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diagnosis
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  诊断
    A Comparative Study of Diagnosis with MRI and Combined Echocardiography
    主动脉夹层磁共振诊断及与超声等诊断方法的比较
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    The Study of the Noninvasive Diagnosis of Coronary Artery Disease Based on the Analysis and Features Extraction of Diastolic Murmurs
    基于舒张期心音信号分析与特征提取的冠心病无损诊断研究
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    Heart Fatty Acid Binding Protein as a Marker for Postmortem Diagnosis of Acute Myocardial Infarction
    心脏型脂肪酸结合蛋白诊断早期心肌梗死的研究
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    A Case of Deficiency of Plasma Plasminogen Activator Inhibitor 1, Its Diagnosis, Treatment and Study on Molecular Abnormality
    遗传性纤溶酶原激活剂抑制物-1缺乏症的诊断、治疗及发病机理的研究
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    Study of Diagnosis, Risk Stratification, and Epidemiology in Brugada Syndrome
    Brugada综合征诊断、危险分层和流行病学调查的研究
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    A Comprehensive Research on the Diagnosis of Pulmonary Heart Diseases by Observing Patient's Tongues——Analysis of 134 Cases
    肺心病舌诊的综合研究(附134例次分析)
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    Etiology, Diagnosis and Treatment of Hemoglobin H Disease
    血红蛋白H病的发生率、临床与治疗
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    Measurement of Serum Ferritin in Diagnosis of Hypoferric Anemia in 390 Cases
    390名幼儿血清铁蛋白的测定及其对缺铁性贫血诊断的观察报告
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    ANALYSIS OF INAPPROPRIATE DIAGNOSIS IN 12 CASES CHRONIC NEPHROPATHIC ANEMIA
    12例肾性贫血误诊原因的分析
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    RADIOLOGIC STUDY OF UNIVENTRICULAR HEART—Ⅱ. EVALUATION OF PLAIN FILM DIAGNOSIS
    单心室放射诊断研究——Ⅱ.X线平片诊断的评价
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  diagnosis
Rotor broken-bar fault diagnosis of induction motor based on HHT of the startup electromagnetic torque
      
This paper presents a new method for rotor broken-bar fault diagnosis of induction motors.
      
Experimental results demonstrate that the proposed electromagnetic torque-based fault diagnosis method is feasible.
      
Induction motor rotor fault diagnosis method based on double PQ transformation
      
This paper presents a new rotor fault diagnosis method for induction motors which is based on the double PQ transformation.
      
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The clinical features of 415 attacks of rheumatic fever observed in 365 adult patients are described, and some of the diagnostic problems are discussed, 102 of the attacks were considered to be initial and 313 recurrent attacks. Pre-existing chronic valvular disease was diagnosed in 184 cases. The attack rate of rheumatic fever by season was found to be highest in late Winter and Spring, with the peak incidence in the months of March and April. A history of preceding sore throat was elicited in 41% of the rheumatic...

The clinical features of 415 attacks of rheumatic fever observed in 365 adult patients are described, and some of the diagnostic problems are discussed, 102 of the attacks were considered to be initial and 313 recurrent attacks. Pre-existing chronic valvular disease was diagnosed in 184 cases. The attack rate of rheumatic fever by season was found to be highest in late Winter and Spring, with the peak incidence in the months of March and April. A history of preceding sore throat was elicited in 41% of the rheumatic attacks, and inflammatory signs in the pharynx and tonsils were observed in 58.6% of the attacks. The antistreptolysin O titer was above 250 units in 80% of the cases examined. Among the clinical manifestations arthritis and carditis were most common, occurring in 55.7% and 49.9% respectively, while arthralgia without frank inflammatory signs was noted in 30% of the attacks. The incidence of arthritis was lower in the cases with chronic valvular defects than in cases without. In 29% of the cases ECG abnormalities constituted the sole clinical evidence of carditis. Since prolongation of P-R interval or higher grades of atrioventricular block are relatively common in rheumatic fever and other manifestations of rheumatic carditis like murmurs, cardiac enlargement, pericarditis and heart failure are equally non-speclfic, it is suggested that a-v block be included as evidence of carditis rather than considered as a minor manifestation if one adopts Jones' criteria for the diagnosis of rheumatic fever. In the presence of chronic valvular disease frank arthritis was uncommon and signs of carditis were often masked by those of valvular defects so that in 38.5% of cases the diagnosis of rheumatic activity had to depend upon a combination of clinical and laboratory signs generally concidered as minor rheumatic manifestations according to Jones' criteria.

