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the pathology
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  病理学
     Among 841 cases undergone colposcopy,the pathology diagnosis as NILM、CINⅠ/HPV、CINⅡ/Ⅲ were 236,540 and 65 cases,respectively. And the positive rates of HR-HPV of the above three groups were 9.7%(23/236),60%(324/540) and 96.9%(63/65),respectively.
     行阴道镜检查的841例中,病理学诊断NILM、CINⅠ/HPV、CINⅡ/Ⅲ分别为236、540、65例,其HR-HPV阳性率分别为9.7%(23/236),60%(324/540),96.9%(63/65)。
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     Studies on the Pathology of Layers Inoculated Experimentally with H_9N_2 Subtype Avian Influenza Virus
     H_9N_2亚型禽流感病毒人工感染蛋鸡的病理学研究
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     In group ① to ⑥,the brain tissue water content and the ion content including Na+,K+ and Ca2+ were detected,and the pathology was evaluated.
     检测①~⑥组大鼠伤区脑组织含水量及Na+、K+、Ca2+含量,并行病理学检查;
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     Methods To establish immediate streptozotocin (STZ)-DM model rats using intraperitoneal injection one time with the dose of 60 mg/kg, then determined the levels of plasma ET-1, PGE_2, TXB_2 and 6-Keto-PGF_ 1α of the model rats and observed the pathology of the femoral head.
     方法SD大鼠腹腔内注射链脲佐菌素(STZ)60mg/kg建立速发型STZDM模型,测定DM大鼠及对照大鼠血浆ET1、PGE2、TXB2及6KetoPGF1α水平,观察股骨头病理学变化。
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     METHODS: The experiments were accomplished in the Pathology Laboratory, Preclinical Medicine Institute, Fourth Military Medical University of Chinese PLA between March and December 2004. Forty SD male rats were selected and divided randomly into 5 groups (n=8): normal control group, model group and melatonin (0.25, 0.5, 1.0 mg/kg) group.
     方法:实验于2004-03/12在解放军第四军医大学基础部病理学实验室进行。 取SD雄性大鼠40只,随机分为正常对照组、模型组和褪黑素0.25,0.5,1.0mg/kg组5组(n=8)。
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     Analysis of the Structural Genes of PRRSV American Strain Worldwide and the Study on the Pathology and Cell Immunity of the PRRSV Infected Swine
     国内外PRRSV美洲型毒株结构基因序列分析及感染猪病理和细胞免疫变化的研究
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     The pathology and clinical aspects of intracranial infiltration with leukemic cell:an analysis of 50 auteptlc cases
     白血病细胞颅内浸润的病理与临床——附50例尸检分析
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     THE PATHOLOGY OF 94 CASES OF NEPHROBLASTOMA IN CHILDHOOD
     儿童肾母细胞瘤94例病理分析
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     The Pathology of Neonatal Lung Membrane Hyalinosis: Pathological Analysis of 100 Cases by Autopsy
     100例新生儿肺透明膜病尸检病理分析
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     A Clinical Research on the Pathology of Sunstroke
     关于中暑病机的临床研究
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  相似匹配句对
     Pathology;
     病理学;
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     Veterinary Pathology
     兽医病理学
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     THE STUDY ON PATHOLOGY OF AL
     禽白血病的病理学研究
     The Pathology and Repair of Cryptotia
     隐耳症的病理与修复
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  the pathology
It is possible that this mutation severely impairs enzymatic activity and is the underlying basis for the pathology seen in this patient with Hunter syndrome.
      
The results permitted the authors to conclude that autonomic regulation may be restored to various degrees in health and disease, depending on the pathology level.
      
All this is essential not only for deeper understanding of the biology of spermatozoa, but also for development of new therapeutic methods of finding and treating the pathology of spermatozoa.
      
The results of interphase FISH analysis of cells with low proliferative activity in vitro suggest that the pathology of early fetal development and missed abortion in humans are associated with a wider spectrum of chromosome abnormalities.
      
