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bean pods
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  豆荚
     The adults of L. glycinivorella liked to lay eggs on bean pods of 8 to 13 days about3. 1 to 4.6 centimeter long and about 32 centimeter high.
     大豆食心虫成虫产卵有选择性,在荚长3.1~4.1cm即8~13日龄和离地面25.3~32.3cm上下高度的豆荚上有卵频次最多。 分析了空间格局参数特征和与其生物学特性的关系,并探讨了在实际中的应用。
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  “bean pods”译为未确定词的双语例句
     STUDY ON THE RESISTANCE OF BEAN PODS AND LEAVES TO ANTHRACNOSE AND THEIR CORRELATION
     菜豆荚和叶对炭疽病(Colletotrichum lindemuthianum)的抗性及其相关性的研究
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     Effects of the fertilizers on soybean yield increase resulted mainly from increasing the number of bean pods and grains.
     肥料对大豆的增产作用 ,主要是增加了植株的荚数和粒数
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  相似匹配句对
     Contribution of Stems and Pods of Faba Bean to Grain Yield
     蚕豆茎秆和荚果对籽粒产量的贡献
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     The resistance of pods and leaves of 24 bean varieties to anthracnose was studied.
     本文研究了24个菜豆品种和材料的荚和叶对炭疽病的抗性。
短句来源
     The Bean Eaters
     吃豆人
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     Discussion of Java Bean
     浅谈Java Bean
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     Development and Countermeasure of Airborne Optoelectronic Pods
     直升机机载光电吊舱的发展现状及对策
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  bean pods
The phytoalexins produced after the inoculation of green bean pods (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) with the spore suspension of three fungi viz.Fusarium solani, Penicillium patulum andPhytophthora megasperma were studied.
      
Potential of winged bean pods and their products in Papua New Guinea
      
Copper concentration in CLM was much lower than in sludges and sludge composts, but application of CLM increased Cu concentration in bean pods.
      
Tested by a paired t-test, Cu concentration in bean pods was higher in DISS than in DSS treatment, indicating that irradiation increased phytoavailability of Cu.
      
Zinc applied in DISS produced a higher Zn concentration in bean pods than Zn applied in DSS (t >amp;gt; T0.05 at P >amp;lt; 0.02, df = 15), indicating that irradiation increased phytoavailability of Zn in the sludge.
      
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White muscadin (Beauveria bassiana (Bals.) Vuill. is a fungus infecting the larvaeof soy-bean pod borer. In nature it caused infection of larvae to 5--10%, sometimeshigher than 30%. This paper deals with a preliminary study on the factors that effect theinfectivity of the fungus and tests with it to control the pest in 1954--1957. Theresults obtained are sumarized as follows. The optimal temperature for the germination of spores of this fungus was found to be21--28℃. Relative humidity above 95 % was found...

White muscadin (Beauveria bassiana (Bals.) Vuill. is a fungus infecting the larvaeof soy-bean pod borer. In nature it caused infection of larvae to 5--10%, sometimeshigher than 30%. This paper deals with a preliminary study on the factors that effect theinfectivity of the fungus and tests with it to control the pest in 1954--1957. Theresults obtained are sumarized as follows. The optimal temperature for the germination of spores of this fungus was found to be21--28℃. Relative humidity above 95 % was found to be necessary for spore germination.10--20 water contant in soil by weight was found to give the highest percentage of infection.It also observed that: the large number of spore (above 2944) settling on the larvae willresult in 100 % infection. Two methods were used in making the preperation of the fungous prepratus; Mixingspore-dust with pulverized peat, and mixing fungous culture on potato-mash together withpeat and then pulverized them, the latter is more convenint. As results of testing, this fungus in laboratory, it was shown that no matter what thedifference of dosage or of concentrition, 100 % larvae were infected by this fungus. In small plots test, 70.19--100 % of the larvae were infected before the emergence ofadults. In field expriments, the percentage of parasitized larvae was 30.15--36.11 % andthe emergence of adults was reduced by 49.83--69.8 %.

1.白僵菌(Beauveria bassiana(Bals.)Vuill.)是大豆食心虫幼虫的寄生性真菌。自然寄生率5—10%,有时可达30%以上,是造成大豆食心虫幼虫自然死亡的有力因素之一。 2.白僵菌的发育及孢子发芽温度是18—28℃,其中以25—28℃最为适宜。适宜的发芽湿度要在99%以上。在土壤中如果温度适宜(25—28℃)土壤含水量10%以上就可以引起幼虫显著寄生。 3.幼虫体沾着一定数量的病菌孢子可以引起大量死亡,如果幼虫体上沾着孢子数4944个以上则可致100%寄生,不足此数的,寄生率成比例地降低。菌粉在太阳光照射下6天后寄生力受到影啊,30天以后寄生作用已极小。病菌对于带菌的幼虫虽可同样寄生,但寄生能力要比直接使幼虫接触孢子要小得多。 在室温下的菌粉中,病菌的生活力(致病力)可以保持一年左右。 4.利用白僵菌防治大豆食心虫的效果是:室内不论菌粉浓度及用量多少,寄生率均达100%。小区试验可致幼虫寄生70.19—100%,田间防治可以提高幼虫寄生30.15—36.11%,降低成虫羽化49.83—69.8%。 5.作者认为:利用白僵菌防治大豆食心虫是有希望的。今后是对于大量繁殖病菌的方法,施用药剂...