1.本文报告成人急性风湿热366例,經住院观察的急性发作共415次,其中102次診断为初发,313次为复发。发作見于已有慢性心瓣缺损者計184例(218次发作),无心瓣缺损証据者182例(197次发作)。对发病季节、与溶血性鏈球菌感染的关系、临床表現、实验室发見、病程及病死率等作了分析。重点討論了本病的診断问題。 2.风湿热在春冬二季的发病率較高,41%的风湿发作前有咽痛,58.6%的风湿发作时咽部尚有炎症表現,仅24.7%的风湿发作前后均无咽炎的証据。約有80%发作中抗鏈球菌溶血素“O”滴定度在250单位以上。以上数字有力地說明了风湿热和鏈球菌感染之间的密切关系。 3.临床表現中以关节炎最为常見,发生率为55.7%,仅有关节酸痛的有30%。已有慢性心瓣缺损的病例中仅37.6%有关节炎,其发生率远低于无慢性心瓣缺损的病例(75.6%)。 4.心炎見于49.9%的发作中,其临床表現有时颇不明显。仅在心电图檢查中发見者有41例,占所有經过心电图檢查的心炎病例的29%。由此可見心电图检查对診断心炎的独特价值。 5.在曾作心电图檢查的250次发作中有82次(32.8%)发見房窒傳导阻滞,其中68次为P-R间期延长。作...

1.本文报告成人急性风湿热366例,經住院观察的急性发作共415次,其中102次診断为初发,313次为复发。发作見于已有慢性心瓣缺损者計184例(218次发作),无心瓣缺损証据者182例(197次发作)。对发病季节、与溶血性鏈球菌感染的关系、临床表現、实验室发見、病程及病死率等作了分析。重点討論了本病的診断问題。 2.风湿热在春冬二季的发病率較高,41%的风湿发作前有咽痛,58.6%的风湿发作时咽部尚有炎症表現,仅24.7%的风湿发作前后均无咽炎的証据。約有80%发作中抗鏈球菌溶血素“O”滴定度在250单位以上。以上数字有力地說明了风湿热和鏈球菌感染之间的密切关系。 3.临床表現中以关节炎最为常見,发生率为55.7%,仅有关节酸痛的有30%。已有慢性心瓣缺损的病例中仅37.6%有关节炎,其发生率远低于无慢性心瓣缺损的病例(75.6%)。 4.心炎見于49.9%的发作中,其临床表現有时颇不明显。仅在心电图檢查中发見者有41例,占所有經过心电图檢查的心炎病例的29%。由此可見心电图检查对診断心炎的独特价值。 5.在曾作心电图檢查的250次发作中有82次(32.8%)发見房窒傳导阻滞,其中68次为P-R间期延长。作者等认为,P-R间期延长或更高度的房室傳导阻滞,若发見于有鏈球菌感染之后的年青患者,应作为急性风湿性心炎的診断依据之一。 6.在已有慢性心瓣病的病例中,有38.5%得根据Jones氏診断标准中的几項次要表現而診断为风湿活动。 7.366例中58.5%有风湿热的复发,其中半数发生子初发以后的第一年內。住院期的当时病死率为6.5%。

In order to improve the work of electrocardiography in children, theliterature has been reviewed and 4 points are discussed in this paper. 1. Technique of recording: Direct writing ECG machine with elec-trodes of adequate sizes for different ages, the application of electrodepaste to a limited area and to keep the baby quiet during ECG exami-nation are essential for good recording. In addition to the usual precordialleads, V_3R or V_4R should be recorded. A paper speed of 50mm persecond for newborns and infants...

