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Existence of stochastic equilibrium with incomplete financial markets
      
This paper analyzes the aritrage-free security markets and the general equilibrium existence problem for a stochastic economy with incomplete financial markets.
      
It is assume that trading takes place in the sequence of spot markets and futures markets for securities payable in units of account.
      
Financial markets may be incomplete: some consumption streams may be impossible to obtain by any trading strategy.
      
Linear programming in the foreign exchange markets
      
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Extra-budgetary capital increases rapidly in the course of track-cha-nging of the system leading to the softening of binding in the bank'scredit capital which in turn gives rise to the excessive presrure upon creditinflation. Of course to persist the credit deflation may restrain the unfa-vourable effects of currency inflation to a certain extent, but it may,first of all, check the productive investment, and may also aggravate thetendency of the miniaturization and lightening investment, and leadingto the payment...

Extra-budgetary capital increases rapidly in the course of track-cha-nging of the system leading to the softening of binding in the bank'scredit capital which in turn gives rise to the excessive presrure upon creditinflation. Of course to persist the credit deflation may restrain the unfa-vourable effects of currency inflation to a certain extent, but it may,first of all, check the productive investment, and may also aggravate thetendency of the miniaturization and lightening investment, and leadingto the payment crisis among the enterprises. The authors hold that theabove-mentioned tendencies illustrate: to push forward the financial reformlosing no time is the crux to cast off the situation of double-difficultiesat the moment and to deepen the urban reform. The authors point outthat the selective reform strategy is to implement the financial double-track system, i.e., to persist and perfect the planning management of the bank's credit activities and, at the same time, to cultivate energeti-cally the civilian capital market outside of the bank, so as to let thecapital that can be financed and pooled within a more extensive scope.To gradually permeate the mddern readjustment form in the financialduality system so as to create conditions for the ultimate fulfillment ofthe overall financial system reform.

在经济体制转轨过程中预算外资金迅速增加,银行信贷资金的约束软化,形成对信贷膨胀的极大压力。坚持信贷紧缩固然可能在一定程度上抑制通货膨胀带来的不利影响,但却可能首先抑制生产性投资,亦可能加剧投资小型化、轻型化趋势,并导致企业间支付危机。作者认为,上述种种倾向表明,不失时机地推进金融改革,成为当前摆脱二难局面、深化城市改革的关键。作者指出,短期内可选择的改革策略是实行金融双轨体制,对银行信贷活动坚持与完善计划管理,同时着力于培育银行之外的民间资金市场,使社会资金在更大范围内融通、聚集。在金融二元体系中逐步渗入现代调节方式,以斯创造条件,最终完成全面的金融体制改革。

SEZis a zone in which the market regulation plays the principal role. The development of production and circulation has been demanding the money market for its further expanding and opening, that is, the needs for developing a flexble and multifarious money market including: Enliven the commercial credit, carry out bonds business; conduct the various short-term money-lending; set up and develop the long-term fund market, including the investment bank totally in the form of credit; organize...

SEZis a zone in which the market regulation plays the principal role. The development of production and circulation has been demanding the money market for its further expanding and opening, that is, the needs for developing a flexble and multifarious money market including: Enliven the commercial credit, carry out bonds business; conduct the various short-term money-lending; set up and develop the long-term fund market, including the investment bank totally in the form of credit; organize joint-stock company in light of the specific condition of China, and the stock-exchange with socialist characteristics. As to the foreign-exchange market, the panned market should co-exist with the free market.

特区经济是以市场调节为主的经济。生产和流通的发展,向金融市场提出了继续扩大、开放的要求,需要发展灵活多样的金融市场:活跃商业信用,开展票据业务;开展多种形式的短期资金融通;建立并发展长期资金市场,包括建立完全信用形式的投资银行;按照我国国情,组建股份公司,筹建具有社会主义特色的证券交易所;外汇市场,要形成计划市场和自由市场并存的局面。

The paper conducts an analysis on the necessity and possibility for issuing stocks and setting up a stock market in Shenzhen SEZ; with the conclusion confirming not only the said possibility but also the basic conditions already available. The authors then proceed from the administrationstate of three enterprises set up by pooled capital to a deep-going expounding on the problems still existing for the issuance of stocks in Shenzhen SEZ, and finally comes up with their own idea of how to set up a stock...

The paper conducts an analysis on the necessity and possibility for issuing stocks and setting up a stock market in Shenzhen SEZ; with the conclusion confirming not only the said possibility but also the basic conditions already available. The authors then proceed from the administrationstate of three enterprises set up by pooled capital to a deep-going expounding on the problems still existing for the issuance of stocks in Shenzhen SEZ, and finally comes up with their own idea of how to set up a stock market in Shenzhen SEZ.

本文对深圳特区发行股票、开设股票市场的必要性和可能性进行了分析,认为不仅是必要和可能的,而且目前已基本具备条件;进而根据三家招股集资兴办的企业的经营情况,对深圳特区发行股票存在的问题作了剖析,并据此提出了深圳特区开设股票市场的设想。

 
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