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economic fungi
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This paper is the first report on the higher fungus from the Mt. Daqing(at 40 °34'-40°57'N and 110 °25' - 112°30'E),Inner Mongolia,China. By analyzing the vertical distribution patterns of higher fungus from the mountain,there anr three vertical distribution belts as follows. 1. The zone of lower mountain (under 1300m alt. ) :the common representatives are some warm-temperature prairie types,dought-enduring and smaller species of the genera Agaricus,Tricholoma, Gas- teromycetes and the genus Crinipellis....

This paper is the first report on the higher fungus from the Mt. Daqing(at 40 °34'-40°57'N and 110 °25' - 112°30'E),Inner Mongolia,China. By analyzing the vertical distribution patterns of higher fungus from the mountain,there anr three vertical distribution belts as follows. 1. The zone of lower mountain (under 1300m alt. ) :the common representatives are some warm-temperature prairie types,dought-enduring and smaller species of the genera Agaricus,Tricholoma, Gas- teromycetes and the genus Crinipellis. 2. The zone of middle mountain (1300-1800m alt). On the shade slope,under the forest of Betula platyphylla,Pazillus intulutus,species of the Lactariua and Clito-cybe are often found. On the grassland under the forest in the mountain valleys, there are more some species of Agaricus with larger fruiting body distributed.On the smei-shade and semi-sunny slope, under the forest of Pinus tabular forms, Suillus spp. and Boletus subvelutipes are a quite common sight. On the mountain meadow of the sunny slope, Calvatia gigantea is the most obvious species. 3. the zone of upper mountain(1800 -2300m alt. );On the shade slope,under the forest of Picea crassifolia, some species of the genera Leccinum and Lactarius are very usual. On the semi-shand and semi-sunny slope,the species of the genus Suillus are quite common under Larix ginelim,but the species composition under the forest of Pinus tabulaeformis are different. The some species of Amani-ta happen relatively often under the forest of Betula platgphylla. The vertical distribution pattern as showed above is connected with biological charateristics of the larger fungi and vertical distribution of the trees there.The paper also deals with the evaluation of resources of the economic fungus. About more than 150 species in total from the mountain are edible, medical , poisonous and ectomycorrhizal fungus. Among of them the most famous edible mushrooms are Tricholoma mongolicum,Pleurotus cit-rinopileatua etc. , the former is also of medical function of hasten parturition to parturient ewe and cow according to the herdsmen there. The well-known medical fungus are Calvatia gigantea, Polystic-tus rersicolor and Polyporus umbellatus etc. While ectomycorrhizal fungus are mainly the species of the families Amanitaceae, Boletaceae, Cortinariaceae and Russulaceae. The exploitation and utilization of those economic fungus are very important significance in biology and economics.

内蒙大青山高等真菌垂直分布分为三个垂直带谱:1.浅山带以蘑菇属Agaricus、口蘑属Tricholoma和腹菌类Gasteromycetes为主;2.中山带以卷边桩菇Paxillus involutus、乳菇属Lactarius、蘑菇属和乳牛肝属Suillus等常见;3.深山带以瘤柄牛肝属Leocinum和毒伞属Amanita居多。食、药用及菌根菌150余种,其中蒙古口蘑Tricholoma mangolicum为著名食、药用菌,对牛、羊的分娩有催产作用。

This paper is the first report on the higher fungus from the Helaa Shan west of China. By analyzing the vertical distribution pattens of higher fungus from the mountain,there are four vertical distribution belts as follows. 1. The zone of mountain. the common representatives are dought-enduring and smaller species of the Polipo-raceae. 2. The zone of middle mountain. On the grassland under the forest in the moun-tain valleys, there are more species of Clitocybe, Agaricus Suillus and Poliporaceae...

This paper is the first report on the higher fungus from the Helaa Shan west of China. By analyzing the vertical distribution pattens of higher fungus from the mountain,there are four vertical distribution belts as follows. 1. The zone of mountain. the common representatives are dought-enduring and smaller species of the Polipo-raceae. 2. The zone of middle mountain. On the grassland under the forest in the moun-tain valleys, there are more species of Clitocybe, Agaricus Suillus and Poliporaceae distributed. 3. The zone of upper mountain. Under the forest of Picea crassifolia, some species of genus Cortinarius,Hebeloma,Inocybe Trichoma and Lactarius are very usual. 4. The zone of sub-alp. There are few species of higher fungus on this zone. The paper also deal with the evaluation of the economic fungus. About more than 140 species in to-tal from the mountain are edible,medical and cetomycorrhizal fungus. Among of them moust famous edible and ectomycorrhizal mushroom is Cominarius rufo-olivaceus. The exploitation and utilization of this economic fungus are very important significance in bi-ology and economics.

贺兰山高等真菌垂直分布分为四个垂直带谱:1.低山带以腹菌类Gasteromycetes为主;2.中山带以杯伞属Chitocybe、蘑菇属Agaricus、乳牛肝菌属Suillus和多孔菌类Polyporaceae等常见;3.深山带汇萃了贺兰山主要的真菌种类,以丝膜菌属Cortinarius、粘滑菇属Hebeloma、丝盖伞属Inocybe、口蘑属Ticholoma和乳菇属Lactarius为典型代表;4.亚高山带仅有少量高等真菌分布。贺兰山高等真菌中食、药用及菌根菌有140余种,其中贺兰山紫蘑Cortinariusrufo-olivaceus最为著名,有极高的经济价值并对贺兰山云杉林的生长发育有重要意义。

 
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