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temporary group
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  “temporary group”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Methods 161 chronic hemodialysis patients were retrospectively evaluated in hemodialytic. The patients were divided into 2 groups according to vascular access situation:Permanent group and temporary group.
     方法选择北京市通州区潞河医院、清华大学第一附属医院、民航总医院及北京市朝阳医院一定时期内开始透析治疗的慢性肾衰竭患者共161例,按他们进入透析时血管通路情况分为长期通路组和临时通路组,对两组患者选择通路的影响因素进行对比分析。
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     ] group.
     ]组。
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     The P&T Group
     巴马丹拿集团
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     The Temporary Courtroom
     临时“法庭”
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     From Temporary Workers to Citizens
     从临时劳工到公民
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     The use of temporary prosthesis
     穿戴临时假肢训练
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  temporary group
A PAT is a temporary group of 6-10 employees, established to address specific process-oriented issues and develop process documentation.
      
A BPIG is typically a temporary group whose main goal is to improve a business process, whether its members are daily involved with it or not.
      


By surveying key laboratories across the land, an model of organizational behavior is erected and composed of "formal groups" and " temporary groups assigned to specific R&D tasks". Based on the model, some critical factors are analyzed for making clear their influence on the perfomance of the key laboratories. In order to improve the performance, an effective means is narrated in this article.

本文根据对我国从事基础研究的重点实验室的调查,从组织行为学的角度提出,重点实验室的组织行为是“常规群体”与“面向科研任务的临时群体”的互动。然后,根据这一组织行为模式,分析了影响重点实验室绩效的若干因素。最后指出一种提高重点实验室绩效的途径。

Objective To make follow-up s tudy and e valuation of benign stricture of upper gastrointestinal tract (UGIT) with interv entional procedure. Methods There were 85 cases of benign stric ture of UGIT with interventional procedu re. There were 35 cases with pneumatic dilation (group A), 25 cases with permane nt (group B) placement, and 25 cases with temporary (group C) placement of expan dable metallic stent, respectively. All cases were completed under fluoroscopy. 35 cases of group...

Objective To make follow-up s tudy and e valuation of benign stricture of upper gastrointestinal tract (UGIT) with interv entional procedure. Methods There were 85 cases of benign stric ture of UGIT with interventional procedu re. There were 35 cases with pneumatic dilation (group A), 25 cases with permane nt (group B) placement, and 25 cases with temporary (group C) placement of expan dable metallic stent, respectively. All cases were completed under fluoroscopy. 35 cases of group A had 67 times dilations (mean 1.9 times). Fifteen partial co vered and 10 uncovered expandable metallic stents were permanently placed in the 25 ca ses of group B. 25 partial covered expandable metallic stents were temporari ly p laced in the 25 cases of group C, and the stents were drawn out via gastroscopy 3-7 days later. All stents placement and drawing were technically successful. T he most strictured diameters of UGIT were 0.7-8.5 mm before dilations and 5.1- 200 mm after dilations. Dysphagia scores of all cases were from grade 2 to 4 b efo re dilations, and from grade 0 to 1 after dilations. Follow-up time of all case s was from 6 months to 36 months (mean 19.1 months). Results Complications in group A included chest pain (n=10), reflux (n=8), and bleeding (n =3). Seven (20%) in 35 cases of group A had dysphagia relapse during follow-up over 6 months; 32 (91%) in 35 cases of group A had dysphagia relapse during follow-up over 12 mon t hs; 19(95%) in 20 cases of group A had dysphagia relapse during follow-up over 36 months. Complications in group B included chest pain (n=10), reflux (n =15), bleeding (n=3), and stent migration (n=4). Five (20%) in 25 case s of group B had dysp hagia relapse during follow-up over 6 months; 3(25%) in 12 cases of group B had dysphagia relapse during follow-up over 12 months; 3(60%) in 5 cases of gro up B had dysphagia relapse during follow-up over 36 months. Complications in group C included chest pain (n=10), reflux (n=3), and bleeding (n=4). 3( 12%) in 25 cases of group C had dysphagia relapse during follow-up over 6 months, 2(13.3%) in 1 5 cases of group C had dysphagia relapse during follow-up over 12 months; 1(12.5 % ) in 8 cases of group C had dysphagia relapse during follow-up over 36 months. ConclusionThe effective treatment method of benign stricture of UGIT with inte rventional procedure in short-term therapeutic efficiency were graded pneumatic dilation and temporary placement of partial covered expandable metallic stent. T emporary placement of partial covered expandable metallic stent was the first me thod of choice in the treatment of benign stricture of UGIT in terms of mid and long-term therapeutic efficiency.

