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horse
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     Analyzed of ELA-DQA~*exon2 Polymorphism of Different Horse Breed
     不同品种ELA-DQA~*exon2的多态性分析
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     horse ATG 15 25mg/kg.
     ATG:5— 1 5 mg/kg.
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     The homology of SDIFN-α with that of goose、dog、cattle、horse and human is 96.0%、45.8%、45.5%、44.6% and 41.7% in nucleotide level.
     与鹅、狗、牛、和人的-αIFN基因的核苷酸同源性分别为96.0%、45.8%、45.5%、44.6%和41.7%。
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     Method In order to compare the induction efficiency of PMA with horse serum,the cultured NIH-3T3 cells were stimulated by PMA(phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate ,100 nmol/L) and 50% horse serum respectively and performed RT-PCR to examine the expression of mPer1 mRNAs at the indicated times.
     方法采用PMA(phorbol12-myristate13-acetate),100nmol/L)及50%的血清刺激体外培养的小鼠NIH-3T3细胞,RT-PCR检测不同时间点mPer1mRNA的表达水平,比较两者的诱导效率;
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     African horse sickness virus(AHSV) is a member of the genus Orbivirus in the family Reoviridae and it has nine different serotypes. AHSV has ten segmented double-strand RNA genome(L1-L3,M4-M6,S7-S10),which encode ten proteins(VP1-VP7 and NS1,NS2,NS3/NS3A).
     非洲瘟病毒属呼肠病毒科环状病毒属,有9个血清型,是一种有10个节段(L1~L3,M4~M6,S7~S10)的双链RNA病毒,编码10个蛋白(VP1~VP7和NS1,NS2,NS3/NS3A)。
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  套马
     From 12~(th) century the popularity of three-course cropping guaranteed the steady output of oat and resolved the fodder of horse which played important role in transport.
     从12世纪开始,三圃制在英国的推广普及使得燕麦有了稳定的产量,加上套马技术的进步,从而为马在经济尤其是交通运输中发挥作用解决了饲料问题和技术问题。
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  “horse”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Structure Analysis and Research of Jinma (Gloden Horse) Bridge
     金马大桥工程的结构分析与研究
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     Strengthening of phagocytie ability of leucocyte in the blood by He-Ne laser irradiation on the skin of the perineal rigion of horse
     He-Ne激光照射马的会阴部皮肤对血液白细胞噬菌能力的影响
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     USE OF HORSE RADISH PEROXIDASELABELLED PROTEIN A IN ELISA (PPA-ELISA) FOR DETECTION OF IgG ANTIBODIES IN RABBITS EXPERIMENTALLY INFECTED WITH TOXOPLASMA GONDII
     应用PPA—ELISA检测实验家兔弓形虫抗体的研究
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     Application of the Horse Radish Peroxidase—Labeled Staphylococcal Protein A to ELISA(PPA—ELISA)for the Detection of IgG Antibodies in Rabbits Experimentally Infected with Toxoplasma gondii
     应用PPA-ELISA检测实验家兔弓形体抗体的研究
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     APPROACH TO THE EARLY DIAGNOSIS OF 11 CASES OF ACUTE CAECI—COLITIS IN THE HORSE
     马骡急性盲结肠炎11例临床早期诊断的探讨
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  horse
Use of monoclonal antibodies against horse immunoglobulin in an enzyme immunoassay of bacterial toxins and toxoids
      
Immunization of BALB/c mice by horse antiserum against diphtheria made it possible to obtain IgG1 monoclonal antibodies (MoAbs) 2B7E4 specific for light chains of horse immunoglobulin (Ig).
      
The conjugate obtained was used with MoAbs against bacterial toxins and commercial horse antitoxins, as a universal reagent in sandwich enzyme immunoassay (ELISA) for bacterial toxins and toxoids.
      
Experimental results have demonstrated a significant decrease in the level of alcohol consumption by albino rats immunized with heterologous horse alcohol dehydrogenase.
      
The structure of the peripheral ligand binding sites in the active center of bovine erythrocyte acetylcholinesterase, horse serum butyrylcholinesterase, and squid ganglia propionylcholinesterase proved essentially similar.
      
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(1) Cytochrome c containing 0.43% iron has been obtained from beef, pig or horse heart muscles by direct adsorption of the neutralized trichloroacetic acid extracts of heart muscle on the cation exchanger"synthetic zeolite" followed by elution with 3.84 M ammonium sulfate and precipitation with 20% trichloroacetic acid. This provides a simple method for large-scale preparation of pure cytochrome c. (2) The ratio of optical densities at 550 mμ(reduced) and 278 mμ of 0.43% iron cytochrome c varies, with...

