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male sex     
相关语句
  男性性
     Study on high risk behaviors among male sex workers related to STI/HIV.
     男性性工作者的STI/HIV高危行为研究
短句来源
     Infections of STDs/HIV and Assessment of Risk Factors in Male Sex Workers
     男性性工作者STDs/HIV感染状况及其相关危险因素分析
短句来源
     Methods DNA fragments of SRY gene from 2 patients with 46,XX male sex reversal and one with 46,XY female sex reversal were amplified by polymerase chain reaction(PCR). The sequencing was performed on ABI-377 DNA sequencer to detect the mutations.
     方法应用聚合酶链反应(polymerase-chain reaction,PCR)对2例46,XX男性性反转及1例46,XY女性性反转患者进行SRY扩增,并将扩增产物在ABI-377测序仪上测序。
短句来源
     Serological screening of HIV/STDs and assessment of risk factors in male sex workers
     男性性工作者血清HIV/STDs检测和相关危险因素分析
短句来源
     Results The positive band of SRY was detected in one patient with 46,XX male sex reversal and one with 46,XY female sex reversal.
     结果2例46,XX男性性反转患者SRY检测1例阳性,1例阴性。
短句来源
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  男性性别
     46,XX male sex reversal syndrome:a case report
     46,XX男性性别逆转综合征(附一例报告)
短句来源
     46,XX male sex reversal syndrome and its treatment recommendation (report of 4 cases)
     46,XX男性性别逆转综合征(附四例报告)
短句来源
     Methods Retrospectively collect and analyze the clinical data of 4 cases of 46,XX male sex reversal syndrome.
     方法 回顾分析 4例 4 6 ,XX男性性别逆转综合征患儿的临床资料。
短句来源
     Results In the simple variable analysis, age, smoking index, systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, total cholesterol, body weight index, diabetes mellitus, family history of coronary artery disease and male sex were the main risk factors for CAs (P<0.05~P<0.01).
     结果发现 ,年龄、吸烟指数、收缩压、舒张压、总胆固醇、体质指数、糖尿病、冠心病家族史及男性性别为颈动脉粥样硬化的主要危险因素 (P <0 .0 5~P <0 .0 1)。
短句来源
     The SRY gene (sex determining region on Y chromosome) acts as TDF and is required for (regulating) male sex determination.
     Y染色体上的性别决定区域———SRY基因作为睾丸决定因子,可以调控男性性别发育过程。
短句来源
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  雄性
     From the results, we deduce that there are no homologic sequences of whole Y chromosome special DNA sequences of mouse in Y chromosome and whole genome of Microtus mandarinus. Perhaps, there are no important genes which determine male sex in the Y chromosome .
     根据实验结果 ,作者认为在棕色田鼠的Y染色体上及整个基因组DNA中不存在小鼠整条Y染色体特异DNA的同源序列 ,其Y染色体上可能没有决定雄性性别的重要基因
短句来源
     The present study reported the histological characters of male sex organs from male and imposex individuals of prosobranchs Mauritia arabica, Chicoreus brunneus and Conus betulinus. There were two types of vas deferens and penis found among the species, one is open,and another is closed.
     本文报道了阿文绶贝(Mauritia arabica)、褐棘螺(Chicoreus brunneus)和桶形芋螺(Conus betulinus)三种前鳃亚纲腹足类正常雄性个体和性畸变个体雄性生殖器官的组织学结构。
短句来源
     The morphological anatomical characters of the anthers from nucleo_cytoplasmic interaction male sterile line 169A and genic male sterile line 88_3 were observed. The results showed that the epidermal cells of the anther had viability,while the male sex cell of the two sterile lines appeared 100% abortion at blooming date, however,their abortion form,duration and characters were different.
     通过对核质互作型雄性不育系 1 69A和核雄性不育两用系 88_3的细胞形态解剖学观察表明 ,两个不育系在开花时雄性细胞均表现 1 0 0 %的败育 ,花药的表皮细胞均具有生活力 ,但败育形式、时期、特点各异。
短句来源
     In mammals, testosterone synthesized by testis interstitial tissue play an important role in the physiological procedures such as malization of embryo development, production of sperm, male sexual behavior and male sex gland development.
     在哺乳动物中,睾丸间质组织合成分泌的睾酮在胚胎发育的雄性化、精子的生成、雄性性行为以及雄性性腺的发育等生理过程中起着重要的作用。
短句来源
     Although no significant differences were histologically observed in male sex organs between male and irnposex individuals, imposex individuals do not have male reproductive function because of its incomplete male genital system, e.g., lack of testis and prostate.
     虽然性畸变个体的雄性生殖器官与正常雄性个体的在组织结构上无明显差异,但性畸变个体的雄性生殖器官并不完整,无法行使生殖功能。
短句来源
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  “male sex”译为未确定词的双语例句
     1 case(0 8%) was 46,xx with male sex reverse syndrome.
     1例(0 8% )为 46,xx男性综合症。
短句来源
     2.The age was from 12 to 17,and male sex was older than female sex(P<0.05).
     2.发病年龄在12~17岁之间,男性发病年龄大于女性(P<0.05);
短句来源
     Result: 1.The morbidity was 86.9%,and male sex was higher than female sex(P<0.01).
     结果:1.青春期寻常痤疮患病率为86.9%,男性患病率高于女性(P<0.01);
短句来源
     The positive rate of VEGF in male sex was 82.00%(41) and 92.30%(12).
     其中男性患者41例表达阳性(82.00%),女性12例表达阳性(92.30%),两者间表达无差异。
短句来源
     Laser therapy of the male sex condyloma acuminatum in 268 cases
     激光治疗男性尖锐湿疣268例
短句来源
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  male sex
The dynamics of both control production of a male sex hormone and responsiveness of testes to CG was established in vitro during the formation of social hierarchy; the effects of season on this dynamics were revealed.
      
