助手标题  
全文文献 工具书 数字 学术定义 翻译助手 学术趋势 更多
查询帮助
意见反馈
   voluntary contribution 的翻译结果: 查询用时:0.104秒
图标索引 在分类学科中查询
所有学科
更多类别查询

图标索引 历史查询
 

voluntary contribution
相关语句
  “voluntary contribution”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Reducing the contribution cost may improve the level of voluntary contribution,incentive mechanisms include dynamic game,stake distribution,encouragement and punishment,symmetrical information,communicating each other and re-grouping.
     而通过降低公共产品的私人贡献成本可以提高公共产品私人贡献水平,这种激励机制主要包括博弈动态化、合理分配赌注、建立奖惩机制、公开贡献信息、受体相互交流以及受体重新分组等。
短句来源
     Voluntary contribution is the first ethic principle in the source of the donor ,and putatively voluntary contribution is complementary.
     供体来源中知情同意是首要伦理原则 ;
短句来源
     Voluntary contribution was the first ethical principle in the source of the donor. Medical principles and social standards should be taken into account on the problem of acceptor selection.
     另外强调,知情同意是供体器官摘取的首要伦理原则,医学原则和社会标准是受体选择的依据。
短句来源
     The experiment of privates providing public goods includes subjects,initial endows,providing mechanism and payoff function,the reason that the practical voluntary contribution excels the dominant equilibrium is human behavior with homo-economics,including pure altruism,warm-glow effects,reciprocal,conformity effect and noise;
     公共产品私人提供实验一般包括实验受体、初始禀赋、供给机制和支付函数等,公共产品私人提供偏离占优策略均衡主要是因为人的行为对利己、理性的背离,包括利他主义、光热效应、互惠行为、遵奉效应以及噪音或决策失误等;
短句来源
  相似匹配句对
     On Voluntary Disclosure
     试论自愿性信息披露
短句来源
     On “Relation Contribution
     论“关系稿”
短句来源
     On Technology Contribution
     论技术出资
短句来源
     On Voluntary Surrender
     论自首
短句来源
     An Analysis on the Contribution Behavior in the Process of Public Goods Voluntary Provision
     公共品自愿供给中的捐赠行为分析
短句来源
查询“voluntary contribution”译词为用户自定义的双语例句

    我想查看译文中含有:的双语例句
例句
为了更好的帮助您理解掌握查询词或其译词在地道英语中的实际用法,我们为您准备了出自英文原文的大量英语例句,供您参考。
  voluntary contribution
We test our hypotheses in an experimental setting where agents are asked to make a hypothetical, voluntary contribution to a public good.
      
How Universal is Behavior A Four Country Comparison of Spite and Cooperation in Voluntary Contribution Mechanisms
      
This paper experimentally examines the Provision Point Mechanism (PPM), a voluntary contribution mechanism for the funding of lumpy public goods.
      
Collective-group rent-seeking is considered as a two-stage Nash-Cournot game in which sharing rules are determined prior to individual decision on voluntary contribution.
      
Ironically, the existence of free-riding, where some individuals make no voluntary contribution at all, reduces the size of an efficient subsidy and makes a subsidy more attractive compared to direct taxation.
      
更多          


AIthough the organ transplant develops comparatively late in our country ,it mekes a great progress and the kidney-transplant has reached the advanced level in the world.But other organs transplants develop slowly.We should study the correlatively legal and ethical issues ,We must lay down the brain-death criteria,give the voluntary contributor the legal protection and prohibit the organ business.Our citizens have deeply affected by the traditional thoughts ,and it is the important factor in the organ transplant...

AIthough the organ transplant develops comparatively late in our country ,it mekes a great progress and the kidney-transplant has reached the advanced level in the world.But other organs transplants develop slowly.We should study the correlatively legal and ethical issues ,We must lay down the brain-death criteria,give the voluntary contributor the legal protection and prohibit the organ business.Our citizens have deeply affected by the traditional thoughts ,and it is the important factor in the organ transplant .Therefoe,we should set up the newly ethical conception.Voluntary contribution is the first ethic principle in the source of the donor ,and putatively voluntary contribution is complementary.On the problem of acceptor selection ,we should take the medical and social standards into account.Hospitals of every grades need establish the Hospital Ethical Committee(HEC)to solve the ethical problems relating to the organ transplant.