目的 对上胃肠道良性狭窄介入治疗进行随访和评价。方法  85例上胃肠道 (uppergastrointestinaltract,UGIT)良性狭窄患者 ,其中球囊导管扩张术组 (A组 ) 3 5例 ;永久性金属支架扩张组(B组 ) 2 5例 ;暂时性部分带膜金属支架扩张术组 (C组 ) 2 5例。在X线引导下 ,A组 3 5例共进行 67次球囊扩张 ,平均 1 9次 ;B组 2 5例安放部分带膜金属支架 15只 ,不带膜金属支架 10只 ;C组 2 5例安放部分带膜金属支架 2 5只 ,在支架术后 3~ 7d由胃镜取出。治疗前UGIT管腔最窄处直径 0 7~8 5mm ,吞咽困难评分 2~ 4级 ;治疗后UGIT管腔最窄处直径 5 1~ 2 0 0mm ,吞咽困难评分 0~ 1级。所有患者术后随访 6~ 3 6个月 (平均 19 1个月 )。结果 A组术后并发症发生率为疼痛 2 9% ( 10 / 3 5 )、返流 2 3 % ( 8/ 3 5 )、出血 9% ( 3 / 3 5 ) ;超过 6个月的随访患者中 2 0 % ( 7/ 3 5 )复发吞咽困难 ,超过 1年的随访患者中 91% ( 3 2 ...

目的 对上胃肠道良性狭窄介入治疗进行随访和评价。方法  85例上胃肠道 (uppergastrointestinaltract,UGIT)良性狭窄患者 ,其中球囊导管扩张术组 (A组 ) 3 5例 ;永久性金属支架扩张组(B组 ) 2 5例 ;暂时性部分带膜金属支架扩张术组 (C组 ) 2 5例。在X线引导下 ,A组 3 5例共进行 67次球囊扩张 ,平均 1 9次 ;B组 2 5例安放部分带膜金属支架 15只 ,不带膜金属支架 10只 ;C组 2 5例安放部分带膜金属支架 2 5只 ,在支架术后 3~ 7d由胃镜取出。治疗前UGIT管腔最窄处直径 0 7~8 5mm ,吞咽困难评分 2~ 4级 ;治疗后UGIT管腔最窄处直径 5 1~ 2 0 0mm ,吞咽困难评分 0~ 1级。所有患者术后随访 6~ 3 6个月 (平均 19 1个月 )。结果 A组术后并发症发生率为疼痛 2 9% ( 10 / 3 5 )、返流 2 3 % ( 8/ 3 5 )、出血 9% ( 3 / 3 5 ) ;超过 6个月的随访患者中 2 0 % ( 7/ 3 5 )复发吞咽困难 ,超过 1年的随访患者中 91% ( 3 2 / 3 5 )复发吞咽困难 ,超过 3年的随访患者中 95 % ( 19/ 2 0 )复发吞咽困难。B组术后并发症发生率为疼痛 4 0 % ( 10 / 2 5 )、返流 60 % ( 15 / 2 5 )、出血 12 % ( 3 / 2 5 )、支架移位 16% ( 4 / 2 5 ) ;超过6个月的随访患者中 2 0 % ( 5 / 2 5 )复发吞咽困难 ,超过 1年的随访患者中 2

AIM: To make a follow-up study of benign esophageal stricture treated with metal stent dilation by interventional procedure.METHODS: There were 75 cases of benign esophageal stricture with metal stent dilation by interventional procedure, in which 25 cases were with permanent (group A) and 50 cases with temporary (group B) placement of expandable metallic stent respectively. All cases were completed under fluoroscopy. 15 partial covered and 10 uncovered expandable metallic stents were temporarily...

