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垂直荷载     
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  vertical load
     Calculation methods of vertical load for directly buried heating pipelines
     直埋敷设供热管道垂直荷载计算方法的研究
短句来源
     Study of clamping action in pile foundation under vertical load
     垂直荷载下桩基夹持作用研究
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     Based on the limit equilibrium theory, a method toapproximately estimate the capacity of the foundation has proposed here and has applied to analysis theaffection to the horizontal capacity from the vertical load and the bending moment which is imposed on thefoundation.
     本文结合了API规范中有关桩基和浅基础承载力的有关规定,结合桶形基础的特点,基于刚体极限平衡理论,提出了桶形基础承载力计算的一种方法,并用于分析垂直荷载与泥面弯矩的对水平承载能力的影响。
     In the construction process of Yongningjiang and Donghaitang dike,the extrusion failure often occurs in the dike foundation due to the vertical load, so the foundation soil is squeezed out,this results in the ground near the dike uplifted and the dike body subsidised.
     在永宁江和东海塘土堤填筑施工中,均发现在堤身垂直荷载作用下,堤基发生挤压破坏情况,堤身下部基土沿着堤身外侧的平台或戗堤下一定深度处的通道中被挤压出去,使外侧地面隆起,堤身下沉,土堤结构破坏.
短句来源
     In this paper, the complete expressions of stress and displaeement of thick rectangular plate of simple support subjected to vertical load are derived from Lame Equation by selecting a displacement function.
     本文从Lame方程出发,选取位移函数,求得垂直荷载作用下简支矩形厚板的完整的应力、位移表达式。
短句来源
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  vertical loads
     The method in this article is used to calculate the internal force of curved beam on the action of concentrated vertical loads or used to approximately calculate the internal forces of curved beams under the action of vertical distributed load.
     利用力法原理建立了带直线段水平圆弧曲梁在单位垂直荷载作用下的内力影响线方程,利用叠加原理可用于计算任意垂直集中荷载作用下的曲梁内力、及任意垂直分布荷载作用下曲梁内力的近似计算。
短句来源
     Based on the Boussinesq method, the mechanical characteristics of buried pipelines under vertical loads are calculated and analyzed, and the additional vertical and horizontal load on pipelines was obtained.
     有鉴于此,本文对垂直荷载作用(荷载作用垂直于水平面但不关于管道中轴线对称,文中所指垂直荷载均为此种荷载)下埋地管道的纵向力学性状进行了计算和分析。
短句来源
     This paper analyzed the mechanical properties of the pavement on the simply supported slab bridge under horizontal and vertical loads with ANSYS and the influences of the loading location, modulus of elasticity and thickness of the pavement are discussed in detail. The mechanical properties of the pavement are well known and provide the theoretical basis for establishing codes.
     在此基础上,选用简支板桥铺装体系,用ANSYS对在水平荷载和垂直荷载共同作用下的铺装层进行了全面的力学分析,其中考虑了荷载不同作用位置、铺装层的模量及其厚度对铺装层受力的影响,从而比较全面的了解了铺装层的受力特性,为制定规程提供理论依据。
短句来源
     The paper presents a simplified analysis on working behaviour and design calculation of the guyed portal tower subjected with combined lateral vertical loads.
     介绍了拉门塔在横向垂直荷载作用下,内力分析简化、工作特性和设计计算。
短句来源
     In this paper, the author analyses the results of some calculation methods of slab-column system subjected to vertical loads.
     结合具体工程的结构设计,对地下车库无梁楼盖体系在垂直荷载作用下常用的几种计算方法进行了分析比较,供参考。
短句来源
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  vertical loading
     In this paper,the behavior of transfer story is studied under the vertical loading and the horizontal loading.
     本文研究了转换层在垂直荷载和水平荷载作用下的性能。
短句来源
     ② The maximum stress of crown after plerosis and rest teeth was compared. Under 100N vertical loading, the restoration receiving power condition of tooth using alloy post inlay restoration technique was better than that of using complete tooth, besides, the effect of nichrome was better than that of rhotanium.
     ②将修复后的牙冠及剩余牙体的最大应力进行比较,在100N的垂直荷载下,用合金带桩嵌体修复技术修复牙体的受力情况比完整牙体效果好,且镍铬合金比金钯合金优越一些。
短句来源
     The dynamic reaction of two machine foundations under the action of level loading,vertical loading and level shaking loading is analyzed when the distance changes; and also,comparison is made with the dynamic reaction in the case of the corresponding loading when there is the single-unit machine foundation.
     分析了双台基础在水平荷载、垂直荷载以及水平摇摆荷载作用下,距离变化时的动力反应,并与单台基础时相应的荷载作用下的动力反应进行了对比;
短句来源
  “垂直荷载”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Presents four conventional calculation methods i.e. the Technical specification for directly buried heating pipeline engineering in city method, Marston load method, Г·К·Клейн method and prism load method.
     介绍了四种常用垂直荷载计算方法:《城镇直埋供热管道工程技术规程》法、Marston法、Г·К·Клейн法和棱柱荷载法。
短句来源
     After many projects for material system (concrete or steel) and structural system are analyzed, the final structural system which makes use of the longitude and woof of the sphere is chosen.
     对结构材料体系(钢筋混凝土、钢)和结构体系进行多方案比较分析后,选定利用完整建筑球壳的经纬线,构造出同时具备良好的承担垂直荷载和抗侧力的结构体系。
     The Simulated Calculation of Highrise Building Structure under Vertical Construction Loads
     高层建筑结构垂直荷载下的施工模拟计算
短句来源
     2. Since there are less test-experience on the bearing capacity of footings on inhomogeneous medium in home or abroad, model test were designed and performed to determine the bearing capacity and the mechanism with vertical and inclined loads;
     2、鉴于国内外在非均质介质地基承载力问题这个方面缺乏系统而完整的试验研究,设计了承载力模型试验装置,并在此基础上进行了大量的模型试验,确定出了非均质介质在垂直荷载和倾斜荷载作用下实际滑动面的形状及极限承载能力。
短句来源
     According to the measured stress occurred by vertical and horizontal load on the keyway and sutura reinforcing bar and dowel, the joint work situaticn and stress distribution are analyzed, and the structure breaking process under the condition of overload is described, which provide the reference date for keyway structure design
     依据键槽、缝面钢筋和锚筋在垂直荷载和水平荷载作用下的实测应力数据,分析了混凝土与钢筋之间的联合工作情况和应力分配规律,描述了超载状态下结构的破坏机理,为键槽结构设计提供了参考数据。
短句来源
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  vertical load
The load transfer analytical method is applied to study the bearing mechanism of piles with vertical load in this paper.
      