The multifunctional mast cells (MC), located in the myocardium, actively react to the pathology of a cardiovascular system.
      
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Supplementing previous studies of stained smears of the hemocytes of Pseudaletiaseparata the present communication reports on the results of investigations made withthe aid of phase contrast microscope. Eight of the nine types of insect hemocytes, asrecognized by Jones (1962), have been identified in the hemolymph of Pseudaletia se-parata, namely, prohemocyte, plasmatocyte, granular hemocyte, cystocyte, spherule cell,oenocytoid, adipocyte, vermiform cell. The constant occurrence and numerical variationof each...

Supplementing previous studies of stained smears of the hemocytes of Pseudaletiaseparata the present communication reports on the results of investigations made withthe aid of phase contrast microscope. Eight of the nine types of insect hemocytes, asrecognized by Jones (1962), have been identified in the hemolymph of Pseudaletia se-parata, namely, prohemocyte, plasmatocyte, granular hemocyte, cystocyte, spherule cell,oenocytoid, adipocyte, vermiform cell. The constant occurrence and numerical variationof each of these types in the different stages from the first instar to the adult have beendetermined. A characteristic appearance of the granular hemocytes is the sending off of spinelikeextentions from a semitransparent homogeneous border of the cell-body. Occasionallyhemocytes with extensions distributed radially over the surface may be observed. By con-tinuous observation under the microscope and determination of its reaction to stain intro-duced under the coverslip, it was ascertained that the ultimate form of these two typesshows no difference and that the chemical reaction is identifical. From this it is con-cluded that both these types are granular hemocytes, altho it is easy to confuse the granu-lar hemocyte with radial extentions with the podocyte. It is stressed that the criterionfor identifying a podocyte is the continuation of the cell cytoplasm into the extensions.A small number of hemocytes conforming to this criterion has been observed but wewould like to reserve our opinion on the presence of podocytes in Pseudaletia separatauntil further studies shall have been made. In the course of the present study it was also clearly demonstrated that pathologicalmodifications of the hemocytes—such as vacuolation of the cytoplasm, crenulation or ir-regularity of the cell border, uneven distribution of the cytoplasm, eccentricity of thenucleus, condensation of granules in the nucleus—occur prior to the entry of the patho-gen, Bacillus thuringiensis var. thuringiensis into the blood of the armyworm. While thesignificance of such a phenomenon will be discussed in another paper, it is here pointedout that the occurrence of these modifications in the hemocytes affords a ready means forstudies on the pathology of bacteriosis in Pseudaletia separata, one of the worst pests toagriculture in this country.

利用相差显微镜,并辅以涂片染色、化学反应方法,将粘虫各虫态虫龄的血细胞分为8个类型。他们是:原血胞、浆血胞、粒血胞、珠血胞、类绛血胞、囊血胞、梭血胞及脂血胞。并统计出各类血细胞在粘虫一生中的数量变化。本文认为足血胞与粒血胞不同之处在于前者的伸延部分含有细胞质。符合这一标准的足血胞在此次工作中看到的不多,因此对粘虫足血胞的存在问题暂作保留。 苏芸金杆菌处理后,粘虫血细胞产生了明显的病态变化,随着病症的进展,非正常血胞自2%上升为30%,50%,83%左右。直到死亡,血淋巴内未发现杆菌出现。

1.After treatment of p-mercuribenzoate (PMB), hemoglobin A (Hb A) could be dissociated into a chains and 3 chains, whereas hemoglobin H (Hb H) could only be dissociated into 3 chains. Under the specified conditions, the dissociation rate of Hb H was faster than that of Hb A, and the quantity of peptide chains resulted from dissociation was also larger than that of Hb A.2. When the hemolysates from the patients afflicted with Hb H disease were kept in refrigerator for a period of time, the Hb H in hemolysates...

