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Existence of stochastic equilibrium with incomplete financial markets
      
This paper analyzes the aritrage-free security markets and the general equilibrium existence problem for a stochastic economy with incomplete financial markets.
      
It is assume that trading takes place in the sequence of spot markets and futures markets for securities payable in units of account.
      
Financial markets may be incomplete: some consumption streams may be impossible to obtain by any trading strategy.
      
Linear programming in the foreign exchange markets
      
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The four special economic zones so far set up In china Lave varied backgrounds which affect their growth. Three groups of factors are identified for appraising the growth potential of the special economic zones, viz. proximity to an international trading city, kinship con-nections with the overseas Chinese, and factors of production and transportation. The Shen-zhen SEZ seems to be in a most advantageous position because of its proximity to Hong Kong, an important financial centre, the third container port in...

The four special economic zones so far set up In china Lave varied backgrounds which affect their growth. Three groups of factors are identified for appraising the growth potential of the special economic zones, viz. proximity to an international trading city, kinship con-nections with the overseas Chinese, and factors of production and transportation. The Shen-zhen SEZ seems to be in a most advantageous position because of its proximity to Hong Kong, an important financial centre, the third container port in the world, an industrial city and a huge market. It has good transportation links with Guangzhou and Hong Kong, but its port at Shekou is less than satisfactory for its limited draught. This can only be re-medied by the completion of the deep-water berths at Chiwan. The poor infrastructure of Shenzhen presents another problem, for it is difficult to expand its infrastructure of fast enough to keep pace witr its rapidly growing industry and population. The Zhuhai SEZ is relatively poorly located. Macau, the city next to it, is much less prosperous than Hong Kong. In respect of transportation, it is only connected with Guangzhou by a third class road. It has no deep-water port except a shallow one. It has little infrastructure to support rapid growth. Yet its potential for tourism seems rather promising. Shantou is a city with abundant supply of skilled labour and sound light industrial infrastructure. Quite a num-ber of overseas Chinese now residing in Hong Kong, Macau and particularly Thailand are from this general1 area. The Shantou SEZ thus has been endowed with plentiful supply of production. The only deficiencies are its limited electricity supply and the absence of ra-ilway connections. Xiamen, in many respects similar to Shantou, but its transportation links are far better than Srantou. A deep draught port is under construction and its air-port is to be expanded. It is also well served by rail transport. Indeed, its transport reso-urce is the best among the four Chinese special economic zones. Judging from existing con-ditions and in terms of their potentiality for investment, the four zones are ranked as follows: Shenzhen, Xiamen, Shantou and Zhuhai.

关于我国经济特区的建设是海外侨胞十分关心的问题,香港中文大学朱剑如、吴仁德二先生特撰文投寄本刊,我们欢迎港澳学者对这一问题进行研究并提出建议,以利于吸引外资,促进国际合作,对特区建设作出贡献。我们认为本文有一定参考价值,除略加节删外,均按原文文体刊出。

The current price cut in crude oil will produce a deep, widespread and complicated impact on the world economy, trade and finance market. Whether this will affect China's foreign trade and the joint exploitation of China's energy resources with participation of foreign investment is also a question of public concern. With this in view, the Editorial Department of "International Trade" held recently a symposium on the world oil situation, at which heated discussions were made on the questions such as main...

The current price cut in crude oil will produce a deep, widespread and complicated impact on the world economy, trade and finance market. Whether this will affect China's foreign trade and the joint exploitation of China's energy resources with participation of foreign investment is also a question of public concern. With this in view, the Editorial Department of "International Trade" held recently a symposium on the world oil situation, at which heated discussions were made on the questions such as main factors leading to the price cut, it's trend of development and impact etc.The article gives a summary of the main contents of the discussions in the following 5 aspects: 1. A review of the price changes on the oil market over the past year; 2. Main cause for the current large-scope price reduction; 3. Outlook on the trends of world oil market: 4. Impact of the price decline on the world market as a whole: 5. Impact on China's foreign economic relations and trade.

在世界经济动荡的形势下,今年2月以来,国际石油市场又风云陡起,继苏、英降低油价之后,石油输出国组织伦敦会议经过多次协商,于3月14日决定将基准油价由每桶34美元降为29美元,降幅约达15%.这是举世瞩目的问题,它对世界经济、贸易和金融市场的影响深刻、广泛而错综复杂.此次石油降价对我对外贸易以及与外资合作开发能源有无影响,也是人们关心的问题.为此,本刊编辑部于3月23、24日在京召开了世界石油形势讨论会,邀请本部有关局、公司、研究机构和院校,外交部国际问题研究所,石油部情报所,煤炭部情报所,国家经委能源局和能源研究所,中国海洋石油总公司,国家物价总局,中国银行金融研究所,中国社会科学院世界经济与政治研究所,新华社,人民日报,中央人民广播电台,经济日报等20多个单位的70多位同志参加.会上就这次石油降价的主要原因及其发展趋势和影响等进行了热烈的讨论.现将主要发言内容扼要报道如下.

The author expounds and proves by theory and practice that construction industry is an important department of material production. He analyses the difficult tasks thatconstruction industry may face in the future seventeen years, and holds that we should givepriority to the development of construction as a key industry. Eight reforming measures are proposed to change the passive, backward and less ofvigor conditiom of construction industry. (1) Apply tender and contract system,changing progressively the old...

The author expounds and proves by theory and practice that construction industry is an important department of material production. He analyses the difficult tasks thatconstruction industry may face in the future seventeen years, and holds that we should givepriority to the development of construction as a key industry. Eight reforming measures are proposed to change the passive, backward and less ofvigor conditiom of construction industry. (1) Apply tender and contract system,changing progressively the old pattern ofdistributing tasks by administrative means;2) Apply labor and material contract system instead of old supply system; (3) Change the investment system of city dwelling and public utility building,anduse the investment in a comprehensive way to form whole sets of dwelling and public utilitybuildings; (4) Make the dwelling house building as commdity production; (5) Develop construction market in the countryside; (6) Establish new labor system that combines labor force of construction in th city and countryside; (7) Adjust the price of building products reasonably to increase the accumulation of the nation; (8) Develop contract construction and labor cooperation abroad to increase the income of foreign exchange.

本文从理论和实践两方面论证了建筑业是国民经济的一个重要物质生产部门,分析了今后十七年建筑业面临的艰巨任务,主张把建筑业作为一个重点产业优先发展。 为了改变建筑业长期处于被动、落后和缺少活力的状态,本文提出了八项改革建议:(1)逐步改革单纯用行政手段分配任务的老办法,实行投标承包制;(2)改革建筑材料供应方式,实行包工包料;(3)改革城市住宅、公共福利建筑的投资体制,用综合开发的方式配套建设;(4)改革住宅经济体制,实行住宅的商品生产和经营;(5)开拓农村建筑市场,促进村镇建设;(6)改革企业组织体制,建立城乡结合的队伍体系;(7)合理调整产品价格,打破大锅饭,为国家增加积累;(8)开展对外承包和劳务合作,增加外汇收入。

 
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