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grassroots hospitals
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  基层医院
     Clinical experience on treating children snoring disease from grassroots hospitals
     基层医院治疗儿童鼾症的体会
短句来源
     On the Demands for Nursing Management in Emergency in Grassroots Hospitals
     刍议基层医院急诊工作对护理管理的要求
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     Objective To establish a scoring system-simplified useful respiratory failure evaluation system(SURFES)-to predict the illness severity of patients in respiratory intensive care unit(RICU) and to evaluate the SURFES so as to make this scoring system applicable to the grassroots hospitals.
     目的建立适用于评估呼吸重症监护病房(RICU)患者病情、预后及疗效的评分系统简易呼吸衰竭评估系统(SURFES),并分析运用SURFES评估呼吸衰竭患者病情的效果,以期更好地适用于基层医院
短句来源
     Giving full play to the role of mass health organizations in administration of grassroots hospitals
     充分发挥社会卫生团体在基层医院管理中的作用
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     Objective To explore the causes, clinical characteristics and treatment for chestnut thorn foreign bodies in the eyes to provide scientific basis for their diagnosis and treatment at grassroots hospitals.
     目的 探讨眼部栗刺异物的发生原因、临床特点及治疗方法,为基层医院的诊治工作提供依据。
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  “grassroots hospitals”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Conclusions:It is concluded that induced sputum centrifugation sediment smear looking for acidfast bacillus has the advantages of high positive rate and few side effects. It has important significance for clinical diagnosis of pulmonary tuberculosis and epidemiological investigation and can be recommended to be used in grassroots hospitals.
     结论 :诱导痰离心沉淀涂片查找抗酸杆菌阳性率高 ,不良反应小 ,在肺结核的临床诊断以及流行病学调查中具有重要意义 ,便于在基层推广。
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  相似匹配句对
     Investigation on the Educational Levels of Nurses in Grassroots Hospitals
     基层医院护理人员的学历结构调查分析
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     On the Demands for Nursing Management in Emergency in Grassroots Hospitals
     刍议基层医院急诊工作对护理管理的要求
短句来源
     hospitals F, H, J and I were better;
     F、HJ、和I四家医院为良;
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     On the Crisis of Quality in Hospitals
     论医院质量危机
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     Work difficulty in the grassroots;
     基层计生工作难度较大;
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With the analysis of 106 cases of early esophageal cancer,five features on thedouble contrast radiography ( DCR ) in the esophageal cancer(EC)are discussed in this arti-cle. The first one is a lesion looking like as a ring or half a ring.The second is like as a plateor with a bar-shaped eminence.The third is in the shape of a nodular foamy shadow. Thefourth is as a limited thickening of the sunken part on one side of the esophageal wall as a bi一lateral defect.The fifth looks like a spot or a line niche shadow....

With the analysis of 106 cases of early esophageal cancer,five features on thedouble contrast radiography ( DCR ) in the esophageal cancer(EC)are discussed in this arti-cle. The first one is a lesion looking like as a ring or half a ring.The second is like as a plateor with a bar-shaped eminence.The third is in the shape of a nodular foamy shadow. Thefourth is as a limited thickening of the sunken part on one side of the esophageal wall as a bi一lateral defect.The fifth looks like a spot or a line niche shadow. The differential diagnosis isdiscussed between EC,develping cancer,benign pathological protrusion and esophagitis. Theseparate X-ray of EC is analysised,too. In the author’s opinion,it is the key work to useDCR for the early diagnosis of esophageal cancer in the grassroots hospital.

本文报道106例病理证实的早期食管癌(EEC),分析了EEC双对比造影表现征象为:①环征、半环征;②平盘、棒状隆起;③结节泡沫状阴影;④偏侧局限性管壁凹陷增厚或缺口、双边征;⑤斑状及条状龛影。文中分析了EEC分型X线表现,讨论了EEC与进展癌、良性隆起性病变以及食管炎的鉴别诊断。强调在基层医院利用现有机器条件,积极开展双对比造影是食管癌早期诊断的关键。

By using Definite Daily Dosage (DDD), Drug Utilization Index (DUD recommended by WHO as indicators, 4484 copies of prescriptions in the shizhuishan second people's hospital in the march of 1994 were statistically analyses. The results showed that: 1) Most frequently used drugs were antibiotics, accounting for 35. 26% of total prescriptions, which was consistent with the drug use picture in other hospitals. 2) Penicillin was on the top of the list of antibiotics. The cephalosporin and quninolones...