Good social contact outcome was predicted by full remission at first discharge and poor outcome by male sex.
      
Male sex, young age, living on general welfare, schizophrenia and alcohol or substance abuse were the factors that most markedly differentiated homeless from domiciled patients.
      
In the second cohort, high age, male sex, smoking, poor physical health and lowered functional abilities emerged as predictors.
      
Male sex and contact with psychiatric services were found to affect the recovery rate.
      
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1. The conformity of the pattern of Cicindela anchoralis to what has been considered typical of the genus becomes in- telligible if the middle band, which is undoubtedly the most variable of the markings of this species, is assumed to have shifted forward and to have developed extensions both cephaled and caudad along the lateral margin and on the disc of the eIytron.2. The variation of the pattern is of the continuous type and proceeds in one principal direction. As expected, some in- dividuals depart from...

1. The conformity of the pattern of Cicindela anchoralis to what has been considered typical of the genus becomes in- telligible if the middle band, which is undoubtedly the most variable of the markings of this species, is assumed to have shifted forward and to have developed extensions both cephaled and caudad along the lateral margin and on the disc of the eIytron.2. The variation of the pattern is of the continuous type and proceeds in one principal direction. As expected, some in- dividuals depart from this main series, in one way or another and ten such sub-types have been recognized in this study. The range of variation is very considerable.3. The male sex is found to have a greater tendency to lose its pigmentation, and this fact is interpreted as indicating its having a more variable middle band.4. Mating between the different types is entirely at random, the frequency of any given combination is apparently a function of the abundance of the individuals in a given class.5. In describing the elytral pattern of this species, Chevrolat (1845) used these words: "vitta anchorali, cum lienola pone humerum (femina amplioribus); cupreis". He evidently had regarded as typical the pattern showing fullest pigmentation. The present study shows, on the other hand, that such a pat- tern, while most primitive, is not the most representative. The typical pattern is to be sought in Class Ⅳ, the model class. This last remark certainly has wider application and merits the consideration of taxonomists describing highly variable forms.

斑蝥科甲虫翅鞘色型之差異,在一部份種類中,極为顯著。本篇所論,根據中國种錨紋斑蝥,於廿二年夏採於厦門北岸,計雌雄共九百餘個,內有交配者六十二對,所得結論如下: (一)本種色型,甚为異特。若以美人薛福特氏所立之本屬理想模式色型推解,則其中間淡色横斑,較为移前,其左右則向上下分枝成H形。 (二)此種色型之變異為連續式仝趨一主要方向,但依其變異之分岐,可别为十種副式色型,詳情已於西文中加以討論。 (三)雄虫翅鞘之中間淡色横斑變異較大,其深色紋斑之傾向於縮小亦因之較雌性为甚。 (四)兩性交配,与色型之差異,全無關係。 (五)大部份個數皆呈現中間色型。其趨向於兩極端者(深色或淡色特别發達者)乃屬少数。因此分類學者於記述变異極大之種類時,應发中間色型者為代表。

The influence of sex hormones on the differentiation of gonads and gonaducts in the fowl has been the concern of a large number of investigators. They studied the effects of various kinds of sex hormones on the sexual differentiation of chick embryos and young birds and discussed the mechanism of development of reproductive organs in relation to the action of sexual hormones. But most of the authors either did not use the embryos and the chicks of genotypically known sex as experimental materials...

