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The control group consisted of 31 subjects with no TMJ symptoms.
      
No significant correlation between the degree of anterior disk displacement and palpation pain of the masticatory muscles or clicking/crepitus of the TMJ could be found.
      
Joint clicking was observed in 65% of patients with TMJ symptoms in normal disk position (NDP).
      
Condylar restoration after early TMJ fractures and functional appliance therapy
      
Condylar restoration after early TMJ fractures and functional applicance therapy
      
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Fourteen fetuses of 3rd to 9thmonth were collected. The regions ofTMJ were cut down, and made intosagittal and frontal specimens formicroscopic observation and measure-ment. The items to be measured were:the antero-posterior and interno-external diameters of the upper andlower joint cavities, the disc and thecondyle, the thickness of its anterior,medial, posterior band and its internal,medial, external portion of the disc,and the height of the condyle in sagittaland frontal view. All the articular elements couldbe...

Fourteen fetuses of 3rd to 9thmonth were collected. The regions ofTMJ were cut down, and made intosagittal and frontal specimens formicroscopic observation and measure-ment. The items to be measured were:the antero-posterior and interno-external diameters of the upper andlower joint cavities, the disc and thecondyle, the thickness of its anterior,medial, posterior band and its internal,medial, external portion of the disc,and the height of the condyle in sagittaland frontal view. All the articular elements couldbe seen in the specimens of 3(1/2)-monthfetuses. The interno-external concavitywas earlier than the antero-posteriorconcavity in the formation of TMJ.The trabeculae were formed mediallyat first. The increment of the interno-external diameter was greater thanthat of the antero-posterior one. Thecondyle changed to square shape in 4thmonth, and the condyle cartilages weredominant. In 7th nionth the fibroustissues entered the deep layer of thecondyle cartilages. In 9th month thecondyle changed into round shape, andthe condyle cartilages became thinner,and the increment of its interno-exte rnal diameter was greater thanthat of the antero-posterior one. Thegreatest increment was seen in theposterior portion of the disc, while theincrement of the medial portion wasthe least. The increment of thesuperior joint cavity was greater thanthat of the inferior one. In the superior cavity the incrementof interno-external diameter was greaterthan that of the antero--posterior dia-meter. The relation between the twoheads of the lateral pterygoid muscle,the anterior band of the disc and theneck of the condyle could be seenclearly. The above observations wereidentical with the other related refer-ences in medical literature.

作者对3~9月胎儿14具的颞颌关节标本28个,分别作矢状及冠状连续切片。通过切片,对关节上、下腔的前后和内外径;关节盘的前后和内外径及关节盘的前、中、后和内、中、外各部分的厚度;髁突的前后、内外径;翼外肌上下二头与关节盘前带及髁突颈的关系等,进行了显微观测和统计学分析。

In tnis article, we study the relationship between malocclusion and functional disorder of the temporomandibular joints (TMJ) by using the examined data of 200 patients with TMJ dysfunction, 100 normal subjects and 83 children with malocclusion. Our results indicate that malocclusion is one of the main causes leading to the TMJ dysfunction, but in children with malooclusion, the incidence of this disease is ralatively low.Therefore we believe that early prevention and treatment of malocclusion...

In tnis article, we study the relationship between malocclusion and functional disorder of the temporomandibular joints (TMJ) by using the examined data of 200 patients with TMJ dysfunction, 100 normal subjects and 83 children with malocclusion. Our results indicate that malocclusion is one of the main causes leading to the TMJ dysfunction, but in children with malooclusion, the incidence of this disease is ralatively low.Therefore we believe that early prevention and treatment of malocclusion in children is an effective measure to decrease the incidence of TMJ dysfunction symdrome.

本文通过200例颞颌关节功能紊乱患者,100例正常人以及83例错儿童检查资料,探讨了错与颞颌关节功能紊乱的关系。其结果认为:错是导致颞颌关节功能的主要原因之一,但在有错的儿童中,其发病率较低,因此对儿童错的早期防治,是减少颞颌关节功能紊乱综合征发生率的有效措施。

354 cases of TMJ dysfunction were under observation,among them,314 cases (88.7%) displayed facial deformity.The present paper described the most important clinical characteristics and the X-ray manifestions.Emphasis was laid on the relationship between the occurrence of this syndrome and the malocclusion (as deep overbite) and oeclusal dysfunction (as unilateral mastrcation).Proper treatment consisted of correction of the occlusion (occlusal adjustment,orthodontics, prosthodontics,etc.),supplemented with...

354 cases of TMJ dysfunction were under observation,among them,314 cases (88.7%) displayed facial deformity.The present paper described the most important clinical characteristics and the X-ray manifestions.Emphasis was laid on the relationship between the occurrence of this syndrome and the malocclusion (as deep overbite) and oeclusal dysfunction (as unilateral mastrcation).Proper treatment consisted of correction of the occlusion (occlusal adjustment,orthodontics, prosthodontics,etc.),supplemented with functional excercise and surgical orthodontics.

观察了354例颞领关节紊乱综合征患者,其中314例表现为颜面不对称畸形。本文提出了此征的主要临床特点及 X 线表现。强调错(如深覆)和咬合功能紊乱(如偏侧咀嚼)与本病发生有关。治疗方法采取治疗(包括调、正畸和修复等)、辅以功能训练和外科正畸。

 
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