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chronic graft rejection
相关语句
  慢性排斥反应
    Effect of vitamin E on the chronic graft rejection
    维生素E对移植器官慢性排斥反应的影响
短句来源
    Diagnosis and treatment of chronic graft rejection in patients with liver transplantation
    肝脏移植远期慢性排斥反应九例的诊治
短句来源
    Objective To explore the cause and treatment strategy of chronic graft rejection characteristic of jaundice in patients with liver transplantation.
    目的探讨肝脏移植远期以黄疸为特征的慢性排斥反应的发生原因及应对策略。
短句来源
    At present, the immunological tolerance in transplantation induced by multi-mechanisms, to inhibit the chronic graft rejection, represents an important trend in the field of transplantation.
    目前 ,移植领域的一个重要方向就是诱导多机制起作用的免疫耐受 ,防治人体对同种异体器官的慢性排斥反应
短句来源
  慢性排斥反应
    Effect of vitamin E on the chronic graft rejection
    维生素E对移植器官慢性排斥反应的影响
短句来源
    Diagnosis and treatment of chronic graft rejection in patients with liver transplantation
    肝脏移植远期慢性排斥反应九例的诊治
短句来源
    Objective To explore the cause and treatment strategy of chronic graft rejection characteristic of jaundice in patients with liver transplantation.
    目的探讨肝脏移植远期以黄疸为特征的慢性排斥反应的发生原因及应对策略。
短句来源
    At present, the immunological tolerance in transplantation induced by multi-mechanisms, to inhibit the chronic graft rejection, represents an important trend in the field of transplantation.
    目前 ,移植领域的一个重要方向就是诱导多机制起作用的免疫耐受 ,防治人体对同种异体器官的慢性排斥反应
短句来源
  远期慢性排斥反应九
    Diagnosis and treatment of chronic graft rejection in patients with liver transplantation
    肝脏移植远期慢性排斥反应九例的诊治
短句来源
  “chronic graft rejection”译为未确定词的双语例句
    Methods Thirteen liver transplantation were performed in 12 patients (including one liver retransplantation), of whom 5 patients received the transplantation for end stage liver cirrhosis, 4 for primary liver carcinoma, 1 for liver failure after hepatectomy for liver cancer, 1 for Wilson's disease, and 1 for chronic renal failure and liver cirrhosis. Retransplantation was done in 1 patient for chronic graft rejection.
    方法对12例患者实施13例次原位肝脏移植(包括1例再次肝移植),其中5例终末期肝硬化、4例原发性肝癌、1例肝癌术后肝功能衰竭、1例肝豆状核变性、1例慢性肾功能衰竭合并肝炎后肝硬化。
短句来源
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  chronic graft rejection
Nonadherance to medical therapy is a serious problem for adolescents; it is one of the most common causes of chronic graft rejection in this population.
      
These findings therefore demonstrated the effectiveness of31P NMRS for detecting chronic graft rejection in a rat model.
      
While the causes are multifactorial, including chronic graft rejection, immunosuppressive therapy, and renal vascular disorders, the effect of hypertension on renal allograft function is detrimental.
      
Chronic graft rejection was the major cause of HT, but other factors either isolated or in association were also present.
      
Chronic graft rejection progressed between 12 and 18 weeks, when a further increase in lathosterol (+104%) and decrease in campesterol (-67%) was observed.
      
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Objective To explore the cause and treatment strategy of chronic graft rejection characteristic of jaundice in patients with liver transplantation. MethodsPrimary disease, immunosuppressive protocol were reviewed in nine cases surviving more than 1 year after liver transplantation. The pathology examination, choledochoscopy and ultrasound examination were performed. The dosage of immunosuppressive agent was adjusted. Four cases underwent operation. Results Chronic rejection was well controlled...

Objective To explore the cause and treatment strategy of chronic graft rejection characteristic of jaundice in patients with liver transplantation. MethodsPrimary disease, immunosuppressive protocol were reviewed in nine cases surviving more than 1 year after liver transplantation. The pathology examination, choledochoscopy and ultrasound examination were performed. The dosage of immunosuppressive agent was adjusted. Four cases underwent operation. Results Chronic rejection was well controlled in 6 out of the 9 cases with total bilirubin level decreased from 200 μmol/L to less than 100 μmol/L. Bile flocculus and bile slush became less obvious or disappeared after flushing and dilataltion of the common bile duct. Three cases died in spite of aggressive therapy. ConclusionsInsufficient immunosuppressive strength is one of the most important causes for chronic rejection. Immunological injury results in hepatocellular damage, bile slush, inflamed thick bile duct.