1.After treatment of p-mercuribenzoate (PMB), hemoglobin A (Hb A) could be dissociated into a chains and 3 chains, whereas hemoglobin H (Hb H) could only be dissociated into 3 chains. Under the specified conditions, the dissociation rate of Hb H was faster than that of Hb A, and the quantity of peptide chains resulted from dissociation was also larger than that of Hb A.2. When the hemolysates from the patients afflicted with Hb H disease were kept in refrigerator for a period of time, the Hb H in hemolysates were dissociated automatically into β chains. The β chains so isolated were unstable, and precipitated out from the solution. This indicates that Hb H has the unstable characteristic of automatic dissociation and tends to precipitate3.Based on the phenomena observed, we consider that the pathology of Hb II disease might be due to the excess of sulfhydryl (SH) groups. The excessive SH groups cause Hb H dissociating into 3 chains and the β chains in turn precipitate and form Hb H inclusion bodies in the red cells, in the consequence, the red cells so affected are destroyed by the spleen and the symptoms of hemolytic anemia follows.

1.经PMB作用后,Hb A可解离为α链和β链,Hb H则只能解离为β链。在一定的解离条件下,Hb H解离的速度比Hb A快,解离得的肽链数量也比Hb A的多。 2.Hb H患者的溶血液置冰箱中贮存后,溶液中的Hb H会自发解离为β链,解离得的β链不稳定,能从溶液中沉淀出来,说明Hb H存在一种自发解离和沉淀的不稳定特性。 3.根据上述现象,认为Hb H病的病理学可能是Hb H分子含有较多的—SH基而易于解离为β链,然后β链在红细胞中沉淀下来形成HbH包涵体,带有HbH包涵体的红细胞最后被脾脏破坏而引起溶血性贫血症状。

The clinical experiences of 63 cases of great vessel grafts from 1954 to 1978 were summarized. Orthotopic vessel grafts after removal of the diseased vessels were performed in 55 cases (59 grafts) and bypass grafts in 8 cases. The sites of diseased vessels requiring graft replacements included thoracic aorta in 22 cases, abdominal aorta 12 cases, main aortic branches 24 cases and great veins 5 cases. The pathology of the 63 cases were: aortic aneurysms in 40 cases, coarctation of aorta 8 cases, vascular...

The clinical experiences of 63 cases of great vessel grafts from 1954 to 1978 were summarized. Orthotopic vessel grafts after removal of the diseased vessels were performed in 55 cases (59 grafts) and bypass grafts in 8 cases. The sites of diseased vessels requiring graft replacements included thoracic aorta in 22 cases, abdominal aorta 12 cases, main aortic branches 24 cases and great veins 5 cases. The pathology of the 63 cases were: aortic aneurysms in 40 cases, coarctation of aorta 8 cases, vascular thrombi 9 cases, arterio-venous fistulas 3 eases and others 3 eases. The complications were: blood oozing, massive bleeding, acute pulmonary edema, cardiac arrest, injury to the recurrent laryngeal nerve and anoxie damage of the brain during the operation; acute renal failure, respiratory failure, rupture of anastomosis, thrombus formation in the bypass-grafts, septicemia and occlusion of grafts in the early stage after operation; obstruction or rupture of transplanted vessels, pseudo-aneurysm, aorto-gastrie fistula and cerebro-vascular accidents in the later stage. The operative mortality was 17.5% and the late mortality 19%. The percentage of long-term pateney of graft was related to the length and diameter of grafts as well as the flow in the vessels distal to the graft.

本文报道大血管移植术63例,手术及术后1个月内死亡12例,后期死亡10例。介绍了术中、术后近期及远期的各种并发症及其处理,并就动脉瘤的处理、胸腹主动脉瘤的分支移植、主动脉狭窄的旁路移植、血管吻合口破裂的防止及血管材料的选择等问题进行了讨论。

 
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