(1) Cytochrome c containing 0.43% iron has been obtained from beef, pig or horse heart muscles by direct adsorption of the neutralized trichloroacetic acid extracts of heart muscle on the cation exchanger"synthetic zeolite" followed by elution with 3.84 M ammonium sulfate and precipitation with 20% trichloroacetic acid. This provides a simple method for large-scale preparation of pure cytochrome c. (2) The ratio of optical densities at 550 mμ(reduced) and 278 mμ of 0.43% iron cytochrome c varies, with its degree of reduction, from 1.13 to 1.26. The average ratio of our preparations is 1.23. (3) The absorption spectra(230-600 mμ) of oxidized and reduced cytochrome c have been measured. The molecular extinction coefficient at 550 mμ of oxidized, 0.43% iron, cytochrome c is 0.80×10~4. This value differs considerably from that reported in the literature. (4) Some enzymic properties of cytochrome c containing 0.43% iron are compared with those of a preparation containing 0.34% iron and are found to be identical. Both can be converted into''endogenous" cytochrome c. (5) Whether pure cytochrome c contains more than 0.43% iron has been discussed. It seems that no convincing evidence has been presented to show that cytochrome c preparations with iron content higher than 0.43% as obtained by some workers do not contain a small amount of iron-rich impurity.

(一)用陽離子交换劑(synthetic zeolite)直接吸附高等動物心肌抽提液一次,並用3.84M硫酸銨作洗脫劑,即可製得含鐵量0.43%的細胞色素c。因此提供了一個大量製備純細胞色素c的簡單方法。 (二)含鐵量0.43%的細胞色素c,它的550mμ和278mμ光密度的比值,視產品的還原程度而定,其範圍從1.13到1.26,我們所製得的產品,其比值在1.23左右。 (三)我們测量了氧化及還原的細胞色素c(含鐵0.43%)從230mμ到600mμ的吸收光譜,並發現和前人所報告的略有不同。氧化細胞色素c在550mμ的消光係數為0.80×10~4,此值與文獻上的數值相差很多。 (四)我們比較了含鐵量0.43%的細胞色素c和含鐵量0.34%的細胞色素c的一些酶性質,證明他們是相同的;並且兩者都可以變成“內源”細胞色素c。 (五)我們認為現有的實驗證據不足以說明純細胞色素c的含鐵量大於0.43%。

In recent years,white straw disease of wheat caused by Gibellina cerealis Pass.has bsen more or less prevalent in certain localized areas of North China. According to field observations and inoculation experiment,the diseasedplants bearing numerous perithecia left in the soil during harvest probably serveas the main source of infection.Hence it appears that the ascospores releasedfrom them may play an important part in this regard. Experimental results indicate that the stimulation of wheat seedling tissueis...

In recent years,white straw disease of wheat caused by Gibellina cerealis Pass.has bsen more or less prevalent in certain localized areas of North China. According to field observations and inoculation experiment,the diseasedplants bearing numerous perithecia left in the soil during harvest probably serveas the main source of infection.Hence it appears that the ascospores releasedfrom them may play an important part in this regard. Experimental results indicate that the stimulation of wheat seedling tissueis pre-requisite to the germination of the ascospores of this fungus.A fewsections of leaf blade or rootlet of wheat seedling can induce a considerableamount of the spores to germinate.Sprouting seeds are also effective.Soilinfusion,infusion of the horse dung or of compost and a number of other nutri-ents or stimulants under test appeared to be functionless. It was stated by Ferraris that ascospores of this fungus take a rather longtime to mature and must remain for one year in the soil before producing infec-tion;however,it is not the case with all the spores in our experiment,since testsrepeatedly showed that there is at least a smaller amount of them,about 10-20per cent,can germinate in a rather short time after the harvest of the crop. The writers found that low temperature close to the freezing point is veryeffective in hastening the maturation of the spores.However,in the absenceof the above mentioned stimulation,thes3 spores are also unable to germinate.

1.小麦秆枯病近年来在河北和山西的个別地区發生普遍,最高發病率达到45%,平均發病率在定县西建阳村和太谷部分村庄达到3%和5.5%。2.小麦秆枯病菌子囊孢子必需要有小麦組織的刺激始能萌發。在缺乏刺激物时,萌發率一般在1%以下,加入刺激物后,萌發率可以提高数十倍. 3.小麦秆枯病菌子囊孢子有一部分并不需要長期休眠,根据本試驗結果,約有10—20%左右的孢子在小麦收获后的一个月內即可萌發。大部分孢子后熟期相当長。低温可以加速孢子的成熟,但經过低温作用的孢子如無小麦組織的刺激同样不能萌發。

203 adult sacrals (143 males and 60 females)were investigated.The average height of the sacral canal was 66.8 mm.The sagital length of the sacral canal was 14.0 mm and its transverse length 31.0 mm.The sagital length of the outlet of the sacral canal was 5.9 mm.and it was 5.0% less than 2.0 mm. Sacral hiatus might be classified according to the following six types: 1)Triangular(23.0%),2)Sharp and long(19.4%),3)Square(11.3%),4) Rectangular(11.3%),5)Horse-shoe(20.0%),and 6)Irregular(15.0%). The longitudinal...

