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Existence of stochastic equilibrium with incomplete financial markets
      
This paper analyzes the aritrage-free security markets and the general equilibrium existence problem for a stochastic economy with incomplete financial markets.
      
It is assume that trading takes place in the sequence of spot markets and futures markets for securities payable in units of account.
      
Financial markets may be incomplete: some consumption streams may be impossible to obtain by any trading strategy.
      
Linear programming in the foreign exchange markets
      
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The problems existing in the current investment system are pinpointed: the power to make investment decisions is over-centralized and the decisions made by the Central Government cannot cope with its investment capabilities; the gratuitousness of investment is the root cause of investment inflation; there is a lack in scientific long-term programs for the fixed assets investment; the Bank of Construction has not been able to bring into full play its role in controlling the investment scale and supervising the...

The problems existing in the current investment system are pinpointed: the power to make investment decisions is over-centralized and the decisions made by the Central Government cannot cope with its investment capabilities; the gratuitousness of investment is the root cause of investment inflation; there is a lack in scientific long-term programs for the fixed assets investment; the Bank of Construction has not been able to bring into full play its role in controlling the investment scale and supervising the use of funds.Several suggestions are made for reforming the investment system, including the establishment of an investment company to care for the overall investment program and management; a reasonable division of investment scope to improve the investment benefit; setting up an investment system with both planned economy and market regulation taken into account; further improving the allocating and loan system; establishing an investment system with "pay-back"; making the Bank of Construction a genuine investment bank and an independent business unit with the power to make decisions regarding investment loans and to provide sufficient funds to investors.

本文分析了我国现行投资体制中所存在的问题,为加速体制改革,控制投资膨胀,提出了若干建议。

Every country is devoting oneself to improving one's investment environment to attract foreign capital as capital and production are internat ionized day by day.There are about twelve motives for the investor to invest outside the country from the point of view of the investor. There fore, a lot of factors affect the activity of the investor's investment. The economist summarizes them as seven ones:political stability, market opportunity, economic development and achievement, unified culture, law stoppage,...

Every country is devoting oneself to improving one's investment environment to attract foreign capital as capital and production are internat ionized day by day.There are about twelve motives for the investor to invest outside the country from the point of view of the investor. There fore, a lot of factors affect the activity of the investor's investment. The economist summarizes them as seven ones:political stability, market opportunity, economic development and achievement, unified culture, law stoppage, substantive obstacle and difference between geographical features or cultures. There are many specific methods for the evaluation of the international environment of investment around the factors above. This paper only presents two:equal shares of investmental envioronment and evaluation of profit factors. It also deals with the periodic theory of investment development in the end.

随着资本和生产的日趋国际化,各国普遍地致力于改善自己的投资环境,以吸引外资。从东道国的立场来看,投资者对外投资的动机大致有十二种,因此,影响投资者投资活动的因素是很多的。经济学家将其概括为七大因素:即政治稳定性、市场机会、经济发展和成就、文化一元化、法律阻碍、实质障碍、地理及文化差异等。围绕以上因素对国际投资环境进行评估又有许多具体的方法,本文只介绍了“投资环境评分法”和“利润因素估计法”。文章最后还介绍了“投资发展周期”理论。

After transforming their operation mechanism, enterprises have entered the market as independent legal persons. meanwhile,they begin to face some new problems ,such as ,how they avoid economic loss caused by price fluctuation ,how they plan their production and operation , etc. Futures market,with its exclusive functions,provides the way to solve these problems for enterprises.

企业转换经营机制后,企业作为独立的法人进入了市场。但同时也面临着一些新的问题:企业如何回避市场价格波动带来的经济损失,如何在市场经济前提下安排生产经营,期货市场以其独有的功能为企业提供了解决的途径。

 
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