The influence of sex hormones on the differentiation of gonads and gonaducts in the fowl has been the concern of a large number of investigators. They studied the effects of various kinds of sex hormones on the sexual differentiation of chick embryos and young birds and discussed the mechanism of development of reproductive organs in relation to the action of sexual hormones. But most of the authors either did not use the embryos and the chicks of genotypically known sex as experimental materials or only investigated the action of sex hormones on the development of the reproductive systems anatomically. The present authors made use of the autosexing embryos and chicks as experimental materials, and investigated the action of sex hormones on the differentiation of gonads and gonaducts anatomically as well as histologically in order to elucidate the mechanism of sexual differentiation on a more sound basis.All the eggs used in this study were obtained from the crosses between barred hens and non-barred cocks, giving only barred males and non-barred females. The hormonal treatments were given by two different methods, one was injection of hormones into the un-incubated or incubating eggs, and the other was immersion of un-incubated eggs in hormone solutions. In the former, the female sex hormones diethylstilbestrol, estradiol, hexesterol and ovarian tissue extract and the male sex hormone testosterone were employed, while in the latter, however, only the female sex hormone diethylstilbestrol was used. The main results of the hormone treatments thus obtained are presented schematically in the accompanying table.Since in the initial stage of sexual differentiation, the gonads are amphisexual, the left gonad of birds possesses two components, an outer ovarian cortex and an inner portion, the medulla; the right gonad primordium, on the other hand, consists of only the medullary portion, generally lacking the incipient ovarian epithelium. The female hormones tend to activate the female component in embryos of either sex and suppress the male components. The male hormone has just the opposite effect, it stimulates the male component and suppresses the female component. After the treatment of female sex hormone, the gonads of genetic male birds tend to be flattened, with cortex thickened to form a kind of ovatestes. After the treatment of male hormone, on the contrary, the left gonad of the genetic female tends to be elongated, and to form a structure similar ??to that of the male sex cords, but the right gonad is not affected to any visible degree. In most of the cases, the latter remains to be small or degenerated completely.The degree of sex reversal depends to a large extent on the quantity of hormones given, the heavier the dosage used, the more complete with the sex reversal. But in no case complete sex reversal has been observed even though the dosage employed was as high as 2 mg. This suggests that the direction of sex differentiation is primarily controlled by the quantitative balance between the opposing sets of male and female determining genes. The moditications in the course of sexual differentiation as affected by the treatment of sex hormones are probably secondary in nature.In the development of male birds, the Müllerian ducts disappear entirely and the Wolffian ducts persist as the vasa differentia. In the case of females, the left Müllerian duct persists as the functional oviduct, the right one degenerating and the Wolffian ducts only persist in a rudimentary state. After hormone treatment, the Müllerian ducts persist, though somewhat hypertrophied, regardless whether the treated animals are genotypic males or females. This may be explained as either due to that the administrated hormones disturb the normal differentiation courses of the Müllerian ducts directly or due to that administrated hormones interfere with the normal differentiation of the gonads, and then cause the abnormal retention of the Müllerian ducts.

1. 试验用的鸡胚和雏鸡都是"芦花鸡♀×浦东鸡♂"的第一代杂种,遗传型雄性都是芦花斑纹,遗传型雌性都不是芦花斑纹.试验分二组,第一组是把雌性激素已雌酚、雌二醇、催情素、卵巢组织液及雄性激素丙酮睾丸素在入孵前或入孵后3~4天注入鸡蛋内,第二组是把鸡蛋在入孵前浸泡在己雌酚油剂、乳剂或其它溶液中.2. 蛋内注入或浸泡雌激素后,遗传型雄性鸡胚的性腺趋向扁平、皮质部增厚,形成卵睾.把丙酮睾丸素注入蛋内,少数遗传型雌性鸡胚的卵巢成长圆形、有形成精索的迹象.但都不能引起完全的性别转化.3. 用性激素处理鸡胚,不论是遗传型雌性的还是遗传型雄性的,都可诱导双输卵管的存留,不过在外观上左侧输卵管比较正常些,右侧多成盲囊等不规则形态,管内充满液体或淡黄色物质.4. 性腺有二个部分,外侧是胚质上皮,内层是雄性髓部.鸡胚性腺的分化最初是由雌性基因与雄性基因的量的平衡决定的,当性腺分化到一定程度后,性腺本身所分泌的性激素也起着很重要的作用.注射或浸泡后进入鸡胚的相反性激素只可使性腺分化发生局部改变,因为(1)进入的性激素是单一种类的,而鸡胚或雏鸡所分泌的性激素是有一定比例而且相互制约的,(2)性分化的方向最终还是受雌雄性基因的量的平衡决...