目的探讨肝脏移植远期以黄疸为特征的慢性排斥反应的发生原因及应对策略。方法分析 9例存活 1年以上相关患者的基础病变、免疫抑制方案 ,行病理学检查、胆管镜检查和B型超声波检查 ,调整免疫抑制剂浓度 ,4例患者行相应外科处理。结果 9例患者有 6例慢性排斥反应获得有效控制 ,总胆红素自 2 0 0 μmol/L降至 10 0 μmol/L以内、胆汁中絮状物明显减少、胆总管探查及胆管镜冲洗扩张后胆泥减少或消失 ,2例患者胆总管在扩张并引流后增粗至 1 4~ 1 8cm ,其中1例内径扩张至 1 2cm。 3例重症患者死亡。结论免疫抑制强度不够是诱发肝脏移植远期以黄疸为特征的慢性排斥反应的重要原因之一。免疫损伤的积累导致肝细胞损害和胆泥形成 ,胆管壁炎性增厚 ,内径变小。控制适当免疫抑制剂浓度可预防和减轻慢性排斥反应 ,提高肝脏移植的远期疗效。

Objective To review our experience with orthotopic liver transplantation. Methods Thirteen liver transplantation were performed in 12 patients (including one liver retransplantation), of whom 5 patients received the transplantation for end stage liver cirrhosis, 4 for primary liver carcinoma, 1 for liver failure after hepatectomy for liver cancer, 1 for Wilson's disease, and 1 for chronic renal failure and liver cirrhosis. Retransplantation was done in 1 patient for chronic graft rejection. Of the 13 operations,...

Objective To review our experience with orthotopic liver transplantation. Methods Thirteen liver transplantation were performed in 12 patients (including one liver retransplantation), of whom 5 patients received the transplantation for end stage liver cirrhosis, 4 for primary liver carcinoma, 1 for liver failure after hepatectomy for liver cancer, 1 for Wilson's disease, and 1 for chronic renal failure and liver cirrhosis. Retransplantation was done in 1 patient for chronic graft rejection. Of the 13 operations, 10 underwent the classical procedures of orthotopic liver transplantation, while 2 adopted modified piggyback technique, with 1 of the patients receiving retransplantation. Results Nine patients survived the transplantation with the longest survival over 2 years. Four patients died in the perioperative period, due to intracerebral bleeding, adult respiratory distress syndrome, acute renal failure and hepatic artery thrombus, respectively. Conclusions Liver transplantation is an effective treatment for various end-stage liver diseases. Strict patient selection, appropriate timing of the operation and proper perioperative care are all essential for the success of liver transplantation.

目的总结原位肝脏移植经验。方法对12例患者实施13例次原位肝脏移植(包括1例再次肝移植),其中5例终末期肝硬化、4例原发性肝癌、1例肝癌术后肝功能衰竭、1例肝豆状核变性、1例慢性肾功能衰竭合并肝炎后肝硬化。手术方式:经典原位肝移植10例,改良背驮式肝移植2例,再次肝移植1例。结果全组成功9例,最长存活超过2年;围手术期死亡4例,直接死亡原因脑出血1例、急性呼吸窘迫综合征1例、急性肾功能衰竭1例、肝动脉血栓1例。结论肝脏移植是治疗各种终末期肝病的有效手段,但应严格掌握适应证,减少术后并发症的发生是提高肝移植成功率及长期存活率的关键。

At present, the immunological tolerance in transplantation induced by multi-mechanisms, to inhibit the chronic graft rejection, represents an important trend in the field of transplantation. This review summarizes the new researches about immune and non-immune factors in this field. At the same time, this review also discusses that the high-dose vitamin E, through changing the ratio of Th/Ts in vivo and not improving the level of specific-antibody, regulates the immune system. In addition, the potent antioxidation...

At present, the immunological tolerance in transplantation induced by multi-mechanisms, to inhibit the chronic graft rejection, represents an important trend in the field of transplantation. This review summarizes the new researches about immune and non-immune factors in this field. At the same time, this review also discusses that the high-dose vitamin E, through changing the ratio of Th/Ts in vivo and not improving the level of specific-antibody, regulates the immune system. In addition, the potent antioxidation of vitamin E has advantage to release the oxidate press of tissue and the damage of blood vessels. In the end, the reporter prospects the signification of vitamin E to inhibit the chronic graft rejection and points out the potential questions.

目前 ,移植领域的一个重要方向就是诱导多机制起作用的免疫耐受 ,防治人体对同种异体器官的慢性排斥反应。作者列举了该方向在免疫因素和非免疫因素方面一些新的发现 ,总结了大剂量维生素E(VE)对免疫系统的调节作用 ,是通过Th/Ts比值的改变和不提高特异性抗体水平来实现的。同时 ,VE强大的抗氧化作用有助于减轻移植组织的氧化压力和血管损伤 ,展望了VE用于防治移植器官慢性排斥反应的意义以及存在问题。

 
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