1.白僵菌(Beauveria bassiana(Bals.)Vuill.)是大豆食心虫幼虫的寄生性真菌。自然寄生率5—10%,有时可达30%以上,是造成大豆食心虫幼虫自然死亡的有力因素之一。 2.白僵菌的发育及孢子发芽温度是18—28℃,其中以25—28℃最为适宜。适宜的发芽湿度要在99%以上。在土壤中如果温度适宜(25—28℃)土壤含水量10%以上就可以引起幼虫显著寄生。 3.幼虫体沾着一定数量的病菌孢子可以引起大量死亡,如果幼虫体上沾着孢子数4944个以上则可致100%寄生,不足此数的,寄生率成比例地降低。菌粉在太阳光照射下6天后寄生力受到影啊,30天以后寄生作用已极小。病菌对于带菌的幼虫虽可同样寄生,但寄生能力要比直接使幼虫接触孢子要小得多。 在室温下的菌粉中,病菌的生活力(致病力)可以保持一年左右。 4.利用白僵菌防治大豆食心虫的效果是:室内不论菌粉浓度及用量多少,寄生率均达100%。小区试验可致幼虫寄生70.19—100%,田间防治可以提高幼虫寄生30.15—36.11%,降低成虫羽化49.83—69.8%。 5.作者认为:利用白僵菌防治大豆食心虫是有希望的。今后是对于大量繁殖病菌的方法,施用药剂时期及与农药混用以提高效果有进一步研究之必要。

The soy bean pod borer (Leuguminivora glycinivorella (Mats.) Obraztsov) is oneof the serious pests on soy bean in the Northeast district of China. It causes seeddamage about 30%, sometimes higher than 80%. According to field observation, there is one generation a year, the earliest ap-pearance of the adults is in last decade of July, but adult abundance dates from 2nddecade of August. The peaks of egg laying of the females and the entrance into soybean pod by the newly hatched larvae are in...

The soy bean pod borer (Leuguminivora glycinivorella (Mats.) Obraztsov) is oneof the serious pests on soy bean in the Northeast district of China. It causes seeddamage about 30%, sometimes higher than 80%. According to field observation, there is one generation a year, the earliest ap-pearance of the adults is in last decade of July, but adult abundance dates from 2nddecade of August. The peaks of egg laying of the females and the entrance into soybean pod by the newly hatched larvae are in 2nd and last decade of August respec-tively. The number of adults emerging from underground is influenced by the weathercondition, of which rainfull is the most important. The longevity of adults and thenumber of eggs laid by each female are largely influenced by temperature and R. H.,20--25℃. and R. H. above 95% being more favorable. It seems that the newly hatched larvae spin a small, loose and white silken coveringin the pod margin before entering the pod. Large number of the entering larvae diedin the epidermic layer of pod. The percentage of larval mortality is different in differentsoy bean variety. It may be said that to combat this pest the use of resistant varietyis a most important measure. The soy bean pod borer passes the winter as full-grown larvae, encased in thickelliptical cocoons with soil particles underground wthin 5--15 cm from the surface;24.4--59.4% of the overwintering larvae are distributed at the depth of 0--3 cm, 26.4--32.6% at 3--6 cm, 5.1--23.0% at 6--9 cm, 5.1--11.2% at 9--12 cm, and only 0.9--7.7% at 12--15 cm. The larval mortality of overwintering period is fairly low, 14.26%,but increases to 45.33--82.27% before pupation. The mortality of larvae in winter isdependent on the depth of cocoon site and larval health. To combat this pest, it is recommended: (1) to plant resistant variety of soy bean,e.g. "four-seed iron pod" or "Ki-Lin No. 1"; (2) to plough or harrow the landafter wheat harvest, the field having been planted to soy bean in the previous year; (3)to use 6% B.H.C., 6% B.H.C. + 5% D.D.T. (4: 1) and 2 or 3% Baycid powder inlarger fields.

