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health inequality
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  健康不平等
     Part Four is the methods of health inequality measurement, including health status measurement and equity of health care system measurement.
     通过分析得出以下几点结论,其中包含着笔者的创新之处:其一,从狭义看,健康不平等是指不同社会经济特征的人群之间健康水平的分布差异,即健康状况不平等;
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     Moreover,there are closed connections between income inequality and health inequality,but health inequality can not be well explained solely by income inequality.
     同时还发现,收入不平等程度与健康不平等之间存在较为密切的关系,但单从收入不平等本身不能很好地解释健康不平等
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     The paper summarized the global patterns of health inequalities and those health inequalities having been or being accompanied with China' s socioeconomic transition, which suggested that in accordance with the incipient renewal of concern in international health community the need to enhance the health inequality research is a matter of greater urgency.
     概述了世界范围健康水平等格局的基本特征以及中国的社会经济变革已经或可能带来的健康不平等问题,提出适应国际研究潮流、加强我国健康不平等研究的迫切要求。
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     Using the data of self-evaluated health condition and income from the third National Health Service investigation,health centralized index of China and samples of all counties has been calculated to evaluate the health inequality degree related with income.
     利用第三次国家卫生服务总调查的自评健康和收入数据,计算我国及各样本县区的健康集中指数,用以衡量与收入相关的健康不平等程度。 从国际比较来看,我国的健康不平等程度处在较高水平;
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     Therefore,the key to solve the problem of health inequality is to provide better health care for groups with lower socioeconomic status,to improve infrastructure and social capital in rural area,and to get rid of the barriers between villages and cities.
     要解决健康不平等问题,关键在于加强对社会经济地位较低者,主要是农村居民和生活在城镇的农民的医疗保障,同时要设法改善农村的基础设施和社会资本,并逐步取消各种造成城乡分割的制度。
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  健康不等式
     CHILDREN HEALTH INEQUALITY
     儿童健康不等式
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  “health inequality”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Conclusions Health inequality was found among the different social stratifications in Zhejiang.
     结论:浙江省不同社会阶层之间存在一定的健康不公平性。
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     With the rising income inequality, the effect of income distribution on health and health inequality has aroused ever-increasing concerns.
     随着收入差距的扩大,收入分配对健康和健康不平等的影响日益受到关注。
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     does the rising income inequality result in health inequality.
     收入差距的扩大是否会导致健康不平等的加剧,尤其是低收入人群的健康是否受到更为不利的影响。
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  health inequality
Three problems are highlighted: socioeconomic inequality as a major determinant of health inequality, the foundations of an ethic for public health, and the impact of social context on the therapeutic alliance between patients and physicians.
      
This paper shows how recently developed regression-based methods for the decomposition of health inequality can be extended to incorporate heterogeneity in the responses of health to the explanatory variables.
      
This possibility gives rise to an apparent dilemma where an ethical decision must be made between greater choice and avoiding health inequality.
      
Only if there was something morally problematic in health inequality across individuals, its reduction would be good news.
      
In this paper I ask: is health inequality across individuals of moral concern, and, if so, why? Clarification of these questions is crucial for meaningful interpretation of health inequality measured across individuals.
      
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The paper summarized the global patterns of health inequalities and those health inequalities having been or being accompanied with China' s socioeconomic transition, which suggested that in accordance with the incipient renewal of concern in international health community the need to enhance the health inequality research is a matter of greater urgency. The basic concept, strategies and methods in health inequailty research were also illustrated in the paper.

概述了世界范围健康水平等格局的基本特征以及中国的社会经济变革已经或可能带来的健康不平等问题,提出适应国际研究潮流、加强我国健康不平等研究的迫切要求。并比较全面地阐述了有关健康不平等的基本概念、研究策略和方法。

Objective To investigate the extent and the relative changes of the equalities in health among population in Yuzhong county.Methods Whole group was divided into four subgroups according to the educational level of the individuals.With the six-month prevalence of disease as the health indicator,cross sectional data of 1993 and 2001 were analyzed and the logistic analysis and the relative index of inequity(RII) were used to measure the inequalities in health.Results The inequalities...

Objective To investigate the extent and the relative changes of the equalities in health among population in Yuzhong county.Methods Whole group was divided into four subgroups according to the educational level of the individuals.With the six-month prevalence of disease as the health indicator,cross sectional data of 1993 and 2001 were analyzed and the logistic analysis and the relative index of inequity(RII) were used to measure the inequalities in health.Results The inequalities in health existed and favored the higher educational level groups.In 1993,RII was 0.76 for men and 0.32 for women;RII increased to 0.75 and 0.17,respectively in 2001.The gaps in health were greater in women than in men,and the relative changes were also greater for women than for men.Conclusion Education played an important role in health inequalities,especially for women.To reduce the gaps in health,the education work should be strengthened as well as improving other conditions.

目的 研究甘肃省榆中地区 1993年与 2 0 0 1年健康公平性状况及其相对变化。方法 按照教育程度把人群分为 4组 ,以半年患病率作为健康指标 ,利用Logistic模型和以回归为基础的不平等相对指数 (RII)对 1993年和2 0 0 1年不同人群的健康差异情况及其相对改变进行分析。结果 该地区普遍存在健康差异现象 ,教育程度较低的人群患病率较高。 1993年男性RII为 0 76,女性RII为 0 3 2 ;而到 2 0 0 1年则分别增大到 0 75和 0 17,女性健康差异大于男性 ,并且女性的增长幅度也更大。结论 教育在健康差异中起着重要作用 ,特别是对于女性。要减小健康不公平现象 ,在改善其他条件的同时 ,也应该加强该地区的教育工作。

In order to study the income-related health inequalities, this paper calculated the health concentration index for 4 districts in Shanghai using the self-report health data. Not only did the study illustrate the methods for describing income-related health inequalities from an evidence-based perspective, but the study found that there are income-related health inequalities in the sample areas, which implied the importance of the improvements in economic conditions and specifically,...

In order to study the income-related health inequalities, this paper calculated the health concentration index for 4 districts in Shanghai using the self-report health data. Not only did the study illustrate the methods for describing income-related health inequalities from an evidence-based perspective, but the study found that there are income-related health inequalities in the sample areas, which implied the importance of the improvements in economic conditions and specifically, in the income of those in lower income groups.

本文应用自报健康资料测算了上海市4区 (县 )的健康集中指数 ,考察收入相关健康不平等。研究不仅从实证角度阐述了收入相关健康不平等的测算方法 ,而且研究结果表明在样本地区存在收入相关健康不平等 ,并提示改善低收入人群的经济状况特别是收入状况对改善健康的重要性。

 
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