我国器官移植虽然起步较晚 ,但发展较快 ,而且肾移植已经达到世界先进水平 ,但其他器官移植进展缓慢 ,相关的法律和伦理问题值得研究。我们要尽快确定脑死亡标准 ,为器官移植立法铺平道路 ;同时立法可给予自愿捐献人以法律的保障 ;在立法中还要明确禁止器官商业化。我国公民的传统观念较深是制约器官移植发展的重要方面 ,为此人们要树立新伦理观 ;供体来源中知情同意是首要伦理原则 ;在受体选择的问题上要以医学标准和社会标准为依据 ;各级医院应尽快建立医学伦理委员会解决器官移植的伦理问题。

The organ transplantation legislation has much significance in modern medicinal development.The Chinese organ transplantation legislation should abide by the following principles:forbidding organ marketing,voluntary contributions,noninjury,nonpriority.And the content should include license system,the procedure of organ contribution,the examining and approving procedure of organ transplantation operation,the kinds of object in transplantation and the legal liability of acting against the Organ Transplantation...

The organ transplantation legislation has much significance in modern medicinal development.The Chinese organ transplantation legislation should abide by the following principles:forbidding organ marketing,voluntary contributions,noninjury,nonpriority.And the content should include license system,the procedure of organ contribution,the examining and approving procedure of organ transplantation operation,the kinds of object in transplantation and the legal liability of acting against the Organ Transplantation Act.

器官移植立法对于保障人体器官捐赠、移植医学发展具有重要意义。我国器官移植立法应当遵循禁止器官买卖、自愿无偿捐赠、无伤害等原则,其内容包括许可证制度、器官捐献和器官移植手术审批程序、移植种类对象、违反法律责任。

In cities crowded with houses and buildings, fire involves a good many social relations, as well as a series of social affairs, so the operation of the fire fighting and prevention service reflects the organization and structure of the social relations in cities. During the Qing Dynasty, Hangzhou municipal government organized a special fire brigade of soldiers and carried out some fire prevention measures such as “Guan Shui Tong" (water-storing barrels for fire fighting distributed by the government), etc....

In cities crowded with houses and buildings, fire involves a good many social relations, as well as a series of social affairs, so the operation of the fire fighting and prevention service reflects the organization and structure of the social relations in cities. During the Qing Dynasty, Hangzhou municipal government organized a special fire brigade of soldiers and carried out some fire prevention measures such as “Guan Shui Tong" (water-storing barrels for fire fighting distributed by the government), etc. For lack of manpower and financial resources, the governments efforts couldnt meet with the fire fighting and prevention needs of the residents. Therefore, the government transferred the everyday fire prevention work to grass-roots organizations, and called on nongovernmental forces to take part in this work. When the relations of residents grew complex with the social and economic development, there emerged nongovernmental fire brigades such as “Yi Min"(Fire Fighting Volunteers) and “Jiu Huo Ji"(A kind of nongovernmental fire fighting organization). Despite their respective defects, the official and nongovernmental fire fighting forces complemented each other, and undertook the fire fighting work together. The relief after fire was also managed by both official and nongovernmental forces. However, behind the officials voluntary contribution was their tactful thought for securing their official career.

屋宇密集的城市 ,火灾牵动着诸多的社会关系 ,连带了一系列社会事务 ,因而城市消防事业的运作情形 ,反映了城市中社会关系的组织和构造。有清一代 ,杭州地方政府组织了专门的救火兵丁 ,实施了“官水桶”等防火措施 ,但限于人力与财力 ,无法满足城市居民的消防需求。为此 ,政府将平时的防火工作下放到基层 ,并号召民间力量参与其中。而由社会经济发展所带来的居民关系复杂化 ,则推动了“义民”、“救火集”等民间救火组织的产生。官方与民间两类救火力量 ,各有不足 ,互相补充 ,共同承担起杭城火灾的救灭任务。灾后的赈济亦由官府和民间双方共同参与 ,但在官员自愿捐资的背后 ,却是他们保全宦途的策略性考虑

 
<< 更多相关文摘    
图标索引 相关查询

 


 
CNKI小工具
在英文学术搜索中查有关voluntary contribution的内容
在知识搜索中查有关voluntary contribution的内容
在数字搜索中查有关voluntary contribution的内容
在概念知识元中查有关voluntary contribution的内容
在学术趋势中查有关voluntary contribution的内容
 
 

CNKI主页设CNKI翻译助手为主页 | 收藏CNKI翻译助手 | 广告服务 | 英文学术搜索
版权图标  2008 CNKI-中国知网
京ICP证040431号 互联网出版许可证 新出网证(京)字008号
北京市公安局海淀分局 备案号:110 1081725
版权图标 2008中国知网(cnki) 中国学术期刊(光盘版)电子杂志社