the fields of medicine intellectual property right. However, it should be noticed that TRIPs provide coordinated and non-discriminatory standards for the protection of intellectual property right, maintain the equilibrium between the interests of consumers and inventors, but widely applying compulsory license system will...

For such reasons as public health, environment protection, technology transfer, investment, employment, etc., some developing countries advocate widely applying compulsory license system in the fields of medicine intellectual property right. However, it should be noticed that TRIPs provide coordinated and non-discriminatory standards for the protection of intellectual property right, maintain the equilibrium between the interests of consumers and inventors, but widely applying compulsory license system will cause the deviation of this equilibrium, with the result that it benefits the licensee but not the consumers of a country, and causes harms to social welfare. The abolishment of medicine compulsory license system may bring about negative influence. International society is seeking effective solution, and voluntary license has been proved as a feasible substitutive solution. The contribution plan of key pharmaceutical companies also is glad tidings for the patients in developing countries.

一些发展中国家基于公共健康、环境保护、技术转让、投资、就业等原因主张在药品知识产权领域广泛使用强制许可制度。但是应当看到 ,TRIPs为保护知识产权提供了协调一致和非歧视标准 ,平衡了消费者和发明人之间的利益 ,广泛使用强制许可将使这种平衡发生偏移 ,其结果是使免费使用的被许可人而不是一国境内的消费者受益 ,并对社会福利造成危害。取消药品强制许可可能带来负面影响 ,国际社会正在寻求有效的解决方案 ,自愿许可就是已经证实的切实可行的一种替代方法 ,主要的制药公司的捐助计划也给发展中国家的病人带来了福音。

The object of copyright is a kind of quasipublic goods which is non-excludable and non-rival in consumption. For the purpose of making the best use of everything, qualified people and organizations are entitled to obtain statutory licenses to retransmit owners' works or distribute copies under the conditions specified by the law. The statutory licensing system in the American law is based on three principles: anti-monopolism, fair market price in negotiated terms, and maximizing the availability of creative...

The object of copyright is a kind of quasipublic goods which is non-excludable and non-rival in consumption. For the purpose of making the best use of everything, qualified people and organizations are entitled to obtain statutory licenses to retransmit owners' works or distribute copies under the conditions specified by the law. The statutory licensing system in the American law is based on three principles: anti-monopolism, fair market price in negotiated terms, and maximizing the availability of creative works to the public. It affords the copyright owners fair protection to make owners' identification clear, obtain licensing fee distribution, and prohibit willful altering of the content of particular works or any commercial advertising or station announcement transmitted by the primary transmitter during, or immediately before or after, the transmission of such program. It endows copyright users with the right of secondary transmission and fair incomes under the existing economic conditions. Both sides have the obligation to cooperate with each other for their exertion of right and acquisition of evidence in substantial law and procedural law. Neglect violation is actionable as acts of infringement and fully subject to remedies provided by the law. Notwithstanding any provision of the antitrust laws, in negotiating statutory licenses in accordance with copyright law, any copyright owners and users may negotiate and agree upon the royalty rates and license terms and conditions for the performance. In the absence of negotiated license agreement, and upon the filing of a petition, a copyright arbitration royalty panel is to determine and establish such rates and terms, considering these for comparable types of performance and circumstances under the voluntary license negotiated under market conditions. Any decision of the agency should be under judicial reviews when it is appealed by aggrieved party who would be bound by it. In the absence of the systematization of statutory licensing proceedings in the American law, China has much to do to absorb all the forenamed theories and practices. Acquiescence licensing is characteristic of the Chinese system and shows its strongpoints, which may be reserved under particular conditions.

著作权客体属于准公共产品,法定许可是为了促进“物尽其用”而将部分作者权利交由适格者行使。美国法定许可制度以反垄断、市场定价和保护公众知情权为原则。在作者权利保护上,主要有表明其身份、保护作品完整、广告插播和收取许可费的权利。被许可人的权利则主要为实施权和因实施而产生的相关著作权。双方都有在实体和程序上配合对方实现权利并进行取证的义务,对违反义务的行为原则上承担过错责任。在许可费及其相关条款的确定上,采取协议优先原则;难以达成时,由行政裁决和司法诉讼依照市场价格作出决定。中国在系统性的法定许可制度方面可以吸收美国经验,但其“默示许可”方式有一定长处,可以有条件地予以保留。

 
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