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newborns
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  新生儿
     THE WEIGHTS AND SIZES OF VARIOUS ORGANS IN 940 NEWBORNS
     940例新生儿脏器的重量和大小的研究
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     Studies on the Concentration of Fetal Hemoglobin in Newborns' Umbilical Cord Blood
     新生儿脐带血中胎儿血红蛋白浓度的研究
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     DETERMINATION OF CORD SERUM T_4 IN THE NEWBORNS IN HUNAN
     湖南地区新生儿脐血血清 T_4值的测定
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     Chromosome analysis of 304 newborns by umbilical cord blood culture
     304例新生儿脐血的染色体检查
短句来源
     An analysis of chromosomes of umbilical cord blood in 300 newborns
     300例新生儿脐血的染色体检查分析
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  “newborns”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Cytogenetic Study of Newborns
     新生儿的细胞遗传学研究
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     Congenital Malformation in Fetus and Newborns
     胎婴儿的先天性畸形
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     Rectum and Anal Canal in Newborns
     新生儿的直肠和肛管
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     A Study on the Infection of Hepatitis B Virus and Its Determinants in Newborns and Infants
     婴幼儿乙型肝炎病毒感染及影响因素的研究
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     THE DETERMINATION OF SERUM ZINC COPPER IRON AND MAGNESIUM IN PREGNANT WOMEN AND NEWBORNS
     孕妇血清与脐血中锌铜铁镁值的测定
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  相似匹配句对
     Hydronephrosis in newborns
     新生儿肾积水
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     Determination of BAEP in Newborns
     新生儿脑干听觉诱发电位测定
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  newborns
Maximum accumulation of glycogen and neutral glycoproteins was observed during late fetal development, while maximum consumption was specific for newborns.
      
In most newborns very high activities were recorded, which exceeded the activities in adults at rest 7-8-fold or 3-fold according to the conventional calculation, or more than 30-and 6-fold according to our more precise calculation.
      
Artificial Feeding of Newborns as a Risk Factor for Renal Disease in Childhood
      
Central hemodynamic parameters were analyzed in 217 healthy full-term newborns.
      
The healthy newborns showed great individual variations of the cardiac index, which were associated with the hyper-, eu-, and hypokinetic types of hemodynamics, evidencing good adaptive capacity of the body.
      
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Observations made on the cystic arteries of 120 cadavers (62 adults,48children and 10 newborns) showed 85 (70.83±4.1%)to be simple cystic arteryand 35 double (29.07±4.1%).The percentages of the double cystic artery arehigher in children and newborns(20 cases,57.14%,in children and newbornsas compared with 15 cases,42.86%,in adults).In 64 cases,or 53.33±4.5 percent,the simple cystic aretry arises in theCalot's triangle from the typical coeliac right hepatic artery,and in 24 casesor 20.0±3.6 per cent,the...

Observations made on the cystic arteries of 120 cadavers (62 adults,48children and 10 newborns) showed 85 (70.83±4.1%)to be simple cystic arteryand 35 double (29.07±4.1%).The percentages of the double cystic artery arehigher in children and newborns(20 cases,57.14%,in children and newbornsas compared with 15 cases,42.86%,in adults).In 64 cases,or 53.33±4.5 percent,the simple cystic aretry arises in theCalot's triangle from the typical coeliac right hepatic artery,and in 24 casesor 20.0±3.6 per cent,the superficial or deep branches or both have the sameorigin.The single and double cystic arteries,or one branch of the double cysticartery from the replaced right hepatic artery occurs in 12 cases or 10.0±2.7per cent,and from an artery other than the right hepatic,23 cases or 19.7±3.5per cent.In 74 cases,or 61.67±4.2 per cent,the origin of the single and one or twobranches of the double cystic artery is in Calot's triangle;in 49 cases,or 40.83±4.4 per cent,it is from the right hepatic artery or other sources to the leftof the hepatic duct and crossing the hepatic duct or common bile duct posteriorlyor anteriorly.17 cases or 14.17±3.2 per cent are in other locations.The single and dual cystic arteries or one branch of the dual cystic arteryare attached to the gall bladder from the neck in 100 cases,or 83.33±3.3 percent;and from the body in 51 cases,or 42.5±4.5 per cent.The series was classified into 8 types,their relation to the clinical opera-tion was discussed.

