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the tropical indian ocean
相关语句
  热带印度洋
    Summertime Air-Sea Interactions in the Tropical Indian Ocean and Their Associations with the General Circulation Variations in the Northern Hemisphere as Revealed by SVD Analysis
    SVD揭示的热带印度洋海气变率及其与北半球环流变化的联系
短句来源
    In the Pacific ENSO years, the IOD pattern is not observed in either surface height or depth of 20 ℃ isoline in the tropical Indian Ocean.
    当ENSO事件发生时,海表高度和20℃等温线所在深度在热带印度洋无东西偶极分布型存在。
短句来源
    The analysis about standard deviations reveals that during NH winter the regions of great interannual variation for cumulus convection are located in NH tropical western Pacific, equatorial middle Pacific and the eastern region of the tropical Indian Ocean.
    标准差分析表明,冬季北半球热带西太平洋、赤道中太平洋及热带印度洋东部地区积云对流的年际变化最明显。
短句来源
    Compared with the observations, the monsoon rainfall in East Asia, simulated by using Kuo's scheme is better simulated, while the rainfall in the tropical western Pacific, the tropical Indian Ocean and North America can be well simulated by using A-S's scheme. However, the characteristics of the summer monsoon rainfall cannot be simulated by using Manabe's scheme.
    与实况相比,采用Kuo方案对东亚季风降水的模拟结果较好,而采用A-S方案对热带西太平洋、热带印度洋与北美地区降水的模拟结果较好,但采用Manabe方案却模拟不出东亚地区夏季风降水特征;
短句来源
    However,when convective activities are intensfied over the tropical Indian Ocean and the tropical western Pacific around the Philippines,the oscillation excited by the internal heating propagates westward from the tropical western Pacific and has a period of about 30 days ,and its distrubance has weaker baroclinic structure than that excited by the heating in the equatorial atmosphere,and it exhibits the Rossby wave pattern,which is closely associated with the South Asian summer monsoon.
    然而,当对流活动在热带印度洋和热带西太平洋,即菲律宾附近地区加强时,在热带西太平洋地区激发出向西传播的低频振荡,周期为 3 0d左右,扰动为弱Rossby波型,斜压结构,且与南亚季风有紧密关系.
短句来源
更多       
  热带印度洋
    Summertime Air-Sea Interactions in the Tropical Indian Ocean and Their Associations with the General Circulation Variations in the Northern Hemisphere as Revealed by SVD Analysis
    SVD揭示的热带印度洋海气变率及其与北半球环流变化的联系
短句来源
    In the Pacific ENSO years, the IOD pattern is not observed in either surface height or depth of 20 ℃ isoline in the tropical Indian Ocean.
    当ENSO事件发生时,海表高度和20℃等温线所在深度在热带印度洋无东西偶极分布型存在。
短句来源
    The analysis about standard deviations reveals that during NH winter the regions of great interannual variation for cumulus convection are located in NH tropical western Pacific, equatorial middle Pacific and the eastern region of the tropical Indian Ocean.
    标准差分析表明,冬季北半球热带西太平洋、赤道中太平洋及热带印度洋东部地区积云对流的年际变化最明显。
短句来源
    Compared with the observations, the monsoon rainfall in East Asia, simulated by using Kuo's scheme is better simulated, while the rainfall in the tropical western Pacific, the tropical Indian Ocean and North America can be well simulated by using A-S's scheme. However, the characteristics of the summer monsoon rainfall cannot be simulated by using Manabe's scheme.
    与实况相比,采用Kuo方案对东亚季风降水的模拟结果较好,而采用A-S方案对热带西太平洋、热带印度洋与北美地区降水的模拟结果较好,但采用Manabe方案却模拟不出东亚地区夏季风降水特征;
短句来源
    However,when convective activities are intensfied over the tropical Indian Ocean and the tropical western Pacific around the Philippines,the oscillation excited by the internal heating propagates westward from the tropical western Pacific and has a period of about 30 days ,and its distrubance has weaker baroclinic structure than that excited by the heating in the equatorial atmosphere,and it exhibits the Rossby wave pattern,which is closely associated with the South Asian summer monsoon.
    然而,当对流活动在热带印度洋和热带西太平洋,即菲律宾附近地区加强时,在热带西太平洋地区激发出向西传播的低频振荡,周期为 3 0d左右,扰动为弱Rossby波型,斜压结构,且与南亚季风有紧密关系.
短句来源
更多       
  热带印度洋
