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the hearing
相关语句
  听力
     The results showed that the hearing loss rate at speech frequency was 23.0% and at high-freqency was 83.7% in case of Leq being in 85~115 dB(A).
     调查结果,作业场所噪声等效连续A声级强度在85~115 dB,语言听力损失率为23.0%,高频听力损失率为83.7%。
短句来源
     Results Under the noise environment, wearing the 3M ear plugs correctly, the hearing loss increase was not significance (X2=1.623 P>0.05).
     结果噪声环境下,正确佩带该耳塞,工人听力损伤的增加没有统计学意义(X2=1.623P>0.05)。
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     The hearing impairment of (Ⅰ) group is 12.5dB(A), while that of (Ⅲ) group is only 2.5dB(A).
     高压氧组( Ⅰ)听力损失1 2.5dB(A),高压氧+丹参组(Ⅲ)听力损伤仅为 2.5dB(A)。
短句来源
     It is possible that the hearing of HIE neonates could be improved at 2000Hz and 4000Hz.
     HIE新生儿2000,4000Hz听力有改善的可能。
短句来源
     Auditory brainsteem response(ABR) were measured in α_1D -/-,α_1D +/- and α_1D +/+ mice to determine the hearing threshold of mice.
     利用听性脑干反应(ABR)检测携带不同L型电压门控钙通道α1D基因型(α1D+/+、α1D+/-和α1D-/-)小鼠的听力
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  听证
     The writing is based on the hearing system to the general principles of understanding and analysis of national legislation in China hearing system conditions for the application and use comparative research and analysis on the methods for hearing system in the national legislation of the
     本文的写作立足于对听证制度一般原理的认知和分析民族立法听证制度在中国的适用条件,运用比较研究和借鉴分析的方法,充分剖析了听证制度在民族立法工作中适用的必要性,在此基础上提出了将听证制度引入到民族立法中的初步设想,为民族立法听证制度的建立提供必要的理论支持。
短句来源
     Study on the Hearing System of the Administration Permission Law
     《行政许可法》之听证制度初探
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     The Study about the System of the Hearing in Administrative Decision-making of China
     中国行政决策听证制度研究
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     Establishing the Hearing System for Government Investment Project
     逐步建立大型政府投资项目听证制度
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     A Study on the Hearing System in Public Security Administration
     治安行政听证制度研究
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  “the hearing”译为未确定词的双语例句
     OBJECTIVE To find the best way to evaluate the hearing threshold with the objectivethresholds of auditory brainstem response(ABR) and 40Hz auditory event related potential(40Hz AERP) .
     目的探索应用听性脑干反应(auditory brain stem response,ABR)和40Hz听觉相关电位(40Hz auditory event related potential,40Hz AERP)来客观评估听阈的最佳方法。
短句来源
     Objective To investigate the effect of evoked heat shock protein 70 (HSP70) expression on the hearing function of the cochlea in guinea pigs.
     目的探讨热休克蛋白(heat shock protein,HSP)70的诱导表达对豚鼠耳蜗听功能的影响。
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     Objective To assess the hearing function of three genotype mice (Smad4 +/+, +/-, -/-) and to determine the hearing phenotype after Smad4 gene conditional knockout.
     目的对Smad4条件基因敲除后三种不同基因型小鼠野生型+/+、杂合子+/-、纯合子-/-进行听功能检查,初步确定Smad4条件基因敲除后小鼠的听力学表型特征。
短句来源
     Conclusion HIE influence the hearing ability,premature,HIE,hyperbilirabinehia maybe the main factor of HIE newborn for failing to pass TEOAE.
     结论新生儿HIE能引起听力障碍,早产HIE、胆红素血症可能是影响HIE新生儿TEOAE不通过的主要因素。
短句来源
     After treatment, the plasma endothelins level decreased, and the NO level increased significantly in the hearing improved patients(P<0.05).
     治疗有效组治疗后ET水平明显降低达基本正常水平(P<0.05),而NO水平明显提高,但仍低于健康对照者(P<0.05);
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查询“the hearing”译词为用户自定义的双语例句

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  the hearing
The temporal parameters of the perception of radially moving sound sources partly masked with broadband internalized noise at an intensity of 40, 46, or 52 dB above the hearing threshold have been studied.
      
The use of ecologomorphological approach made it possible to establish that specific structural features of the hearing organ in different mammals are determined by adaptation to specific acoustic properties of the environment.
      
It was shown that morphofunctional adaptations directed at optimization of acoustic sensitivity in different environmental conditions were leading in the hearing organ evolution.
      
The hearing impairment was confirmed by distortion products of otoacoustic emissions measurements.
      
Background: Prelingually deaf persons usually gain only a rudimentary command of speech and prefer sign language to communicate within the deaf community without the handicap they experience in the hearing world.
      
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In order to rectify the existing acoustic defects of the lecture hall of Wen-Yuan Building in our university, a series of acoustic measurements were carried out, and analysis and a scheme of reconstruction was proposed therefrom, After completing the alteration according to the new designs in the summer of 1956, the hearing conditions of the hall were found to be greatlly improved. The author pointed out, however, that due to the lack of experience in this kind of work and to the insufficiency of acoustic...

