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   township hospitals 的翻译结果: 查询用时:0.01秒
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医药卫生方针政策与法律法规研究
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township hospitals
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  乡镇卫生院
     Results:There were 52.6% of the outpatients receiving medical services at village clinics, 17.3% at county hospitals, and 15.1% at township hospitals, 85.0% in total;
     结果:到村卫生室就诊的患者占52.6%,县医院占17.3%,乡镇卫生院占15.1%,三者合计为85.0%;
短句来源
     Results The network reporting rate from county medical institutions and township hospitals were 100.00% and 73.48% respectively.
     结果县级医疗机构和乡镇卫生院网络直报率分别为100.00%和73.48%。
短句来源
     2 845 reporting cards were from the township hospitals,covering 10.21%.
     乡镇卫生院2 845张,占10.21%;
短句来源
     Results The referral rate of tuberculosis patients from the provincial integrated hospital increased from 26.9% in 1994 to 76.2% in 1999 and the referral rate from the township hospitals reached 88. 8% in 1999;
     结果 全省综合医院结核病转诊率从1994年的 26,9%提高到1999年的 76.2%,1999年乡镇卫生院转诊率为 88.8%;
短句来源
     Analysis of Manpower and Beds Owned by Township Hospitals in 1996, China
     1996年中国乡镇卫生院人力和病床拥有情况的分析
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  乡镇医院
     The periods for emergency transport ranged mainly from 9:00 to 12:00 and from 15:00 to 18:00. The sources of emergency cases were successively township hospitals(53.8%), hospitals at the county level(26.0%), and hospitals at the city level(20.2%).
     急救转运时间主要分布在 9~ 1 2时和 1 5~ 1 8时。 患者来源依次为乡镇医院 (53 8% )、县级医院 (2 6 0 % )和市级医院 (2 0 2 % )。
短句来源
     Raising the Benefits of Township Hospitals
     试论提高乡镇医院效益
短句来源
     METHODS: A retrospective study of outpatient prescriptions during the period of July 2002 to June 2003 was conducted. A total of 40 hospitals (20 urban and 20 township hospitals) were selected through stratified sampling in which 60 outpatient encounters per facility were observed and the information was collected on a specifically designed form.
     方法:本课题采用分层随机抽样方法,选定20家城市医院和20家乡镇医院,以WHO/INRUD《医疗单位合理用药调研方法及指标》为工具,从每家样本医院2002年7月至2003年6月的普通门诊处方中随机抽取60个就诊人次的处方,将处方内容填入预先设计好的表格中;
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  “township hospitals”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Results Rate of antenatal care was 97.1%,and the main place of antenatal care was township hospitals (53.7%).
     结果 产前检查率占 97 1 % ,检查地点仍以乡卫生院 53 7%为主。
短句来源
     Among all medical diagnostic X ray workers, the individual irridiated dose equivalent in average was shown to be 0.58, 0.74 and 2.49 mSv/a for those working in city hospitals, county and township hospitals respectively.
     而在医用诊断X射线中 ,市级医院为 0 5 8mSv/a ,县级医院为 0 74mSv/a ,,镇医院为 2 49mSv/a。
短句来源
     The areas of dilapidated houses in central and general township hospitals accounted for 2/5 and 1/2. Most of health professionals (54.6%) only have technical secondary school qualifications.
     中心卫生院和一般卫生院的危房面积分别占业务用房的2/5和1/2; 卫生技术人员学历基本以中专学历(54.6%)为主;
短句来源
     In this study, 27 insti tutions of maternal and child health in county or city level,17 township hospitals,and 54 village clinics were investigated.
     本次研究共调查17个县、地市级妇幼卫生机构,27个乡(镇)卫生院,54个村卫生室。
短句来源
     After analysis of medical market in rural areas of China, the authors found that there are competitions between township and county hospitals which mainly represent in hospitalization and medical expense. Township hospitals are in inferior position in the competitions.
     该文通过对农村医疗市场的分析 ,发现县乡两级医疗机构之间存在着明显的竞争关系 ,县乡两级医疗机构之间的竞争主要表现在住院服务方面 ,同时 ,两者的竞争在医疗费用份额上表现得更为明显。
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  township hospitals
The township hospitals in these areas were also well equipped compared with those in other cities of China.
      


The data obtained show that the main influencing factors of the benefits of township hospitals are the topographic characteristics, the amount of the population within their jurisdiction, the condition of their technical personnel, the state of traffic, and the geographical position. In view of the fact that township hospitals are at the grass-roots level and charged with arduous tasks, multiple functions and better benefits should be adopted as the main objectives of the optimized construction....

The data obtained show that the main influencing factors of the benefits of township hospitals are the topographic characteristics, the amount of the population within their jurisdiction, the condition of their technical personnel, the state of traffic, and the geographical position. In view of the fact that township hospitals are at the grass-roots level and charged with arduous tasks, multiple functions and better benefits should be adopted as the main objectives of the optimized construction. The following matters should be taken seriously: 1. In choosing a site for building a hospital, pay special attention to good transport and commercial service to make things convenient for the patients. 2. Define the size of a hospital in conformity with the amount of its work. 3. Suit the development of professional work to the main functions, and make microcosmic spreialization and macrocosmic integration mutually complementary. 4. Adapt the medical apparatuses and instruments to the development of professional work.