    Summertime Air-Sea Interactions in the Tropical Indian Ocean and Their Associations with the General Circulation Variations in the Northern Hemisphere as Revealed by SVD Analysis
    SVD揭示的热带印度洋海气变率及其与北半球环流变化的联系
短句来源
    In the Pacific ENSO years, the IOD pattern is not observed in either surface height or depth of 20 ℃ isoline in the tropical Indian Ocean.
    当ENSO事件发生时,海表高度和20℃等温线所在深度在热带印度洋无东西偶极分布型存在。
短句来源
    The analysis about standard deviations reveals that during NH winter the regions of great interannual variation for cumulus convection are located in NH tropical western Pacific, equatorial middle Pacific and the eastern region of the tropical Indian Ocean.
    标准差分析表明,冬季北半球热带西太平洋、赤道中太平洋及热带印度洋东部地区积云对流的年际变化最明显。
短句来源
    Compared with the observations, the monsoon rainfall in East Asia, simulated by using Kuo's scheme is better simulated, while the rainfall in the tropical western Pacific, the tropical Indian Ocean and North America can be well simulated by using A-S's scheme. However, the characteristics of the summer monsoon rainfall cannot be simulated by using Manabe's scheme.
    与实况相比,采用Kuo方案对东亚季风降水的模拟结果较好,而采用A-S方案对热带西太平洋、热带印度洋与北美地区降水的模拟结果较好,但采用Manabe方案却模拟不出东亚地区夏季风降水特征;
短句来源
    However,when convective activities are intensfied over the tropical Indian Ocean and the tropical western Pacific around the Philippines,the oscillation excited by the internal heating propagates westward from the tropical western Pacific and has a period of about 30 days ,and its distrubance has weaker baroclinic structure than that excited by the heating in the equatorial atmosphere,and it exhibits the Rossby wave pattern,which is closely associated with the South Asian summer monsoon.
    然而,当对流活动在热带印度洋和热带西太平洋,即菲律宾附近地区加强时,在热带西太平洋地区激发出向西传播的低频振荡,周期为 3 0d左右,扰动为弱Rossby波型,斜压结构,且与南亚季风有紧密关系.
短句来源
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  “the tropical indian ocean”译为未确定词的双语例句
    Using the monthly mean data from SODA, GISST 2.3b, NCEP/NCAR reanalysis, CMAP and Willmott precipitation datasets, we have investigated the relationships between the summer rainfall in southern part of China and the SSTA of the tropical Indian Ocean along with the South China Sea.
    利用CMAP和WiUmott降水、SODA和GISST 2.3b海洋变量以及NCEP/NCAR再分析月平均资料,研究了中国南方夏季降水与印度洋偶极型海温异常及南海海温异常的关系,结果表明:
短句来源
    Numerical Study on the Effect of SSTA in the Tropical Indian Ocean and Pacific on Asian Summer Monsoon
    热带太平洋印度洋海温异常对亚洲夏季风影响的数值研究
短句来源
    The results are summarized as follows:(1) The dipole pattern is observed in the sea surface height and the depth of 20℃ when a dipole event occurs in the tropical Indian Ocean as observed in SSTA.
    (1)当热带西印度洋海温偏高(低)、东印度洋海温偏低(高)时,西印度洋海表高度变高(低)、20℃等温线深度变深(浅),东印度洋海表高度变低(高)、20℃等温线深度变浅(深),赤道中印度洋出现纬向东(西)风异常。
短句来源
    The same-signed SSTA in SCS has positive (negative) correlation with both the tropical southeast (southwest) Pacific SSTA and the tropical Indian Ocean.
    与同期热带东南太平洋存在大范围正相关,与同期西南太平洋则成负相关;
短句来源
    Based on the monthly mean data from NCEP/NCAR reanalysis, sea surface temperature from GISST data set as well as 160 station precipitation data in China , we have investigated the air-sea interactions in the tropical Indian Ocean and their relations with the climate variations in both the tropical Pacific and the northern hemisphere. The results are summarized as follows:(1) The Indian Ocean is well coupled with the atmosphere as indicated by SVD1 and SVD2 modes.
    本文利用NCEP/NCAR再分析资料,GISST海温资料以及国家气候中心整编的降水资料,采用SVD、相关、合成等方法,对印度洋地区的海气相互作用现象及其气候影响、大气变量场和中东太平洋对印度洋海温偶极子的预报意义以及印度洋偶极子对我国降水的影响等方面作了分析,结果表明:
短句来源
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  the tropical indian ocean
The interannual variability of sea surface temperature (SST) anomalies in the tropical Indian Ocean is dominated mainly by a basin-scale mode (BM) and partly by an east-west contrast mode (zonal mode, ZM).
      
