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spinal stenosis
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  椎管狭窄
     The effect in patients without spinal stenosis was better than that in patients with spinal stenosis at different periods[μ=2.05(one week),μ=3.05(three months),μ=3.25(one year),P< 0.01].
     不同时期非椎管狭窄组疗效均好于椎管狭窄组犤μ=2.05(1周),μ=3.05(3个月),μ=3.25(1年),P<0.01犦;
短句来源
     Methods 25 patients with cervical vertebrae osteoporosis and cervical spinal stenosis and myelopathy,ranging form 50 to 65 years (mean: 53 96±4 48), compared with control group of 20 persons, ranging from 21 to 23 years (mean: 21 54±0 96).
     方法 正常组20 人,年龄21 ~23(21-54 ±0-96)岁; 颈椎骨质疏松合并椎管狭窄( 疏松组)25 人,年龄50 ~65(53-96 ±4-48) 岁。
短句来源
     Spinal stenosis was improved from 25%~50% preoperatively to 0~20% postoperatively;
     椎管狭窄程度:术前25%~50%,术后0~20%;
短句来源
     The cross opening and underground decompression was designed for treatment of 42 cases with lumbar spinal stenosis by authors. There were 18 cases in L4-5,12 cases in L4-S1 and 12 cases in L5S1 among 42 patients.
     作者设计交叉开窗潜行减压治疗腰椎管狭窄42例,其中L_(4~5)椎管狭窄18例,L_(4~5)、L_5~S_1椎管狭窄12例,L_5~S_1椎管狭窄12例。
短句来源
     T he average degree of spinal stenosis was 30%~85% before the operation (avera ged 55%) and 0-50% after the operation (averaged 20%).
     椎管狭窄程度:术前30%~85%(平均55%),术后0~50%(平均20%);
短句来源
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  椎管狭窄
     The effect in patients without spinal stenosis was better than that in patients with spinal stenosis at different periods[μ=2.05(one week),μ=3.05(three months),μ=3.25(one year),P< 0.01].
     不同时期非椎管狭窄组疗效均好于椎管狭窄组犤μ=2.05(1周),μ=3.05(3个月),μ=3.25(1年),P<0.01犦;
短句来源
     Methods 25 patients with cervical vertebrae osteoporosis and cervical spinal stenosis and myelopathy,ranging form 50 to 65 years (mean: 53 96±4 48), compared with control group of 20 persons, ranging from 21 to 23 years (mean: 21 54±0 96).
     方法 正常组20 人,年龄21 ~23(21-54 ±0-96)岁; 颈椎骨质疏松合并椎管狭窄( 疏松组)25 人,年龄50 ~65(53-96 ±4-48) 岁。
短句来源
     Spinal stenosis was improved from 25%~50% preoperatively to 0~20% postoperatively;
     椎管狭窄程度:术前25%~50%,术后0~20%;
短句来源
     The cross opening and underground decompression was designed for treatment of 42 cases with lumbar spinal stenosis by authors. There were 18 cases in L4-5,12 cases in L4-S1 and 12 cases in L5S1 among 42 patients.
     作者设计交叉开窗潜行减压治疗腰椎管狭窄42例,其中L_(4~5)椎管狭窄18例,L_(4~5)、L_5~S_1椎管狭窄12例,L_5~S_1椎管狭窄12例。
短句来源
     T he average degree of spinal stenosis was 30%~85% before the operation (avera ged 55%) and 0-50% after the operation (averaged 20%).
     椎管狭窄程度:术前30%~85%(平均55%),术后0~50%(平均20%);
短句来源
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  “spinal stenosis”译为未确定词的双语例句
     The rate of spinal stenosis was( 29.3± 13.5) % before treatment,significantly higher than that after treatment [(7.3± 7.9)% ,t=3.626,P< 0.01].
     治疗后分别为86.6(t=3.034,P<0.01),92.3(t=3.401,P<0.01),(7.3±7.9)%(t=3.626,P<0.01)。
短句来源
     (2)The incidence of lumbar spinal stenosis increases gradually from L 3-S 1.
     (2 )根管狭窄症的发生率可随L3~S1而增大。
短句来源
     As regards to spinal stenosis,the sensitivity,specificity,and false negative proportion of MRM was 94.4%,100%,0.07%,respectively.
     脊髓水成像诊断椎管狭窄的敏感性、特异性、假阴性分别为94.4%、100%、0.07%。
短句来源
     The primal diagnoses were disc herniation in 2,lumbar spinal stenosis in 3,and spondylolisthesis in 5,the fused segments were L4/5 in 4,L5/S1 in 3 and L4/5 plus L5/S1 in 3.Three kinds of fusion cages including BAK,PEEK and titanium rectangular cage were used.
     手术节段为L4/54例,L5/S13例,L4/5+L5/S13例; 融合器应用BAK(旋入型)7例,聚醚醚酮矩形融合器(PEEK)2例,钛金属矩形融合器1例。
短句来源
     CT Diagnosis of Lumbar Spinal Stenosis (A Report of 102 Cases)
     腰椎管狭窄症的CT诊断(附102例报告)
短句来源
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  spinal stenosis
Motor evoked potentials may provide an additional clue to the diagnosis, although patients with spinal stenosis or motor neuron disease may present with similar findings.
      