调查资料表明,影响区镇卫生院效益因素主要有:地形、辖区内人口数量、技术队伍状况、交通以及地理位置。鉴于区镇卫生院位于基层,任务繁重。应把多功能和高效益作为优化建设的主要目标。实施时要处理好以下几个问题:1、要从方便病人出发选择位置,注意进择交通方便和商品经济集中地带;2、要以任务大小确定规模,该大则大,宜小则小;3、业务建设要与主要功能相适应,应高则高,宜低则低‘微观专业化,宏观综合化’,纵横相联,互为补充;4、医疗设备要与业务建设相配套。

Cheng Ying and Xia Qingzhou consider that for the past 9 years the structural reform of health institutions, though having achieved certain results, has been uneven in the development. Generally speaking, by contrast with the remarkable successes in the reform of small hospitals, large and medium-sized hospitals (LMH) have made only slow progress in the reform and have been a drag on the whole health service reform. As for the methods of quickening and deepening the LMH reform, the present practice of some LMH...

Cheng Ying and Xia Qingzhou consider that for the past 9 years the structural reform of health institutions, though having achieved certain results, has been uneven in the development. Generally speaking, by contrast with the remarkable successes in the reform of small hospitals, large and medium-sized hospitals (LMH) have made only slow progress in the reform and have been a drag on the whole health service reform. As for the methods of quickening and deepening the LMH reform, the present practice of some LMH and numerous village and township hospitals suggests that it is realistic and feasible for LMH to implement the contract responsibility system (CRS) , The article expounds theoretically the necessity of running LMH on a contractual basis, (1) To implement CRS is an embodiment of acting in accordance with the law that the relations of production should be suited to the character of the productive forces, (2) In LMH also, CRS is a good form by which to put into effect the principle of distribution according to work and of material benefits, (3) CRS in LMH management promotes the development of planned commodity economy, and opens up the way for the law of value to play its role in medical institutions. The charecteristics and principles of running LMH on a contractual basis; (1) give first priority to raising social benefits, (2) form a network-type contractual system, (3) reflect the importance of technique and knowledge in activities of medical service, (4) introduce competition into the contract system in hospital management to further improve CRS.

程鹰、夏清洲同志撰文认为,9年来卫生部门的体制改革,虽然取得了一定进展,但发展是不平衡的,从总体上看,小医院成效显著,大中型医院进展缓慢,以致影响了整个卫生事业改革的进程。如何加快和深化大中型医院的改革,根据目前个别医院和众多乡镇卫生院改革的实践证明,实行承包责位制是一项现实可行的办法。文章在理论上阐述了大中型医院实行承包的客观必然性。1.实行承包责任制是生产关系一定要适合生产力性质规律的体现。2.大中型医院实行承包责任制是贯彻按劳分配与物质利益原则的好形式。3.大中型医院实行承包责任制促进有计划商品经济发展,为价值规律在医疗部门发挥作用开辟道路。大中型医院实行承包责任制的特点和原则:1.大中型医院实行承包责任制应把提高社会效益放在首位。2.形成网络式的承包体系。3.要体现技术、知识在医疗服务活动中的重要作用。4.把竞争机制引入医院承包,促进承包责任制更加完善。

There has been steady, development in maternal health services. MCH organization have been setup all over the county in network so that MCH services can be available and accessible to mothers and children. The network has three levels. At the county health bureau level there are an MCH Station and the Ob-Gyn department in county hospital, the MCH Station staff not only provide the guidiance, supervision and administrative support to the maternal health services of the county, but also run several clinics...

There has been steady, development in maternal health services. MCH organization have been setup all over the county in network so that MCH services can be available and accessible to mothers and children. The network has three levels. At the county health bureau level there are an MCH Station and the Ob-Gyn department in county hospital, the MCH Station staff not only provide the guidiance, supervision and administrative support to the maternal health services of the county, but also run several clinics in which women receive premarriage examination, pregnancy health care and be performed operation of family planning. At the township level the MCH staff work out of the township hospital. They are responsible for managing of pregnant women and performing the operation of family planning as well as training village doctors. Some pregnant women go to the township hospital for early chec-kups, and are followed by periodic examination. Besides, each pregnant woman is evaluated with high risk scoring (risk identification). If trie pregnant woman has higher score, she will be expected to receive a intensive prenatal care. In each village health station there is a female village doctor in charge of MCH. Thus, thecounty, the township, arid village from a three-level network, mutually assisting in maternal health services.In recent years, the rate of the first prenatal visit at 12-gestational week has increased from 37.1 percent in 1981 to 77 percent in 1990. Shanghai County in 1990 provided prenatal care to all pregnant women, with an average of 10.3 visits per women. Almost all deliveries occurred in hospital. Visits to the mother and infant within three to five days after discharge from the hospital. The rate of post-partum home visits is 93.4 percent with a mean of 2.58 visits per woman. In addition, a countrywide survey has been carried out every two to three years with screening and treatment for cervical cancer and gynecological diseases.

上海县妇女保健服务在1981~1990年间,依靠三级保健网络对妇女进行了以孕产期为中心的系统保健,即在早孕建卡、定期产前检查、住院分娩、科学接生和产后访视等方面做到系列服务,重视高危孕产妇的管理和推行孕期家庭自我监护。每3~5年还为已婚育龄妇女进行一次妇女病普查普治。1988年开始实行的婚前健康检查制度和开展的婚育疾病指导,促使妇幼保健工作朝优生优育方向发展。

 
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