In order to rectify the existing acoustic defects of the lecture hall of Wen-Yuan Building in our university, a series of acoustic measurements were carried out, and analysis and a scheme of reconstruction was proposed therefrom, After completing the alteration according to the new designs in the summer of 1956, the hearing conditions of the hall were found to be greatlly improved. The author pointed out, however, that due to the lack of experience in this kind of work and to the insufficiency of acoustic instruments, there are still certain defects, the remedy of which would require further research work. Ⅰ. Introduction Ⅱ. A general description and analysis of the lecture hall before alteration. Ⅲ. Analysis and improvement from the view of geometrical acoustics. Ⅳ. Reverberation time. Ⅴ. Sound intensity distribution after alteration. Ⅵ. Noise reduction. Ⅶ. Some unsolved defects and problems.

为改善本校文远楼大讲堂内的音质缺陷,我们曾进行了一系列的音质测定和分析工作,并作了改建设计。1956年暑改建完毕以后,基本上已能符合听讲的要求,听者一般都感到清晰和满意。由于声学仪器和实际经验的不足,工作中尚存在着一些缺点和问题,在本报告中亦一一提出,以待今后继续加以研究解决。Ⅰ.绪言。Ⅱ.现况介绍和分析。Ⅲ.从几何声学上加以分析和改进。Ⅳ.混响时间的改进。Ⅴ.改建后的声强分布。Ⅵ.降低噪声的措施。Ⅶ.工作中存在的问题和缺点。

(1)In two groups of guinea pigs receiving 200 mg/kg of neomycin daily for 9 days,and 50 mg/kg daily for 40—44 days respectively,the development of deafness as judged by the shift in the threshold of Preyer’s reflex manifested itself in two distinct forms,acute and chronic.In the acute form,the animals became deaf within a few days after the first signs of the elevation of the threshold of Preyer’s reflex.In the chronic form,the hearing loss showed a gradual onset and progressed to total deafness following...

(1)In two groups of guinea pigs receiving 200 mg/kg of neomycin daily for 9 days,and 50 mg/kg daily for 40—44 days respectively,the development of deafness as judged by the shift in the threshold of Preyer’s reflex manifested itself in two distinct forms,acute and chronic.In the acute form,the animals became deaf within a few days after the first signs of the elevation of the threshold of Preyer’s reflex.In the chronic form,the hearing loss showed a gradual onset and progressed to total deafness following a much longer course.It was noted that once an elevation of the auditory threshold became evident,total deafness would be the end result,sooner or later. (2)During the course of neomycin intoxication,a reduction in the maximum value of the cochlear microphonic potential in response to a click was the first sign noted in guinea pigs showing slight impairment of auditory function,whereas the threshold values of the microphonic potential and the action potential of the auditory nerve and the maximum value of the latter remained unchanged.On histological examination,degenerative changes were first found in the external hair cells at the basal turn of the organ of Corti,while the other structures were essentially normal. The electrical changes in the inner ear as indicated by a reduction in the maximum response of the microphonic potential usually preceded the degenerative changes of the external hair cells as revealed by ordinary histological techniques.In guinea pigs suffering from moderate impairment of auditory function,the reduction in the max- imum value of the microphonic potential was more marked than that in the action potential.The threshold values of both the microphonic and action potential were raised 5—20 decibels.The degeneration of the external hair cells became more mark- ed,and the internal hair cells also showed some degenerative changes of lesser degree.The nuclei of spiral ganglionic cells were pyknotic and the cell bodies were shrunken with a reduction of Nissl’s bodies in the cytoplasm.During the transition from moderate impairment of auditory function to complete deafness,both the external and internal hair cells finally disappeared,and a retrograde degeneration was demonstrated in some of the spiral ganglionic cells,though most of them still appeared normal.After the loss of the action potential,a residual microphonic potential of low level could still be observed.This was not derived from the hair cells and its actual source and significance remained unknown.In guinea pigs with deafness of longer duration,the organ of Corti disappeared completely.The nerve fibers inner- vating the external and interal hair cells and the cell bodies in the modiolus were almost absent.The hair cells of the organ of Corti proved to be the primary site of action of neomycin,consequently leading to a profound depression of microphonic potential.Degeneration of the auditory nerve with a reduction in the amplitude of the action potential appeared to be secondary to the changes in hair cells. (3)In the determination of the evoked potential from auditory cortex in guinea pigs with varying degrees of hearing loss,the threshold value for a click in eliciting a just discriminable cortical response was found to be similar to that in the auditory nerve response.The changes in the threshold value for the cortical evoked response were the results of the toxic effect of neomycin on the peripheral organs of the auditory system. (4)It was found that neomycin specifically affected hearing,while leaving the vestibular function intact.

