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旧石器时代中期
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  middle paleolithic
     On the Date of the Middle Paleolithic Culture in North China
     中国北方旧石器时代中期文化的年代问题
短句来源
     The fossil hominids were diagnosed as early Homo sapiens, with a cultural age of Middle Paleolithic, and geologic age of early Late Pleistocen.
     丁村人被确定为早期智人,文化时代为旧石器时代中期,所属地质时代则被定为晚更新世早期。
短句来源
  “旧石器时代中期”译为未确定词的双语例句
     MIDDLE PALEOLITHIC REMAINS FOUND IN ZHANGWU COUNTY,SHAANXI
     陕西长武发现的旧石器时代中期文化遗物
短句来源
     A DISCUSSION ON “CHINESE MIDDLE PALEOLITHIC”
     关于“中国旧石器时代中期”的探讨
短句来源
     The soul idea came into being in the middle of the Paleolithic Age, which was the sign of the birth of the original religion and was always the central content of the consciousness of the original religion.
     原始宗教的产生以灵魂观念的出现为开端,灵魂观念最早出现于旧石器时代中期,此后一直是原始宗教意识的中心内容。
短句来源
     Pre historic primitive religion originated in the middle stage of Paleolithic age with the characteristic of being natural, equality and social.
     原始宗教是指宗教的初级阶段 ,它产生于旧石器时代中期 ,以自然性、平等性、全民性为特征。
短句来源
     This article makes a further study on the stratal age and cultural periods of the Paleolithic sites in the upper reaches of the Jing River through stratal comparisons among the typical sites with reference to recent geological academic achievements.
     通过典型地点的地层对比,结合有关地质学研究的新成果,对泾水上游旧石器时代诸地点的年代序列进行了研究,将这一区域的旧石器时代遗存分为早、中、晚三期,认为泾水上游旧石器时代中期前段遗存与汾水流域的丁村文化大体同时,但它们分属不同的文化区系。
短句来源
  相似匹配句对
     A DISCUSSION ON “CHINESE MIDDLE PALEOLITHIC”
     关于“中国旧石器时代中期”的探讨
短句来源
     MIDDLE PALEOLITHIC REMAINS FOUND IN ZHANGWU COUNTY,SHAANXI
     陕西长武发现的旧石器时代中期文化遗物
短句来源
     In the middle age of twenty century ninetieth, scientists in M.D.
     90年代中期M. D.
短句来源
     O 2?
     中期和后期O2?
短句来源
     A BRIEF INTRODUCTION TO THE PALAEOLITHIC ARCHAEOLOGY OF CHINA(Manuscript)
     中国旧石器时代考古简介
短句来源
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  middle paleolithic
Middle paleolithic lithic assemblages of the Klissoura cave, peloponnesus, Greece: A comparative analysis
      
The Pech de l'Azé and roc de marsal children (middle paleolithic, France): Skeletal evidence for variation in Neanderthal ontoge
      
This article examines the Middle Paleolithic/Middle Stone Age archaeological evidence from the Horn of Africa, the Nile Valley/eastern Sahara, the Arabian Peninsula and the Levant, and assesses their relevance to this question.
      
Middle paleolithic scraper reduction: Background, clarification, and review of the evidence to date
      
The hypothesis that the principal varieties of Middle Paleolithic scrapers reflect varying degrees of resharpening and rejuvenation, rather than discrete emic types, has generated considerably controversy over the past decade.
      
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The spectacular assemblage of stone artifacts described here was found in Zhang-wu county, Shaanxi Province. This assemblage includes nuclei, flakes, points, and a large number of scrapers. Stratigraphically , they were unearthed from the sand-gravel deposits under loess. Considering its stratigraphical position, this site should be dated early Late Pleistocene, and culturally of the Middle Paleolithic period.

根据地层层位,长武窑头沟遗址的地质时代应为晚更新世的初期;与同时代的丁村遗址相比较,两者在地理分布上和文化内涵上均不相同;因此,在旧石器时代中期华北可能有两种或更多的文化类型;本文所述的泾渭文化与水洞沟文化可能有更密切的渊源关系。

The Paleolithic site of Bianbian Cave is situated at the foot of Triassic limestone hill near Haizijie town about .13 km north-east of Bijie County (105°23'E, 27°22'N), and is about 1520m above sea level. The cave is 26m long, 1.2-12.4 m wide and 2-4.2m high. In the cave some of the deposits were disturbed but main deposits were still kept in the depth of the cave, divided into 4 stratified layers from top to bottom (Chinese text figure 1). From this cave 75 pieces of stone artifacts and over 10 species of mammalian...

