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The control group consisted of 31 subjects with no TMJ symptoms.
      
No significant correlation between the degree of anterior disk displacement and palpation pain of the masticatory muscles or clicking/crepitus of the TMJ could be found.
      
Joint clicking was observed in 65% of patients with TMJ symptoms in normal disk position (NDP).
      
Condylar restoration after early TMJ fractures and functional appliance therapy
      
Condylar restoration after early TMJ fractures and functional applicance therapy
      
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This article is based on the observation of the temporomandibular joint(TMJ) and on the analysis of its morphological structure. The normal values of 15 items, used to represent the structure of the joint, have been established.Three indices, that is the glenoid fossa index, the articular tubercle index and the condyle index, are accepted to express the geometrical characters and to reflect the close relationship between the two functional parts of the joint. Besides, the frequency distributing curves...

This article is based on the observation of the temporomandibular joint(TMJ) and on the analysis of its morphological structure. The normal values of 15 items, used to represent the structure of the joint, have been established.Three indices, that is the glenoid fossa index, the articular tubercle index and the condyle index, are accepted to express the geometrical characters and to reflect the close relationship between the two functional parts of the joint. Besides, the frequency distributing curves are presented. It is concluded that the male's TMJ is eminently larger than the female's, while there is no distinct difference between left and right sides and between groups with or without occlusion. This result might meet the needs of the Clinical research as well as the design of the artificial TMJ.

本文观察测量并分析了颞下颌关节的形态结构,建立了能较客观反映该关节形态的15项指标的正常值。用3项特征指数,即关节窝指数、关节结节指数和髁突指数,能较好地反映该关节的几何形态,并表达其功能部位的相互关系,以及用频数分布曲线反映其分布规律。本文认为,男性的颞下颌关节显著大于女性,而左、右侧之间,有无咬(牙合)组之间的差别均不显著。本文结果可为该关节的临床研究、病变分析乃至人工颞下颌关节的设计,提供形态学依据。

his study was undertaken to determine changes of pressure between the disc and fossa in the upper compartment of temporomandibular joint (TMJ) under various moving condi- tions. In order to obtain a referential normal range of synovial fluid pressure ,the author mea- sured 43 sides of intra-articular synovial fluid pressure in the TMJs in 22 normal adult,using Philip's pressure measuring system. All results were treated statistically (range , -22. 3~+ 6mmHg) and (1) There were negative pressure on opening...

his study was undertaken to determine changes of pressure between the disc and fossa in the upper compartment of temporomandibular joint (TMJ) under various moving condi- tions. In order to obtain a referential normal range of synovial fluid pressure ,the author mea- sured 43 sides of intra-articular synovial fluid pressure in the TMJs in 22 normal adult,using Philip's pressure measuring system. All results were treated statistically (range , -22. 3~+ 6mmHg) and (1) There were negative pressure on opening of the mouth , protrusion of the jaw movement towards the contralateral side , chewing , swallowitng,smilit.g ,speaking as well as in a steady state ,with the highest negatvie value during the chewing movement (mean,- 11. 86mmHg) , (2)There were positive pressure of the mouth on closing ,retrusion and lateral movement of the jaw to the ipsilateral side ,with the highest positive value during mouth clos- ing (mean, 2. 88 mmHg) . (3) When in the resting position, the mean TMJs pressure was -2. 87 mmHg. (4)Only during opening movement TMJ pressure were statistically different beteen male and female. (5)No different joint 0ressure between bilateral TMJs were showed.

成年动物创伤性大脑皮质神经细胞分裂的研究课题负责黄连碧(中山医科大学组胚教研室;广州,510089)该成果应用同位素标记法、神经元特异的烯醇化酶和神经免疫组化等现代技术对成年大鼠大脑皮质顶叶,在创伤区附近正常脑组织内发现神经细胞出现有丝分裂,亦发现在...

The supraosseous tissue of mandibular condyle(STMC)of 43 human fetus, ranging in age from 13 to 38 weeks,were studied with the classical histologic method.The results showed that at the age of 13 weeks,zone I was very thin,after 13 weeks,a fibrous zone was differentiated from zone I and then a 4 zones'structure(fibrous zone,proliferative zone,chondroblastic zone and hypertrophic ossification zone)was found. After 29 weeks of age.fibrous zone in turn was differentiated into two zones:articular zone and tightly...

The supraosseous tissue of mandibular condyle(STMC)of 43 human fetus, ranging in age from 13 to 38 weeks,were studied with the classical histologic method.The results showed that at the age of 13 weeks,zone I was very thin,after 13 weeks,a fibrous zone was differentiated from zone I and then a 4 zones'structure(fibrous zone,proliferative zone,chondroblastic zone and hypertrophic ossification zone)was found. After 29 weeks of age.fibrous zone in turn was differentiated into two zones:articular zone and tightly packed fibrous zone,thereby.coming into a 5 zones stage.So it is reasonable to regard STMC as a structure with marked age-related changes.It is assumed that the development of STMC adapts the demanding of TMJ movement caused by mechanical function.

应用传统的组织学方法对43例13~38周的人类胎儿颞下颌关节髁状突骨上组织进行研究。结果显示:13周胎龄的人类髁状突骨上组织即可分为四带,19~28周胎龄时I、Ⅱ带的厚度明显增加,29~38周胎龄时I带继续增厚并分化为新I带和新Ⅱ带。所以,29周以后I带的分化使该组织呈现由关节带(新I带)、致密纤维带(新Ⅱ带)、增殖带、软骨母细胞带及肥大钙化带五带共存的结构。

 
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