1. 试验用的鸡胚和雏鸡都是"芦花鸡♀×浦东鸡♂"的第一代杂种,遗传型雄性都是芦花斑纹,遗传型雌性都不是芦花斑纹.试验分二组,第一组是把雌性激素已雌酚、雌二醇、催情素、卵巢组织液及雄性激素丙酮睾丸素在入孵前或入孵后3~4天注入鸡蛋内,第二组是把鸡蛋在入孵前浸泡在己雌酚油剂、乳剂或其它溶液中.2. 蛋内注入或浸泡雌激素后,遗传型雄性鸡胚的性腺趋向扁平、皮质部增厚,形成卵睾.把丙酮睾丸素注入蛋内,少数遗传型雌性鸡胚的卵巢成长圆形、有形成精索的迹象.但都不能引起完全的性别转化.3. 用性激素处理鸡胚,不论是遗传型雌性的还是遗传型雄性的,都可诱导双输卵管的存留,不过在外观上左侧输卵管比较正常些,右侧多成盲囊等不规则形态,管内充满液体或淡黄色物质.4. 性腺有二个部分,外侧是胚质上皮,内层是雄性髓部.鸡胚性腺的分化最初是由雌性基因与雄性基因的量的平衡决定的,当性腺分化到一定程度后,性腺本身所分泌的性激素也起着很重要的作用.注射或浸泡后进入鸡胚的相反性激素只可使性腺分化发生局部改变,因为(1)进入的性激素是单一种类的,而鸡胚或雏鸡所分泌的性激素是有一定比例而且相互制约的,(2)性分化的方向最终还是受雌雄性基因的量的平衡决定的.所以性分化方向的改变是不完全的,而且随着时日的增进,逐渐回复到原来的性别.5. 性激素处理可以使鸡胚的的两个Müller氏管存留,不论是遗传型雌性的还是雄性的.这可能由于输入的性激素直接导致生理上的不正常,也可能由于性激素促进性腺的分化不正常,转而引起Müller氏管的不正常存留.6. 用性激素处理鸡胚,研究性别分化的机制,在理论上有一定的意义.但因处理后出雏率降低,性腺转化不完全,所以在处理技术进一步改进前,在生产实践上尚无应用价值.

28 male sex-matured rabbits, weighing 2--3kg., were used for the study of theeffects of single and whole body γ-irradiation of 100r, 300r, 500r, 800r and 1000r onthe leucocyte levels of the peripheral and the central blood and the quantitative changesof the cells of the heterophil series in bone marrow. The following results were ob-tained: 1. No significant differences in the numbers of leucocytes of the peripheral and thecentral blood were found in animals before irradiation and in the non-irradiated...

