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Existence of stochastic equilibrium with incomplete financial markets
      
This paper analyzes the aritrage-free security markets and the general equilibrium existence problem for a stochastic economy with incomplete financial markets.
      
It is assume that trading takes place in the sequence of spot markets and futures markets for securities payable in units of account.
      
Financial markets may be incomplete: some consumption streams may be impossible to obtain by any trading strategy.
      
Linear programming in the foreign exchange markets
      
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At present, commodity production is developing rapidly in rural areas of the country.This has caused great changes in the composition of population: more and more surplus labour forces have engaged in different types of specialized households, and a lot of peasants are doing part-time jobs in various industrial plants.with the development of production, the living conditions of peasants will be improved gradually.In accordance with the new situation and requirements, a new market town planning of Fada...

At present, commodity production is developing rapidly in rural areas of the country.This has caused great changes in the composition of population: more and more surplus labour forces have engaged in different types of specialized households, and a lot of peasants are doing part-time jobs in various industrial plants.with the development of production, the living conditions of peasants will be improved gradually.In accordance with the new situation and requirements, a new market town planning of Fada Commune has been made, Its layout, quality and scale of future development and standards of various kinds of buildings have been determined.This work has thrown a new light on the process of urbanization of rural towns of this country.

目前全国各地农村商品生产有了较大的发展,从而引起了人口结构的变化,农村剩余劳动力转变为各种类型的专业户和亦工亦农人口.随着生产的发展,农民的生活条件也将得到改善.本文就是根据农村新形势的需要,编制了发达公社集镇规划.在确定集镇的性质、规模、各类建筑及其用地标准和规划布局时,着重探讨了集镇城市化问题,也就是我国农村集锁向小城市发展的道路问题.

Hu Yuanzhi is Assistant Research Fellow of the Research Insti-tute of Industrial Economics Under the Chinese Institute of SocialSciences and member of the Chinese Institute of Industrial Econo-mics; Qian Jiajun is Associate Research Fellow of the Research Institute of Industrial Economics under the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences and member of the Chinese Institute of Industrial Economics; and Qiu Jingji is Vice-Director of the Research Depart- ment of Industrial Management under the Chinese Academy of Social...

Hu Yuanzhi is Assistant Research Fellow of the Research Insti-tute of Industrial Economics Under the Chinese Institute of SocialSciences and member of the Chinese Institute of Industrial Econo-mics; Qian Jiajun is Associate Research Fellow of the Research Institute of Industrial Economics under the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences and member of the Chinese Institute of Industrial Economics; and Qiu Jingji is Vice-Director of the Research Depart- ment of Industrial Management under the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, Associate Research Fellow, and member of the Chinese Institute of Industrial Economics. On the basis of a large-scale investigation and study, the authorsmake a relatively concrete analysis and study of the results of reform-ing the control system of medical service and medicines in China, theexisting problems and the direction of the future reform. They maintainthat the main problems today are the inconsistent ideas of "combiningmedical service with medicines", an unclear understanding of the natureand characteristics of medical service and medicines, failure to carryout the preferential policies which are suited to the characteristics ofmedical service and medicines and the acute contradictions between in-dustry and commerce. They hold that the future reform calls for stress-ing the solution of the following problems on the basis of a correctunderstanding of the necessity of "combining medical service with medi-cines" and the characteristics of medical service and medicines: streng-then the macro-control of the whole trade and decide on the means ofcontrol with the rule of law as the main link; strengthen the plannedcontrol of production or introduce the suitable market regulation ac-cording to the different conditions of medicines; increase the suppliesfrom markets where suppliers are held responsible for their goods, thusavoiding blind competition; and expand the enterprises" ability to deve-lop on their own, speed up the manufacture of new products and thepace of technical reform. Finally, the authors also make a concrete ana-lysis of how to give play to the advantage of the system of combiningproduction with sales by readjusting the relations between industry andcommerce.

作者在做了大量调查研究的基础上,对我国医药业经济管理体制改革的成效、存在的问题和今后改革的方向,作了较具体的分析研究。作者认为,当前的主要问题在于对“医药结合”的认识不统一,对医药业的性质及特点认识不清,适应医药业特点的优惠政策未能落实以及工商矛盾尖锐等等。作者认为,今后的改革要在正确认识“医药结合”的必要性以及医药业的特性的基础上,着重解决如下几个问题:加强全行业的宏观控制,确立以法治为主的控制手段;要根据医药商品的不同情况,加强生产的计划控制或实行适当的市场调节;在流通上加强责任市场供应,避免盲目竞争;扩大企业自我发展的能力、加速新产品的开发以及加快技术改造的步伐。最后,作者对如何协调工商关系发挥产销结合体制的优点,也作了具体分析。

This article considers that if we want to establish a new geological exploring system with chinese characteristics we must adopt a series of economic policies and reforming measures. This new system is not only different from the past rigid model but also from the capitalist model in essence. Except merchandising the gealogical achievements, operating the prospecting team as an enterprise and socializing the geological troops we Should set up an unified opening geological market progressively and some...

This article considers that if we want to establish a new geological exploring system with chinese characteristics we must adopt a series of economic policies and reforming measures. This new system is not only different from the past rigid model but also from the capitalist model in essence. Except merchandising the gealogical achievements, operating the prospecting team as an enterprise and socializing the geological troops we Should set up an unified opening geological market progressively and some other policies. In implementing steps we should act according to the priciples of synthesizing reforms, forming a complete set, distinguishing the principle and the subordinate and implemanting by stages, we have to work hard for laying a foundation of the new system by three stages with about 10 years

本文认为,要建立起既区别于过去那种僵化的模式,又与资本主义模式有本质不同的具有中国特色的地质勘查工作新体制,需要采取一系列的经济政策与改革措施。除逐步实行地质成果商品化、地勘单位企业化和地质队伍社会化外,还应逐步建立统一而开放的地质市场体系,在实施步骤上,应本着综合改革、配套进行、有主有从、分段实施的原则,力争用十年左右、分三个阶段逐步奠定新体制基础。

 
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