(一)以耳廓反射阈值的改变为指标,我们观察了新霉素中毒时豚鼠耳聋形成过程。在14只豚鼠按每天200毫克/公斤体重剂量,分两次腹腔内注射共9天,耳聋形成最早发生在给药后的第9天,最迟发生在第96天。15天内有9只动物耳聋。在7只豚鼠按每天50毫克/公斤体重剂量注射40—44天,耳聋形成最早发生在第38天,最迟在第114天。两组豚鼠耳聋的发生均包括两种类型:第一种类型为急性耳聋,从耳廓反射阈值开始提高发展到耳聋的过程短。第二种类型为慢性耳聋,从耳廓反射阈值开始提高到耳聋经过的时同长。中毒豚鼠一旦听阈提高则迟早将不可避免地发展到耳聋。(二)新霉素中毒过程中豚鼠内耳生物电与组织学的变化:(1)听觉功能轻度损伤时,微音器电位最大值最先下降,其“阈值”与听神经电位阈值和最大值均无改变。形态上耳蜗第一圈外毛细胞最先发生变性。而且在形态没有检查到变化时,生物电已有改变。(2)听觉功能中等程度损伤时,微音器电位最大值的下降比听神经电位的下降更为显著。微音器电位与听神经电位阈值均提高5—20分贝。外毛细胞变性加重,内毛细胞出现轻度变性。部分豚鼠螺旋神经节细胞中尼氏小体减少,核染色加深。(3)当听觉功能从中等程度损伤发展到耳聋的过...

(一)以耳廓反射阈值的改变为指标,我们观察了新霉素中毒时豚鼠耳聋形成过程。在14只豚鼠按每天200毫克/公斤体重剂量,分两次腹腔内注射共9天,耳聋形成最早发生在给药后的第9天,最迟发生在第96天。15天内有9只动物耳聋。在7只豚鼠按每天50毫克/公斤体重剂量注射40—44天,耳聋形成最早发生在第38天,最迟在第114天。两组豚鼠耳聋的发生均包括两种类型:第一种类型为急性耳聋,从耳廓反射阈值开始提高发展到耳聋的过程短。第二种类型为慢性耳聋,从耳廓反射阈值开始提高到耳聋经过的时同长。中毒豚鼠一旦听阈提高则迟早将不可避免地发展到耳聋。(二)新霉素中毒过程中豚鼠内耳生物电与组织学的变化:(1)听觉功能轻度损伤时,微音器电位最大值最先下降,其“阈值”与听神经电位阈值和最大值均无改变。形态上耳蜗第一圈外毛细胞最先发生变性。而且在形态没有检查到变化时,生物电已有改变。(2)听觉功能中等程度损伤时,微音器电位最大值的下降比听神经电位的下降更为显著。微音器电位与听神经电位阈值均提高5—20分贝。外毛细胞变性加重,内毛细胞出现轻度变性。部分豚鼠螺旋神经节细胞中尼氏小体减少,核染色加深。(3)当听觉功能从中等程度损伤发展到耳聋的过程中,听神经电位逐渐下降到零,但仍可记录到低波幅微音器电位,该电位不是由毛细胞所产生,起源不明。外毛细胞轮廓和境界逐渐模糊,内毛细胞变性加剧,最后两者均消失。耳聋形成后历时较长的豚鼠,柯蒂氏器完全消失,支配内、外毛细胞的神经纤稚与蜗轴中的神经纤维全部退化。(三)皮层听区声诱发电位测定表明,在新霉素中毒豚鼠中未出现皮层诱发电位阈值提高的分贝数超过听神经电位阈值所提高的分贝值,或诱发电位消失而仍保留听神经电位的现象。可以认为皮层声诱发电位的改变是由于新霉素对听觉外周器官功能影响的结果。(四)旋转后眼球震颤实验表明,新霉素对豚鼠前庭功能影响很小。

There are four methods to express sound insulation standards: (1) sound insulationquantities, (2) sound insulation or protection margins, (3) fixed reference curves and (4) a single dB value.The requirements of airborne sound insulation in different countries are nearly the same and comply with the human reaction, hut the standards of impact sound level disperse widely and have no close connection with the hearing. To ensure good living environment, most countries have based their standards on field measurements....

There are four methods to express sound insulation standards: (1) sound insulationquantities, (2) sound insulation or protection margins, (3) fixed reference curves and (4) a single dB value.The requirements of airborne sound insulation in different countries are nearly the same and comply with the human reaction, hut the standards of impact sound level disperse widely and have no close connection with the hearing. To ensure good living environment, most countries have based their standards on field measurements. The difference of corrections for sound insulation measurements, even in ordinary rooms, may be as high as 3dB, due to different definition of normalization. It is suggested that no normalization is to he taken, not only for convenience but also for better description of the living condition. As to the greatest permissible deviation in any frequency band, specification are different in different coutries and no unified value has been arrived yet

各国的隔声评价法大致区别有四种:(1)隔声量法,(2)隔声余值法,(3)固定曲线法,(4)单一声级法。各国对空气隔声的要求已基本一致且和人的感觉相符,但在撞击声标准方面不仅差别较大,而且和人的感觉联系还不密切。为了保证居住环境合于要求,大多数国家都以现场标准作为依据。测量数据的归一化即使是通常的房间,由于修正项的不同其修正值差也可能达到3dB。因此不如不作修正,这样既简单而且更能反映实际居住情况。至于频带允许最大偏差各国差别较大,尚无一致看法。

 
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