Lumbar spinal stenosis: Assessment of cauda equina involvement by electrophysiological recordings
      
The objective of this study was to investigate the relationship between electrophysiological recordings and clinical as well as radiological findings in patients suggestive to suffer from a lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS).
      
MRI showed L4-5 and/or L5-S1 bulging and/or protrusion without significant spinal stenosis.
      
If MRI reveals spinal stenosis of the central or lateral canal, or a disc herniation, an epidural corticosteroid injection should be ordered.
      
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One hundred and twenty dry lumbar spinal skeletons of Chinese adults were observed and measured. Statistical analysis was undertaken. The shape and size on every level of the lumbar vertebral foramina and the data of the factors influencing the vertebral canal and nerve root canals were reported, the differences in age and sex were discussed. There is a tendency that the shape of the vertebral foramina from L1 to L5 changes from oval to trefoil. The narrowing of the lateral recess or nerve root canal in lower...

One hundred and twenty dry lumbar spinal skeletons of Chinese adults were observed and measured. Statistical analysis was undertaken. The shape and size on every level of the lumbar vertebral foramina and the data of the factors influencing the vertebral canal and nerve root canals were reported, the differences in age and sex were discussed. There is a tendency that the shape of the vertebral foramina from L1 to L5 changes from oval to trefoil. The narrowing of the lateral recess or nerve root canal in lower lumbar spine is of importance. The mid-sagittal diameters of vertebral foramina tend to be smaller from L1to L3 and larger slightly from L3 to L5. Their size may be influenced by congenital or developmental factors. The lateral-sagittal diameters tend to become smaller and smaller from L1 to L5. Their size has some relation to age and spinal degeneration. The narrowing of the mid-sagittal diameter may involve the cauda equina mainly in central vertebral canal. While the narrowing of the lateral-sagittal diameter may involve the L5 and S1 spinal nerve roots participating in the sciatic nerve mainly in the lateral recesses and nerve root canals. The lumbar spinal stenosis can be classified into central, lateral and mixed types morphologically.

利用120具中国成人的干燥椎骨,经过形态观察、测量和统计处理,报告了腰脊柱各平面椎孔的形状和大小以及影响椎管和神经根管诸因素的数据资料。讨论了在年龄和性别上的差异。从腰1~腰5(以下腰、骶简称为L、S)椎孔形状有从椭圆形演变为三叶草形的倾向,因而易导致下腰段侧隐窝或神经根管的狭窄。L_1~L_3椎孔正中矢状径(简称中矢径),逐渐变小,L_3~L_5又略增大,其大小可能与先天或发育因素有关;L_1~L_5椎孔的侧矢径越来越小,其大小还与年龄和脊柱退变有关。中矢径狭窄主要累及中央椎管内的马尾,侧矢径狭窄则主要累及侧隐窝或神经根管内参与坐骨神经组成的L_6和S_1脊神经根。从形态上可将腰椎管狭窄分为中央型、外侧型和混合型。

Sixty-five fresh or preserved lumbar vertebral columns of the Chinese were dissected, observed and measured with radiological and histological aids. The data of the sagittal and transverse diameters of the spinal dural sac, the anterior and posterior sac-canal space and the thickness of the ligamenta flava on every level of the lumbar spine were reported. The lumbar vertebral canal and nerve root canals are of osseofib-rous makeup. Besides the bony changes, the morphological changes of articulations and fibrous...