In order to improve the work of electrocardiography in children, theliterature has been reviewed and 4 points are discussed in this paper. 1. Technique of recording: Direct writing ECG machine with elec-trodes of adequate sizes for different ages, the application of electrodepaste to a limited area and to keep the baby quiet during ECG exami-nation are essential for good recording. In addition to the usual precordialleads, V_3R or V_4R should be recorded. A paper speed of 50mm persecond for newborns and infants is proposed. 2. Normal values of electrocardiography in children: The normalvalues of ECG in children should reflect not only the proper age of thechild examined but also should be simple, clear and easy for clinicalapplication. By using the data of our studies and those of others inChina, a set of normal values has been worked out. 3. The ECG criteria of ventricular hypertrophy for Chinese children:These criteria are proposed with a discussion of their sensitivity andaccuracy in diagnosis. In case of right ventricular hypertrophy, the sensi-tivity is high but accuracy low, and a false positive diagnosis is easilymade. The younger the age, the more difficult the differentiation of thepathologic right ventricular hypertrophy from physiologic right ventricularpredominance. 4. Overloading of ventricles: Based upon the physiology of ventri-cular overloading and the data of clinical and ECG studies, Cabrara pro-posed the ECG criteria of various ventricular overloadings. It is general-ly accepted that the ECG of a child with overloading of the ventriclesis helpful in the diagnosis of congenital heart disease, although some wri-ters do not quite agree with him.

本文作者复习文献并合结自己的研究资料,提出简明实用的小儿心电图正常值及小儿心室肥厚的诊断标准,以供参考。

Chromosome analysis of metaphases from bone marrow cells or cul-tured peripheral blood lymphocytes of 15 patients with blood disorderswas carried out. The final diagnoses of 12 patients were confirmed aschronic myeloid leukemia(CML). The clinical diagnoses of another 2 pa-tients were acute myeloid leukemia(AML), and the other 1 was secondarypolycythemia. Cytogenetically, the Ph~1 chromosomes were found among 11 of 12 pa-tients with CML, the mean of Ph~1 positive cells was 72.3%. The presenceof Ph~1...

Chromosome analysis of metaphases from bone marrow cells or cul-tured peripheral blood lymphocytes of 15 patients with blood disorderswas carried out. The final diagnoses of 12 patients were confirmed aschronic myeloid leukemia(CML). The clinical diagnoses of another 2 pa-tients were acute myeloid leukemia(AML), and the other 1 was secondarypolycythemia. Cytogenetically, the Ph~1 chromosomes were found among 11 of 12 pa-tients with CML, the mean of Ph~1 positive cells was 72.3%. The presenceof Ph~1 chromosomes in 2 cases with AML was emphasized and their diag-noses were discussed in detail. The percentage of Ph~1 positive cells in thecase of so called secondary polycythemia was 69.4%, the revised diagno-sis of this case was more likely to be polycythemia vera.

对15例血液病患者进行了骨髓或外周血培养细胞的染色体观察。15例中12例临床确诊为慢性粒细胞白血病,2例诊断为急性粒细胞白血病,1例为继发性红细胞增生症。在12例慢性粒细胞白血病中,11例Ph~1染色体为阳性(阳性率平均为72.3%),1例为Ph~1阴性;2例急性粒细胞白血病患者的骨髓中期分裂细胞具Ph~1染色体者分别占1/4及1/5,其中1例还发现微小体;1例继发性红细胞增生症患者,70%的骨髓中期分裂细胞为Ph~1染色体阳性,并发现染色体碎裂细胞。

 
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