The Paleolithic site of Bianbian Cave is situated at the foot of Triassic limestone hill near Haizijie town about .13 km north-east of Bijie County (105°23'E, 27°22'N), and is about 1520m above sea level. The cave is 26m long, 1.2-12.4 m wide and 2-4.2m high. In the cave some of the deposits were disturbed but main deposits were still kept in the depth of the cave, divided into 4 stratified layers from top to bottom (Chinese text figure 1). From this cave 75 pieces of stone artifacts and over 10 species of mammalian fossils were discovered during the survey and excavation.

贵州毕节扁扁洞里发现的60余件石制品中,石器类型不多,加工较复杂但不够精致。与石制品伴出的10余种哺乳动物化石属大熊猫——剑齿象动物群的成员。含化石和文化遗物的地层为黄色堆积。地质时代可能属晚更新世早一阶段或稍早,文化时代为旧石器时代中期或稍早。

In 1993 Bruer and I reported several cranial features that existed both in the broad spectrum of African archaic Homo sapiens and the narrow spectrum of archaic Chinese variation.For instance:the most prominent point on the frontal squama is lower in Chinese specimens,while some are in a similarly lower position and others are higher in African crania;the inferior margin of the cheek bones forms a curve in Chinese specimens,but varies from a curved to a straight form in the Africans;the broadest point on...

In 1993 Bruer and I reported several cranial features that existed both in the broad spectrum of African archaic Homo sapiens and the narrow spectrum of archaic Chinese variation.For instance:the most prominent point on the frontal squama is lower in Chinese specimens,while some are in a similarly lower position and others are higher in African crania;the inferior margin of the cheek bones forms a curve in Chinese specimens,but varies from a curved to a straight form in the Africans;the broadest point on the neurocranium as seen in superior view is found in the middle third in the Chinese,but its position varies from the middle to the posterior thirds in the Africans;the meeting of the inferior margin of the zygomatic process of the maxilla and the alveolar wall is well above the alveolar margin in the Chinese,while it varies from a low to a high position in the African specimens.We explained the narrow spectrum of genetic variation in China by genetic drift. In the present paper I find that in later Chinese crania,the condition of the above mentioned features is the same as in the earlier archaic crania.Chinese populations continuously present a narrow spectrum of variation that occupies the same part of a broad spectrum (Tables 1,2). According to the Eve theory,the late Homo sapiens populations of China described above were derived from the earlier archaic Homo sapiens in Africa via the early modern humans who evolved there.How can we explain the same narrow spectrum of features in these earlier and later Chinese samples if the earlier did not evolve into the later?One possibility is common selection,presumably the same evolutionary response to the East Asian environment.If this seems improbable for the above mentioned features,genetic drift might be the most reasonable alternative explanation.It is certainly possible that drift at a later time could limit the broad spectrum of variation for a feature in a later East Asian population evolving from a late African ancestor in the same way drift limited its variation an earlier East Asian population evolving independently from an earlier African ancestor.But this is a very convoluted and improbable explanation for all four of the above mentioned traits,which I found to occupy the same narrow part of the broad African spectrum in the archaic and later Chinese samples.Therefore,the Eve theory is an unlikely explanation for the origin of modern East Asian populations.To the contrary,the similarity of the narrow spectrum of variation in archaic and more recent East Asians is best explained by descent. Dental evidence suggests the same explanation.Turner (1987,1990) and Irish (1997) have shown that many dental features strongly contrast Africans and east Asians.For instance,the frequency of shovel shaped incisors is much higher in East Asians.If the Eve theory is correct,the rapid increase in shoveling frequency poses a serious problem,while the continuation of high frequencies from earlier archaic East Asian samples to modern ones is more reasonably explained by continuous evolution in the region.In fact,all maxillary incisors dated to the Pleistocene found thus far in East Asia are shoveled. Finally,if the Eve theory was correct it should be reflected in the Paleolithic archaeology .I would expect that early modern invaders from Western Asia would bring Mousterian culture to China,since the earliest moderns in Near East are associated with this distinctive culture.However,there is only one site with Mousterian artifacts in the Chinese Paleolithic.This is Shuidonggou,in the northwestern part of the country.There is no sharp contrast between earlier and later Paleolithic cultures in China,which should exist if replacement of human populations had taken place. In short,continuous evolution of human populations in China from at least the Middle Pleistocene on is strongly supported by cranial,dental,and archaeological data. Meanwhile it is necessary to indicate also that in the orgin of modern humans of China there was gene flow between China and other areas which

本文提供或援引了中国晚期智人头骨的额骨鳞部最突出点位置、颊部骨骼下缘的形状、头骨最宽处位置等特征和铲形门齿等牙齿特征的出现率等的有关数据,并探讨了这些特征系来源于非洲“夏娃”的后裔,还是中国当地更早的人群。所得结论更倾向于后者而不利于前者。中国旧石器时代中期和晚期的文化之间缺乏显然的反差,没有中断的迹象,也是不利于中国现代人起源的替代说的有力佐证。

 
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