For a bearing, the period of vibrations, vertical load-carrying capability, damping, displacement capability, and response to a tensile load can be chosen independently.
      
An FE tire model was used to obtain the deformed shape of the tire due to the vertical load and the pressure distribution.
      
The method of double fourier transform was employed in the analysis of the semi-infinite elastic foundation with vertical load.
      
Inelastic conical shells loaded by the central rigid boss with vertical load are studied.
      
更多          
  normal load
In addition, dissipative static adhesive friction as a function of the normal load and the radius of probe curvature for the diamond-graphite system is derived.
      
Such a model is required for a priori estimation of the operational requirements (in normal load factor and attack angle), as well as for determination of possible initial errors in the motion of the launch vehicle due to the air launch.
      
The solutions are extended to circular distributed and strip distributed normal load.
      
In this study the effects of normal load, sliding speed on frictional characteristics of nonwoven and woven wipes, both dry and wetted with different liquids, against glass and floor tile surfaces have been reported.
      
With the increase in the normal load the coefficient of friction goes on decreasing for both nonwoven and woven wipes and this trend is observed in both dry and wet wipes.
      
更多          
  vertical loads
The structure is subjected to wind loading in accordance with the Uniform Building Code (UBC) in conjunction with vertical loads (dead and live loads).
      
Numerical results are compared with experimental data for three different series of walls at different values of the in-plane compressive vertical loads applied.
      
The seismic vulnerability of some frame structures, typical of existing Reinforced Concrete buildings designed only to vertical loads, has been evaluated.
      
On the basis of calculating the SSS of the dam in a three-dimensional rheological formulation, we can propose a stepped scheme of the acting vertical loads, which leads to a saving of tunnel concrete.
      
The behavior of a half-scale panelized building model subjected to, lateral and vertical loads has been analyzed both experimentally and theoretically.
      
更多          
  vertical loading
Shear difference of both undisturbed and remolded soils was compared at the same vertical loading, under the condition of the same dry density and water content from the same forest land.
      
The results indicate that undisturbed soils have higher shear resistance and less shear displacement than remolded soils at the same vertical loading, when both soils have the same dry density and water content under the same vegetations.
      
Effects of the vertical loading on the bridge structure converted into continuous spans through the "No-Joint" Method
      
In some MVT districts (e.g., Tri-State and Central Tennessee), mineralization took place atop an orogenic forebulge, a low-amplitude (a few hundred meters), long-wavelength (100-200?km) swell formed by vertical loading of the foreland plate.
      
Landing mechanics for the initial contact period were characterized using lead limb vertical loading and stiffness, and trail limb un-weighting.
      
更多          


A simplified space frame analysis of pile-supported pier struc- ture is proposed based on the assumption that the lateral flexural rigidity of the beam-girder-slab superstructure is very large in comp arison with the lateral flexural rigidity of pile bents such that under lateral loading only rigid body lateral movements and rotation result, And under combined loading with vertical as well as lateral loading, the pier structure system is considered to be a beam-girder-pile space frame composed of bar elements...

A simplified space frame analysis of pile-supported pier struc- ture is proposed based on the assumption that the lateral flexural rigidity of the beam-girder-slab superstructure is very large in comp arison with the lateral flexural rigidity of pile bents such that under lateral loading only rigid body lateral movements and rotation result, And under combined loading with vertical as well as lateral loading, the pier structure system is considered to be a beam-girder-pile space frame composed of bar elements with each joint node having three degrees of freedom in addition to the three rigid body system move- ments. Thus, sufficient accuracy could be obtained through such a simplified space analysis with much less computing efforts than a much rigorous space analysis which is nearly impracticable. Several experimental model testings have been carried out for ver- ification of the analysis with good agreements. Among them, a five- span pier model has been tested for its deformation and stress distri- bution in the space frame under lateral and vertical loadings. Some calculation examples also have been worked out for the inv- estigation of the difference between the space analysis and the conve- ntional plane frame analysis and the characteristics of stress distribu- tion of space frame under different loading conditions.