A dynamic link between the basin-scale and zonal modes in the Tropical Indian Ocean
      
The air-sea interaction processes over the tropical Indian Ocean region are studied using sea surface temperature data from the Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer sensor onboard the NOAA series of satellites.
      
Sea surface temperature anomalies to the west of New Zealand and in the tropical Indian Ocean are also useful, especially for seasonal predictions.
      
We address the various roles played by the net surface heat flux and the local and remote ocean dynamics for the seasonal variation of near-surface heat budget in the Tropical Indian Ocean.
      
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By using a five-layer primitive equation model with P-sigma coordinates, the effect of convective heating source with the oscillation of a dipole pattern over the tropical Indian Ocean- western Pacific on Asian summer monsoon is inver-stigated. The results from simulations show that the oscillatory heating source may cause oscillations in east-west zonal circulation at the quator, in cross-equatorial flow, in meridional monsoon circulation and in the phase of high-low level circulation over Asia, with...

By using a five-layer primitive equation model with P-sigma coordinates, the effect of convective heating source with the oscillation of a dipole pattern over the tropical Indian Ocean- western Pacific on Asian summer monsoon is inver-stigated. The results from simulations show that the oscillatory heating source may cause oscillations in east-west zonal circulation at the quator, in cross-equatorial flow, in meridional monsoon circulation and in the phase of high-low level circulation over Asia, with same period as that of the oscillating heat source. Furthermore, the influence mechanism of the tropical heating source associated with oscillations on Asian summer monsoon circulation is also studied. It is clearly shown that the westward propagation of thermally-forced Rossdy waves to the west of the oscillatory heating source and the northward propagation of disturbances can give rise to oscillations of the equatorial east-west zonal circulation and monsoonal meridional circulation, Finally, the oscillation of all the Asian summer monsoon circulation is formed.

本文利用p—σ混合坐标系的五层原始方程模式,研究了印度洋—西太平洋热带偶极子型振荡对流加热源对亚洲夏季环流的影响。试验结果表明印度洋—西太平洋热带振荡源可以引起赤道东—西纬向环流、越赤道气流、季风经向环流以及亚洲夏季高、低层环流的位相振荡,其振荡周期与振荡热源的振荡周期一致。本文还进一步研究了热带振荡源影响亚洲夏季风环流的机制,研究表明振荡热源西侧激发的Rossby波的西传和扰动的北传、引起赤道东—西纬向环流和季风经向环流的振荡,从而最终导致整个亚洲夏季风环流振荡的机制。

Based on the ECMWF global objective analysis of 7-level mean geopotential height anomaly, a study is made of the simultaneous correlations of the corresponding points of these level with the sea surface level as the base for December, January and February (DJF) and June, July and August (JJA), respectively. Results show that the barotropy and baroclinity change greatly geographically, as shown in the height departures, with remarkable seasonality: the DJF lower troposphere anomaly is marked by higher (poor)...

Based on the ECMWF global objective analysis of 7-level mean geopotential height anomaly, a study is made of the simultaneous correlations of the corresponding points of these level with the sea surface level as the base for December, January and February (DJF) and June, July and August (JJA), respectively. Results show that the barotropy and baroclinity change greatly geographically, as shown in the height departures, with remarkable seasonality: the DJF lower troposphere anomaly is marked by higher (poor) equivalent barotropy over the oceans (continent); the upper troposhere circulation anomaly is illustrated by a high-value region of correlation coefficient around the equator and a low area dominating subtropics; the correlation pattern between the circulation departure fields of the low and upper troposphere indicates that a high region is not always over the waters and a strongest negative correlation center arises in the tropical eastern Pacific. Its comparison to the JJA pattern reveals that a particular significant seasonality occurs in Africa and the tropical Indian Ocean with a DJF vigorous barotropic sector and a JJA baroclinic one, respectively.

利用欧洲中心全球客观分析的7层月平均位势高度距平资料,分别计算了相同格点上12—2月和6—8月各层高度距平之间的同时相关分布。结果表明:全球月平均位势高度距平场的正压、斜压性随地理区域变化很大,并有较明显的季节变化。其中12—2月对流层下部大气环流距平场在海洋上空有较好的相当正压性,在大陆上空正压性较差;对流层上部大气环流异常的正、斜压性分布与下部不同,赤道附近地区是相关系数的高值区,副热带地区主要是低值区;在对流层下部与上部大气环流距平场的相关系数分布图上,海洋上空并不总是高值区,在热带东太平洋区域就出现最强的负相关中心。与6—8月的相关系数分布型比较发现:特别明显的季节变化在非洲大陆和热带印度洋区域,12—2月为强正压区,6—8月为强斜压区。

Based on ECMWF 7-level monthly mean geopoptential height anomaly data. the present paper has calculated the Correlation coefficient distribution of several key circulational teleconnection indices and the geopotential height anomaly of each level. Results show that the barotropieal and baroclinic geological difference of circulational abnormality is closely related to the vertical structure of the teleeonnection pattern with the PNA,WP,WA,EA and EU being barotropical; however, the correlation distribution of...

Based on ECMWF 7-level monthly mean geopoptential height anomaly data. the present paper has calculated the Correlation coefficient distribution of several key circulational teleconnection indices and the geopotential height anomaly of each level. Results show that the barotropieal and baroclinic geological difference of circulational abnormality is closely related to the vertical structure of the teleeonnection pattern with the PNA,WP,WA,EA and EU being barotropical; however, the correlation distribution of the SO index and height anomaly of each layer changes in the tropical Pacific from the east-west out-of-phase seesaw oscillation of the low troposphere into the even anticorrelation of the mid and high troposhere,whieh proves the existence of the strong baroclinity in east tropical Pacific. The cireulational abnormality from December to February in the tropical Indian Ocean appears to be barotropical;from June to August, baroclinic. Same results are obtained through analysis of hybrid empirical orthgonal functions.

利用欧洲中心全球客观分析的7层月平均位势高度距平资料,计算了几种大气环流遥相关型指数与各层位势高度距平的相关系数分布。发现:大气环流异常的正压、斜压性的地理差异与遥相关型的垂直结构关系密切。综合经验正交函数分析,结果亦然。

 
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