Sixty-five fresh or preserved lumbar vertebral columns of the Chinese were dissected, observed and measured with radiological and histological aids. The data of the sagittal and transverse diameters of the spinal dural sac, the anterior and posterior sac-canal space and the thickness of the ligamenta flava on every level of the lumbar spine were reported. The lumbar vertebral canal and nerve root canals are of osseofib-rous makeup. Besides the bony changes, the morphological changes of articulations and fibrous tissues such as intervertebral discs and ligamenta flava also play an important role in causing the lumbar spinal stenosis syndrome. The degeneration of the lumbar spine may mainly influence the articular segments other than the intraosseous segments and involve both the central vertebral canal and the nerve root canals.

利用65具新鲜和固定的国人腰骶段脊柱进行了解剖、观察和测量,并使用了X线技术和组织学切片的方法。报告了国人腰脊柱各平面硬脊膜囊的矢径和横径、囊前间距和囊后间距以及黄韧带的厚度等数据资料。指出腰椎管和神经根管是由骨和纤维性软组织共同组成的骨纤维性管道。除了骨性改变以外,骨连结和椎间盘、黄韧带等纤维性软组织的形态改变也是腰椎管狭窄综合征的重要原因。腰脊柱的退变,可能主要影响骨连结段而不是骨性段,既累及中央椎管,也累及神经根管。

Most of the patients suffering from herniation of intervertebral discs have got excellent result after discectomy. But some patients are not benefitted even though the protrude discs have been removed. This can be attributed to a number of causes, such as trauma to nerve root, adhesion of nerve root, compression by hematoma and so on. Other reasons, however, have been found. These patients have usually got cocomitant lesions besides protruded disc. They can be classified into following eight types: (1) protruded...

Most of the patients suffering from herniation of intervertebral discs have got excellent result after discectomy. But some patients are not benefitted even though the protrude discs have been removed. This can be attributed to a number of causes, such as trauma to nerve root, adhesion of nerve root, compression by hematoma and so on. Other reasons, however, have been found. These patients have usually got cocomitant lesions besides protruded disc. They can be classified into following eight types: (1) protruded disc with stenosis of nerve root canal; (2) protruded disc with spinal stenosis at the same level or other levels of spinal column even up at thoracic segment; (3) protruded disc with spondylolysis; (4) miltiple protruded discs; (5) laterally protruded disc; (6) protruded disc with osteophytes of vertebral body posteriorly; (7) protruded disc with annulus fibrosus bulging and (8) adverse sequelae of myelogram.In our opinion, if there are signs of multiple level nerve root compression in patients with disc lesion, meticulous care must be taken to search for other co-existing lesion. Since we have observed this routine strictly from 1980 onwards, we have got excellent results in almost all patients. Though myelograme can help us to dignosis the lesion of disc, it will yield a false negative result if the patient is X-rayed in supine position. Then only a film taken in pron position will disclose the lesion.

腰椎间盘突出症,多数病例可以经推拿及骨盆牵引治愈,但仍有一部分病例不可避免手术治疗、临床上遇到一些典型的腰椎间盘突出症,手术摘除突出之髓核后症状仍不能完全解除、而作者等手术时注意解除伴发病变,获得了满意的效果。现将八类容易犯错误的腰椎间盘突出症叙述如下:(1)腰椎间盘突出伴神经根管狭窄。(2)腰椎间盘突出伴椎管狭窄、(3)腰椎间盘突出伴椎弓根不连接。(4)多平面腰椎间盘突出症。(5)神经根管型腰椎间盘突出症。(6)腰椎间盘突出症伴椎体后骨赘。(7)腰椎纤维环膨出。(8)脊髓造影假象。

 
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