大豆食心虫是我国东北地区大豆上的重要害虫。此虫一年发生一代,以老熟幼虫在土内越冬。成虫于七月下旬至九月上旬间出现,盛期在八月中旬左右。于成虫盛期后3—5天和10—12天为卵及幼虫孵化盛期。卵及幼虫孵化盛期历年比较一致,而成虫发生盛期个别年有所不同,其原因主要与气象条件有关,尤其是和降雨关系比较密切。成虫的寿命与产卵和温、湿度有密切关系,高温、低湿成虫寿命短,同时也影响到卵的发育和孵化。新孵化的幼虫在豆荚上停留时间很短,入荚时在荚面筑了一个丝网,为药剂防治造成一定的困难。幼虫在入荚过程中有一定程度的死亡,不同大豆品种中幼虫死亡率是不同的,最高达92.0%,最低仅为16.0%,可见在大豆中有较好抗虫性品种的存在,这是值得利用的一个因素。幼虫于豆荚内取食至老熟即脱荚,于土内3—15厘米处筑茧越冬,潜土深度以3—6厘米最多,作茧部位以壠台上为主。幼虫在土内生活期长达十个月以上,其越冬死亡率平均为14.26%,但在化蛹前死亡率高达45.33—82.27%,蛹前幼虫死亡率高主要是生活力减弱所致,而蛹对环境适应力更较幼虫为低,如埋于3厘米以下或土壤湿度低于5%时,则完全不能羽化。因此,利用农业防治具有很大意义。 关于防治此...

大豆食心虫是我国东北地区大豆上的重要害虫。此虫一年发生一代,以老熟幼虫在土内越冬。成虫于七月下旬至九月上旬间出现,盛期在八月中旬左右。于成虫盛期后3—5天和10—12天为卵及幼虫孵化盛期。卵及幼虫孵化盛期历年比较一致,而成虫发生盛期个别年有所不同,其原因主要与气象条件有关,尤其是和降雨关系比较密切。成虫的寿命与产卵和温、湿度有密切关系,高温、低湿成虫寿命短,同时也影响到卵的发育和孵化。新孵化的幼虫在豆荚上停留时间很短,入荚时在荚面筑了一个丝网,为药剂防治造成一定的困难。幼虫在入荚过程中有一定程度的死亡,不同大豆品种中幼虫死亡率是不同的,最高达92.0%,最低仅为16.0%,可见在大豆中有较好抗虫性品种的存在,这是值得利用的一个因素。幼虫于豆荚内取食至老熟即脱荚,于土内3—15厘米处筑茧越冬,潜土深度以3—6厘米最多,作茧部位以壠台上为主。幼虫在土内生活期长达十个月以上,其越冬死亡率平均为14.26%,但在化蛹前死亡率高达45.33—82.27%,蛹前幼虫死亡率高主要是生活力减弱所致,而蛹对环境适应力更较幼虫为低,如埋于3厘米以下或土壤湿度低于5%时,则完全不能羽化。因此,利用农业防治具有很大意义。 关于防治此虫的办法:栽培抗虫品种,如铁荚四粒黄及吉林一号大豆品种,可较现?

The resistance of soy bean varieties to the soy bean pod borer consists of two predominant factors: non-preference of oviposition and high mortality of larvae in pods. The results of the laboratory and field experiments showed that in the hairy varieties, a large number of eggs were laid on the pods, while in the non-hairy cnes, most eggs were found on the inner surface of stepule. The results indicated that the number of larval borings and damaged seeds of hairless varieties is much...

The resistance of soy bean varieties to the soy bean pod borer consists of two predominant factors: non-preference of oviposition and high mortality of larvae in pods. The results of the laboratory and field experiments showed that in the hairy varieties, a large number of eggs were laid on the pods, while in the non-hairy cnes, most eggs were found on the inner surface of stepule. The results indicated that the number of larval borings and damaged seeds of hairless varieties is much less than those of hairy ones. Detailed examination on the larvae boring into the pod showed that the death of the larvae usually takes place in epidermal layer or when they have not reached the seeds during the first stage, depending upon different varieties of soy beans. It has been observed that the variety of "four yellow seeds in iron pod" (铁荚四粒黄), in comparison with other varieties, has a mortality of boring larvae as high as 50% and lower seed demage. The authors reeommand to use a new highly-resistant variety — Kirin No. 1, which was bred from the "Four Yellow Seeds in Iron Pod.".

大豆品种对食心虫的抗虫性表現在两个方面:(1)成虫迴避产卵。(2)幼虫入莢死亡率高。試驗証明:大豆食心虫成虫在有毛的大豆品种上,绝大多数产卵于豆莢上;在无毛的大豆品种上,绝大多数产于托叶內,从这一部位孵化的幼虫,于爬行入莢的过程中,有相当一部分幼虫死亡,因而其入莢率及虫食率较有毛品种低。在有毛品种中,铁莢四粒黄有較好的抗虫性,比一般品种的虫食率要低5%左右,其抗虫作用主要是幼虫入莢死亡率高,初入莢的1、2龄幼虫绝大多数死于莢皮及种粒間的組織中。目前,已培育出铁莢四粒黄的杂交后代——吉林一号表現有抗虫丰产性能,已在生产上推广。

 
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