1.本文检查了120例尸体的胆囊动脉,其中62例成年尸体,48例童尸和10例胎儿。2.在此120例中有85例单胆囊动脉,占70.83±4.1%;35例双胆囊动脉,占29.17±4.1%,百分率较高,其原因也曾讨论。3.胆囊动脉的起始。(见表1)(1)起始于典型肝右动脉的:单胆囊动脉64例;双胆囊动脉的两支起于此者22例,1支起于此者7例;共93例,占77.50±3.8%。(2)起于变异肝右动脉的:(包括肠系膜肝右动脉、肠系膜肝总肝右动脉、腹腔肝右动脉及腹主肝右动脉等)单胆囊动脉7例;双胆囊动脉两支起于此者4例,1支起于此者1例。共12例,占10.00±2.7%。(3)起于肝左或肝中动脉的:单胆囊动脉7例;双胆囊动脉两支起于此者1例,1支起于此者7例。共15例,占12.50±3.0%。 (4)起于其它动脉的:(包括肝总、肝固有及胃十二指肠动脉等)单胆囊动脉7例;双胆囊动脉1支起於此者1例,2支起於此者无。共8例,占6.67±2.3%。4.胆囊动脉起始的位置(见表2)(1)位在Calot氏三角内者:单胆囊勤脉48例,双胆囊动脉两支位于此者9例,1支位于此者17例,共74例。占61.67±4.4%。(2)位于肝总管...

1.本文检查了120例尸体的胆囊动脉,其中62例成年尸体,48例童尸和10例胎儿。2.在此120例中有85例单胆囊动脉,占70.83±4.1%;35例双胆囊动脉,占29.17±4.1%,百分率较高,其原因也曾讨论。3.胆囊动脉的起始。(见表1)(1)起始于典型肝右动脉的:单胆囊动脉64例;双胆囊动脉的两支起于此者22例,1支起于此者7例;共93例,占77.50±3.8%。(2)起于变异肝右动脉的:(包括肠系膜肝右动脉、肠系膜肝总肝右动脉、腹腔肝右动脉及腹主肝右动脉等)单胆囊动脉7例;双胆囊动脉两支起于此者4例,1支起于此者1例。共12例,占10.00±2.7%。(3)起于肝左或肝中动脉的:单胆囊动脉7例;双胆囊动脉两支起于此者1例,1支起于此者7例。共15例,占12.50±3.0%。 (4)起于其它动脉的:(包括肝总、肝固有及胃十二指肠动脉等)单胆囊动脉7例;双胆囊动脉1支起於此者1例,2支起於此者无。共8例,占6.67±2.3%。4.胆囊动脉起始的位置(见表2)(1)位在Calot氏三角内者:单胆囊勤脉48例,双胆囊动脉两支位于此者9例,1支位于此者17例,共74例。占61.67±4.4%。(2)位于肝总管左侧,且越其前面或后面者:单胆囊动脉25例;双胆囊动脉1支位于此者13例,两支位于此者无。共38例,占31.67±4.2%。(3)位输胆总管左侧,且越其前面或后面者:单胆囊动脉6例,双胆囊动脉的1支位于此者5例,共11例。占9.17±2.6%。(4)位于其它位置的:单胆囊动脉5例;双胆囊动脉两支位于其它位置的6例,1支位于其它位置的5例,共16例,占13.33±2.9%。5.胆囊动脉进入胆囊的部位(见表3)(1)从胆囊颈入胆囊的:单胆囊动脉62例,双胆囊动脉两支从颈进入者4例,1支从颈进入者34例。共100例,占83.33±3.30%。(2)从胆囊体进入者:单胆囊动脉23例,双胆囊动脉的1支从体进入胆囊的28例;共51例,占42.50±4.5%。6.胆囊动脉的类型(见表4)正常的第Ⅰ型占57.60±4.5%;第Ⅱ型估25.00±3.9%;第Ⅲ型占8.33±2.5%;第Ⅳ型占12.50±3.0%;第Ⅴ型占3.33±1.6%;第Ⅵ型占3.33±1.6%;第Ⅷ型占1.67±1.2%;第Ⅶ、Ⅸ、Ⅹ、Ⅺ、Ⅻ型作者未曾见到。双胆囊动脉深支的配布类型:浅深支同一起始动脉的为第Ⅰ型有27例;不同起始的为第Ⅱ型有8例。7.进行胆囊手术时应注意下列几点:(1)双胆囊动脉占29.17±4.1%,分离胆囊管和动脉时应充分注意。(2)正常典型的胆囊动脉仅占57.50±4.5%,馀均异常。在胆囊颈分离时,应注意常有肝右动脉的分枝位其下面;胆囊动脉有时很短,几与其所起始的肝动脉在一处。在胆囊管和动脉未分离清楚以前,勿结紮切断,以免误损肝动脉。(3)胆囊动脉位于肝总管左侧,越肝总管和输胆总管前面的占36.66±4.4%,位其后面者占4.17±1.8%,在分离胆囊管和动脉时应注意之。(4)胆囊动脉从胆囊颈左缘进入是正常的,占65.83±4.2%,另有异常的为从颈右缘或后方进入胆囊的有21例,从体进入胆囊的有51例,共占60.00±4.2%。在分离胆囊时也应注意胆囊颈的右下缘及胆囊体。

The normal values of the serum γ-Gt activity in 110 healthy adultdonors were less than 50 units and those of the 9 newborns ranged from107 to 334 units. The γ-Gt of 48 patients suffermg from carcinoma of the liver increasedby 100%, those with γ-Gt over 200 units made up 79.5%. The α-FPdetermination and radioisotopic scanning simultaneously performed in 37cases were positive in 70.6% and 92.5% respectively. In comparison withγ-Gt determination it appeared that the latter was more sensitive thanthe formers....