AIM: To make a follow-up study of benign esophageal stricture treated with metal stent dilation by interventional procedure.METHODS: There were 75 cases of benign esophageal stricture with metal stent dilation by interventional procedure, in which 25 cases were with permanent (group A) and 50 cases with temporary (group B) placement of expandable metallic stent respectively. All cases were completed under fluoroscopy. 15 partial covered and 10 uncovered expandable metallic stents were temporarily placed in the group A. 50 partial covered expandable metallic stents were temporarily placed in the group B and drawn out within 3-7 days via gastroscopy.AII stents placement and drawing were technically successful. Diameters of the strictured esophagus were 0.5 - 8.3 mm before dilations and 8.7-21.0 mm after dilations. Dysphagia scores of all cases were from grade 2 to grade 4 before dilations and form grade 0 to grade 1 after dilations. Follow-up periods of all cases was from 6 months to 54 months [mean (23.3±15.2) months].RESULTS: Complications in 25 cases of group A were chest pain (n = 10), reflux ( n = 15), bleeding ( n = 3) and stent migration (n = 4). 5 (20 %) in 25 cases of group A were dysphagia relapse during follow-up over 6 months; 3 (25 %) in 12 cases, over 12 months; and 3 (60 %) in 5 cases, over 36 months. Complications in 50 cases of group B were chest pain (n = 20), reflux (n = 10) and bleeding (n = 7). 7 (14 %) in 50 cases of group B were dysphagia relapse during follow-up over 6 months, 6 (15% ) in 40 cases, over 12 months, and 4 (16 %) in 25 cases, over 36 months, respectively.CONCLUSION: Temporary placement of partial covered expandable metallic stent was the first treatment method of esophageal stenosis with interventional procedure in mid and long-term therapeutic efficiency.

目的:对食管良性狭窄金属内支架介入治疗后进行随访 方法:75例食管良性狭窄患者,其中永久性金属支架扩张组(A组)25例;暂时性部分带膜金属支架扩张术组(B组)50例。在X线引导下,A组25例安放部分带膜金属支架15只,不带膜金属支架10只;B组50例安放部分带膜金属支架50只,在支架术后3~7d由胃镜取出。所有患者,治疗前食管管腔最窄处直径0.5~8.3mm,吞咽困难评分2~4级;治疗后食管管腔最窄处直径8.7~21.0mm,吞咽困难评分0~1级。所有患者术后随访6~54mo[平均(23.3±15.2)mo]不等。 结果:A组术后并发症发生率为疼痛40%(10/25)、反流60%(15/25)、出血12%(3/25)、支架移位16%(4/25);超过6mo的随访患者中20%(5/25)复发吞咽困难,超过1a的随访患者中25%(2/12)复发吞咽困难,超过3a的随访患者中60%(3/5)复发吞咽困难。B组术后并发症发生率为疼痛40%(20/50)、反流20%(10/50)、出血14%(7/50);超过6mo的随访患者中14%(7/50)复发吞咽困难,超过1a的随访患者中15%(6/40)复发吞咽困难,超过3a的...

目的:对食管良性狭窄金属内支架介入治疗后进行随访 方法:75例食管良性狭窄患者,其中永久性金属支架扩张组(A组)25例;暂时性部分带膜金属支架扩张术组(B组)50例。在X线引导下,A组25例安放部分带膜金属支架15只,不带膜金属支架10只;B组50例安放部分带膜金属支架50只,在支架术后3~7d由胃镜取出。所有患者,治疗前食管管腔最窄处直径0.5~8.3mm,吞咽困难评分2~4级;治疗后食管管腔最窄处直径8.7~21.0mm,吞咽困难评分0~1级。所有患者术后随访6~54mo[平均(23.3±15.2)mo]不等。 结果:A组术后并发症发生率为疼痛40%(10/25)、反流60%(15/25)、出血12%(3/25)、支架移位16%(4/25);超过6mo的随访患者中20%(5/25)复发吞咽困难,超过1a的随访患者中25%(2/12)复发吞咽困难,超过3a的随访患者中60%(3/5)复发吞咽困难。B组术后并发症发生率为疼痛40%(20/50)、反流20%(10/50)、出血14%(7/50);超过6mo的随访患者中14%(7/50)复发吞咽困难,超过1a的随访患者中15%(6/40)复发吞咽困难,超过3a的随访患者中16%(4/25)复发吞咽困难。 结论:暂时性部分带膜金属支架扩张术是食管良性狭窄金属内支架介入治疗中远期疗效中首选方法。

 
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