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social optimum
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  社会最优
     This kind of encouragement conflict will cause information rent of supervising authorities and lose of the public's welfare ,thus make financial supervision unable to realize the social optimum goal.
     这种激励冲突会出现监管当局的信息租金和社会公众的福利损失,使金融监管无法实现社会最优目标。
短句来源
     Last, the change of equilibrium state is discussed when the number of competitive firms increases, and the market result is compared with that of social optimum.
     最后讨论竞争企业数量增加时均衡状态的变化,并将市场的结果与社会最优结果作比较。
短句来源
     The theory was made up of such basic concepts as action system,action structure,action privilege and social optimum.
     科尔曼的理性选择理论是由包括行动系统、行动结构、行动权利以及社会最优等四组基本概念构成的。
短句来源
     At the same time, because the public goods characteristic of the innovative achievement leads to the fact that the innovation that the market encourages is uncertain that it is the innovation of a social optimum level, innovative activities must be encouraged by the government.
     但同时,由于创新成果的公共商品特性就导致了市场激励引发的创新不一定是社会最优水平的创新,因此必须由政府激励。
短句来源
     Solving a dynamic programming problem of a central planner can prove that the competitive equilibrium and the social optimum is identical.
     随后又从中央计划者角度求解一个动态最优化问题,发现社会最优和竞争性均衡是一致的。
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  “social optimum”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Since 1980s, John Beath, Yannis Katsoulacos and David Ulph and other economists, have began to use the Game Theory, analyzing how the firm's R&D affects the market equilibrium and the social optimum. This topic is a front of the Industrial Organization, which is called Strategic R&D Theory.
     20世纪80年代开始,引入博弈论,分析企业研发如何影响市场均衡和达到社会最优的过程,是以John Beath、Yannis Katsoulacos和David Ulph为代表的一批经济学家着重研究的课题,这一课题即是产业组织学的一个前沿:策略性研发(R&D)理论。
短句来源
     The new classical economics claims that the behaviors that individuals seek for their interests' maximization, can harmonize the conflicts between individual interests and social interests, and also can realize the equilibrium of social optimum.
     新古典经济理论认为,市场经济主体追求个人利益最大化,可以协调个人利益与社会利益之间的冲突,最终实现社会利益最大化的均衡状态。
短句来源
     At last, the paper puts forward following suggestions: reinforcing the urban management at interim, making the distribution of commerce in line with the evolvement process of new street and paying more attention to "social optimum".
     提出加强过渡期间城市管理、商业布局要与新市街演化过程相协调和商业配置注重“社会最佳”的思想
短句来源
     We discuss the possibility for the government to lead the mixed economy to the social optimum, when there is external effect from human capital. We derive the optimal conditions for taxation and subsidies, and discuss their policy implication.
     从不同与以往的增长动态分析的视角,探讨了当人力资本存在外溢效应时、政府可否通过适当的财政政策引导经济达到社会性的最优增长状态,导出了关于征税和财政补贴的最优性条件并探讨了它们的政策含意.
短句来源
     The social optimum condition for mixed economy can be realized through setting up appropriate policies on tax and national debt.
     而社会性的最优增长状态,可以通过设定适当的税收和国债政策,在混合经济中得以实现。
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  相似匹配句对
     Choice of Optimum Social Security Level in China
     论我国适度的社会保障水平选择
短句来源
     Thy Analysis on Balance and Optimum of Social Ecological System
     试析社会生态系统的平衡与最优化
短句来源
     On “Social Revolution”
     论“社会革命”
短句来源
     social intercourse;
     评价的人际交往问题;
短句来源
     and its price is optimum.
     材料来源广泛.价格适中,容易推广使用;
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  social optimum
A role for government intervention is indicated only to the extent that bargaining strength may dictate a degree of indexation that deviates from the social optimum.
      
Of great importance, in the presence of such a corruption effect, the social optimum cannot be achieved based on the negligence rule and the equivalence between the strict liability and negligence rule fails.
      
We show that tradeable pollution permits may not achieve the social optimum even when the permit market is perfectly competitive.
      
The profit incentive leads a price-regulated firm, ceteris paribus, to choose a peak pricing period longer than the social optimum.
      
Our theory predicts that an increase in the number of veto players (e.g., moving from uni- to bi-cameralism) pushes the pollution tax towards the social optimum, with the effect being conditional on corruption.
      
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In the case of Caobao Road in Shanghai, this paper discusses the process and mechanism of forming new street in the suburban of large cities in China. It turns out that the process of forming new street begins with the construction of residential zones, then private retailers of upholstering and building materials, then service, and at last the larger commerce and finance. And the mechanism is influenced by market demand, street location and urban planning. At last, the paper puts forward following suggestions:...

In the case of Caobao Road in Shanghai, this paper discusses the process and mechanism of forming new street in the suburban of large cities in China. It turns out that the process of forming new street begins with the construction of residential zones, then private retailers of upholstering and building materials, then service, and at last the larger commerce and finance. And the mechanism is influenced by market demand, street location and urban planning. At last, the paper puts forward following suggestions: reinforcing the urban management at interim, making the distribution of commerce in line with the evolvement process of new street and paying more attention to "social optimum".

以上海市漕宝路为例 ,研究现阶段中国大城市郊区新市街形成的过程和机制 ,研究证明新市街的形成演化基本上是按着 ,住宅个体装潢建材业生活服务业较大型商业与金融业的次序进行的 ,形成机制主要受市场需求、道路区位和城市规划控制 .提出加强过渡期间城市管理、商业布局要与新市街演化过程相协调和商业配置注重“社会最佳”的思想

This paper highlights the theory relating to seeking for the social optimum pollutant discharging level, on which cost benefit analysis of EIA would be made. Concept and procedure of cost benefit analysis are discussed with emphasis on six fundamental methods involved in evaluation technology.

首先确定了环境影响评价中费用效益分析的理论基础 ,即寻求项目的污染物社会最优排放水平 ;在此基础上 ,论述了费用效益分析的基本概念与步骤 ,重点阐明了费用和效益的六种基本评价技术

In traditional microeconomics theory, only monopoly can adopt discriminatory pricing when there is not arbitrage between consumers. In horizontal differentiation product industries, the firms have market powers in their own products, and consumers have different tastes on different products. So firms can choose discriminatory pricing successfully. In most two stage horizontal differentiation Hotelling models, the locations of firms always deviate from the social optimum. This paper analyzes a two stage...

In traditional microeconomics theory, only monopoly can adopt discriminatory pricing when there is not arbitrage between consumers. In horizontal differentiation product industries, the firms have market powers in their own products, and consumers have different tastes on different products. So firms can choose discriminatory pricing successfully. In most two stage horizontal differentiation Hotelling models, the locations of firms always deviate from the social optimum. This paper analyzes a two stage location price model with discriminatory pricing of duopoly, on the basis of different consumer's gross surplus. Two firms choose locations in the first stage and prices in the second. The subgame perfect Nash equilibrium shows that the firms' locations are social optima.

在大多数研究产品水平差异的两阶段 Hotelling模型中 ,厂商的选址总是偏离社会最优结果 .根据消费者总剩余的不同取值分析了当双头垄断厂商采用歧视性策略时的两阶段选址-定价模型 .两个厂商在博弈的第一阶段中选址定位 ,并在第二阶段制定出相应的歧视价格 .模型的子博弈精炼纳什均衡表明歧视性定价下厂商的选址为社会最优

 
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