By using Definite Daily Dosage (DDD), Drug Utilization Index (DUD recommended by WHO as indicators, 4484 copies of prescriptions in the shizhuishan second people's hospital in the march of 1994 were statistically analyses. The results showed that: 1) Most frequently used drugs were antibiotics, accounting for 35. 26% of total prescriptions, which was consistent with the drug use picture in other hospitals. 2) Penicillin was on the top of the list of antibiotics. The cephalosporin and quninolones were in the sixth and eighth places respectively. This had something to do with the geographical location of the hospital. The hospital was a grassroots hospital, therefore, the traditional inexpensive and effective antibiotics, such as penicillin and compound sulfamethoxazol were predominantly used. 3) The use of antibiotics was related to the age. The use of antibiotics in 19-35 year group was ranked the first or second places. 4) Analysis by using DDD and DUI revealed that the DUIs of only few drugs were greater than 1, suggesting that the drug abuse tendency was not conspicuous. The daily dosage of antibiotics exhibited a tendency of increase. This was especially true with penicillin and cephalosporin.

采用WHO推荐的“限定日剂量”和“药物利用指数”作为药物利用研究单位,统计分析宁夏石嘴山市第二人民医院1994年3月的门诊处方4484张。结果表明:①使用最多的药物是抗菌类药物,占全部处方的35.26%。与其他医院的情况基本一致。②抗菌药物使用居首位的是青霉素类;而头孢菌素类和喹诺酮类抗菌药物位居第8位和第6位。这与该院所处地区有关,该院是基层医院,社会医疗需求决定了青霉素、复方新诺明等疗效肯定,价格低廉的传统药物使用较多。③抗菌药物的使用受年龄的影响。19~35岁年龄组的用药值得重视,因为几乎所有抗菌药在该组的比例均居首位或第二位。④采用DDD和DUI评价宁夏石嘴山市第二医院1994年3月份门诊处方中抗菌药物的使用,仅有少数药物DUI大于1。提示剂量上的滥用倾向不明显。但抗菌药物日剂量有逐年上升的趋势,尤其青霉素和头孢菌素类。

Objective:To study the diagnostic value of morning sputum direct smear,morning sputum tuberculous bacillus culture,and induced sputum centrifugation sediment smear in the diagnosis of pulmonary tuberculosis.Methods:Morning sputum direct smear for 3 times,morning sputum tuberculosis bacillus culture,and induced sputum centrifugation sediment smear for acidfast bacillus were performed on 50 patients with pulmonary tuberculosis.Results:Direct smear of sputum for acidfast bacillus was positive in 13 patients(26%).Bacterial...

Objective:To study the diagnostic value of morning sputum direct smear,morning sputum tuberculous bacillus culture,and induced sputum centrifugation sediment smear in the diagnosis of pulmonary tuberculosis.Methods:Morning sputum direct smear for 3 times,morning sputum tuberculosis bacillus culture,and induced sputum centrifugation sediment smear for acidfast bacillus were performed on 50 patients with pulmonary tuberculosis.Results:Direct smear of sputum for acidfast bacillus was positive in 13 patients(26%).Bacterial culture of sputum was positive in 17 patients(34%).Sputum was successfully induced in all 50 patients. The quantity of induced sputum was 1040 ml 〔mean (20 0±4 5) ml〕.Two patients complained of dyspnea and tachypnea during the procedure.One patient complained of some discomfort in the throat due to severe cough after inducing expectoration of sputum,but the symptom subsided on the same day.Induced sputum centrifugation sediment smear looking for acidfast bacillus was positive in 20 patients(20/50,40%). Its positive rate was significantly higher than that of bacterial culture and direct sputum smear(all P <0 05). Six patients discharging a large mumber of tuberculous bacilli ( ++++ ) were detected by induced sputum centrifugation sediment smear(6/20).Conclusions:It is concluded that induced sputum centrifugation sediment smear looking for acidfast bacillus has the advantages of high positive rate and few side effects.It has important significance for clinical diagnosis of pulmonary tuberculosis and epidemiological investigation and can be recommended to be used in grassroots hospitals.

目的 :探讨晨痰直接涂片、晨痰结核菌培养、诱导痰离心沉淀涂片 3种不同方法对肺结核的诊断价值。方法 :对 5 0例肺结核患者分别进行晨痰直接涂片 3次、晨痰结核菌培养、诱导痰离心沉淀涂片查找抗酸杆菌。结果 :痰直接涂片查找抗酸杆菌阳性 13例 (13/ 5 0 ,2 6 % ) ;痰结核菌培养阳性 17例 (17/ 5 0 ,34% ) ;5 0例患者全部诱导出痰液 ,痰量 10~ 4 0 ml,平均 (2 0 .0± 4 .5 ) ml;5 0例患者有 2例在诱导痰操作中感胸闷、气急 ,但完成操作 ,1例因操作过程中用力咳嗽而致操作后咽喉隐痛不适 ,但当日好转 ;诱导痰离心沉淀涂片找抗酸杆菌阳性 2 0例 (2 0 / 5 0 ,4 0 % ) ,明显高于痰结核菌培养及直接涂片阳性率 (P均 <0 .0 5 ) ,且检出大量排菌 (++++) 6例(6 / 2 0 )。结论 :诱导痰离心沉淀涂片查找抗酸杆菌阳性率高 ,不良反应小 ,在肺结核的临床诊断以及流行病学调查中具有重要意义 ,便于在基层推广。

 
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