203 adult sacrals (143 males and 60 females)were investigated.The average height of the sacral canal was 66.8 mm.The sagital length of the sacral canal was 14.0 mm and its transverse length 31.0 mm.The sagital length of the outlet of the sacral canal was 5.9 mm.and it was 5.0% less than 2.0 mm. Sacral hiatus might be classified according to the following six types: 1)Triangular(23.0%),2)Sharp and long(19.4%),3)Square(11.3%),4) Rectangular(11.3%),5)Horse-shoe(20.0%),and 6)Irregular(15.0%). The longitudinal and transversal distance between all sacral posterior foramens were measured. Among the 203 sacrals,it was found that the percentage of normal simple promonory(25th vertebra)was quite high(85.7%),simple promontory formed by 2nd sacral vertebra(26th vertebra)was less than 2.5%,whereas double promontories formed by 25th and 24th vertebrae were found to be 11.8%. In general,the lower margin of the auricular surface reached the third sacral vertebra,but in women it was shorter than in men. The sacral lengths were measured as follows: 1)the largest height—108.0 mm. 2)the largest breadth of the upper portion—111.0 mm 3)the middle breadth—85.0 mm. 4)the highest curvature—119.0 mm. 5)the sagital length of the sacral base—31.0 mm. 6)the breadth of the sacral base—50.0 mm. All the sacral indices were counted as follows: 1)the sacral index—102.7. 2)the index of the sacral breadth—76.6. 3)the index of the sacral curvature—110. 2. 4)the index of the sacral curvature-difference—1.85. 5)the index of the sacral base—62.0. The relation between sacral variations and sacral block anesthesia was discussed.

1.作者观察测量了203个国人的骶骨。2.骶管平均高度是66.8毫米;入口横径平均为31.0毫米,矢状径平均为14.0毫米;出口矢状径平均为5.9毫米,小于2.0毫米者占5.0%。3.骶裂孔可分为三角形23.0%,尖长形19.4%,方形11.3%,长方形11.3%,马蹄形20.0%,其他15.0%为变异的不规则形。4.在骶骨上测量了上下位骶后孔之间的距离及左右位骶后孔之间的距离。5.就203个国人骶骨岬观察的结果,具有重岬者占11.8%;其中85.7%为正常的单岬;于产科内诊测量骨盆入口直径时,应注意重岬。6.耳状面下缘位于第3骶椎中部以下者,男性占74.0%,女性占66.0%,耳状面下缘位于第3骶椎中部以上者,女性占34.0%,而男性为26.0%,女性的耳状面短于男性的耳状面,由于女性骨盆上所有关节面比较男性短的原故。7.骶骨最大高径平均为108.0毫米;上部最大幅径平均为111.0毫米;中部幅径平均为85.0毫米;最高曲径平均为119.0毫米;骶基矢状径平均为31.0毫米,幅径平均为50.0毫米。8.骶骨指数平均为102.7,骶幅指数平均为76.6,骶曲指数平均为110.2,骶骨曲差指数平均为1.85,骶...

1.作者观察测量了203个国人的骶骨。2.骶管平均高度是66.8毫米;入口横径平均为31.0毫米,矢状径平均为14.0毫米;出口矢状径平均为5.9毫米,小于2.0毫米者占5.0%。3.骶裂孔可分为三角形23.0%,尖长形19.4%,方形11.3%,长方形11.3%,马蹄形20.0%,其他15.0%为变异的不规则形。4.在骶骨上测量了上下位骶后孔之间的距离及左右位骶后孔之间的距离。5.就203个国人骶骨岬观察的结果,具有重岬者占11.8%;其中85.7%为正常的单岬;于产科内诊测量骨盆入口直径时,应注意重岬。6.耳状面下缘位于第3骶椎中部以下者,男性占74.0%,女性占66.0%,耳状面下缘位于第3骶椎中部以上者,女性占34.0%,而男性为26.0%,女性的耳状面短于男性的耳状面,由于女性骨盆上所有关节面比较男性短的原故。7.骶骨最大高径平均为108.0毫米;上部最大幅径平均为111.0毫米;中部幅径平均为85.0毫米;最高曲径平均为119.0毫米;骶基矢状径平均为31.0毫米,幅径平均为50.0毫米。8.骶骨指数平均为102.7,骶幅指数平均为76.6,骶曲指数平均为110.2,骶骨曲差指数平均为1.85,骶基指数平均为63.3。9.骶骨与骶部麻醉有很大的关系,Trotter及Letterman和卜国铉均曾论及,作者检查203个骶骨中,亦发见阻碍针刺的各种情况,认为在进行国人骶管阻滞麻醉时,应注意下列几点:a)测定骶裂孔位置时,勿误将裂孔边缘的结节状隆起(158.0%)认为骶角,可摸测骶中嵴的末端膨大(58.0%)作为辅助的标志。但也有呈一对结节将隆起者(16.0%)。b)针刺宜在正中线进行,裂孔常有高低位置不同,先从低位针刺,(方形及三角形骶裂孔共占34.3%)再渐行高位针刺(长方形,尖长形及马蹄形骶裂孔共占50.7%)。c)针刺受阻时,应考虑其他15.0%的骶裂孔的变异形状或针刺不入亦应考虑骶裂孔尖端矢状径小于2.0毫米。 d)针刺后软部组织肿胀而药液外漏时应考虑到骶管后壁的全部开放或部份缺裂的情况共占25.5%,不过其中17.5%为骶管后壁上部的裂口,对此并无妨碍。

 
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