28 male sex-matured rabbits, weighing 2--3kg., were used for the study of theeffects of single and whole body γ-irradiation of 100r, 300r, 500r, 800r and 1000r onthe leucocyte levels of the peripheral and the central blood and the quantitative changesof the cells of the heterophil series in bone marrow. The following results were ob-tained: 1. No significant differences in the numbers of leucocytes of the peripheral and thecentral blood were found in animals before irradiation and in the non-irradiated ones. 2. Significant increase in the number of leucocytes in the peripheral blood (being51--82% greater) was observed in all groups 7 hours after irradiation, whereas thatof the central blood decreased or maintained at the pre-irradiation levels with the ex-ception of the 1000r group which showed increase but was still 48% lesser as comparedwith its corresponding peripheral blood. Hence, significant difference in the leucocytelevels of the peripheral and central blood were found 7 hours after irradiation in all ir-radiated groups. 3. The leucocyte levels of the peripheral and the central blood 24 hours after ir-radiation, in the lower dose groups (100r, 300r and 500r) falled below the pre-irradiationlevels and approached one another very closely, whereas in the higher dose groups (800rand 1000r) only the central one decreased and the peripheral blood was still in a stateof leucocytosis. Hence, in the higher dose group, significant difference in the leucocytelevels of the two kinds of blood 24 hours after irradiation still persisted as in the caseof that 7 hours after irradiation. 4. The difference in the number of leukocytes in the peripheral and the centralblood during the period of the initial leucocytosis is probably brought about by themigration of a great number of leucocytes from the large blood vessels into the small ones(such as arterioles, venules and capillaries) and through the walls of capillaries leucocy-tes moved towards the injuried tissues. Leucocytosis does not occur in the whole bloodcirculation and in most case, it only appears in the peripheral blood. The decrease inthe number of leucocytes in the central blood concomitantly with the leucocytosis of theperipheral one suggests the possibility that the redistribution of leucocytes in blood ves-sels of different diameters rather than the accelerative discharges of the heterophils fromthe marrow plays an important role in the initiation of leucocytosis.

以28只性成熟的、体重为2—3公斤的雄性家兔为材料,研究了经100伦、300伦、500伦、800伦和1000伦的γ射线一次全身照射后24小时内,周边血,大血管血中白血球和骨髓中异嗜性白血球系细胞数量上的变化,获得了以下的结果: 1.对照组和照射前的动物周边血和大血管血中白血球水平没有统计学上显著性的差别。 2.照射后7小时,周边血的白血球水平都出现显著的升高,较照射前增加了51%—82%,而此时大血管中的白血球水平或减少或维持于照射前的水平,仅在1000伦的一组中略有升高,但与其相应的周边血白血球数比较仍低48%,因而照射后7小时,周边血和大血管血中白血球的水平出现统计学上显著性的差别。 3.照射后24小时,周边血和大血管血中的白血球水平都较照射后7小时的为低。剂量较低的三组100伦、300伦和500伦,此时二种血液中白血球水平已无差异,都下降到照射前的水平之下。剂量较高的二组800伦和1000伦,周边血液中白血球仍较照射前的为高,而大血管中的已低于照射前的水平,因而照射后24小时,此二剂量组的二种血液中白血球水平仍然有统计学上显著性的差别。 4.白血球升高期内,周边血和大血管血中白血球水平的差异,可能为大量...

以28只性成熟的、体重为2—3公斤的雄性家兔为材料,研究了经100伦、300伦、500伦、800伦和1000伦的γ射线一次全身照射后24小时内,周边血,大血管血中白血球和骨髓中异嗜性白血球系细胞数量上的变化,获得了以下的结果: 1.对照组和照射前的动物周边血和大血管血中白血球水平没有统计学上显著性的差别。 2.照射后7小时,周边血的白血球水平都出现显著的升高,较照射前增加了51%—82%,而此时大血管中的白血球水平或减少或维持于照射前的水平,仅在1000伦的一组中略有升高,但与其相应的周边血白血球数比较仍低48%,因而照射后7小时,周边血和大血管血中白血球的水平出现统计学上显著性的差别。 3.照射后24小时,周边血和大血管血中的白血球水平都较照射后7小时的为低。剂量较低的三组100伦、300伦和500伦,此时二种血液中白血球水平已无差异,都下降到照射前的水平之下。剂量较高的二组800伦和1000伦,周边血液中白血球仍较照射前的为高,而大血管中的已低于照射前的水平,因而照射后24小时,此二剂量组的二种血液中白血球水平仍然有统计学上显著性的差别。 4.白血球升高期内,周边血和大血管血中白血球水平的差异,可能为大量白血球由大血管流入小血管(如小动脉、小静脉和微血管)或者由于这些血管管壁的内皮粘着性发生改变吸附着更多的白血球,并由后者输向受伤组织所引起的。照射后24小时内,白血球的升高并不包括全部血液白血球的升高,在绝大多数情况下仅在周边血液中有所升高,由此可知照射后24小时内白血球的升高主要由于白血球在不同口径血管内重新分配的结果而非完全由于骨髓加速释放所致。 5.照射后24小时内,白血球升高是一种由于放射毒素引起的发炎反应,伴有动物的体温升高和异嗜性白血球内糖原含量的显著增多。

 
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