本义探讨了高桩码头在水平荷载以及垂直与水平荷载同时作用下的简化空间计算,并与模型试验资料进行了比较,得到相当满意的结果。由于码头上部结构的侧向水平挠曲刚度远大于码头排架的侧向刚度,故可将整段码头视作一弹性地基上的刚性梁,从而大大简化了计算工作,并且所得水平荷载在排架上的分配值小于日前规范规定值甚多。在此基础上对水平动载以及对装配整体式码头在垂直荷载及水平荷载同时作用时按有限杆单元进行了简化空间计算,与试验结果相当接近,说明按空间计算码头排架内力较目前采用的平面计算可减少15~20%,从而表明码头结构尚有一定的潜力可挖。

The ■aw of the distribution of stresses and the problem of critical stresses in an elastic two-layer system under vertical,horizontal and their resultant load uniformly distributed on a circular area were studied respectively on the basis of investigation results for stresses and displacements in an elastic two-layer system under horizontal load uniformly distributed on a circular area.From extensive calculation,it has been found that for a single wheel load:(1)generlaly, The maximum tensile stress occurs under...

The ■aw of the distribution of stresses and the problem of critical stresses in an elastic two-layer system under vertical,horizontal and their resultant load uniformly distributed on a circular area were studied respectively on the basis of investigation results for stresses and displacements in an elastic two-layer system under horizontal load uniformly distributed on a circular area.From extensive calculation,it has been found that for a single wheel load:(1)generlaly, The maximum tensile stress occurs under the center of the loaded area at the bottom of the upper layer under vertical load;However,when thickness of the upper layer is thinner,the maximum tensile stress occurs at some distance from the center; (2)In most case,the maximum shear stress is located in edge of the loaded area on the surface of the upper layer under resultant load. Under dual-wheels load:(1)The maximum tensile stress usually are found on the vertical axis through center of the loaded area at the bottom of the upper layer under vertical load;However,if the layer thickness is bigger or the thickness is thinner and the modular ratio between lower and upper layer(E_2/E_1)is greater than or equal to 0.2,it occurs at a number of distance from the center of the loaded area;The effect of horizonlal load on the maximum tensile stress is quite small and therefor can be neglected;(2)The maximum values of shear stress are found in edge of the loaded area on the surface of the upper layer under resultant load. For a three-layered system or multiple-wheel loads,the calculated method presented in this paper can be also adapted accordingly. For practical purpose,the nomograms are also presented.

本文根据“双层弹性体系在圆形均布水平荷载作用下的应力与位移”的研究成果分别研究了双层弹性体系在圆形均布垂直、水平及其综合荷载作用下,应力的分布规律及临界应力问题。大量的计算发现:1.在单圆情况下;①最大拉应力一般出现在垂直荷载作用下,上层底面荷载中心处,但当上层厚度较薄时,则出现在距荷载面中心若干距离处;②最大剪应力通常出现在综合荷载作用下,上层表面荷载边缘处。2.在双圆荷载作用下:①最大拉虚力一般出现在垂直荷载作用下,上层底面一个圆的荷载中心处,但当厚度较大或厚度较小而下层与上层的模量比 (E_2)/(E_1)≥0.2 时,则发生在距一个圆的荷载中心若干距离处;水平荷载对最大拉应力的影响很小,可忽略不计;②最大剪应力发生在综合荷载作用下,上层表面荷载边缘处。对于三层体系或多轮荷载,本文所叙述的计算方法也可采用。为便于实际应用,提供了计算用图.

This paper gives a simplified grophical method for determining the radial stresses between stratum on the symmetrical axis of a semi-infinite elastic three layered system under a circular uniform load.Two contact conditions between stratum are included:(1)The contact area in the intermediate layer are non-resistant and the contact area between the intermediate and the lower layers is continunous. (2)The contact areas between the upper,intermediate and lower layers are contnunous.By use of these graphics,an approximate...

This paper gives a simplified grophical method for determining the radial stresses between stratum on the symmetrical axis of a semi-infinite elastic three layered system under a circular uniform load.Two contact conditions between stratum are included:(1)The contact area in the intermediate layer are non-resistant and the contact area between the intermediate and the lower layers is continunous. (2)The contact areas between the upper,intermediate and lower layers are contnunous.By use of these graphics,an approximate method for calculating the radial stresses between strattm of a semi-infinite elastic multiple lyaered system is presented.

本文分别按上、中层接触面完全无摩阻力,中、下层接触面完全连继,以及上、中、下层接触面完全连继两种情况,给出了三层弹性半无限体在圆形均布垂直荷载下对称轴上层间辐向应力简易图解,并提出了用这些图解计算多层弹性层状半无限体层间辐向应力的近似方法。

 
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