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true fungus
相关语句
  真菌
     Gram-positive cocci and true fungus accounted for 30.5% and 24.8%, respectively.
     革兰阳性球菌占30.5%; 真菌占24.8%。
短句来源
     Drug resistance was not foung in true fungus, which played an important role in MICU infections because of its high infection rate.
     真菌虽没有明显耐药性,但感染比例较高,其感染在MICU感染中占有重要地位。
短句来源
  相似匹配句对
     True Crime
     真正的犯罪
短句来源
     True Height
     跨越真正的高度
短句来源
     Methods The fungus J.
     方法真菌J.
短句来源
     Infection and Resistance of Fungus
     真菌感染及耐药性分析
短句来源
     Gram-positive cocci and true fungus accounted for 30.5% and 24.8%, respectively.
     革兰阳性球菌占30.5%; 真菌占24.8%。
短句来源
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  true fungus
brasiliensis is a true fungus, belonging to the Ascomycetous Division, although its sexual phase has not been demonstrated morphologically.
      


In the late nineteenth century, Oscar Brefeld, a German mycologist and a student of A. de Bary, had improved de Bary's pure culture method for studying fungi and investigated both the physiology and development of various groups of fungi using a great number of culture media under certain experimental conditions. According to the reviewer, Brefeld's major contribution to mycology was not his achievements in his experimental methods for studying fungi, but rather his viewpoint on the phylogeny...

In the late nineteenth century, Oscar Brefeld, a German mycologist and a student of A. de Bary, had improved de Bary's pure culture method for studying fungi and investigated both the physiology and development of various groups of fungi using a great number of culture media under certain experimental conditions. According to the reviewer, Brefeld's major contribution to mycology was not his achievements in his experimental methods for studying fungi, but rather his viewpoint on the phylogeny of fungi. Brefeld held that the Oomycetes were not true fungi and from which they should be excluded along with the slime moulds. Hence he believed the true fungi to be derived from the Zygomycetes. He further suggested poth the Aseomycetes and the Basidiomycetes be divided into two groups: Hemiascii and Euascii, and Hemibasidii and Eubasidii respectively.

布雷费尔德(O. Brefeld)虽对真菌纯培养方法的改进和真菌发育与生理知识作出了不少贡献,但他的主要贡献还是对真菌系统发育的观点。按照他的这种观点,卵菌不是真正的真菌,它应与粘菌一起排除在真菌之外,而真正的真菌应从接合菌开始。他并将子囊菌和担子菌分别分为半子囊菌和真子囊菌,半担子菌和真担子菌。

The English term fungus (pl. fungi) should be translated into Chinese in two ways, according to its definite meaning when applied to different cases. One is pronounced zhenjun (真菌) for true fungi which is of strict sense, usually for those belonging to Eumycota while the other is of broad sense, pronounced junwu (菌物) for organisms including true fungi, pseudofungi, fungus like protozoa and symbiontic fungi such as lichens and mycorrhyza. So far the term fungi...

The English term fungus (pl. fungi) should be translated into Chinese in two ways, according to its definite meaning when applied to different cases. One is pronounced zhenjun (真菌) for true fungi which is of strict sense, usually for those belonging to Eumycota while the other is of broad sense, pronounced junwu (菌物) for organisms including true fungi, pseudofungi, fungus like protozoa and symbiontic fungi such as lichens and mycorrhyza. So far the term fungi in the 8th edition (1995) of Ainsworth & Bisby′s DICTIONART OF FUNGI is of broad sense, therefore the Chinese term junwu (菌物) should be used.

本文指出:Fungus(复数Fungi)一词含有两种意义:一种是狭义的,即分类学上属于真菌界(Eu-mycota)的真菌(Truefungi);另一种是广义的,即历来包含许多真菌和假真菌,类真菌和共生菌的生物,例如粘菌、卵菌、地衣型菌和菌根菌等,在这一场合,应该翻译成“菌物”比较确切。为此作者认为:1995年第8版Ainsworth&Bisby′sDICTIONARYOFFUNGI应该译成《安、比氏菌物词典》

Objective To investigate the distribution and drug resistance of pathogenic bacteria causing respiratory tract infection in patients of medical intensive care unit (MICU),and provide information for guided rational drug administration in clinical practice. Methods The MICU pathogenic bacteria distribution and their drug resistances were analyzed retrospectively from January 2002 to December 2004. Results The major (44.7%) pathogenic bacteria causing respiratory tract infection in MICU were Gram-negative bacilli....

Objective To investigate the distribution and drug resistance of pathogenic bacteria causing respiratory tract infection in patients of medical intensive care unit (MICU),and provide information for guided rational drug administration in clinical practice. Methods The MICU pathogenic bacteria distribution and their drug resistances were analyzed retrospectively from January 2002 to December 2004. Results The major (44.7%) pathogenic bacteria causing respiratory tract infection in MICU were Gram-negative bacilli. Gram-positive cocci and true fungus accounted for 30.5% and 24.8%, respectively. The top five pathogenic bacteria were P.aeruginosa (23.2%), S.aureus (18.7%), Blastomycesalbicans (18.1%), S.coagulase-negative (10.6%) and Acinetobacter baumannii (9.2%). Drug sensitivity tests showed that Gram-negative bacilli were more resistance to various kinds of antibiotics. Only cefoperzone-sulbactm has the lowest drug resistance rate (20.7%), while the sensitivity of Gram-positive cocci to vancomycin, teicoplanin could be up to 100%. Drug resistance was not foung in true fungus, which played an important role in MICU infections because of its high infection rate. Conclusion Pathogenic bacteria causing respiratory tract infection in patients of MICU were found to have high drug resistance rate. Monitoring the drug resistance and the distribution of pathogenic bacteria in MICU will play an active and important role in enhancing the therapeutic efficiency and reducing the drug resistant bacteria.

目的了解内科重症监护病房(MICU)呼吸道致病菌的菌群分布及其耐药情况,指导临床合理用药。方法对2002年1月~2004年12月从MICU呼吸道检测出的致病菌及其耐药性资料进行回顾性研究,了解3年间MICU呼吸道致病菌的菌群及其耐药情况。结果内科重症监护病房(MICU)的呼吸道致病菌以革兰阴性杆菌为主占44.7%;革兰阳性球菌占30.5%;真菌占24.8%。前5位的致病菌分别为铜绿假单胞菌(23.2%)、金黄色葡萄球菌(18.7%)、白色念珠菌(18.1%)、凝固酶阴性葡萄球菌(10.6%)、鲍曼不动杆菌(9.2%)。2002~2004年3年间,革兰阴性杆菌对各类抗生素的耐药率较高,耐药率最低是头孢哌酮/舒巴坦(20.7%);革兰阳性球菌对万古霉素、替考拉宁未见耐药株;真菌虽没有明显耐药性,但感染比例较高,其感染在MICU感染中占有重要地位。结论MICU患者呼吸道致病菌的耐药率高,加强菌群分布及其耐药性的监测,对提高抗感染治疗的效果、减少耐药菌株有重要作用。

 
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