The normal values of the serum γ-Gt activity in 110 healthy adultdonors were less than 50 units and those of the 9 newborns ranged from107 to 334 units. The γ-Gt of 48 patients suffermg from carcinoma of the liver increasedby 100%, those with γ-Gt over 200 units made up 79.5%. The α-FPdetermination and radioisotopic scanning simultaneously performed in 37cases were positive in 70.6% and 92.5% respectively. In comparison withγ-Gt determination it appeared that the latter was more sensitive thanthe formers. γ-Gt of 1 patient of carcinoma of the pancreas was 1, 098 units,3 casesof carcinoma of the billiary tract ranged from 76.9 to 663 units. Therise of γ-Gt of these patients was closely related to the obstruction ofbilliary tract and/or metastasis into the liver. There were 13 cases of hepatitis with jaundice, of which 12 caseshad a rise of γ-Gt (66.5-446 units), but one case of severe hepatitisshowed only 50 units. Among 15 patients of cirrhosis of the liver,11 had a rise of γ-Gt, 4 of them returned to normal level in the latestage. One patient of acute schistosomiasis showed high levels of γ-Gt, butupon treatment it gradually decreased to normal. Among 15 cases of billiary tract diseases 13 showed rise in γ-Gt(101.5-516 units), while 2 were normal. In 2 patients with acute billiarydiseases γ-Gt was originally highly raised, later decreased gradually after the drainage. of common bile ducts. It therefore seemed that the rise ofγ-Gt was related to the obstruction of the billiary tract. To sum up, the determination of γ-Gt in serum was definitely valu-able for the diagnosis of diseases of the liver and billiary tract, espe-cially for primary as well as secondary carcinoma of the liver.

本文作者报告用自行合成的γ—L—谷氨酸—α萘胺为基质用改良法测定110名健康献血员、9名新生儿和167例患者血清γ—谷氨酰转肽酶(γ—GT)的结果。作者认为血清γ—GT的测定对肝胆系统疾病,特别是肝癌有一定的诊断价值。

In order to improve the work of electrocardiography in children, theliterature has been reviewed and 4 points are discussed in this paper. 1. Technique of recording: Direct writing ECG machine with elec-trodes of adequate sizes for different ages, the application of electrodepaste to a limited area and to keep the baby quiet during ECG exami-nation are essential for good recording. In addition to the usual precordialleads, V_3R or V_4R should be recorded. A paper speed of 50mm persecond for newborns and...

In order to improve the work of electrocardiography in children, theliterature has been reviewed and 4 points are discussed in this paper. 1. Technique of recording: Direct writing ECG machine with elec-trodes of adequate sizes for different ages, the application of electrodepaste to a limited area and to keep the baby quiet during ECG exami-nation are essential for good recording. In addition to the usual precordialleads, V_3R or V_4R should be recorded. A paper speed of 50mm persecond for newborns and infants is proposed. 2. Normal values of electrocardiography in children: The normalvalues of ECG in children should reflect not only the proper age of thechild examined but also should be simple, clear and easy for clinicalapplication. By using the data of our studies and those of others inChina, a set of normal values has been worked out. 3. The ECG criteria of ventricular hypertrophy for Chinese children:These criteria are proposed with a discussion of their sensitivity andaccuracy in diagnosis. In case of right ventricular hypertrophy, the sensi-tivity is high but accuracy low, and a false positive diagnosis is easilymade. The younger the age, the more difficult the differentiation of thepathologic right ventricular hypertrophy from physiologic right ventricularpredominance. 4. Overloading of ventricles: Based upon the physiology of ventri-cular overloading and the data of clinical and ECG studies, Cabrara pro-posed the ECG criteria of various ventricular overloadings. It is general-ly accepted that the ECG of a child with overloading of the ventriclesis helpful in the diagnosis of congenital heart disease, although some wri-ters do not quite agree with him.

本文作者复习文献并合结自己的研究资料,提出简明实用的小儿心电图正常值及小儿心室肥厚的诊断标准,以供参考。

 
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